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Full text of "The English reader, or, Pieces in prose and verse [microform] : selected from the best writers, designed to assist young persons to read with propriety and effect, to improve their language and sentiments, and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piety and virtue, by Lindley Murray ... to which are prefixed the definitions of inflections & emphasis and rules for reading verse, with a key ... by M. R. Bartlett"

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msr^^ssu mnA^am 



h 4 






Author of "An Eng^sh Gramiuar," 4c lie. 



The Definitions of Inflections & Emphasis, 



m. ^ WITH 

^ KEY^ 







AuUtor of ^ Tbe Practical Heodei.'* 

'S!!:'"*"'^ '* Whiting & mower, and sold, WHotiiALi ani 


17. BtOWKK, PRIKTfifr 













MANY selections ©^f excellent raatter have been made for the 
benefit of young persons. Performances of this kind are of 
«o great utility, that froi>h productions ol them, and new attempts 
to impcove the young^ mind, wiU scarcely be deemed superfluous, ^ 
if the writer make his compilation instructive and interesting, and 
sufiicicntly distinct from others.^ 

The present work, as the title expresses, aims at the attainment 
of three objects ; to improve youth in the art of reading; to meli- 
orate their language and sentiments ; «ud to inculcate some of the 
most important principles of piety and virtue. 

The pierrs selected, not only give exercise to a great variety of 
emotions, and the correspondent (one* and variations of voice, but 
contain sentences and members of sentences, which are diyersifiedt 
proportioned, and pointed with accuracy. Exorcises of this na- 
ture arc, it is presumed, well calculated to teach youth to read 
with propriety and effect. A selection of sentences, in which vari- 
ety and proportion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully 
observed, in all their parts as well as with respect to one another, 
will probably have a much greater effect, in prqyerly teaching the 
Hrtof reading, than is commonly imagined. In such constructions, 
every thing is accommodated to the understanding and the voice ; 
and the common difficulties in learning to read well are obviated. 
When the learner has acquired a habit pf reading such gente4ice8, 
with Justness and facility, he wHl readily apply that habit, and the 
improveii^ents he has made, to sentences more complicated and 
irrpffular, and of a construction entirclv different. 

'1 he language of the pieces chosen for this collection has been 
carefully regarded. Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and, in many 
instances, elegance of diction^ distinguish them. They are ex- 
tracted from the works of the most correct and elegant writers. 
From the sources whence the sentiments are drawn, the reader 
may expect to find them connected and regular, sufficiently im- 
portant and Impressive, and divested of every thing that is either 
trite or eccentric. The frequent perusal of such composition »at- 
urally tends to infuse a taste for this species of excellence ; and to 
produce a hubit of thinking, and of composinj^ with judgment and 

- That this collectioi) may also serve the purpose of promoting 
piety and virtue, the Compiler hai introduced many extracts, which 

** ' "' ' " '■' I "" * " — — ^■■1 I .i-.i. ii.ii.»» III »i.i II I ■■■< ■*—>■■ ,,-m — - I ii m iiiii am — ■ m « ii 

* The learner, In his progress throuti*a this volume aiid the Sequel to it, wilf 
meet wlih numerous instances of ctnupoMitioti, in strict conformity to the rules 
for promotincr perspicuous and elcg'ant writing coutnincd in the Appondit to 
the AdthnrV Ene^li.sli liniianiar. liy ocrosionaliy exnntining- this cunliurmity, 
he will be conJinued in the utility of thoie rules j and be enabled to apply tiwin 
with ease and dexterity. • 

It is proper further to observe, that the Header *nd the Sequel, besides teoclw 
iuff to n-nd accuiHtcly, and inculcatin<;: many imponn'it sentimonts, may be con- 
sidered as auxiliaries to the Author's Kn^linh (iranknuir; as piuctical illutitrar 
\U)U$ of the principles and ruleg contained in that work. 



S-e«! vaife'^v if ^I'^lJ .^™^V'^ "«»»' ' '^"^ ^^^^^^^ recommend « 

• in a style 7nf,Tm^r^^Z^^^^^ , \ ^'''? '"'*>^*^ '-»»•« exhibited 
<or vouth ; mid to Zk- „ *!?^^."-**^i^ '"* '''^*'^^ *^« attention 

minds * *^*^ '^"'"« «"^ ^^"^■aWc impi-easiou. ou their 

•cnTimenMlfrmSit^r^v"^^"' '" ^^^^^ ^^^^^^ expression and 

peculiarly in Vimjlnf^ ""^ "inocencc. This he conceives to be 
SfyoX t ^uld ndPP^h'^ P^sciM^ho writes for the benefit 
education, iVnT^vruilwerP^^f^^^ ^^^^^^ improvement in 

hut such as Lr.. r>i^3 ^^^ aliowed to come under their notice, 
tUoy were encou^raiL^^^^^ innocent j and if on all proper occasions 
reverence thr v hm! ^a *'^'^?? ^^'^^^ ^'"^"^ ^^nS ♦» inspire a due 

mtJ them wit^se rtimeirn?^-'r'""S*' ^^ "•^'^' ^« ^^>' «« '« *^' 
sionsdeenlvJi^^.rvp^^ifi^-'''^^,*"'^ g^oodness. Such impres- 
altainSs colid s?«*^^^ ''%' T'"?^' *^"*^ connected with all their 
^id Tproducinf a soli lU^^^ ** attendin^: them through life, 
be able t^rcSlt ?!«« ^ of priocipje and cTiaracter, that woujj 
ihe world '"""'^^^'^ ^*»S«r arwmg from future intercoqrse wUl* 

pa?is oAlil^^o'iwLl"^ **^ '^"«^« '^^ ff'^ave and seriou, 

Luse U 4li as iSuX ^^l^h'^''^"'^ admissio^n of pieces which 
think it contains tTdi^ \ i^' however, an;^ of his readers should ^ 
.ome Apology to o£X hat r?^'"'! /'^' f'^r^^r, it may be 
edfor tL Dcrusal nf S 1 *^^ e^istmg: publications design- ' 

to uKtroier scone ibrThr"'"*"^"* ''*^"L^ *^^'-«f«^-« ^^^'"^i*^ 
the Iieart: ^ ^ ^^ operations of the understanding and 

^0?ett!;St'^"lo^fnpT'*^''* *L^" ^'«"i^"«»- »>«« been solicitous 
tLrby7iSS"^L of the sacred Scrip- 

ful aidinteSf^nlil ^i'i/'' ''V*''' some of tlie most beautl- 

L:ii fkf ? fif <*^^a<^<^P»»Jphsh these ends, even in a small deerep h^ 

» i 

(^^ ■■-■■ %^ 


recommend tt 

their nature, 

I are exliibited 

t the attention 

siouii ou their 

xpression and 

I the least de- 

oncetvcs to be 

ar the benefit 

provemeiit in 

I' their notice, 

»er occasiong| - 

inspire a due 

veil as to anit 

Such inipres- 

with all their 

throu§:h life, 

r, that wOuJd ' 

rconrse with 

; and serious 
pieces which ^ 
aders should ' 
Kr, it may be 
lions design- ' 
ce is gTcatlj 
much att^ns 
When the 
he sober dic- 
Brence ; and 
ransiont. A 
ire requisite, 
itanding and 

en solicitous 
icred Scrip- 
most beauti- 
gs. To ex- « 
of life, is 9 
: to promote 

issistance to 
n, were the 
hould be so 
degree, he 
ployed, and 


rilHE author of the application of the Inflections, itc. to the 
-■■ collection of reading lessons in Murray's English Reader, 
has, with many others of his profession, borne testimony to the 
excellency of that work, by making- it an almost exclusive reading 
book in his school for nearly fiitecn years.^ Indeed, public taste 
has deteriiiin<Hi the merits of the English Reader, by prououncing* 
it the best book of the kind now in use. No reading book in the 
English Lang:uage, has a more unlimited circulation, or has done 
more to advance the art of reading. The writer, however, always 
supposed the work imperfi>ct ; in as much as Mr. Murray's stric- 
tures on correct reading- arc too abstruse, and dllllculi for the gene- 
rality of pupils ; and none of his principles applied to practice ; 
they therefore remaiijcd as mere inoperative precepts, without the 
force of examples. The subscriber has endeavoured to remedy 
this defect in the work, by applying the acknowled-^ed principles 
of elocution, by sensiUe characterg, to most of the pieces in the 
collection ; and he has also furnished a Key, for the benefit of the 
pupil, exhibiting those principles, by rules and examples, and il- 
lustrating- the manner of applying them to practice. The learner, 
by consulting this Key, w ill soon be enabled to extend the princi- 
ples to general reading ;— for thi.s purpose, let him, in the outset, 
compare his intended lesson with tlie rules and examples furnished 
in the Key, and with a pencil, make the re(|uisile characters ; this 
exercise will soon make him master of the principles, and the 
mode of applying tnem. These prmciples v iu enable hiir to impart to 
his reading, the greatest precision, harmony, force and variety, 
and give a finishing polish to his style of fi livery. 

The work has now received its utmost pe4fection, and wears 
the stamp of Us highest excellence. Mr. Munoy's selections 
have been kept entij e. and bis order of arrangement scrupulously 
preserved y for in these respects no writer could have been more 
fortunate. The book is, in short, what it always, has been, the 
T^nglish Render, with the addition of the principles of fiWcution, 
dictating the precise manner of reading its contents. It if thecti ■ 
fore humbly but confidently submitted to the favour of a diwirii^^^ 
watmg public, by that i)ublic's devoted servant, ' ■ ' 

Ulica, M.,j 1, 1823. ^- ^ BAKTtETT. : ; 

is,d)jefly ves 




'A KEY, 

iExhi^infr (he manner of applying the principles q/*Inflectionf 
and Emphases to the Trronunciatum of written language^ 
with the definition of those terms. 


T^IE inflections of the voice are those peculiar slides 
which It takes on pronouncing a strongly emphatic 
word, or making a necessary pause. Of these there are t wo, 
lYw. upward slide, and the dmontoard. The first is represent- 
ed hy a small dash inclining to the right in an angle of about 
45 decrees, thus' ; the second is marked by the same char- 
acter, mcUning to the left, thus \ 



Definition, and jRu/c— -The direct period consists cf two 
great members, commencing with corresponding connectives^ 
either expressed or implied, and the former part depending* 
on the latter for sense ;— at the close of the first tlie rising in° 
flection is applied, and at the close cf the latter the faHing 

Example. — ^As Columbia expects her sons to be brave' so 
she presumes her daughters w^iU be virtuous\ 


Definition and i?w/c.— The inverted period consists also of 
two great membere, similarly connected, yet making sense 
as it proceeds ; it is also capable of being transposed and ren- 
dered direct, by .which the dependence of the parts maybe 
tested. TJi(!se parts adopt the same inflection that are adopt- 
ed in the direct period. 

Example* — At the declaration of peace, in obedience to the 
Toice of the people, the General returned his sword to its 
scabbard', because it was in obedience to the same respected 
voice that he drew it at the approach of war\ 


Definition and Rule. — Th<> loose sentence consists of a di- 
rect or an inverted period, with one or more additional mem- 
bers. The peri(id is read as in the above examples, and the 
falling inflection is applied to each additional member tnat 
foi rns good sense. 

ExampU,'-hsi you will ftiid in the Bible all the truths' ne- 




liar slides 
J are t«'o, 
^ of about 
ime char- 

ts cf two 
nsine in- 
lie falling 

brave^, so 

its also of 
ing sense 
I and ren- 
:s may be 
re adopl- 

nce to the 
►rd to its 

;s of a di- 
nal mem- 
;, and the 
iber tnat 



, ; 

cessary to be believed', so you will find, at the same time, 
every necessary direction for the p rformance of your duty* J 
this book, therefore, must be the rule of all your actions' ; 
&nd it wiU prove your best friend in all the journey of life\ 


Definition and Huh. — ^The penultimate member is the \d&% 
limb or member in the sentence but one. As the final mem< 
bcr takes the falling, the penultimate adopts the rising inflec- 

Example. — ^The soul, considered abstractly from its pas- 
sions, is of a remiss and ssdentary natqre'' ; slow in its resolves/ 
and languishing in its execution^ 


Whenever tlie iiiember of a sentence, claiming the rising 
inflection, terminates with a strongly emphatic w ord, the 
failing inflection is applied ; for strong emphasis always dic- 
tates the downward slide of tlie voice. 

Example. — I must therefore desire the reader to remem- 
ber tliatj by the pleasures of the imagination, I mean those 
only that arise {rom.9ighV' ; and that I divide thepa into two 


DefinHiQn. — Series implies that succession of similar op 
opposiite particulars, or portions of a sentence, whether single, 
double, triple, or compound, or whatever other variety they 
may assume, which frequently commence or close a com- 
pound sentence. These may oe divided into , 

l^t, T\\Q Simple Series ; * 

2d, The Compound Series ; 

Sd, The Series of Serieses* » 


'Definition. — The simple series consists of two or more 
single particulars, following each other in succession, either 
in commencing or closing a sentence. 

RuiiE 1. — When the sentence commences with two par- 
ticulars, the 1st takes the \ and the 2d the '' inflection. 

Example. — Manufactures^ and agriculture', give steady em- 
ployment to thousands of the poorer order^. 

Rule 2. — When the sentence closes with two single par- 
ticulars, the 1st takes the ', and the 2d the ^ inflectionc 

Example. — Example is generally more forcible than pre- 
cept' or discipline\ 

KuLE 3. — ^When the sentence commences with three sia- 
de particulars, the 1st and 2d take the \ and the 3dth« " m- 

(78) ^ 




I ' 



and lead , ai« louiid m many parts of tl.c new wK' ' 

«rir,i„e-, and martin', abound i„ cold climafav ' '~^'"'' 

dSiLn of wu' ' '''^ ^^ ^oi^M^rebeiidcd in Mr. Lockers 

sing Sef7i)vi'k n/^^^ ^'' of pa,ticuiai^ forms the clo- 
Sni^tn n X?^^^^^^ ^^''^^' division, and are read ac- 

FV^li/ i r'**^* i .^"* *^^^ members agreeably to Rule Isf 
isrmwjf.?/ ^r''^^«'^^.-Tlie productions of ffif are 
r«..i , friLf, ,^Jy,-wi)oasN metals', and diu«ionds\ ^ 

^ • > ' .' -•> 'J ^ 

-! > »«* I 

A XEV. • 

Example o/Q paHicuhtrs.—Tkfi chief towns in the Unitod 
States of America, are New-Vork\ Phiiadelphia', Baltunore^ 
— Bo9toD\ Charies* 4/, and New-Orleans. 

Example of 7 pari*cviars. — The Americans export frotti 
the fertile shores of their, leagued domain, to foreign climes, 
a variety of lumber^— fish', beef, pork\— ■butter\ cheese", 

Example ofSpartictildrs.^The soul can exert itself in n^any 
different ^vays; she can understand^ will', — Lnagiiie^ »ee, 
hear\— feel\ love', and fi-ow n\ 

Example of 9 particxdars,—'t\\^ fruits of the spirit are love\ 
joy", peace\— !ong-suffering\ gentleness", goodness^-— faitli\ 
meekness", temperancc\~again8t these there is no law\ 

Example of \^ particulars,— M.t» Locke's definition of wit 
comprehends every species of it; — a» metaphors\ — eni jn9B\ 
mottos', and paraoles^ — fab)es\ dreams', visions^ — the drai^ 
ma\ burtesqvic', an4 allusion\ ' s 


DefinUion.--''Fhe compound sen m consists of two or more 
successive particulars, composed oi two words or members 
of a sentence, which though hot perfectly similar, are suffix 
c:i»ntly so to admit of classification. 

Rule 1. — All the compound members which foml the 
commencing series, take the ' jniflection, except the last, which 
takes the " inflection. - 

Example.— The whole sy??tem of the inteHectuai powers^ 
the chaos and the creation^ and ^U the furniture of three 
worlds', enter into the subject of Milton's Paradise Lost\ 

Rule 2. — ^When the compound members form the cdh-^ 
eluding series, they all adopt the ' inflection, except the penul- 
timate member, which takes the " inflection. 

Eircimj^/e.—Notwithstanding all the pains which Cicero 
took in the education of his son, be nevertheless remamed a 
mere blockhead. Nature rendered him ineapable of improv- 
ing by all the rules of eloquence\ the precepts of philosophy\ 
his father's ejideavoui-s", and the most refined society of 


The only exception to the above rule is, when the sem 
tence commences with a conditional or suppositive phrases 
for in that case the members take the " inflection. 

JSxampZcj.—Whatever contributes to promote the princi- 
ples of virtue, and strengtiien the bonds of brotherhood", 
whatever tends to calm the ruffled ieelings, and regulate th^ 
paasione", is undoubtedly a source o{ hapniiiessN 



^ A KEY 

sL'I^^ • il"/- f^thful pencU has designM 
^me bnght idea of the master's mind' • 
When a ne^ world leaps out at his iomiiand' 
And ready Nature waitrupon his hand^^^ 
When the npe colours soften and unite' ' 

mlnT ^ ^«Jt into ju.t shadesTi lighr • 
When mellowing years fhoir fnii r»« !^ '. 

The't^r^H*'^^^ 4' eTust be^^^^^^ ^-^ 

The treacherous colours the fair art betr^v- 
And all tlie bnght creation, fades ^[vayf^' 

n^fi^U' m ^^^^^^ O*" SERIESES. 

forming an independent memC ?f , ?' V^ *' """"<• '» 
what is tcrnjed a'sei^es oSts *"^"™' '""'titute 


ing to the apSX mft th" sfrrT*'"' T^^ "^''^'l. 
agreeably to &enumbe7of^mnn3^ Jf""^ ' ''!" «''<'«•«'*«'■ 

enf, nor th ng, to cwiev; norheehl" nor d^.ufh"^'' '''''''■ 

p -, THE DASH. 

ratlrdbrth.- D.Tti;'^ameirwW •''^'^ ^f a sentence »cpa, 
cordi„/t„ tlidr natu^ Twould I?''? Tt* '"' 'Wli<^d, M- 
»et offV any other p^L.te^^''" "'''''"='' ""^^ ""= l'""" 

RULP 1 ,n '"'^^.'^fO^ATlyE SENTENCES. 

.«i:!:iT'A-:r^'^'»»*:'n^^»-rogative sentences wbJ.I, 
^ XT" 7"" 1 't* "' '*'*''^^' ''^**^'^ ^^^*^ ' inflection;' 

asWh^/^'FJriK'^h'r^^ my friend, «s well 

mu . he^^xalt his tlioughts to any thing great and 

t% l*i:% ^r».f^ »«« 



tins world, he is to sink for ever into oblivion'' ? 

Rule 2.~-Those inten-ogative sentences that commence 
with a verb which is followed by the disjunctive conjunction 
ttf^Jt^'f'if^^^ close of the first part, the ' inflection, and at 
the end of the second, the inflection. » ««t 

£jamp/e*.~Shall we, in your person, crown the author of 
H;^ P^j'lt-c^ ^'"^ty, or shall we d.-stVoy him^ ? Will the 

^te *h^rrf?? "^^""^""^ ^''' ^''^''' *"' "^^^ ^^"^ ^''^"y ^«^- 

*55*u^ S.~-Tho3e interrogative sentences that commence 
S'e^ inSfon?^ P'''"'*"" **' '^''"'^' ^^^^^^ ^^««^' ^^^^ 
Examples^ho will take the trouble of answerine these 
questions^? How will he collect the necessary evilence'l 
tentsT' ^*' ^"thorities^ ? When adjust al7the coSl 

eri?m'Snh^«^nnIli-^ interrogative sentence consists of sev- 
erai members following m success on, commencine: nifh a 
pronoun or adverb, all tliose mernbers adoptX^ ifflrtion 

hon.fe4' Ld Vt^hti'"''^'^''""^ excitements to piety and 
Jhnm' L' **"^' atthesame taniQ, such assistance in attaining 
them , as are contiuned in the Holy Bible^ ? '^'^^"iing 

wi^^;f'vprn^?*'" ^^"^ 'ntPiToga^.ve sentence commences 
aTudopT^;.^^^^^^^^ ^^^^--^ succeedmgmembers, they 

glotor^uVe'ai^rn^^ ^^^ being make such a 

deS" in tti » J^ J?^"*"' i^*" «^ *"«^an » purpose' ? am he 
shoS liv^i^^P'^'lr^'*'" ^^«"^h abortive intelip^nces' Tuch 
a?rlute™^^ •: "^V'd he give hix/udS Tat 
fled' ? excrtod , and capacities that are not to be grati- 

coSStioron^r"fJ.H' '"^^'•^^Ptive sentence presents a 
^dontH^^^^^^ {""'""F « «^«'«« «iH«^nese8, they 

tions.' fflfit m^mh''' r^"'^'' ^""^^ ^^^ ' *"^ the ^ infle/ 

thTSe^^^ y;;" iinagine the hours wasted in idle prate^ 

on dre^sandmrJlv '*'"/'S"*^"*«"''•^ ^« weeks lalishecf 
"Ij _^in^*?" p-irade\ and the months «Qii«n^«-«.i »:*u^.!: 

7",|,r^^"^t'";»;^ great acc(»i?nt*ofete^ityO^ 










I I 


r^Jl^^,^H\^^^^'—^^^^^J}ces and their members followed 
ti^nJ! ^ ^^ ^ ^^^ according to their natures, bothinflec- 

Exam2^.^I(ih\s k a man of pleasure^ what is a man of 
pain\? How quick\ how total^ is ^ • .^".a man or 

TO -i "ttfL I*^REWTHESIS. 

K0LE l.--WTicn this %ure is used either with or without 
the comma, ,t always adopts tlie ^ inflecUon. "* 

£2:am^.--Natura] historians observe', (for while I air in 

tJla7f th"»?^hl!'"f*T'' !'■<"• ? ?P^'"' «» the™ that know 

1,. ■^??'^'''-~'"^'' went the captain with the offiwM and 
brought the apostles without vioLceT for thev fr,";i th^ 
peopTe lest they should have been stoneiM a^^when (h^v 
tad brought them, they set them before the icil\ ^ 

prf e'^'^J^' n^Tt'^f S'^'^' *?^'".^?'' ^""'"^"^ ''«'• ^^t enter- 
^ TrhaUu ^^"^'^ of/«ndennp;himcon3picuou8\ 

mtol'^vnTrT'"^^';''.^^^ ^"*'"^'' ^>^^ **^^ most lively 
gratitude . your continued kindness to me\ ' 

vears'^hv hT"?l'K^ Bunported^, and has been for these ten 
years , by hw father^ his brother', and his uncle\ 


with .wfi^*';;,^'^^^^'T'V^"^^^ ""^^^ ^«ice» 

^..In^ -^ *]"' ""V."^**'"^ ^"''^^^ in a sentence are pro- 

•tiid «nn;"Zjl'*'**' '!^''^1' ^"*^ P^'*^^*^^ in a sentence whick 
•land opposed to each other, adopt the strong emphasis. 

' £xamples.^Mmy people mtsrtake" the iStc of virtue for the 
practice of it' 

Many states werfe in alliance tmthj,imd under the pro- 
tection of J the then mistress of the world. 

The wise man is happy when he gains his own esteem ; 
tlie fool when he gains tne esteem of others. 

Rule 2. — ^That word or phrase in a sentence which sug- 
gests or dictates the opposing word, must take the strong 

Examples. — When a Persian soldier was railing ag^fcst 
Alexander the Great, his officer reproved him by saying, 
*' Sir, you were paid to fght against Alexander." 

Justice, my friend, appears to be lame among us. . j 

And Nathan said unto David, Thou art the man, 


Rule 1 . — When emphasis ^positive and affirms something, 
it always dictates the ^ inflectTOn. ~ 

Examples. — An honest man may, without blame, risk 
his property in equitable tra€le\ 

Sir, you were miid to jftfrhi against AlexanderV 

I think you inrormed me that your brother supplied your 
wants\ r>r J 

In the perusal of a book, a man expects to be instructed^. 
This treaty secures the honour of the Unitf-d State8\ 
Rule 2. — When emphasis denies something, it -Iwavs 

ado()t& the ' inflection. ^ 

^^rnmples.^An l^est man may risk his property witli- 

out blame, in equitaWe trade\ but not in gambling'. 
■ Sir, you were paid to fight agamst AIexaiidcr\ not to rod 

at hnn\ 

I think you informed me that your hroiher supplied your 
y\'m\ii\ and not your doting/o/^er'. 

In tlie perusal of a book, a man expects to be instructed^. 
Rot coiruptcd". . 

ti'^l^H Jf^^'-^y' S''»ys Fisher Ames, secures the honour of the 
w I • ^^^^'» and therefore cannot comproviise it'. 
VVaslungton never fought for personal famc\ but he fou«ht 


. IIULE 1 — ^That sentence, or member of a sentence, which, 
in Drose, would, nccordirik- to the foregoing rules, adopt the ' 
inflection, must adopt it aFso in poehy! ^ ' ^ 


But when old age has silver'd oVr thy head 



memory fails', and all thy 

Then may'st thm seek the 


, >>pur« 
atiihiess of retreat' 

I i 




■ «^' 


Rf t? H y" ''"y and sell Ss' ? 
Bnr* a '^?H"5 f™™ Ws throne', the sky » 


lam monarch of aU I gurvey\ 
My right there is none to dispute^ . 
From the centre, all round to the Jea' 
I am lord of the fowl and the brSte^ ' 
Can you discern anoflier's mind' '" 

Thit f h/' ''1l^ «hewouia anno/, 
That thousands want what you enioy\ 
Q, lost to virtue;, lost to manly thou4t^ 


pause,"n o7nt ?Se Se^^f^^ «^-^ts a short great bel^tT^^^^^^^^^^ 

1 iv*! , . EXAMPLES. 

A little rule',, a little sway\ 

A ? mbeam\,in a winter's day'. 

Is all the proud\, and niigfity have'. 

• Th?n?t "'S '"'^'^'." '^«^^ t'»*^y un 

iometh^Ts s'^^"^ '"^^f' ^" 1^^^^'> ^^^ »"°^ ? 
wlv! ^^}"^n sometimes slow^ ; 

Wave succeeding wave',, thc>y gn * 
A vanoua journey,, to the deepV 

.K;!:.Vi'L^:ri^ ^'^ ^^ of every Une \n nn^frv « ^...^ 
^thrc^nSS^^Ihe wn^ intima<yor'?enH.Ss^ 
and €ommeno« thf oS "*' ^'^^ terminate the oae. 

A KEY. jV 


Now the pine treeV,, wanng top^, 
Gently greet^-*,, the morning gaje' ; 
Kidlings no^v',, begin to crop^ 
Daisies'^ on the de wy dale.^ 

Did sweeter sounds',, adorn ijny flowing tongue/ 
Than ever man pronounc'd/,, qt angels sung' ; 
Had I all knowledge',, human a,nd divine', 
Th;\t thought can reach „ or science can define' ; 
And had I pojver'n to die that knowledge birth', 
In all the speeches',, ofthft babbling earth' ; 
Did Shadrach'szeaJ',, my {^lowing breast iijspire', 
To weary tortures',, and rejoice in Are' ; 
Or had I fnith',, like that which Israel saw'. 
When Mo; .a gave them',, ipiracles and law' ; 
Y ef, gracious Charity',, indulgent guesf. 
Were not thy power',, esferted in my breasf , 
Those speeches',, would §end up unheeded prayer^ ; 
That scorn of life',, would be but wild despair" ; 
A cymbal's sound',, were better than my voice', 
My faijh were form',, my eloquence \yere noise.'' 

' -mi ,i i^- ^ EXCEPTION. 

When tne bref/fc between the lines separate the article 
from the noun wliich it limits • tlie adjective, in its natural 
order, from the noun which it modifies ; or the preposition 
irom the noim which it governs, no pause can be admitted. • 


O er tlielr heads',, a crystal fountain', 
VViiereon a saj^nliire throne',, inlaid with pure 
AinheK, and colours of the show'ry bow." 
On a ruddcn', open fly', 
Willi impetuous recoiT,, and jarring sound', 
rh infernal doors', and', on their hinges, grate 
Harsh thunder". o jo 


. In taking ui) tlie English Reader with a view of apply- 
ing the principles of elocution to the pronunciation of the les- 
sooH, t!ie Ic^'irner %vill commence with the Ko\\ and make 
humeli com}>lete master of the definitions and rules, and fa- 
miliar uitn the «^'vnYii^i«Q T.^ ♦u^ ^ *: i-_ V 

else hla iud^me 

miliar with the examples. In the"mean"time"hrmay exer^ 


pi«'s under the several rules and exceptions, and apply the 

proprlate characters. 

In a little time Ikj will 
the. select SMiutenccK, and 

feel himself ]^ 

progress tlirough the book 

■ proj^ared to enter upon 

05 •) 

^ AKET.. 

or?hTfen!nrt?^1'* ^^<«"5»»g *^« ff ing inflection too high, 
or the falhn^ too low ; ajid be carefiil to make no oause m 
rising or falUn^, mJess a pause is inserted, ^ ^ 

In proneMncmg a series of naiticulare, to which the fallinir 

be"ra the W.^i-"? °'™^'* ^T*^" of three^r mort mem? 
pers, the first particular or member should be'read in th» 

»ote:^l'dvaT.:"tiX tt.irS' ^"T "PP"""* 'I ^^nl 
^KyT,^.^"^""' * ""^ « «tterance!a„d adteto'Se 

^ttoflii^»Hi;^lJ' 'l *t'' ?'*'=''• utterance will be easi- 
fr ?u f '*'"'«'> »n<l most pljiaemg to the hearer • and in thi. 
too the ^olce has the greatest strength, anSt'piry. 

The principles hare been purposelv omitted in ,^„^^i 
chapters toward the close of a'^Tew Son"the PurnoM 
«fhav,og the pupil apply t!, em in pencil mark Ma*^ teat S 
^.knowledge oZ-the iey, and of th^eir applieaUortoV.S?e.i' 






DILIOSNCE\ in(lnstrv\ and proper improvement of 
tuin;', arc, jii;it«'ri;il fluti<>s of the i/ouns:\ 
TIm! ac.jui.^it'oii oUawwledge^ is one of the most ii'^nour- 
iibU* oceitpiUioiis of 3'oiith\ 

Wh itevHr U3.4\il^ or eijs:;»{;in{!j' endowments ive possess^ 
ririuc is requisite', in order to tlieir shwins: ^^i\l^ proper 
lustrt^\ ° * * 

Virruoiis 1/oui/i' gradually brings forward accomplished' 
and llourishiug imtnJiood\ 

Sinccrit;!^' and truth' form t!.»^ hctsis of every virt!U'\ 

pis i]/pointmenls^ and distress', are often bkssinn;s in dis- 


and n«ilse\ 

III order to acc{uirp a capacity for haj>piness', it must be 
our first study to rectify inward disordf'?-s\ 

yhanj-ie^and alteration', form the very essence of the world\ 
r rue liappiness' is of a retired nature^ ; an enemy to pomp' 

^\nvdh^\in')mnJies%foliiJ}es also the lieart\ 

I rom our eagerness to grasp', we stnui'de' f 


and destroy 

A temperate sj>irit\ and moderate expectations', are exce!- 
rds ol the mind', in tliis uncertain ai d changing 

lent safcguai 


Til the first ohnptvr, th»» compiler htis .*x!iibit.Hl sentenres in h erpni variety 
or roi. itni-lion, siiiil )n nil the diveriUy of punctUiUioi!- 1 f we!! practised upon. 


1 S TJie English Reader, Part 1 

life', not only'irtir^utCe"'!',. ^"thl Xt""'"'' '•"'"='° 

Compassionate affections', even when fh^v A.. 4 
from our eyes for Juunan misery', "co"|!^? sSil^tS^Al 

ceeding years', is a^^Jl'^'o'lrby'^a d of ^I™? "' "" 

cheerful submissiLuo the ^jJl^nL^ve^n, •^.°"«'='«»'=«'. "«J « 



ss^ r„t rtr ''^' *'"^ '■'"' thtteTvrcte: 

Chap. 1, Select Sentences, ^c 19 

frn^''!wi"^*!?^ ^^'3'''^"^ «'"^ltJ^<^ g"iJty passions of the bad'. 
f .r. ;.; 1""^ ^"^^"-^ ""^ ""^""'^ advantage T^liich tiie «;o/^ coni 

Iti S (ill tlltilll , 

Th^ exUnud misfortunes of life', disappointmcnts\ pover-. 
ry , ana sic^vness , arc h^ht in coinparison of those tmf>a/(/ di*. 
trr.ssos oi mm<i , occasioned b^ Mly\ by passion', and by 

No station is so hij;h\ no power so great\ no character so 
inienui.ied , as to cxenwt mm from tlic attacks of rashness^ 
uiiice , or envy\ ' 

Horal^ and rtJi^^Jous instruction', derives its efficacy', not 
so mui:ii jroiu wliat mm are taugJd io knon/, as from what 
tJicy arc Wi/:f/?n'>ya'/\ 

He wlio pretends to ^reat smsihillty towards m(;n', and yet 
has no fcoljii;,- fur thy hij^h objects of religion', no lieart to ad- 
nnre^ nnd ador,/ th(i groat i''rt//ier of tiie universe', has reason 
to distrust the truth' and delicacy of iiis sensibility\ 

Wh.^n', upon Fiitlonal^ and sober inquhy, we have cstab- 
li:i!5<:d our piineinlt s', let us not suftV.r tiiem to be shaken by 
tile scoil3 oi the licentious', or tiio cavils ~f the sceptical\ 


VViien we observe 


observe any tendency to treat reUgiofi' or 
0/5^ With djsrespect^ and levity', let us hold it to be a sure in- 
dicaiioii of a perverted undt rstahding', or a depraved heart\ 
E VL-ry d»/gr<'e of guilf, incurred by yielding to temptation'* 
ti.u'.i-i t'» debase the mind' and to weaken die generous and 
hiHxcx ohnt principles of Inmian nature\ 

tion of inan\ 

Society', when An-med', requires distinrlions of property\ 
chversity of conditions\ subordination of loiiks^ and a mul- 
tiplicity of occupations', in order to advance the general 
good\ ° 

That the temper', the sentiments\ the morality\ and', in 
general , the whole conduct^md character of men^ are influ- 

, "', ^'"ij^.-i,, filial ui^jysiuwii iii lue persons Witii 

Whom they associate', is a reflection which has long since 
l>ussea into a proverb', and been ranked among the standinc 
maxims oi human wisdom', m all ages of the world\ . 

(to a) 





The English Reader, p^rt t 

mrrr. ^ « . . SECTION lU. 

. Virtue', to become ..;.!,„„ ;.:•:.. '» • 

from tho d-.r.o-^r« «/.; f ^''^\^ ' **;^ us thiiiK ourselves socuro 

a-e^ ad eZZ Jli'l ^^"^'^°. ^'"^'^ ^'»' passions\ Every 
«»„«, arm every station' tnev beset^ • f-nm x-,w,fi,' .J' 

.leeds^YeXrSV''^,'''* c/,%/:te.npt.ti„ns to criminal 

overwhelm rrviti;tnm;.^erm;S^^ 

may cut short our health' and Ufe™ ' ''"'" P'"^^>«-ia 


iu the heart t hos," l^tJinf '"t"'^^ ",'>:«, and awaken witli- 
ove;po;v:'red'*md supprlS*^'""'" ' "■'"^" '">= "'"^''"'^"i 

H« thof ,„ f p o ptibons . It IS men hi":hlv nern rinnq^ 
4u.t'„tr Hi ^ Vr^&^ .<^-"-^ '.t^o^i^ may 
"°Th'etirT'?f '"'«^?'^ and tori„"3!S''*''' '"«"' "^' 

(20 a f 

Chap. h. Select Sentence^yfcr^- f% 

M\ kind', and cheerful : far temoved from that noomrand 
jHiberal sujjerstitioc ', which clouds the brow\ sharpens tha 
temper^ dejects the spirif, and teaches men to fit themselvef 
for anothtn- world', by neglecting the concerns of (Aw\ 

Reveal mm of the secrets of thy friend\ Befaitkfid to 
his mter€'8t8\ Forsake him not in danger\ Abhor th# 
thought of acquiring any admniage by his prejudice\ 

Man', a^wam prosptrousT, would be giddr and insolenf; 
ttlwam ajttcted% would be sullen' or dt'sporident\ Hope^ 
and fears^Joy^ and sorrow', ar^, therefore', so blended in hia 
m , as both to give room for worldly pursuits', and to recall' 
from timevto time', tlie admonitions of con3cien<^\ *( 


TIME once p^f, never returns^: the moment which if 
losf^ is lost^r ev€r\ .^ 

There is nothing on earth so staJbk'y as to assure us of un- 
disturbed resO ; nor so pmerful% ps to afford us constant jm)- 
tcchon''. ^ , 

The house of/ca^Hn^,too often becomes an arenue to 
the house of mourning'^ . Shorf, to the HcentwuT, is the in-« 
terval between them\ * 

It is of great importance to US', to form a proper eaiimaU 
of humcin life^ ; w ithout either loading it with imaginary 
evils^.or expecting from it greater adtHinta^s than itisabli 
to yield \ 

Among aU our Qorrupt passions', there is a strong and inti 
mate connexion\ When any one of them is adopted into our 
tamil/. It seldom quits until it has fathered upon usa//ita 
kjndred\ / 

Cliaritf, like the sun', brightens every object on which it 
shines' ; a censonoiis disposition', casts every character into 
the darkest shade it will b8ar\ 

Many men mistake the /aye', for the practice of virtue' : and 
are not so much good men', as t\\e friends o f goodness'. ' 

iTeniune virtue', has a language that speaks to every heart 

i throughout the \oorld\ It is a language which is undei-stood 

by aa\ In every region', every cnmate', the horimge paid to 

[Jt , IS the same'. In no one sentimenr, were ever mankind 

I more generally agreed'. i 

The appearances of our security', are frequently deceJtfu^ 
When (nir skv gPAma «»no/ c^f^^L.^N ^^a «^J. ^^z r 

iobserved quarter', gathers the Httle black cloud', in which the 
Iteiuoest ierments', and prepares to discharge itself on ourhead^ 
E 1 he man of tnie fortitude', may be compared to the castle 
\xmt on a rock', which deHen the attacks of the surroundinK 
I . '2i«> ■ 

Part Iv 

^ -' The migrtsh Reader. ^ ' 

latere : the man of a feeble and timorous spirif, to a hut 
placed on the shore', .vhich every ivind Ehak4s^ iiid eve?J 
wave overflows'. ' every 

«J?^^^"S'L^'' '*'*'''""'*^"* ^^^ self-possession', as violent 
f ^ ^K *^ o^^iT^owers reason^ ; confiunds our Meas^; dis- 
pel' Bv tK""'"'' «"jJ,»>!'-^»^?"« the colour of e^r^ ot 
-^ K- r • ? ^^^ Storms which it raises wUhxn\ and by the mis- 
«;hief3 which It occasions without, it generally brinl4 on ^^^ 

bwuff on Uie object of his resentment\ 

Ttie palace of nV/itc has', in lill ages', been reoresented i* 
placed on the summit of a Ml ; in the ascent of uEl'^! 

^""V"^' V' *»"^tHiea , to airect our u'ay',and to aid our sf^nO 
,fo judging Of o<W, let us always tkk?^^^ 
ploy the spirit of charity' luid candeur\ But H jud^ine^f 
mrsdve^, we ought to be exacf and severe\ •' ^ ^ 

irive whllThirivy***''' K* ^^•^^'^ 'i^^^'' ^^PPJ^^ '"ake haste to 
^ mnmJnf^f^'^ can be enjoyed^ ; and reinemhei-, that eve- 
rymomeat of delay', takes aivay something from the value 

pmess ,ieflecr,that while he forms hs purnose' thedavm<lQ 
on' and « the nigrht cometh', when no mafcfn work\^' 

he- anT^b ,f T?."'i ^^''^^y.^^^/ thing is y^h^tM appears t<y 
he . and what iatteHi rmsV, is always farther froni realitv' 

^se' Ctn*,7 ^\^'^ '' ^ .Wt Which invites them to re- 
pose , but to slumber upon ir, is death\ 

If we would judge whether a man is really havm/ it is 
jot solely to his houses^ and lands', to his eq Lg??^^ 
Retinue we are to loolC. Unless we could s 'SeK a,"d 
discern what joy\ or what bitterness', his heart feels' ,Ve can 
pronounce /yfefi concerning him\ «"t.dri leeis, «ecan 

1 he hook is well written^ ; and I have peru«Rd it m 1th nlea- 
sure' and proHt\ It shows',>>^r, that true !.^v ' >n is^ r? 
tional' and tvell founded- nr'^r, that it is of thrK^'ies iml 
Dort^mce to every other part of religion^ ^TJ^i^^^ 
W, that it is most conducive IX) ou'rh^^^^^^^ ' ^"^^^ 

jli'-re is certfunly no greater felldtr, than to be able to 
ook back on a life usefufiy^ and Virtuously Zloved- 
*!S?L?!';,^^^P'*^S'''^«i'" ^.-i^tence', by such^okeS^ 

J^nnrr'^-fTr"'" i""*" l^V''"^' " *'"!?'^t therefore to be the 
care M those who wish to passthnrlast houi-s with comfoiT 
the^ .^^^^'^^ VT?'"'? ofp!e;.«iu^ ideas', as shall s!l^S 
thee...nenM^s of thattime', which s to d.^pend wholly upon tha^ 
funda^!readyacquired\ (22 a> "^*i^uponm^ 

Part I. 
rif, to a hut 
', and everv 

»', as violent 
ideas^; dis- 
af every ob- 
by the mis- 
rings on the 
than he can 

)resented as 
tiich', labour 
; and where 
stf^ and em- 

I judging of 

ike haste to 
nthe value 
is own hap- 

: appears to 
jm reality \ 
lose strafns 
e poison is 
hem to re- 

app/, it is 
jt^^ and his 
rther^^ and 
Is', necan 

}vith plea- 
ion is ra- 

i'.'iest im- 
iio'; ar^', 

i»e able to 
oyed^; to 
s as excite 
to be the 

II su})port 
' upon th^ 

Ckapi 1. 

Select Sentences, ^c* 



WHAT avails the sho w ofci/cmoZ liberty', to one who has 
lost the government of himsf li'\'^ 
He that cannot live well <o-(toy,(8ays Martial',) will be less 
iqualmed to live well to>'morrow\ ,V i \. 

j Can we esteem iJiat man piosperous", who is raised to a 
[situation which flatters his passions', but which cori-upts his 
Jprinciples', disorders liis tempei-', and finally oversets his vi»- 

What misery does the vicious man secretly endui*^!— 
Ldvcrsity'Ihow blunt are all the arrows of % quiver', in 
comparison with those of ^liittM 

When we have no pleasure in goodness" y we may with cer- 
tainty conclude the reason to be', that Our pleasure is all d©- 
nvedfrom an opposite quari,er\ 

How strangely are the opinions of men altered', by a 
change in their condition^ ! 

rould have occasioned their ruin . 
What are the actions which afford in the remembrance ^ 

f "; . i «}.pcai Lu vuur uttaris , ;ny irienas , it wnat you recol- 
lect nith most pfepsure', are not the innocent\ the virtuous^* 
*he honourable parts of your past life\ . ' 
The present employment of time should frequently be dn 
sbject ot thought. About w hat are we now busied^ ? What 
8 the ultnnate scope of our present pursuits' and cares^ ? Can 
fve justify them to ourselves' ? Are they likely to produce any 
Miiag that will survive the moraenf, and bring forth some 
ruit for futurity^ ? 
Is it not strange', (says an ingenious writer',) that some 
irsoas should be so delicate as not to bear a disagreeable 
icture in the house', and yet', by th^ir behaviour', force eve- 
iace they see about them, to wear the gloom of uneasi- 
:^^s' and discontent' ? 

BIf we are now in health\ peace' and safety^ ; without any 
irticular uncommon evils to afflict our condition' : what 
.0^ can e reasonably look for in this vain and uncertam 

L7 o Axri?^ **'i'® *^" ^® ig-reo/eai prosperity add to such a 
PJu ^ ^ny future situation ever make us happtf. if now', 
fth so few causes of grief, we imagine ourselves mlserabWi 
aie evil lies m the state of our miikT, not in our condition •( 

— C»«) 

■wtag ijii-i- 


The English Reader, 







fayrtune' ; and by no alteration of circumstances is it likely to 
b«c remedied''. ^ / - 

When the love of unwarrantable pleasures^ and of vicious 
companions', is allowed to amuse young persons', to engross 
their time\ and to stir up their passions' ; tne day of ruin', — let 
them take heed', and beware/! the day of irrecoverable ruin 
beg. IS to draw nigh\ Fortune is squandered^ ; health is bro- 
ken^; friends are offended^ affronted', estranged'; aged 
parents', perhaps', sent afflicted' and mourning to the dust\ 

On whom does time hang so heavily^, as on the slothfuf 
and lazy^ ? To whom are the hours so lingering^ ? Who' are 
so often devoured with spleen', and obliged to fly to every 
expedient', which can help them to get rid of themselve.^' ? 
Instead of producing tranquillity^, indolence produces a fretfiU 
irestlesaness of min(r ; gives rise to cravings which are never 
satisfied' ; nourishes a sickly\ effeminate delicacy', wliich 
sours and corrupts every pleasure'^. 


WE have seen the husbandman scattering his seed upon 
tlie furrowed ground^ ! It springs up\ is gathered into 

by the favour ofHeaven\ 

Temperance^ by fortifying the mind' and body', leads to 
happiness^ : intemperance^ by enervating them', ends gener- 
ally in misery\ 


An elevated genius', employed in Mle things', appears' (to 
use the simile of Longjnus') like the sun in his evening doolinu- 
tion^: he remits his .splendour', but n^tains his magnitude' ; 
and pleases ynare', though he dazzles ks3\ 

If envious people', were to ask themselves', whether they 
would exchange their entire situations Aiith the pei-aons en- 
vied', (I mean tneir minds', passions', notions', was ell us their 
i>erson3', fortunes^ and dignities^, V— I presume the self-love', 
common to human nature , woula generally make them pre 
ler theii" own condition'. 

We have obliged some persons'' : — very welM — what 
■would we have more"' 7 lauottUu consciousness of doing^^ooJ', 
» sufficient reward' ? 

Do not huft yourselvfM^ or others', by the puriuit of pl«- 

- Partr. 

5 is it likely to 

and of vicious 
•ns", to engross 
y of ruin', — let 
CO vera hie ruia 
; health is hro- 
ranged^; aged 
to tne dust\ 
►n the slothful' 
ig^? Who are 
o fly to every 
f themselvetT ? 
)duces a fretfij 
hich are never 
iicucy', wliich 

his seed upon 
i gathered into 
and plenty\— ' 
ith generosity'' 
littiae of tliose 
wn mind', and 

►ody', leads to 
i', ends gcner- 

ire Ulustrious'' ; 

is infamous', 

', though in a 

■s', appears' (to 
is magnitude^ V 

, whether they 
h»^ persons en- 
was ell as their 
f? the self-love',, 
aake them pre- 

welM — what 
} of doingg(HM/', 

puriuit of ple»- 

IChap.l. Select SentenqeSf^c. "7"" 25 

|supe\ (Jonsult your whole = natu>e\ Consider yourselvd^ 
I not only as sensuive'f but as rational beings' ; not only as rtf^ 
Id'onr//', but social"" ; not only as social^ Jmt immortat^, 
■ Alt thou poo/ ? — Show thyself activ^^ and irtd'ust^ious'J 
j.iiaceable' and c6ntJented\ Art thou 2cea^/j?/'?— Show thy- 
self beneficent^ and ^ailtable', condescend ing'and humane^ 

Though religion removes not all the evils of life', though 
jt promises no continu,ance of undisturbed pro&perity', (which 
inaeed it were n&t salutary for man always to enjoy^jyet', if 
\i mitigates the evils which necessarily Belong to our stirte', 
^* may just^ be said to give « rest to them who labour' ancj 

re heavy laden\ " 

What a smiling aspect does the Ijpve of parents' an^chil- 

en\ of brothers'iand sisters^ of friends^ and relations', give 

every surrounding objecf , and every returning day^ ! With 

hat a lustre does it gild even the small habitation', wliere 

lis placid intercourse^, dwells^ ! where such scenes of heartfelt 

itisftiction succeed uninterruptedly to one another' ! 

How many clear. marks of benevolent intention appear 

ivery where a'found us^ ! What a profusion of beauty' and 

rnamenf , is poured forth on tlie face of nature^ ! What a 

jiagnificent spectacle presented to the view of man^ ! What 

thy sting" ? O grave' ! where is thy vidonf" ? " 


GESILAUS', king of Spartii', beting asked' « VfhMhings^ 

he thought moet proper fur toys to fearn'," answered', 

hose which tliev ought to maciise when they come to ha 


A mstr Uian Agesilaus', has inculcated the same 

iiimenr : "Train up -AJihUd in the way he should go' and 

^Mi he is oW he will not depart from it\ " 

^jmAii Italian philosopher expressed in his motto', that « iinie 

«8his€5/a/cV' An estate mdeed which will produce no- 


I be overrun with noxious plan'ta', or laid t)ut for shou/ rather 
iWUwi Aristotle was asked', ^^WTh'at a man could itatri by 

26 Tht English Reader. Part 1, 

telling a/a/scAoorf', " he replied', « Not to be credited when he 
ipeaks the trutfi\ " 

L^'Estrange', in his Fables', tells us that a number of frolic- 
Some boys' were one day watching frogs', at the side of a 
pond' ; and thaf , as any of tliem put their heads above the 


Sully', the ^reat statesman of France', always retained at 
his table', in his most prosperous days', tne same frugality to 
Ivhich he had been accustomed in early life\ He was fre- j 
quently reproach d' by the courtiers', for this simplicity^ ; but i 

their company\ *^ 

Socrates', though primarily attentive to the culture of his 
minrf'j was not negligent of his external appearcmce\ His | 
cleanlmess resulted from those ideas of order^and decency',! 
which;governed all his actions^; and the care which he took I 
of his health', from* his desire to preserve his mind free and^ 

Eminently pleasing' and honourable', was the friendship 
between David' and Jonathan\ " I am distressed for thee', 
mv brother Jonatlian', " said the plaintive and surviving Da- 
vid' ; " very pleasant hast tiiou been^ to me' : thy love for me 
iH'as wonderful' ; passin- the love of ww;ien\" 

Sir Philip Sidne/, at tne battle near Zufphen', was wound- 
Jd by a mu«':K ball', which broke the bone of his thifh\ 
He was carried about a mile and a half to the camp'; and 
being faint with the lossof blood , and probably parched with 
thirst through tlie heat of the weatheK, he called for drink\ 
It u'as immediately brought to him' : buf, as he was putting 
the vessel to his mouth', a poor wounded soldier', who hap ' 
pened at that instant to be carried by liim', looked up to it 
with wishful eyes'. The gallant and generous Sidney^, took 
the bottle from his mouth , and delivered it to the soldier', 
saying', " 77}?/ neces^tv is yets^renter than mine'. " 

Alexander the Great .demanded of a pirate', whom he hr 

A iuii caiHii ft lOOOvt , iiri^fiiinn i urtve Uiiiy uiie niJlaii Veswri ; 

and he is styled & conmieroT^j because he commands great 
fleets' and armies'. " We too often JTidge of men by the fijikn- 
douf'f and not by the merit of their'actions'. 

Fart 1. 

teU when he 

ber of frolic- 
he side of a 
is above the 
es\ One of I 
i', made this 
insider', that 


J retained at 
! frugality to 
He was fre- 
plicity^ ; but 
lent pniloso- 
i is snLJjicitnt 
spense with 

ulture of his 
'ance\ His 
id decency', 
lich he took 
nd free and 

3 friendship 

?d for thee^ 

irvivinj; D.v 

love for mo 

vaR wound- 
r his thif h\ 
camp""; and 
nrch<'d with 
I for drink\ 
w.ts puttin}^ 
', who hap- 
ced lip to it 
idnt'/', took 
the soldier', 

horn he had 
\y the sanif" 
orld\ But 

laii V»'»Hi-r ; 
lands great 
y the sj^kn- 

Vtap.l* Select Sentences. ^, ^ " 27 

Antoninus Pins', the Roman Emperor', was an amiable and 
'ood man\ When any of his courtiers attempted tc inflame 
fiim with a passion for military gbry^ he used to answer' ;. 
f Th;it he more desired the jrrestrvtUion of one subject ^ tlian 
the destruction of a thousand enemies^ 

Men are too often ingenious in making themselves miscrr 
ible'jby acgravjiting to their own fancy, beyond bounds', all 
[he evils which they endure^. They compare themselves w ith 
\ione but those whom tliey imagine to be more happy^ ; and 
tomplain', that upon them alone has fallen the w hole load of 
tumuii sorrow s\ Would they look with a more impartial 
lye on the world', they would see themselves surrounded 

a priuce who grieved immoderately for the loss of a belov- 
child'," provided thou art able to engrave on her tomb'^ 

e names of three persons who have never mourned''." The 
rince made inquim after such persons'* ; but foi^nd the inqui- 
J' vain', and was silent\ 

SECTION vin. ♦ * 

E that hath no rule over his oivn spirif , is Uke a city 

that is broken down', and without walls\ 

A soft answer turneth away wrath'; butgrtevoiw^ words stir 
ip anger\ 
Bett<'r is a dinner of herbs where love is', than a stalled ox 

.^nd hatred there witlr. 

, Pride goeth before 
ire a fall\ 

Hear counsel^ and receive instruction', that thou mayest 
trill V unse". « 

Faitlifil are the wounds of a Jriendf ; but the kisses of an 
?my are deccitful\ Open relmke^ is better than secret hve"" 
Seest thou a man urise in his own conceit' ? There is more 
iopeofayoo/\thanofhim'. * . ^ 

He that is slow to anger', is better than the mighty' ; and 
ge that ruleth iiis spirit', than he that taketh a city\ 

§He that hath pity on the /?©«/, lend«?th to the Lord" ; that 
hich he hath gj ven', w ill he pay him again\ ^ 
, If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat' ;and if he 

He thatplunted the ear'j shall >ie not hear' ? He that form- 
' the eye% shall he not see' ? 

destruction' ; and a haughty spirit be- 


I have Ikmh ynungf, and now I am old" ; yet have I never 
Jca tli« righttous fursakeu', nor Ills seed begging bread\ 



ISf MaiUshRea(kf> 


f tth better to be a doar-keener m the house of the Lord% 
than to dtP^ m the tents of \vickedne5s\ 

ri have seen the wicked in great power', and spreading 
himself like a jgreen bay-tree\ Yet he passed away": I 
wuffht him';, but he could not be found\ < ^^ v 

. Happy is the man tl^ findeth wisdt^S Xeni^th of days 
if in her rigi hand' ; and in her left hand', riches"^ and hon- . 
cj^r". Her ways are ways of pl«isantness', and ail her irntha 
ar6pea(Ee\ ' 

How ffoodsuidhow plcasanti^ forbretbfeiliodwelltojgeth*. 
«r in tinii^\' It isUke precious ointment : Like the dew omer-i 
xnon', ana the dew that descended upon the mountains of kion\ 

The sluggard will not Plough by reason of the cold^ ; he 
shall thereiore 6c^ in harye^f , and nave nothing\ ^ 

I went by the field of the slothful', and by the vineyar^ of 
the man void of understanding^ : and', lo' fit was all grown 
over with thorns'^ ; netUes had covered its face' , and the stone 
Wall was broken down\ Then I saw', and considered it 
Well^ ; I looked upon if, and received instruction\ ^ 

Honourable age is not' that which standeth ip length, of 
Hnuf ; nor tnat which is measured by number of yettrs'' :— 
«But tv^dom is the gray hair to man', and an unspotted life is 
old age\ 

Solomon', my son', know thou the God of thy fathers'! 
ajid serve him with a perfect hearf, and witli a willing mind\ ' 
If thou 8eek him', he will h^. foiind of thee'* ; but If tliou^r,jatft 
iiim't he will caat thee off for ever\ 

:4 *' 


THA^ eoery day has its pm?w^ and sorroirs' is universally 
experienced', and almost universally confessed". But 
let us not attwid only to mournful truths^ : if we look impar- 
tially about iM'j we shall ftnd', that every day has likewise its 

Measures' and its jous''. 

We should cliorisli sentiments o[ charily towards all mcn\ 
The Author of all good', nourishes mucli pie.ty^ and virtue' in 
hearts Uiat arc unknown tot^i^''; and beholds .repentance 
ready to spring up among maiiy', whom vie consider as wp' 

the V urjjl' 

(.28 fix 

.1 :-.,• 

Chap.l. Select Sentences') ^c. 29^ 

The loveofmaise' should be preserved underproper sub- 
ordination to the principle oiduty\ In itself, it is a useful uio- 
tive to action^ ; but when allowed to extend its influence too 
far', it corrupts the whole character', and produces |;«ilt\ dis- 
crace', and misery\ To be entirely destiiiUe of if, is a defects. 
To he f^ovemed by if, is depravUif, The proper adjustment 
of the several principles of action in human nature', is a mat-, 
ter that deserves our highest attention\ For when any one 
of them becomes either too iveak> or too strong, it end^n^erg 
both our virtue' and our iiappiness\ 

The desires and passions of a vicious man', havme once ob- 
tained ari unlimited swa/, trample him under their feer/ 
They make him feel that he is subject to various\ contraditt- 
ory\ and imperious masters', who often pull him diierentt 
\vavs\ His soul is rendered the receptacle of many repug;-. 
iianV and jarring dispo8itions\ and resembles som^ barbafous 
countr/, cantoned out inta different urincipalities', which are 
continually wag;ing loar on one anotfier\ 

Diseases', poverty\ disappointment, and shame', are far from 
being', in every instance', the unavoidable doom of man\ 
They are much more frequently the oifspring of his own mis- 
guided choice\' Intemperance <ngend«rs disease\ sloth pro- 
duces povt'rty\ pride creates disappointments', and dishonesty 
exposes to shame\ The ungoverned passions of men', be- 
ti-ny them into a thousand follies^; their follies into crunes ; 
and theu" crimes into misfortunes\ i., . j. 

When we reflect on the many distresses which abound m 
human life', on the scanty proportion of happiness which anir 
man is here allowed to enjoy' ; on the small difiiMcn^e which 
the diversity of /ar^wnc makes on that scanty proportion^; it 
is surprising that envy should ever have been a prevalent pas- 
sion among men\ much nurre that it should Iiave prevailed 
among Christians\ Where so much is sutTered in t^ommon', 
litlJe room is left for envy\ There is more occasion for pity^ 
and sympathy', and an incJination to assist each other\ 

At our first setting out in life', when yet unacquainted with 
the world^ and its snares', when every nleasure enchants with 
Us smiU'\ and every object shines with the gloss of novelty^ 
let us beware of the seducing appearances which surround 
us' ; and recollect what others have sufftTed from the POwer 
of headstrong desireN If we allow any passion', even thou}^ 
it be. esteemed imwcenVj to acfjuire an absolute ascendanr, 
•mr inward peace wiii be liiioiiircu". *jut a any , v.iiiiu iia^ 
the taint of guilt', take early possession of our mnid w« 
may date', from that momenf , the ruin of our tranquillity 
Every man has some darling passion', which generally 



HENCE arises Jhe mismi or' this prcspnt world^' It in 
not ow>„e to our douay atmospliere', our chaniine 


seasons', and 

«o«««..^ ^M luriuue ana me eiements\ It is within ourW;^* 

g H f;"p;'2ot' "ouA^L^r ■ -^r *'»'*"j K's'ou? 

in I 

ment throushout the ^^ orhb multitudes £^^^^^^ poor 

subsisteace/ to supnort the wiff,^ and children" wlL ?hev 

ove' and who looC up to them', with cai?er eves'Tr tl^^^^ 

bread which ,they eai/hardly procure^ ; i ultJtu^ea'eri^Ln inr 

t u , niany , apparently m a belter s tuation of life' ninine- 
avvav ,n secret concealed griefs^ ; families weepini""^ 
the beloved ym/jrf* whom they have ost' or inillX Pultlt 
nes^ of anguish', bidding diose^who^ai: tusrei^lr^^^^^ 

Never adventure on too near an approach to Avhat is eml" 

^m^tPZ:!^^''^''^^''^ '^''»" ^'^« ./^^^Aie./instanc^^^ 
JlconscffZ' nn/.**^" '' '^ reverence to eve^ reprehension 
Ribwfr f ^ I V?"^ P'-^'s^rve the most quick and accurate sen- 
^!:!l;!L^^A':!?J5^4^^»'""S^- . If^vcr your moral impression! 
^«'"lr7 T^'*^ ' ""*^ ?""'" naiurui abhorrence of cuflt to les- 

STpS??;;'" ^'"""^ '*' *^'""^ '^""^ ^^'"^ "^" ^^^''"^ i« f^»t 
^ By di«..ppointmcnt3^ and trials' ih^. violence of our pcu. 

Chap, 1. Select Sentence^i ^r. St 

sions is tamed', and our minds are formed to sobriety' and 
reflertion\ In the varieties of liiV/, occasioned by the vicis- 
Bitud*.-^ of worldly fwrtuni'/, wa are inured to habits both of 
the active' and the sufft^rine; virtues\ How inuch soever we 
complain of the vanitf/ of tjie w orld', facts }dainly show', that 
if its vanity were ltss% it could not answer tlie purpose of 
galutary discipline^. Unsatisfactory as it is', its pleasures are 
still too apt to corrupt our liearts^. How fatal then must the. 
conse<piences have been', had it yielded us more complete 
enjoymenr ? K", with all its troubles', we are in danger of 
being too much attached to it', how eniirdy would it havft 
seduced our affections', if no troubles hud been mingled with 
its pleasures^ ? 

In seasons of distress^ or difliculty', to abandon ourselves 
to tejedion\ carries no m.'rk of a gnat or a worthy mind\ 
Instead of sinking under trouble', and declaring " that hi* 

md a good man', 

in the 

is weary of life'," it becomes a \\'\se> and a goo 
e evil day', with firmnis.s', to maintain his post' ; 

to bear 

up against the stoim' ; to have recourse to those, advantages 
whicii', in the worst of times', arc always left to inte^ity^ ami 
virtue' ; and never to give up tlie hope that hdter days may 
yet arise'. 

How many young persons have',at firsf ,set out m the world 
with excellent dispositions erf heart'; genennis', charitable, 
and humanti' ; kind to their friends', and amiable among all 
with whom they had intercourse' ! And yet', how often have 
we seen all those fair appearances', unhiifpily blasted in the 
progress of life', merely through the influcin-e of loose and 
corrupting pleasures^ : and tlios*^ very persons', who promised 
once to be blessinjj^s to the world', sunK down', iu the end', to 
be the burden' and nuisance of society'. 

The most common propensity of mankind', is', to store fu- 
turity with w batever is agreeable to them' ; especially in tlioso 
Seriods of life', when imagination is lively', and hope is ar- 
ent'. Lookhig forward to the year now beginning', they are 
ready to promise themselves much', from tne foundations of 

prospirity which they have laid' ; frcmi Xhn fnmdshipa'' and 
lonnexions which they have secured' ; and from the plans of 
covduci which they have formed'. Alas' ! how deceitful do 

»w shall be as thi.i 

all these dreams ot h< j)piness often prove ! While many are 
Baying in secret to thj'u* hearts', " To-morro 

say to 

yourselves of to-monovf ; for you 

luiow not what a day may bring forth 


(31 «> 


Tlie English Reader ^ 

Part 1^ 


^^r^orpossessiom can mike ih^gumy.^^ '; 

ances ofh^ppiness^; took ^^i^^ii^o^^^^S hX U^ 
extentof his powerN his treasures^ and royal maSoncew 

emo/ments are', of which thou hast soludi aS^' ?» Dam 
clcs' with jor, accepted the oiror\ Thfkin^ ordered S a 
royal bauq^id should he prepared', and a gll hS sofa^cfov^?^ 


loaded H th gold^ and silver plate; of immense value', were 

arranp;ed in the apartment\ ' 

iJiK'lS^^ ^Ii'?'^'«,"''*l'"?'T l>^nnty-, were ordered to attend 
his table , and to obey his commands with the utmost readi- 
ness' and the most profound Rul>mission\ Fragrant oinN 
ments\ chaplets of flowers^, and ricj, perfumes', were added 
to the enujr ui.«Tient\ The ta},le was loaded with the most 

wItt nli' ^^?T^. «[ r^'y K'"'"^'' I>^^n.ocle8', intoxicated 
. B.f l^^^fi ' ^'^^n^^ Inmself amongst superior bein<2;s\ 

hair\ The sight of impending destruction.', put a speedy end 
t«) his jov' and revelliM|;\ TJie pomp of hr» atteu(t-inee\ the 
glitter of the carved plate\ anctthe delicacy of the viands', 
cease to aflTord him any pleasrre\ ' 

5 He dreads to stretch forth his hand to the tabled He 
throws oirthe garland of roses\ He hastens to remove from 
his dnnfjerous situation', and earnestly entreats the king 10 
restore him to his former humble condition', haviu^ no dtSire 
to eiyoy any longer a happiness so terrihlev 

6 Bv this device', Dionysius intun ited to Damocles', how 
miserable he was in the midst of all ijis U-easyresCL and ia 
possession of ill the honours^ and enioymeiits' i\ iiich royuitv 
could bLStow\ "^ ^ 



PartC mChap.% 



Change of external condition is often adverse to virtue. 
"N the days of Joram', king of IsraeV, flourished the prdpb- 

distemper which tlireutened hi» Ji^e.^t Tiie jpesgenfjer em- 
ployeu on this occasion'', na^Hffiael', ^^ilo appears to have 
D^en orK". of the princes', of chief men of-thi|t''yFian cjonrt\ . 
2 Charged vi ith rich gifts from tlie kingV''«'P''t'-f "ts him- . 
self before th^ proDhef , and accosts him in terms oftiift 
highest rcspect\ During the conference wiiicJi titty JieJd. 
together', Elisha fixed his eyes steadfastly on the countenance 
of Hazaei", and discerning , hy a prophetic sph-if , his futurb, .. 
tyranny"' and erutltj'j lie could not contain himself Jroiia** 
jhui'stiuzinto ailoodof tears\ . • .■» 

! 3 Wneri Jinzael', in surprise'j inquired int0 the cause off 
I this sudden emotion', the prophet plainly informed him of the* 
crimes^ and h.j.rbarities", which he foresaw that he would af- 
terwards commit'. The soul of Hazael abiiorred', at this-" 
I tune'', the thoughts of enielty\ Uncorrupted^, as yet', by 
ambition^ or greatness', hi^ indignation rose at being thought 
capiible oftiie savage actions v liich the - »'ophet had m\;n-. 
tioaed" ; and', Avilli much warmth', he repli* .. : "• hut what I is 
tny servant adog", that he.should do this grent tiling" ?" 

. 4 Elisha mulvis no return', but to point out a remarkable 
change', wliich was to take{)liice in his condition^; "The- 
Lord hath shor>n ine', that thou sh^lt be king over Syria\ " 
In roui-se of time', all that had been predicted', came topa8s\ 
Ilfizael ascended tlie throne', and ambition took posseasioiiof 
his heart\ " Ha smote the children of Isi'iiel in all thf if 
coast8\ He oppressed them during all the da)is of king Je- 
hoahazV: and', Irom what is left on record of his actions', he 
plainly appears to have proved', what the prophet foresaw 
nim to be', a man of violence\ cruelty', and bic;od\ ' 

. b 111 this passage of history', an object is presented', whicU 
deserves our serious attention\ We behold a man who', iti 
ofie stiite of lite', could not look upon certain crimes without 
HUnMiHe' arui horror ; who knew so little of him/ieif , as ta 
belfove it impossibh* for him ever to be concerned in com- 
mitting them^'that same man, by a change of conditions 
and an uni^uiu-ded state of mind', transformt^ m all his sen- 
timents' ; and a? lie rose in greatness,' rising also in ^uilt^. 


*^l!«fi *, '^^ ■^^illsJi Reader. Part\ 

/ SECTION III. *''^'*' 

had advanced to the oSd ^nftv^i^ r 

an Amajokite', who inheriiJ uLi? "* H'»gdom^ Haman< 

race', to the Jewish nSxir ^***^ '*"^'*''^*^ ^-niwity of his 


Jokitc to be an enemy7« , he ncl "nf r' ^""^^ "gthia Amar ■ 
oils iiidigti;Aion', desSi tlmTl?'^*''^;*"'^' with virtu- 
^»llioh he saw h mfC L' "V '?"•= "f Prosperity viih 
«'rence\" OnmT^n^t"?,.!'^'?'''^ ""f. "P"- did hhii re^ 

hwds on Mordecai alone' " kJ , "'""Sht worn to lay 
ficient to satisfy W " ^"^"^ "''"'"«<='> "'"s "ot sd 

: . ")' '^"*»? s Kure^ ; and ohserved' fh^t h^ J:n r """'^^^^^^w 
iiimhomageV « He stood nnVn..' « "^ *'^ refused to dc, 
althoufrh he well knpu t»L f "t , nor was moved for him^^ 
^H8;,i^paH^ formiiahle designs', whieh uZ^ 


of iniquity, 


firice known 
!«', Human', 
unity of his 
what isre- 
(i minister\ 
1 his poorer 

xt to royaK, * 
''^g'i', which 
*t the king', 
of this gen- 
with virtu- 
pprity V. ith 
1*1 him rev- 
forn to lay 
i*as not sut 

le resolve^ 
rth', that', 
le Persiaa 

• Invited 
the queen 
nd with si 
Was suffi- 
ised to do 

'or him' r 
h Human 

Chap, 2. Narrative Pieces, S^ 

His whole soul was shaken wi^ a st«rm orpassion\ Wrgth', 
pride\ and desire of revenge', rose into fury\ With difficul- 
ty he restrained himself in public' ; but as soon as ht? ?!ame to 
his own house', he was forced to disclose tlie agony ofh*' 
jaiind\ ^ 

7 He gathered together his friends^ and family', with Ze- 
resh his wife\ ** He told them of the glory of his richest and 
the multitude of his chUdi*«^n\ and of idl the things wherein 
the kine had promoted him' ; and how he had advanced !>'«* 
above the princes' and servants of the king\ He said', more- 
over', Yea, Esther the queen', sulfered ho man lo comeiu 
with the kin';', to the iaji^we^ that she had prepared', but 
myself''; and to-morrow also am I invited to her vith the 

!king\** After all this preamble', what is the' conclusion^ ? 
I" Yet all this availeth mc hothing', so long as 1 see Mgrclecai 
the Jew', sittinc at the king's ^ate\" 

8 %%c sequel of Human's history', I shall not no w pursue^ 

I Jt mi^lit afford matter for much instruction', by the conspic- 
uous justice of God in his falV and punishment\ But con- 
templating only the singular situation, in which the expres- 
sions just qiioted present him\ and the violent agitation of hisi 
[mind which they disnlay', the following reflections naturalH" 
prise^ : How miserable is vice', when or\^ guilty passion creV. 
lates so much torment^ ! how \mavailingis pros])erity', when', 
[in ^the height of it,' a single disappoininienf, can destroy th« 
relish of all its pleasures^ ! how weakishiman nature', which', 
in the absence of rea/', is thus prone to form to itself ima- 
ginarif. wces^ ! 




jUidy Jane Gray, 


HIS excellent personage', was descended from the roy- 
al line of England by both her narents\ She was care- 

fully educated in the principles of the reformation^ ; and hefr 
"Wisdom^ and virtue', rendered her a shining example to h«r 

Sex\ Tint it iVfliR hpr Int ti\ n/inftritia f\nW i oUm.f n<i»:^^l ^^ 

I promoted a marriage between her^ and his son', lord Guilford 
Dudley ; and raised her to the throne of England'* in oppo- 

Isition to tJie rights of Marv' ami EHy-nhftth^. 

1 2 At the time of their marriage', -^he was only about eigh- 

I teen years of age^ ; and her husband was also very young'^ : a 
season of life very unequal to oppose the interested views of 
artful and aspiring men' , who', instead of exposing them to 

' (Wa) '^ ^ 


^•5 The Snglhh Rea^r^ ¥»art'l> 



^5 Koger Aschatii', tutor to the lady iflizaboth' havm,^ .f 
one time paid her a visif fnimH K«.y«^ 1 ^<'. "^^'Qg at 
Plato', ivliiletliem/offhpf.^ employed m rea^ng 

very short coiUmUiuieif'^ a^he nal i d^-brlrt"?" '"'' "^ 
Mary^;amlth"ladvT-,n»' »ftl,- . , • • "f^^'af t'? ..for queen 

los the sdid nti- 


lolested her with perpt^tual di3put;>tion^ ; and even a vepr ievc' 

" three days was granted her', in bopf s that shic would bt^ 

jrsuadcd", during that time', to pay', ny u timely conveision 

popery', some regard to her eternal wclfiire^ 

language' ; in which', besides sending her a copy cf the Saip- 

^'ires in that tongue', slie exhorted her to maintain', in every 

>rtune',* a like steady pergeveranceV 

U On the diiy of he^ execution', her linsband', loiid GuiJ- 

tbrd', desired peniM3«ion to see her^ ; bvit slie refused her con- 

Wnf, and sent hun word', that the tenderness of their part- 

w6uld overcome the fortitU'de of botk"; and woiilcf too 

loin eadh other in a scene', •\\ here their affections would l>f> 
Forever united' ; Anfl where deatli\ disapjibintmenr, arid mh- 
prtune', could no longer have access t© them' or distuib Uicii' 
^ternal felicity\ .,, ^ 

12 It had been intended to execute the lady Jane^ and lord 
hiilford' together on the same scaffold', afrower hill^ ; but 
Vb council', dreading tlie compassion of the people for their 

roulh', beauty\ innocence^ and noble birth, cluanffed their 
>rders', and gave directions tliat she should be belieaded with- 
n the verge of the Towcr\. 

13 She saw her husbanfl led to execution^; and', having 
jiven him from the window some token of her remembrance', 
jhe waited with tranquillity till her own appointed hour 
should brins her to a liTie fate\ She even saw his headless 
>ody carried back in a cart' ; and found herself more confirra- 
sd by the reports' which she heard of the constancy of his 
Jnd', than shaken by so tender' and ibelancholy a spectacled 

14 Sir John Gage'^ constable of the Towpr', when he led 

ler to execution', desired her to bestow on him some small V 

resrtit', which he might keep as a perpetual meinorial ofher\ , fl 
>he gave him her table-book', in which she had just written g 

Greek\ another m I^itin', a third in En|lish\ 

W The purport of them was'," that liuman iustiee was 
against his bodi^. but the Divin*i Mtrcy would be favourable 
to hw*<?i^/ and that Uher f»ulr deserved punishmenr,'her 



The Eaglish Reader. Pari 1 . 

jjoutyy at /f rt5f \ and her imprudence/, w«»r« woilliy of cxi^usc^ ; 
»md that "God'and ]>ostority', she tinisted', would show her 


he»- hand \i}ion the crown', but that she had not rejected it 
ivith sulficient constancy^ ^ that she had less erred through 
had been 
celved death 

make ta 1 
the law« \\ 
untary submis 

atom', for that disobedience', into which too much filial piety 
iiad l)etrayed her^: tluit she had justly deserved this punish 
jnent^, for being; made the instrument', tiiough tfie umviUim 
instrument', of the ambition of others' : and that the story of 
her lifi'', sh^ hoped', mi^ht at least be useful', by proving that 
innocence exeuties not great misdeeds', if they tend any way 
to the destrurtjon of the common wealth"^. 

17 After uttering thes* words', slie caused herself to be 
disrobed bv Iht women', and with a steady', serene counte- 
nance', sufuuitted herself to tlie e;ceCutioner\ hlme, 


Orlo^'^rul ; or, the vanitij ofiichts. 

S OrtoKrul of Basra', was one day wandering along tlie 
_ streets ol IJag'laf , musing on the \ urieties of merchan- 
dise which t!ie s/fo;;.? open«d t<i fiis view ; and olwerving th<^ 
<?ifferent oeruputlons whieh buried the muUitude on eyerjr 
Fide', be ^vus awakeneii from tlie trnnquiliity of meditation , 
i»y n (ToiH that obstructed bis pnsf'age\ \\v raised his eyes', 
and s^^w tf»e chief vi'/ier', who , having returned from the di- 
van', was <«ntering his palace\ 

2 Ortogrul mingh-d with tlie attendants^ ; and being sup- 
posed to have some petition for the vi/.iei^, was jM-rmittiHl to 
«'nter\ He surveyed the spatiousness of the aj)artnaents\ 
ndiTiired the walls hung with golden tapeHtry\ and the floors 
rovereil with silken carfW'ts' ; and d«"spiaed the simple iieat- 

pess of his own little habitat ion\ 

?$ »' Sareiv ,'• said In* to "himseh", '• uiis paldcr is me seat of 
happia«?8»' ; where pleasure siicceeds to pleasure', and dls- 
eontewt^ and «r>rrow% can have no admission'. AVhatever nu- 
ture haft provided for tlie delight of »eii««',i« here spread forth 



I tutt! nn«tt Ui 



'Narrative Pieces* 


to bu cnjoyed\ What can mortals hoj)e^ or imasine"^ wlii 
the master of this palact;^, has not ohtaiiied^ ? The dishes 
hixury', cover his tableM the voice of hnrmony' lulls him in 
his boTV'ers^ ; he breathes the fra{;i-dnce of the j^roves of Java', 
and sleeps npon the down of the cygnets of the Ganges\ • 

4 He sfwaks', and his mandate is obeyed^ ; he wishes', and 
his wish is gratified"" ; all', whom he sees', obey him', and all', 
whom he hears', Hatter liinr. How diflferenf , O Ortogrul', 
is thy condition', who art doomed to the perpetual torments, 
of unsatisfieil dfsire' ; and who hast no amusement in thy 

)f flattering 

siirely the mosf wretched of the sons of wretchedness', who 
lives with his owji faults' and follies' always before him' ; and 
wiiohas none to reconcile him to hii iself by praise' and vene- 
ration\ I haye long sought contenf , and liave not found ir j 
I will from this moment endeavour to be rich\" 

6 Full of his new resolution', he simt himself in hiseham* 
her for six montlis', to deliberates how he should grow rich\ 
He Hometimes purposed to offer himself as a counsellor to on* 
of the kin|3;s in India' ; and at others resolved to dig for tlia- 
raonds in tiie mines of Golconda\ 

7 One day', after some hours passed in violent fluctuation 
♦♦f opinion', sleep insensibly seiz(,d him in his ch;iir\ He 
dreamed that he was ratiging a desert country'^ in search of 
some one that migjht tench him to grow rich^; and',a8 he stood 
on the top of a hill', shaded with ry press", in doubt whither 
to direct his steps', \m father appeared on a sudden standinc 
before him\ « Ortojjrrul'," said thf^. old man', " I know thy 
p<'ipl(«xity" ; listen to thy father^ ; turn thine eye on the oppo- 
sit;; mountain'." 

{{ Orto'-rul looked', and saw a torrent tiunbling down the 
rocks\ roarins with the noise of thundej-', and scaltl.rin^• its 
foiun on the impending woods\ ".Noav'," said liis fatlier', 
•' behold the valley that lies between the hills\'» Ortogru! 
looked', and i^spied a little well' out of whIcJi l«sund n Bin;dl 
nvult-t\ " Tell me", now^," said his father', « df)st thou wish 


for sudden afiluence', that may pounipon thee iik<; the mm 
fain torrent' ; or for a slow and gradual increase', rescuibli 

til«« nil '••ill inn- i prkm rito iifiJix ^?» 


jtiic riii r'iding from the weir 

9 " Let ma be qiiicklj/ rich\" said Ort«^nih ; « let the gol- 


dfii stream be quicJc and violent 

N W K 


/ »» 


i|>read forth ■jm father', « once ngahi\" Ortognd looked', anil |H'reeived 

" "'lanucl of the lurrent dr/ and duity' ; but foltewing th<» 








TJie/Bf}§lish Reader. 


rivulot from the avell', be traced it to a wide lake', which tho 
suppjy, rflow arid constant', kept ahvays full\ He uvvoke', 
and determined to grow ridi by silent proiit', and persever- 
ing mdustry\ 

y', \\t ej ga)r;cd in mrrehan- \ 
rchased Jaii(!s', on which he 
. qnal in sumptuousn»;ss to that of \\\(\ viaier^ ; 
to this mansion he invited all tlie ministers of pleasure', ex- 
pecting to enjoy all the felicity wliicii he h;nl imagined licUs 
Hole to aflbrd\ I^eisure soon made him Aveary of hiraself, 
and he longed to he persuaded that he was great' and liap- 
py\ He was courteous' and lif)t'ral^ : lie r;ave all that ap- 
proadK^d him', hopes of 'pleasing liim'^ aud all who should' 
plfme him', hopes of being: n'imr(lcd\ Every art of praise'^, 
was tried', and evei-y soiree (>f adulatory iiction', was tx* 
hausti'd% • •. 

11 ()rtoj,Tul heard his flatterers without delight', because 
he found l)imr,Hf unable to believe tiiem'. His own heart 
told him its frailties^ ; his awn unden5tandin{f, reproache4 
him witji his faults\ " How long'," said he', widi a (hep 
$igh', " hav. ( been labom-ing in vain to am. h weallh'i wbicn 
«t l-'-t is u.-?eless^ ! Let no man hereafter wish to be m/i', ^\ho 


\ 5J 

.♦eady too ima to be ilatteret! 

vStiCTlON VI. 
The HUl of Science, 

Dll. JQIlx>iS 

IN that K«;»3ou of the year', w hen the serenity of ^he ^ky'. 
the various fruits which cover the ground', the discoloured 
foliaj^e of the trees', and «ll the sweef , but ftuUng graces of 
hjspiring autumn', oped the n^ind to benevolence^ andtiia- 
})o«e it tor contemplntion'^ 1 was wand ring in a beautiful add 
romantic country', till curiosity began to g:^^? way to weari- 
ness' ; and I sntdown on the trajimenl: of a rock overgrow^ 
with moss' ; where the rustling of tiie fiiUiVig leaves', the dash- 
ing of waters^ and the hum (ittlu' distant city', Ho<»tl;ed my 
jpmd into a moyt perfect tranuuiUity' ; and sleep insensibly 
Kole upon me', as I was indulging the agri^enble fevcriee , 
which the objects around me nutvu'alhy' inspu\'.d\ V' ' *. 

^2 I imiUi'ciiately fiumd myself in a vyst e'-te'nded plain', In 
the niidtUc of which arose a mountain', higher tlian I had be- 
fore any eonvrption of\ It was covere«l with a muhitud^ of 
jfteopl*, chielly youth', man V of whom pressed forward with 


€hap. ^. Karrative ^leccs, 4%" 

proceeded^ Warn hilla -vvero contimially risinc to their v\ovf^ ; 
ami t\n'. Jiummit of the hlp;ht'st they could heAjrc discern', 
seemed but the foot of another^, t'tU the mountain at kngth 
appeared to lose itself in the ck)ihis\ 

4 As I was gazing on these things with astonishmenf , a 
friendly instpiictcr suddenly appeared^ : " The mountain b*v 
fore theeV said hv\ " is the HiSl of Science\ On the top', in 
the temple of Truth', whose head ia above th<^ clouds', and a 
veil of pure Ug;ht covers her face\ Observe the progress of 
her votaries^ ; be silenf and attentive\" 

5 After I had noticed a variety of objects', I turned my 
i^ye towards the nuiltitudes who were clinibinc the steep as- . 
cenf,and observt^d ainonpt them a youth of alivelv l()olO, >i 
piercing eye', and soraethinj^ Aery and irregular in all his mo- 
tions'. His name was (ieniu8\ He darted like an eagle m» 
tlie mountain', and left his companions gazing after him witli 
♦^nvy' and admiration^ ; but his pj'ogresa was uhcqual', and 
iaterniptt'd by a thousand caprices'. 

« When PUyisure warbled in the valley', he mingled in 
her train\ When Pride beckoned tovvards the precijuce', 

ohserved that the Miues beheld Wm witli partiality^ ; but 
Truth often frowned', and turned aside her face\ 

7 While Genius was thus wasting his strength in eccentric 
flli5;hts', I saw a person ()f very difl*^'venl: appearance', named 
Application'. He crept along with a slow and unremitthis 
piice', his eyes fixed on tlie top of the mountain', )atiently. 
removing every stone that obstructed his way', til he saw 
most of (hose nelow him', who had at first derided his slow' 
and toilsome^ progress'. 

8 Indeed', there were few who ascended the hill w|ith 
f'.qu.d' and uninterrupted 8tea(\incs8' ; for', besides the dil!l- 
culties of the way', they were continually solicited to turn 
aside^. by a numerous crowd of Appetites', Passions', and 
Pleasures', whoscr importunity', when once complied witll', 

they became h'ss and lesfi able to resist' r and though they of- 
ten returned to the path', the asperities of the road were 
more severely felt' ; the hill a])peared more steep" and rug- 
ged'; the fruits', which were wholesome,' and refreshing', 

A :ii *^^t:^A\. «K»:. .:^».4 «> 

ii v» •• 

Muses', whose hn- 

their feet tr'rpt at every little obstruction", 
n I saw', with Slime surprise', that the 
Mrte?«» was to cheer' and encouriigi/ tho^e wlit) were toiliruf 
«Jp the afwient*, would often mg n\ the bowem 4|f i^kasnix;'. 


The English Render 

Part r. 

I H 


ine rassions. They accompanied them', however' hut a 

hfhiT?^ VL"o^'^^Y^^^*'^4 '^'-'^ ^^^^'^ they lo't sight of 
the hiL\ Tbp tyrants then doubled their chaine unori the 
juUi^ppy captives' ; and led them away, withoTreSce' 
to the cells of Ignorance', or the mansions of Mise,^^ '. 

r.2^ A*«on^'»t the Hifinmerable seducers', who were endeav- 
ourinj? to draw away the votaries of Truth from the oath of 
science', there was on^, so little fonnidable ?n her appea?- 
aiicev, and so gentle und languid in her attempts'" thaU Ed 
scarcely hare tiiken notice of her', but forWniunbeS 
had imperceptibly loaded with her'chains\ ""'"^^^ «^^ 
1 1 Indolence;, (for so she was called',) far from nroceedin- 

nrth'^'bt''t!'''; *.^"f attempt to'Lrn theTr^f^t d«t o"f 
the path , but contented herself wth rc'tardin«r their nro 
ffress'^ ; and t^e purpose she could not force th?m to Xn 
don she perfuadej them to delay\ Hef \o,ih had a now " 
er like that of the torpedo', which withered tiiestrcS 
of those who came witl5in its' influence\ Her uSiap^v^ 
HZa^ turned their faces to wnrds the im^l^^Elv^ 
hoped to arrive there^ ; but the ground seemed to slMe from 
beneath their feef , and they found themselv^^ atTe bottoT 
before tJiey Sfispccted they had changed their^S ' 

12 Tlie placid serenity', which at first appeared in their 

S'TM^h\^^'';^^''^A.1^5^^^^ '"to a VKcho?y lan"^ 
cuor', >y hich was tinged with deeper and deeper doMm' aa 
tliey glided down the stream of Insigniiicance' a d ,rk and 

Dy no munnur', till it falls into a de-ad sea', where startled 
passengers are awakened by the shpck', aLd die next mcH 
ment buried in the gulf of ObIivion\ 

13 Ofall the unhappy deserters from the paths of Science' 

lence\ The captivtis ot Appetite^ and Passion' would often 
•eize themoment when theUtyrants were hnZiroTilnT 
to escape Irom their enchanti«enr ; but Ihe cErn n?on '^fal 
dolence , was constant' and unremiUed- and seldom re s stcd'. 
tiJI resistance was in vain\ -'atuu , 

wnll'\K!7'*"^T*r'*'^'"^ t^*^?*^ things', I turned my eyes to^ 
^ards the tup of tlie mountain', where tlie air was alwavs 
pure^ audexhilaratinrahe path ihad».d ^vitj. h.....iuv Jll^Jz* 
rr^cenr,an(l the ettulgence iviiich beamed from theftieeVf 

Ejv^^HnV^J^l f^ ^^'' ^^"^ permitted iv ascend the luonn- 

L»Att • But while Iwm proogunciog tim exclauiiU^ii', witb 

ehap. % Narrative Piecei. ' 4$'- 

uncommon ardour^, I saw', standing beside nie', t fottn of 
diviner features', and a more benign radiance\ i 

15" Happier'," said she', •* are tney whom Virtue conducts 
to tiie Mansions of ContentV « What," said I', « does Vir*. 
tue Oi«» reside in the vale' ?" " 1 am found'," said she', " in the 
vale', and I illuminate the moimtain''. I cheer the cottager . 
at his toil', arid inspipe the sase at his meditation\ 1 mingle 
in the crowd of cfties', and oless the hermit in liis cell\ I 
have a temple in eveiy heart that x)wns my influence' , and 
to hina that wishes for me^, I am already present\ Science 
may raise thee to eminence' ; but I aloi^^ fjan guide thee to 

1ft VVhile Virtue was thus speaking', I stretched out my 
arms towards her', with a vehemence which broke my slum- 
ber'. The chill dews wece falling around me', and the shades 
of evening stretched over the land3cape\ I hastened home- 
Ward' , aiid reaignp^ t*i** »ig*it to silence' aj)d meditation\ 




Thtjoumty of a dm ; a picture of human life. 
BID AH', the son of jCbensina', left the carayansera ear- 




ly in tlie morning', and pursued liis journey throti^h 
plains of Indostan\ He was fresh' and vigorous with 
isV ; he was animated with hope' , he was incited by desire^; 
le walked swiftly forward over tj^e yj^Ues', and saw the, 
hills gradually rising before )iin[i% * * , m#i 'f; " 

2 As he passed along', his <^rs were deliglited with the. 
moniing song ofthe bird of paradise'^ ; hewasftimH^dby thelast 
flutters of the f>iQil(ing breeoe', and sprinkled with dew from , 
gf oVes of spices^. He sortietimes contemplated the towering 
height of the oak', monarch of the hills' ; and sometimes 
cjuight the gentle fragrance of the pr» .^rose', eldest daughter ^ 
of the spring'' : all his senses >vere gratified', and all care was 
banished from his heart\ ' • 

9 Thus he went on', till the sun approached his meridian', 
and the increased heat preyed upon liis strength^; he then 
looked round about him for some more commodious path\ 
He saw', jon his right hand', a grove that seemed to wave its 
Hlmdea as a sign of invitation^ ; tie entered if, and found the 
coolness^ and verdure' irresistibly plea«ant\ 
4 He did nof, however', forget whither he was travel- 

•*r» t -- — 

ij „ 

*V .A*%^«A 

appeared to have the same direction with the main road^^ 

and was 

found me 

rtw ardi of dilige^c^'witlwu^ ^ufijbring its fatigues'. 


lo nave me same airection witn tne main roaa* : 
pleased', that', by thk happy experiment', he had 
"sans to unite pleasure^ with DuninesH', and to gain the 


-M TAu ^iig-/i>A Reader. part 1 . 

5 IV, therctorp', still continued to walk for a time' with- 

out tlie least remission of his ardoui-', excent that hV w., 

^metimes tempted to stop by the?nusk of X birl' which 

WmseTiTth XTj''*^.1" T'^'-'K^ «"^ som\?mes amus^^^ 
Ss L^^r^K""! ^t^?:'''*''^ that covered the banks on 
« Xfh^ *K * ^"'^^ ^^^\ **""S "P*>" the branches\ 

tendenrv' »m^t^'^^"S*^ ^^^"i^..f^ ^^*"^^« from its first 
^nuency and to wuid among hills^ and thickets', cooled 
with fountaiiM', and murmuring with waterfall? Here 

weie tS^f ii^^^^^^^^ ?k' f^g^» t« consider wheth^e? it 
were longer safe to forsake th- Vnown and common trark> • 

lencft ,.ancl that the plain was d. . y^ and uneven' he resolved 
to p ursue the new path', which he supposocUnfy L ma^^^ 

and to end at last m the common road\ * ' , 

7 Waving thus calmed his solicitude', he renewed hjanare' 
though he suspected that he Avas not gaininrroum? ^ThiH 

d&t him? ^'ZTJ '^ fr'^^^"^^^^^^ '^''^' "^'S^^t Wih'Tr 
atven hini . He listened to eve *y echo^ : he mwmted cverr 
lull for a fresh prosiMjct^ ; he tumJd aside to evc^cascad^'^ 
tT.'lP^?!?^ Ini«sel{with tracing the course of a^entfe river* 
^at rolled among the trees', and watered a large Region wi^h 
innumerable circumvolutions\ ^ "" ^ 

ed- hl^^'^'TT'^^ *l*^ ''Tr Passedaway unaccount- 
^t'townr^r i rf '^^.^r'-P'^d his memoir, and he knew 

rj?if!?THv r 'L''!^ P""'".^ *^ ^'•^^^*'- "« stooct pensive' am! 
confusedS afraid to jgo foj-ward', lest he shoiiM go wrong', vet 

was thus tortured with uncertainty', the «iky was oversnread 
w,thclo«ds^; Uie day vanished fnfm l>efor^ W: a^d a^siid! 
den tempest gathered round his head\ 

9 He uas now roused by his d^mgcr^, to a quick and nain- 
1 rememhrjiix»A nf hj« fiJKrv. k,:^!^... * ... iJ T ** . r^'H 

iRpised the petty curiosity 

i ;in. nf H i ''"f ^^V" r '^^'"^' the air grew blacker-, and 
fV t3 ^^"""**''' ^"^'l^*^ his meditntioii\ 

rrW» 5l?.r,?lI.T?i'^'* *^ '*? ^1\«^ y*'^ renmimMl in his pow- 

i le nrlrrTf' Th"' ""^r" " ^'iT ^""^* '"'^^^ *>I^^ »"t« ^^»^P*-"n^- 
Kf^irfhlT''* hnnse^on the ground, and recommended hia 

runrpuJlity', and pressed on with i'€soIution\ The bea«t?^ of 

C 8 » ) 

€hap^^, 1^ Narr/ttive Piece$^ 45 

the desert w^e in motion', and on every hand, were heatd 
the mingled howls of raee^ and fear', and'ttivage' and expira- 
tion . All the horrors of darkness^ and solitude', surrounded 
hijn^ : the winds n)ared in thi woods' » and the torrents turn- 
hlwi from the hiHs\ ''^*;'"J.'f^ 

1 1 Thus fortbrh^ and di3ti'essed','he wandered throu{?h the 
wild', withoutknowing whither he was goin^, or whether 
he was every moment di'awinj; nearer to safety', or to de- 
Btrueti<^n\ At length', not fear', but labour', began to ov^ir- 
come him^ ; his breath gH;w short', and his knees trembled^^ 
and he was on the point of lying down in resijijnation to hi* 
fate',' when l^t l^ei^^elii', ^irough the brambles', the glimrafer Ojf 
^i-apei-\ "*''\"'. , ; . '' ' ^•C-.v 

ll Ife advanced towards the Hghf ; and findinjf that it pro- 
ceeded from the cotta^' of a hci'init', he called humbly at the 
door', and obtained adniisnion\ T'hi>old man set before hiiti 
■fiiich provisions as he had collected for himself, on which 
Obidali fed with eagern(*w' and }5ratitude\ 

13 When the repast was ovey, "Tell me'," snid the her- 
m?t', "by what chance thpu hast been br(»ugh« hith*r^ ? t haV« 
been now tM'enty years an inhabitant of the wilderness', ift 
which 1 never saw a man before\" pbidali then rfelat^d 
the occurrences of his joiitnejr', without any concealment^ or 
*paliiation\ ' 

We rise in the naorhing of youth', full of vigmjr', and full of 
cxpectatbn^; we set forward witii spirit' and hope\ with 
*^aiety^ an^ with diligence , and tra:vej on a while ip the direct 
road of pifety', towams the mansions of rest\ 

15 In a short time', we remit our fervottK, and endeavour 
to find some mitigation of our duty', and some ilaore east 
njeans of obtaining the same end.. We tlieft- relax our vig- 
our', and resolve no longer to be Unified withorimes at a dis- 
tance^ ; but rely upon our own constancy', add venture to 
approach what we resolve never to touch\ We thi"* enter 
the bowers of ease', ahd repose in the shades of security\ ' 

10 llere the heart softens', and vijijilanct^ subsides" ; we ard 
then Arilhnj; to/mtjuire whether another adv.-"- .^i cannot be 
made', and whedier ^ve may nof, at Icilsf , turn our eyes upoi^ 
iuC ij^aruvita uf ^coBure;. vVe approacii them with scruple' 
and hesitation" ; we enter them', but enter timorous' and 
trembhng" ; and always hope to psiss through them without 
losing the roud of virtue', which', for a while', we keep in oup 
wghf, and to whidj we purpyio to return". But fcmpt«* 
--^ -■ • ' f '^ • (9b) • ^- 



46 , , ITie English Reader, tart 1, 

tion^ sufxceds temptation', and ono compKanctf*, prepares ua^ 
lor another^ ; we in time bse tlie haf»pinesa of innocence', and' 
9ola«;e our disquiet with sensual gratincations\ 

17 B^ degrees', we let fall the remembrdnceof bur origin- 
al intention', and auit tlie Qnly i;de(]uate object of rational de- 
sire^. We entangle ourselves in business^ imnQierge ourselves 
in luxurv\ and rove through the labyrinths of inconstancy^ j 
till the darkness of old age', begins to invade us', and dis^Mse^ 
and anxiety', obstruct our way\ We then look back upon 
our lives witli horror\ with sorrow', with repentance^ ; and 
wish', but too often vainly wish', that we had not forsaken the 
ways of virtue''. 

muns one effort to be made"" : that reformation is never hope- 
leas', nor sincere endeavours ever unassisted^ ; that the wan- 
derermay atlencth return, after all his errors' ; and that he ^vho 
implores strengtn^ and courage' from above', shall find danger'' 
and difficulty' give way before him^. Go no'w', my son', to 
thy repose^ ; commit thyself to the ^'ure of Omnipotence' ; 
and when the morning calls again > toil', begirj anew thy 
journey' and thy life\" dr. jo h .^ » ok, 




The importance of a gQod Education. 

I CONSIDER a human soul', without education', like 
marble in the guarry^ : which shows noue of its inherent 
beauties', until the skill of the polisher', fetches out the coU 
ours\ makes the surface shine/, and discovers every ornamen- 
tal cloud\ spot\ and vein', that runs through tile body of it\ 
Education', after the same manner', when it works upon a 
noble mind', draws out to view every latent virtue^ ana per- 
fection', which', without such helps', are never able to mnke 
their appearance\ 

£ If my reader will give me leave to change tlie allusion so 
ttoon upon him', I shall make use of the same instiniie to 11- 
histrate the force of education', which Aristotle has brought 
to exiilsiin hi?. dnr.trir'P- of «uhstant!;il forms', when he tells w<i 
that a statue lies hid ii » block of marble' ; and that tlie art 
of the statuary only clears away the superfluous matter', and 
removes tli^ rubbish\ The figijre ia ui.the stone', jiud Ihq 
sculptor only finds it\ . ' 


CUap.$ Didactic Pieces* : ^ 

3 What sculpture 19 to a block of marble^ education is to 
a human 8oul\ The pliilosopher\ the saint', or the hero\ the 
>vis«' , the 50od\ or the great man', very often lies 1 1 id and 
toncealed in a plebeian^ which a proper edih^ation miifht 
have djsijiterred', and brought to Iight\ "t am therftfort^ much 
delighted With reading the accounts of savage nations', and 
with contemplating those rirtues which are %SW and uncul- 
tivated^ j to see courage exerOng hself in fiercene88\ resolu- 
find topair"^^^^ ^ " "" ^^"""^"S'' patience In suUennew' 

nh?i.?!S"*V'^.^''''*v ^P^^^*^ variously^, aitd 'dp^ar in differ 
cnt kinds of actions', according as they are more or IcSs recti- 
fied and swayed by reason\ Wljen One hears of «^irrn..' 

fied and swayed by reason\ Wljen one hears of negroes', 
^ath of their masters', or upon changing their 

mselves Unon t.h« npVt trnV na if oi?.'..o4:^«. 

who , u^pn the death .,. ..,^„ umsi«,s , or upon cnangmg their 
service^, hang themselves upon the next tree', as it somrtin^ 
S^J'fVl^Ji r.TV.?^" plantations', who cati forl>«,r ad- 
« rm fa"^ fidelity, though rt expresses itself in so dreadful 
u inaniier r m ><• 

\nL!!?-^^u ^«^^* "^^ that savage greatnels of soul', whicfi 
JPjicars m these poor wretch on many occasions', be raised 
to , were it rigiitly cultivated^ ? And ^4at colour of extS 
™ tliere bo', for the contempt with which we treat this part 

l^^^fn^^^'^l^''' ''"^ ^^^"^*^ ^«^ P»^ them upon tKm^ 
!SnS fl"^ of humanity ^ ; that we should only set an ins g- 

ve sZnd' T!" ^Y "'*'•" ^^'P murders theii-nay',Thlt 
InrLll I 'ru^ *^"'''' ^ in US lies', cut them off from the 
f})rospects of happiness in amther iv .Id', as well as in thS'- 

0^^Z^h ''^''^' ""^ ^""^ "P"" ^''^' proper melllis 

• i« 1 ' "1 1' — .' ".* "; poorunmstructK-u j>tii buns , wno are hut \it~ 
le above the mhahltanta of those nations', of whioh I Imve 

rf "mofc litt'"«5' '.'^•"'°"=. "•'" have had thr^vanigcl 

h^^y ^^°^ oKcicnea into a Human 



J ! 

ne^EitgUsh Reader, 


On Gratitude. 


TH£RE is not a more pleasing exercise of the mind", ^| 
thdin gratiiude\ It is accompanied wjth so great ii)^ 

pleasure', that were tliem no positive command which ep- 
joinedif, nor any recompense laid up for it hei-eafter'ja^e^- 
tnms mind would ihdulge in if, for ^e naturaJ graiiJUmon 
wliiph it afibrdsN , , 

a If griititude is due fram inanHo man', itow fc^ch more 
from man' to his Malcer^ : The Supreme Being', does.not on- 
, iy confer upon m^ those bounties which proceed more imm^- 
aiatejy from;his own hand^ but pven those benefits which 
are conveyed to us by othtr&\ Every blessing we enjoy^j.jb^r 
what means soever it nnlay be conferred if^mn us', i^ the gift cf 
Him who is.the«great Author of good', and the Fathef of 
mercies\ , '' 

3 If fftatifdde', when eterted towards one another', nat- 



who has given m every thing we already possess^ and from 
whom we expect every thing we yet hope foK apdisoS. 

,. . On Forgiveness. 
^HE most plain and natural s^timents of equity', concur | 
, Mi with divine authority', to elfor<?e the duty oIl forgive- ' 
ness\ Let him who has rtevtir', in his li V, done wrong', be 
allowed tiie privikce of remaining inexorable\ But let such 
as are conscious of frailties^ and crinaes', consider forgiveness 
as a debt which they owe to others\ Common failings,' are 
the strongest lesson of mutual forbearance\ Were this vir- 
tue unknown among men', ordei-' and^comfort\ peace^ and , 
repose', woidd be strangers to human lire\ i 

.2 Injuries retaliated according to the exorbitant measure 
which passion prescribes', Would excite resentment in return'.! 

fnU« iv^iimn^ r\r,.r-eir\r\'' •am\%t\A V\e\nex-me\ tV\a inilir'oi'^ • QiiH tfllli]! 

3 Ut all the passions Which mvaae the numan Dreasr, re 
venge is th^ most direftil\ When allowed to rei^n with fu^l 
dominion', it is more than sufficient to poison the few pleas'! 
ureS ^ich remain to man in his present state\ How much\ 

Tart I. 

of the m'md^, ^| 
I so great ii)^, 
rewarded by 
ofmany otlier 
Yith so muofai 
lA which ep- 
•eafter^, a ^e^- 
J grat\fict$lion 

V tiTuch more 

V does.not on- 
1 more imm^- 
benefits which 
we enjoyVJjy 
s', i^ the gift cf 
the Fathelof 

another'j iiat- 
it is emmoyecl 
eficent feeing, 
iess% and from 


iquity^ concur I 
ity oiL forgive- 
}ne wrong', be 
. But let such 
ler forgiveness 
m failings/ are 
Were tliis vir- 
rt\ peace'' and, 

bitant measure 
aent in return\ 
rer^ ; and thus 
Lild circulate in 
a field of blood' 
lan breast, re 
rei^n with fu^l 
the few pleas* 
^ How muchi 


Chap.t, Didactic Pi^ds. ' 49 

soever a person may suffer from injustice', he B always xti 
hazard of suffering more from the prosecution of revepffeV 
The violence of an enemy, cannot inflict what is equal to tlze 
torment he ci-eates to himself, by means of the fierce^ ar^ 
despiM-tite piissions', which he allows to rage in "his sottl\ 

4 Those evil spirits that inhabit the regions of misery, ar^ 
represented as t^eiighting in revenge' and cmelty\ But alt 
that is great' and good in the universe',is on the side of clem- 

J^V\f\'wr •itt/^ l-v^^-kfta^^-wN *li«l-k«.. «.■■.-..« «t.l-k^*. ~D..1 ^ £" 11.I ./^ 1 t^ 'i^ ' < 

of forgiveness', '\yhich the world ever beheld' ^ .^^ 

into the history of mankind', we shall find thaf, in eveiy age"", 
they who have been respected as wOfthy\ or admired as 
^reaf, have been distinguished for this virtue\ 
^ 6 Revenge dwells in little minds\ A noble' and magnan- 
imous spinf , is alAvays superior to if. It suffers not', from the 
injuries of mm', those severe shocks wliich others feeK Col- 
lected wUhin itself, it stands unmoved by their impotent as- 
saults' ; and with generou-^' piti/\ rather than with < Tiffe/, 
.looks down on their unworthy conduct'. It Has been frufy 
jsaid', that the gi-eate^ man on earth', can no sooner co7nmi< an 
[mjury'^ than a. good man', can make himself ffreafcr', by fot- 


Motives to the practice of gentleness, 

TO promote the virtue of gentleness', we ought to view 
our character with an impartial eye^ ; and to learn', from 
our own failinijs', to give that indulgence which in our turn 
we claim'. It i§ pride which fills the world with so much 
harshness' and severity'. In the fulness of self-estimation', 
we forget what we are'. We claim attentions to which we 
are not entitled\ We are rigorous to offences', as if we had 
never oftended' ; unfeeling to distress', as if we knew not wliat 
It was to suffer'. From those airv regions of pride' and folly', 
M usdescend to our proptr lev^\ 
2 Let us survey the natural e%aHty on which Providence 
IS placed man"^ with man', jiinri r*.H»pt on tho ;nAi.«v.:f:»o ^^^ 

has placed man; with ^nan', and nSect on the infirmities com- 
mon to aU\ If thej-eflection on nutural eaualitv^ and mutn- 
ai oiicnces , oe insumcient to prompt humanity', let us at least 
remembej-what we are in the sight of our Creator\ Have we 
nom ot that forbearance to give one another', which we all so 
tarnestly entreat from heaven' ? Can we look for clemency^ 

*i (iSb) ■' 






50 Tlie English Header. Part t. 

or gentleness from our Judge', when we a^^c so backward to 
show it |to our own brethren'? * 

5 Let us also accustom ourselves to reelect on the small mo^ 
ment of those things', vhich are tlie usual iucentives to vio- 
lence' and contention\ In the ruffled^ and angry hour'j we 
view every appearance through a false medlum\ The most 
inconsiderable point of interest^ or Ijnour', swells into a mo- 
mentous object ^ ; and the slightest attick', seems to threaten 
^mmfididte ruin\ 

^ 4 But after passion^ or pride', has subsided', we look around 
in vain for the mightjr mischiefs we dreaded . The fabric', 
which our disturbed imagination had roared', totiilly disap- 
pears\ But though the caiwc of contention has dwindled 
away', its consequences remain\ We have alienated a friend^ , 
we have imbittered an enemy\ we have sown the seeds of 
future suspicion^ malevolence', or disgustN 

6 Let us suspend our violence for a moment', when causes 
of dikicord occur\ Let us anticipate that period of coolnoas', 
which', of itself, will soon arriye\ Let us reflect how litUe 
we have any prospect of gaininff by fierce contentions but 
how much'ot the true happiness oflife', wv are certfiin of throw- 
ing away\ Easily', andf from the smallest chink', the bittef 
waters of strife are let forth^ ; but their course cannot be fore- 
seen' ; and he seldom fails of suffering most from their poi- 
foaous eflecf , who first allows them to ilow\ blaih. 

SECTION V. .. . . 

A suspicious temper the source of misery to ils possessor. 

^w M.v. i^w.^uti », i«v/ jixMuij^c^s II. . jnio IIICIJU!) Will Oe IcW^ 

small will be his comfort in those whom he poasessf^'^. Be- 
lieving others to be his eneinies', he will of coui-semake them 
such\ Let his caution be ever so greaf , the ?isperity of iiia 
thoughts will often break out in his behaviour' , and in itv 
turn for suspectmg^ and hating', he wUI incur suspicion' anil 

2 Besides the extemcd evils which he draws upon himscT 
arismg from alienated friendship^ broken confidpnce\ aai 
open enmity', the suspicious temper itself is one of the worst 
evils which any man can suirer\ If " in all fear there is tor^ 
mem, how miserable must be his state', who', by livinr in 

perpetual lecdoUBy!'. liv<»s «n nf»rnpfnn! di-sftii^ I 

3* Look'ingupon' himself to I^b surrou.7led with spies\ ene^ 
mies , and designing men', he is a stranger to relianco' aad 
»ust\ fleknowsnottowhomtoop§nliimseif\ Hedrea^e 



lack ward to 

le small mo- 
tives to vio- 
■y hour'j we 
The most 
Is into a mo- 
i to threaten 

look around 
The fabric', 
)tally disap- 
as dwindled 
the seeds of 

vhen caUsfi* 
)f coolnoas', 
ut how litUe 
!ntion\ but 
f, the bitteir 
mot be fore- 
1 their poi- 


crimps"^ i\\yX 
'tain mis/rf 
e few^ , f,na 
-ss(^\ Btt- 
mnke tliem 
verity oflua 
, and in ifN> 
picioa' ami 

[>n himsclP', 
ionce\ aail 
►f the worst 
here is tor-^ 
by living^ in 

ilianc«' aa* 
He drea^ 


Chap.S. Didactic Pieces. s| 

his countenance in forced smiles', while his heart thrdbt 

withm horn aimrehensiiSisof secret treacheryl hL^^^^^^ 
fulness, and .inmmour;, disgust at the world', and all the 
p;iuitul sensations of an irritated'and imbittered mind" 

. 4 bo numerous^ and grcaf are the evils arising from a sua- 
pinous disi>osit,on', thar, of tJie two extremes' KmoreeU: 
g.ble to expose ourselves to occasional disacivantaKe frcm 
limknig too tvell of others', than to suffer continue mfser^bv 
tiunbuj always itf of them\ It is better U b^someS 
tmposed upon^ than never to trusf. Safetr is purchased at 
too dear a n^^ when', in order to secure i?,wru,?X^^^^ 

-. ...,.^ .v., .c .3 , ,» ,iu cu«eriuinessr and peaee\ P; . nee di- 

St W^tu^^^^^^^ ^ ^r^^'^i'd no black. spSonti 
naunt hm hours of re«t\ Accustomed to view the characters 

^hoXltaS;^^^^^ most favourable Hghr,hek W^ on^ 

1^1 w;I\7i?K ^^ ^W^'^ man', havinghis bnagination fiU- 
ed with all the shocking forms of humaS felsehold^ deceit^ 
and treachery-, resembles the traveller in the wUdem4^ wh J 
discerns no obects around him h„f c„.k "f.!l ^:,"::T' ^"^ 


Conifoiia of Religion. 
HERE arft many who have passed the age of youth' and 
— beautr ^who have resigned the pleasures of Ssm^ 
iing sew ; who begin to decline into the vafeU yS?s', Sil 

^ r friln d^'%^^^^^^^ '^""^ fortunesrstrip^f 

"leii <riends\ thoir children', and perhaps still morti tender 

5 Eviiry deluaiv« prospect of ambition'is now at an end^» 
lon^i; expenence of mantmd' - experience v4v dSnt 
Srjli?5 tIl-P-_-A? .generous sofd of yUiYadtt 

3 Where U,e» caQ,the soul fmd ref..«e uut in the bj«,«w 


i i 

5$ " The English Reader, Parti, 

of R<^Kibn^ ? There she b adimtted to t^osc prospects of 
Providence^ and futuiit/, which al(*ie can warm and fill the 
heart\ I ^eak here of such as refcun the feehnes of hu^ 
manity^ ; ^om misfortunes have soltened', and perhaps renj 
dered more delicately sensihle^ ; not of such as possess th^ 
stupid insensibility', vsrhich some are pleased to digmfy witli 

the name of Philosophy'. ,, . ^ ^, t, i «^ 

4 it might therefore be expected', that those philosophers', 
who tliiuk they stand lii no need themilves o( the assistance 
of reliKion to support their virtue', and who ii|6ver feel ikh 
mam of it# consolations', would yet have the humanly to 
consider the very diftrent situation of the rc«e of mankind ; 
a^d not endeavour tr> deprive them of what habif, at leasfyii 
thfey will not allow it to be nature', has made necessary to 
their morals', their happine8S\ *._ ,^ 

% It dight he expected', that human'tjr would prevent 
tUcm-fr—T breaking; into the last retreat of the unfortunate', 
ydiQ can no longer be obitii^ of their envy^ or resentment' , 
and tBarinK from them th^r only remauimg comfort\ 1 he 
attiJiapt to ridimde religion may be agreeable tojomjr, by 
reliewiK tliem from restraint upon their plea8ures> ; and niay 
Vender ofiter* very miserable', by making them doubt those 
truOis', in which they were most deeply interested^, butitcan 
convey red cood" and happiness' to no one individuar. 

, ;.S, . 1% ^ * OREOORT. 

r- sjiCTipNvn. 

' * ' Diffidence of oiir abilities, a mark of wisdom, 

r' is a sure indication of good sense', to be difident of it\ 
We then', and not M then', are g;rowing ime', ^vhen we 
besrin to dkcern how weak and unimse we are\ An absolute 

blown', and display themaclves', without any reserve , to Uia 

a W« nrp aorne nf im vrtrv fond of knowlodpije', and apt to 
value oiirs«}ive8 in>on any proficiency i» the 8ci|'nce8^ : one sci- 
iMice'Jiowevei'', there is', worth niore than all the rest •, an4 
that is', the science of livjig well^; This shall remain , when 
*♦ tongues shaU ceasor," ai^d " know led r^ shall vanish away ,^ 




«pect3 of 
nd fill the 
^9 of hu- 
rhaps ren- 
83CSS that 
trufy with 

er feel th6 
iman:*,y to 
mankind' ; 
at leMty if 
icessary to 

fd prevent 
sentment' , 
6rt\ The 
) 3omef, by 
^ ; and may 
ioubt those 
; butitcaa 



fident of it\ 
', when we 
i.n absolute 
makes the 
iscern', and 

; it covers a 
;very virtue 
a beinie; like 
their leaveii 
they are fa)! 
ervc', to tlwi 

', and apt to 

es^ : one acl- 
e rest^ • an4 
main', when 
niali awayN'' 

Wi^p.3. . ^'i^actic Pieces. 53 

4 Astonew nations\andnew doctrines', of which thisaR© 
is very fruitful', the tune will come', when we shah have nc! 
vleasure mihem^ : nay' tiie time shall corne', when tliey shall 
be exploded , and would have bvin for^oUen^ if tliey had not 
b(M«) prescjrved m those excelh'.nt books', whidi cont"kin a con- 
futiuion of thf^nr ; like insects preserved for aces in amber'. 
tvnith otherwise would soon have returned to the common 
mass ot thnigs\ 

But a nrm belief of Christianitv\ and a practice suitable 
to If, wiil supnort and mvi-orate the mind to the lasr ; and 
mobtof all ,a<?flsr,at that nnporfuit hour', which must decide 
pur hopes and apprehensions^- and the -wisdom', which', 
like our Saviour, cometh from above', will', through his 
m<'nts , bn.i^ us thither\ All our other studies' and pursuits', 
hfHV.'ver diflLTerif , oix^rht to be subsen lent fo', and centre in\ 
thu j2,rand ponit, trie pursuit of fternal happiness', by beinir 
good m ourselves^ and useful to the world\ seed 


On the imporinnce of order in the distnhution of our Ume, 
[IIME', we ouffhtto consider is a sacred truat\ committed 


are to 

10 us by God , of which weare now the depositaries', and 
» render an account at the Inst^ That pwtiun of it wiiich 
he has allotted to us', is intended partly Tor the conceTnJc^ 
//u*ivoHd',partIy for those of the iiexi.- L< t each of tlieL 


longs to it\ 

<'t not the hours of hospitality^ an<l pleasure/ interfere 

.»e discharge of our neceL,:^ary alf/iirM' ; and let not what 

'^:S^:i^'T^^' encroaeh^.pon Ihe'time which is cluo 

•' 1 " • ^" *'''7 ^^""« ^'»'''« »s a s^'-ts^"', and a time 

for every purpose unior the heaven\ If we ie.lay till™ 

morrow x^'h,i ought to be done to^d,n/, we overcharS. the 

morrow with a burden which bek.n,-. not to it\ We load the 

^noothr/. ""^ * ^"'*'''*'"^ ^^''^'" ^'"^'^ *^^'''>'^"5 "^ ^^""6 

..n'l ivfn "^'^^ cy^'T morning plans the tramaetions of the dar, 
in ^,f »^^« "l^hat plan', cames on a tinend whicli will p-uiSo 
hun through the labyrinth of the most busy lire\ The or, 
« -rly nrnuipraent of his time', is like a ray of li-hf which 

to the chance 
one cmios'. 

J Ihe nrst requisite for iutroduein^^ordir into themanaKc, 
'nuul of Ume , W to be unprofsed with a j.-'tt icnsc ofits 


h I 




^ The Bn^lhh Readtn 

Pari t. 

vatue\ Lfet us consider well how much depends iijion if, and 
hoW fast rt rties away\ The hulk of men are in r.otiiing more 
capm-ious'^ and inconsistent', than in their appreciation oi time . 
When they think of it', as tlie mensure of their continuance 
on e;u-th', they highly prize it', and with tiie -leatest anxiety 
seek to lengthen it out\ 

5 But when they view it m separBte parcels , they appear 

every oiluir possessioii', of time only they are prodigal . J. hey 
allow every idle man to be master of this proi)erty', and make 
every frivolous occupation welcon^e that can help them to 

consume it\ . , > * ♦„ k- 

6 Among those who are so careless of time , it is not to De 
expected that ordtr should he observed in its distribution\ 
Bui', by this fatal neglect', how many materials of severe and 
lasting regref, arc they laying up in .store for themselves ! 
The Sme ^hich they suffer to pass away m the midst oi con- 
fusion', bitter repentance seeks afterwards m vain to recuU . 
What WAS omitted to be done at it? proper moment', arises to 
be the torment of some future 8eason\ \ ^ a 

7 Mauhood \^ disgraced by the consequences of nej^lected 

davB are finishing', when his pnnjarution for eternity is hardly 
commenced\ Such are the elTfCts of a disorderly waste _ol 
time', through not at.t«inding; to its Viiiue\ hvcru thins m the 
life of »uc/i persons', is mi8placed\ Nothing is performed 
ariKhf,from not being p:>rfoa)iedin due^sa;ison\ 


f, from not being p:Ttoa)ieain cue saiison . ^ ^ 

iJuthewho is orderly in the distribution of hi'^ time , 
the proper me4;hod of escHpinj; these manilOia evils . 

ana rns own soui , unu , ui uir: s<ui«; wi.i«. \^^'^"-\ ^ , • , "" 
\\\e lawful interests of Uie present world\ He looks back on 
the paif,and provides for the future\ « . rm 

9 He CHtchcs^ and arrests' the hours as they fly\ They 
are marked down for usefid purposes', and their memory/ re- 
«,ain»\ WherejiH tlvoLie hours lleet by the of ccuiuwion , 
like a ghadow\ His days^ and years', .-^re eltiier Wank»% of 
which he has no remembrance', or tliey ar# filled up with so 
confused and im;gular a succession of unfuuHhedtransaetiunb , 
that tbowgh ho rememberi he baa bccu hm/ 1 yet he cwi 

(18 b; 

Part t. 

jn if, and 
ling more 
n oi*tme\ 
8t anxiety 

ey appear 
, they are 
)vetou9 of 
al\ They 
and make 
p tliem to 

s not to he 
se-vero and 
amselves*^ ! 
dst of con- 
1 to recall^, 
it', arises to 

;ed to a for- 
n\ At the 
ah tliRt hi* 
iy is hardly 
ly waste oii 
thine in the 

f hi<^ time', 
iiiibid evil«\ 
er manage- 
pace^ ; more 
live to Ood' 
id to nil tlic 
ok3 back on 

fly\ They 
• mtmofj re- 
f confiwiou', 
r hlankH% of 
i vip with so 
I yet he oui 


Ty'idactic Pi 

^ive no account of <he business which has employed liim\ 


Tht dignity of vidue amidst corrujfi etamplts. 
fllHE most excellent^ and honourable' character which can 

pneral , that they', who', in any of the great lines of life'; 
Jiave distinj;u!Hhed themselves for thinking profoimdhr, and 
actitH^ nobly, have d<^i»jjised popular prejudices', and tlepartA 
ed', 11) sevorul thinjss', trom the commoii way ;f the nvorld\ 
JJ On no occasion is this more requisite lor true honom^ 
th.ui where r<'iiji;ion' and morality', are conc^rned\ In timetj 
olpi-evailiijjj li':cntiousnes3', to maintain unblemished virtiie\ 
arid uncoi rupted integiit/ , in a public^ or a privrtte cause', to 
$tiUi(i fn*m by whjit is i'aii-^ and just', amidst discouraj;emer 3' 
and opj)OHitioii*; despising {>,toundle9s censun/arid reproach' : 
diftdainmji all conipiiancf; with public maniwrs', whtfA they 

a ** i HIS IS the man'," (their conscience will oblige them t(i 
acl:nowlcd{,-e',) "whom we are unable to bend^t*) mean con- 
dt.scj;ni^;oi)s\ We it in vjun eitlier to flatfei-' or to threat- 
«iii hiui^; he reslH «iii a principle wiihin", which we can- 
not a.:ake\ To this man', we mav', on any occasion', safely 
comuut our cause \ 11*5 is incapalile of betrnying his ti'ust\ 
or utseitinK jiis IVicnd', or denymg his faith\" \ ' 

4 It ts , ;u,co.\iini.^)y', this steady inilexible virtue', this tp- 
•ira to prjMipJr', superior to all custom' and opinion', which ' 

^ ioculiiiny marked the t/wimc/er* of those in any age', who 
>utve bhone Aith distinjjjuished lustre' ; and lias consecnded 
xhcir iiK-jnu'ry Lo all postfcnty\ It was this that obtained to 
ii.Xh ut Lriocu', the must ijiii;mlar testimony of honour from 

5 He continu. (1 to «^vnlk with God',*' when the tw)rld 
?»r!n.Hi;>tixetl from liim\ He plejist'd G(m1', and was U'loved 
«»J iv.m ; so that hvinj!; amonp; sinners', he was translated to 
hea^'en Without seeini: dt'ath' : " Yea', HiM»^.dily was hij taktm 
t»way, lest wlckednt ss should have altered His underataud- 
i'l^^ or deneit l>e&uikid his hou1\" ' ■ ■ 

6 When 8odom could not furnish ten righteous men to 
^"^'^ U , Lot runjuiiiUvl uns.mttea amidst the contagloii\ MiK 


56 The English Reader. Parti. 

Iive4 like an angel among spirits of darkness' ; and the de- 
stroying flame whs not nermitted to go forth', till the good 
man was called away', by a heavenly messenger', from his 

devoted city\ , . . ^., 

7 When "all flesh had corrupted their way upon the 
earth'," then lived Noah', a righteous m:\n', and r. preacher 
of rigliteousnessN He stood alone', and was scoffed by the 
profane crew\ But they by the deluge were swept awa/, 
while on him', Providence conferred the immortal honour', 
of being tlie restorer of a bettor race', and the father of anew 
worlu\ Such examples as these", and such honours confer- 
red by God on them wlio withstood the multitude of evil do- 
ers', should often be present to our mind8\ ^ 

a Let us oppose them to the numbers of low' and corrupt^iua" »'f>fn>i WO KohnlH Rrniind iih"* : nnd when we are ]U 

UMUKing 01 tllOSe , WUO , m UMIUCI umca , ouuuc mvo ow«*. «. 

the midst of surrounding darkness', and are now shming in 
tiic kingdom of heaven', as the brightness of tlie firmament , 
for evejr' ana cvcr\ blair. 

Tfie mf>iiiJic(ft{on9 of vice f^reater than those of virtue. 

THOUGH no condition of human life', is free from unea- 
siness', yet it must be allowed', that the uneasmess be- 
longing to a smful course', is far greater', than what attends 
a course oi ioetl'doing\ If we are weary of the labours ot 
virtue^ we may be assured', that the w«)rld',wh«'nev*r we try 
the exchange', will lay upon us a much heama' load\ 

2 It is the oiUmle only', of a Ikentioiu Iiie". w hich is gay' 
and smiling'. IVithin', it conceals toil, and trouble', aud 

that llie nain of self- 

Sie end', on their unliappy victims'. 

» It is a great mistake to iniagin , 
denial', is confmed to virtue'. He who follow s tlie workl , as 
much as ho who follows Christ', must " take up his cross', 
and to him', aSsunnily', it will prove a more oppressive burden . 
Vice allows all our passions to rang(^ uneontrolled^ ; and 
where each chums to b«^ superior', it is impossible to gratjjy 
aJ^. The predominiuit desire', can only be mauigeU at um 

expense of its rival'. 

4 No mortiflcHitions which virtue exacts , arc more severe 
than those', which ambition imposes upon the love of eamij 

a^fip, S. Didactic Piecet: fj^ 

pi-ide\ upon int^r^sf, and covetousneas', upon tanilyN Self- 
denial', therefore', belongs^ in common', to tnce' andinrfuc^;{ 
but with iAMremarkabie cttfference% that t.he passions which 
mrtut requires U3 to nfioitify', it tends to weaken^ ; v/h^reajT, 
those which vice obliges us jto deny, it', at the same tim^';^ 
streMgUi«M)s\ The one diminiskcs the p^n of self- denial', by 
moderating the demand of pussj(?n' ; the oiher increases if, by 
rondering those demands imperi^jus' and violent\ 

5 What distreases that occur in the calm life of virtue^, can 
he compared tx) those tortures', which reiporsoof consciisncft 
ihflicts on the wicked^ ; to those severe huimliation^', arising 
fromguilf, combined with misfort'^ines', which sink them t<i 
(he dusr ; to tht>se violent agitations of shame^ and disap-i 
pointraeut', which sometimes drive them tc the most fatal 
extremities', and mike jthem abhor tlieir existence*^ i How 
often'; pi the mid^t of tlios^ disastrous siti)ations'; into which 
their crhnes Imve brouglit them', have they execrated the se^^ 
ductions of vice'; nnd^, with bitter regref , looked back to the 
day on which they first forsook the path of innocence^ ! 


On Conkntmevi, 

CONTENTMENT produces', in some measure^, all those 
effectii which the alchymisi usually ascribes to what he 
calls the philqsovher^s stme'' ; and iiit does not brin^ nc/^e^, it 

de^nl a kindly infliuMic? on the soul of man', in respect of eve- 
rj hein^ to whom he stands related''. 

% It extinjj;uish(\s all murmur', re]Mnin|!;\ and injijratitude', 
towards that \U!:\'\% who has alljjttcd him his part to act in 
this world'. It destroys all inordinate ambition', nnd every 
t'!ndeney to corruption', with rfigard to the community where- 
in he is p):M'od\ It gives sweetness to his conversation', and 
a pcrpcfu il serenity h) all his thouirht8\ 

a Aniungthe mnny methods wliah Imight he pfiade use of 
for ac^uiWrtg-this virtue'^ I shall mention only the tvfo fuUow- 
ing\ First oCidI', a man aliould always consider how mucli 
he has more than be wants' ; and secondly', how much more 
unhuD!»y iipmierht l»p'. than he nnllv tV, 

4 Firsf , a man f^hould always eo'nsiiler how much he has 
mom than he Wants\ I am wonderfully pleased with th* re- 

■i madt; to one', who condoled with him 





vTiQti the loss ol a farm' : " Wiiy'," said he' " 1 liavc tknc 


■ I 


The English Reader, 

Tart 1. 

farms sttU^, and you have but one ; so that I ought rather to 
be afflicted for .voitN than t/OM forme'.'* 
r5 On the colitraiy, rooHsh men are more apt to consider 
what they have lost, than what ih*^.y vosses8\ and to fix their 
eveB upoii those who are richer than tlieinselves', rather than 
on those who are under greater (fi/!fcufttc5\ All the rtal pleas- 
ures^ and conveniences of life', lie in a narrow compass^ ; but 
it is the humour of mankind to be always looking forward , 
and straining after one who hasgot the start of them m wealth 

*"6 Fop this reason', as none can be properly called richT.who 
have not more than they wanf, there are few rich men m mj 
of the poHter nations', but among the middle sort ot people , 
who keep their wishes within their fortunes', and have more 
mflttft than thtT know how to tenjqy\ j-j „^„ 

7 Persons of a higher rank', live m a kmd of splendid pov- 
erty^ ; and are perpetually wanting, because,' instead Of ac- 
injlB6n^ mtheBoitd pleasures of liV, they endeavour to out- 
Vie one another in shadows' and appearancc8\ Me" ^f ,ejwa 
^ have at all times beheld', with a great deal of mirth , this silly 
game that is pi>^>-g_oyer their h^^^^^^^^^ 


18', this rioicujous cnase aiier*?7MJs^"»«'.y j/^aa- 
nres', cannoi oe. sufficiently exposed', as it is the great spurc^ 
of those evils which senerally undo a nation . a man a 
estate be what it may", he is a »oor man', if he does not live 
within ir; and naturally sets hunself on sale to any one that 

*^9 ^wLm PittaiusS^^ter the death of his brother', who had 
left him a good estate', was offered a great suniol money by 
Ihe king l?f Lydia', he thanked ir.J?; ^i1,.^llrl'«H, 

ahall add', fuxiuT/ is arft/iciflrf poverty\ • i *• «r 

10 I shall tlierefore rccmnmend to the consideration ot 
tho'^e', who'are always aiming at superfluoua" and imaginju-y 
enioylnent^', and who will mile at tho trouble of cohtiactmg 
Ihiii- desires', an excellent saying of Bion the philosopher , 

..„ after the most happinessV* 

11 In the second place', every one ought to reflect now 
much more unhappy he mi^/U he', than he real! y j.f.—l he Jor- 
mer consideration ttwk in aU those', who are sulfaciently pro- 


, Paril, 
it rather to 

to consider 
to fix their 
rather than 
e rtal ple>as- 
[ipass^; but 
g forward^ , 
n in wealth' 


men in any 

t of people, 

I have more 

»lendid pov- 
stead of ac- 
Lvour to out- 
den of *erw« 
th', this silly 
n wWch oth- 

nnary pleas- 
great spurce 
Let a iiian'a 
oes not live 
my one that 

er', who had 
Df money by 
iidness' , but 
.new what to 
A', and litxiv- 
reeable turn', 
; to which I 

sideration of 
id imaginmy 
►f conti-acting 

reflect how 
ficiently pro- 

thap, 3. 

Didactic PieeSs, 


vided With the means- to make themselves ^mh : ihw reeardM 
8«ch as actuiill^ lie under soilie pressure' or misfortune\ 
fh«iemayreceivcgreatalleviatidn', from such a comparison 
as the unhappy j)erson may make between himself" and ©th- 
ere' ; or between the misfortune xvhich he suffers', and crea/er 
misfortunes which mi^rfu have befallen him\ ^ 

I. Jl- u^ V^*" l^^^y.^i ^}^^ ^'*"*^^ Dutchman', who', upon 
breaking his leg by a fall from the main-mast', told the stand- 

^L%' * ^'^? "^ ^"'""^ ^^*^^*^y ^^^^ »t ^"«» not his neck\ To 
wftich , smce I am f ot into quotations', g;i ve me leave to add the 

«7h[i^f^- ^"5 ""1*^ P!»Iosopher',who', after having invited some 

«1 his friends to dine with him', was ruffled by a person that 

caiTie into tlie room in a passion', and threw down the table 

hat stood before them\ « Every one'," says he", « has his ca- 

. i y«f a ^ '^.^ ^^^J^Py "^^" ^^^^ '^•^s no greater than thisV* 

13 VVe find an instance to the same purpose', in the life of 
tloctor Hammond', written by bishop VdW As this good man 
was troubled with a complication of distempers', when he had 
the gout onon him', he used to thank God that It was not the 
stone'^ ; and when lie had the stone', that he had not both these 
distempers on him at the same time\ 

14 I cannot conclude this essay without observinc', tliat 
there never htjs any system besides that of Christianity, 
which could effectually produce in the mind of man', tile vir- 
tue I have been hitherto speaking of\ In order to make iia 
content^^d with our condition', maw/ of the present phUoao- 
pliers tell us , that our discf itent only hurts ourselves', with- 
out being able to make any alteration in our circumstances^ : 
others', tliHt whatever evil befalls us is derived to us by a fatal 
necos-iitv', to wiiif.h superior beings themselves are subject' : 
while o//tm', very gravely' tell Uie man who is miserable' 
that It IS necessary he simdd be so', to keep up the harmony 
of the univeree^ ; and that the scheme of Prmdence would 
be troubled' and perverted', were he o^^mot«c\ 

15 These', anu the like considerations', rather ^i^encc than 
satisfy a man . They may show him that his discontent is 
fuv^easonab!c\ but they are by nO means suftirient to relieve if. 
Ihey rather give despair^ than oonsohition'. In a word', a 
man mi^ht reply to one of these c«mifoi ters'. as Augustus did 
to his ffieiid','Wiio advised him not to grieve for the death of 
a person whom he loved', because his £Tie/ could not fetch 
him a^am^ :^' It is for tfiai very reason'.^' said Uie emoeror'. 

, 16 On the contrary', rdi^ion bears a more tender regard 
I to human nature;. It presci bes to every miscra' ' - man the 
I J»eans of |)etteriui,' hj- conditioii' : nay, it shows him', that 

t . (584) 

tliertit«otiaJoflhem\ U mines aim «<«.» jtumaiMi: 

make him fcopjij '«'•'»/'«''• , 

rtioi SECTION Xn. . 

toft midricheslfford no ff'»''«f > ^rioriW in 
.t an the g™und« of ?»r//JS^Ie^ai'. Cf tl^ 
) rank^ and fortune' « *f^»»;'^^^to the ncA', as en. 




ditlairs to manage , *""7 "r^ ;,,._-„:4.^ 

* 4 !« the tranqmlUty oi his snid^l lia^^^^^ 

^ily , he enjoys % P^^^^f J^'^i^ the most Batin- 

fttctoV» are P««»r^^i:,5;.^"^^^^u^^^^^^ the wealthy^ he i. 
^:^$3:n^^ w« &^ them', ancr, hy cons. 

blf fcV^^rr than that ^^f ^^^Ji^^ mo'*" '^^^^^ '^J^f^ 
luxurious banquet\ **f. ^S «nleen\ lancuoi^, rtftd IHtes^- 
mnre flrm^ ; he knows not what fplleen,mn^b ,^^;^^^.^, ^..^n^t 

r;^;k:»e^^'X«oi^-^. fi.ue«*,are« 

Fart I, 

muse kemi 


>eriority m 
Idnce', th« 
•ich\ as eni' 
lence', th« 
tinixe those 
>ach IQ that 
such %is are 

ide', which 
• which im- 
ag out'- : the 
;'Ue order of 
iace^ : but in 
to equiiUty'^ 
nres', whicli 
^ them', arti 
f envy\ 
ft ot'tae con- 
ubjectX By 
slivered from 
o have gr^;at 
mjr enemies', 

, and prlvatft 
wn at courts'^' 
he most satin- 
»nt^ ; and if he 
,'eaUhy', he is 
lur, by consc- 

3 dowft t© hi^ 
d^ ; hl8 heiiltii 
Yf and lii^ttes^- 
att«ndance ©n 
the fafi'^ie ol 
•quepftly are t# 

" ''1 ' 

Chap. 3 » Didactic Pieces. ' 6i. 

C In the mean time', all the beauty of the ftu$e of likiures all 
thfe enjojrments of domestic society', all the gaiety and cheer- 
fulness of an easy mind', are as open to him as to those of the 
highest rank\ The splendour or retinue\ the sound of titles^- 

y . , , , Jhey, 

sink into the rank of those ordinary tilings', which daily recuTj 
without raising any sensation of joy \ „ /./, .; 

7 Lfet us cease', therefore', from looking up with discon-^ 
tent^ a'j!^6Fdh7y'' to those', whom birth' or fortune' has placet! 
above us^.' , Let xis adjust the balance of happiness faiily\— ■ 
When we think of the tnjoy^mtnts we wanf , we should tnink- 
alsoof tlie ^rowWe* from which we are fr^'ieS' iJf we allow 
their just value to the comforts we possess', n;ye shall fimt 
reason to rest satisfied", with a verj^ moderate', though nof art 
opulent and splendid condition of fonune\ Often, did wa 
Hnow the whole', we should be inclined to ^i^ the state of 
those whom ^ve now €fwy\ blaA* 

SECTION xnt-. ;a ' 

Pa^enee under provocations our intereM k^tekuds duty. 

ivery man is marked by some pecuIiaritJT, which distin* 
guisheir him from ^J«>ther^ : and no where can two individu- 
als he found', who aije exactly^ and in all respt rts", alike\ 
Where so much diversity obtams', it cannot but happen', that 
in thii intercourse which men are obliged to maintain', their 
tempe^^ will often be ill ad^^isted to that intercourse^ ; wilf* 
jar and interfere with each* other\ 

2 Hence', in every station', the highest^ as weH as th*>- 

ro*.vesf,and in every condition of life', public\ prlvafe\ amrf' 

domestic', occasions of irritation frequently ariseV We ari»^ 

provoked , sometimes', by the folly^ mid levity< of those v^rth 

whom we are connected^ ; sometimes , by theiryindiScrence' 

or ne^lect^ : by the incivility of a friend\ the haughtiness of* 

superior', or the insolent beha\iour of one in lower stat!on\ 

3 Hardly a day passes', without somewhat Or other occurring', 

Iwhich bervestorufflethemanofmipaticntspirir. Of coui*be', 

I fnich a man', lives in a continual storm\ He knows not what 

j It 13 to en jov a tmin of good humoiir\ Servants', neighbours^ 

friends', spbu8e\ and children', all', through the mirestrained 

violence of his tempei^, become sources of disturbance' and 

vwtation to him\ In vain is affluence' : in vain are health' and 

^g The English Reader, Part 1> 

iii-osDCi-itYS The least trifle is sufficient to discompose his 
mind^i and poison his pleasures.^ His very amusemnU are 
mixed with turbulence^ and passion^ ^ 

4 I would beseech this man to consider', of what smo« 
moment the provocations which he receives, or at (wsf 
imaifineshimseltto receive', are really in theinselvesY, but o 
what ffreai moment he makes them', by suffefing them to 
de^irife him of the^possemon ot him.eir. I ^o"^d ^^^^^^^^^^ 
him to consider^, how many hojirs of harimness he th^o^% s 
away', which a little more pcdience woUld allow hira to enjo^ . 
and hW much he puts it m the power of the most msigulfi^ 
cantpei^ons', to render him miscrabic\ t^+u,* u^ 

5 *• But wiio can expect',^' wc hear him exdaim', "that h^ 
is to possess the insensibility of a stone^ ? How is it pos^ble 
for hSman nature to endure so many repeated Pto^ocatioir.s ^ 
or to bear calmly with so unreasonable behaviour^ .'' -Mv 
brother' 1 if thou canst bear with no instances of unreasonable 
behaviour-, withdraw thyself from Uie world\ Thou art no 
longer fit tq live in it\ Leave the intercourse of men\ Re- 
t?efto the -mounUiinN and the desert , or shut thyself up lu 

■ For here', in tlie midst of society', offences must come\ 

no winds to blow', as t lat our uie were luug lu pi "*;^^" t ' y »; 
out recelvrK pr^ from human frai ty\ The careless 

L'dThe im;?iFdentS the giddy;^and the fick^', ^e ungi.^^^^^^^^^^ 
and the interested', every where meet us\ fhey are tiit. 
briers^and thorns', with which the paths of human Ufe are 
S He only', who can hold his course among them with 
patience^ 9Jid equanimity, he who is prepared to bear what 
Fie must e^iiect to happen', is worthy of the name of a man\ 
7 If wt' preserved ourselves composed but for a mOmenf, 
we should perceive the insignificancy of wo jj of those provo- 
Talions wlfich we magnify so hi^hly^ When a few sun» 
more have rolled over our heads^ the storm will, of iteelT, 
have subsided^ ; the cause of our present impatienceW d^. 
turbance', will be utterly forgotten\ Can we not then an- 
tidpate this hour of calmness to ourselves' ; andbegm to en- 

in this exercise ol it, cannot oe tou mucn oc««*^- , ^j ^\„"^ 
wish their life to floW in a smooth stream;, 't ^the /-eojort 
of a man', in opposition to thepasswn of a chUd', /!?' ™ 
CTyot/mfin/ of j^aV, in 6ppositiou to uproar^ and ^onfii^^^^. 

Part 1. 

nipose his 
•MGnta are 

(That smali 
)r at least 
;s^ ; but of 
J them to 
Id beseccJi 
he throws 
I to enjoys i 
it insiguift- 

it possible 
rocations^ ? 
1J.V ?"— Mv 
'hou art no 

lyself up iu 
must come". 
ahn atmos- 
;o rise', ant^; 
5eed''» with- 
lie careless'' 
1 ungrateful 
ley are tht: 
naan life arc 
5 them with 
► bear what 
e of a man\ 
a moment^, 
liose provo- 
a few sun» 
ir,of itself, 
nee'' and dis- 
)t then an- 
begin to en- 

ave them to 
of their ca- 
— ^Patience'f 

9 the reason 
d". It is thjB 

Chap. 3 

Didactic Pi 

iCCC9. jS 


Moderation in mw wishes recommended. 
HE active mind of man', s<*ldom or never rests satisfied 

It was made\ Happy^, if these latent remains of our primi- 
tive state', served to direct our lyishes towards their proper 
destf nation', and to lead us into the jJath of true blls8\ 

3 But in this dark^ and bewildered state', the aspiring; ten- 
dency of our nature', unfortunately takes an opposite direc- 
tion', and feeds a very misplaced ambition\ The flattering 
appearances which here present themselvts to sense^ ; the dis- 
tmctions which fortune confers^ ; the advantagf^s^ and pleas- 
ures' which we imagine the ivo^ Id to be capable of bestowing', 
fill up the ultimate wish of most men\ These are the ob ject* 
which engross their soliUiry musings', asd stunnlate their 
ofitve labours' ; which warm the breasts of the young\ ani-. 
mate the industry of the middle aged', and often keep alive 
the passions of the old', until the very close of life\ 

4 Assuredly', there is nothing unlawful in our wishing to 
be freed from whatever is disagreeable', and to obtain a fuller 
enjoyment of the comforts of Ufe\ But when these wishes 
are not tempered by reason', they are in danger of precipita- 
ting us into much extravagance* and folly\ Desires^ and 
wishes', are the first springs of action\ When they become 
exorbitanf, the whole character is likely to be tainted\ 

6 If we suffer our fancy to create to itself worlds of ideal 
nappmess', we shall discompose the neace' and order of our 
ininUs , and foment many hurtful passions\ Here', then', let 
moderation begin its reign' , by bringing within reasonable 
bounds the wishes that we form\ As soon u» they become 
gttraYaganf , let us check them', by proper reflection? on th j 


1- ' 


1 I 

^ '. 


^ The English Reader, ' Parti, 

toSrde^i"*^^ of thosL objects'^ ^sbich Uic t«)rW hangs out 

6 You haVe strayed' my friends, from the road which c«n- 
duct» to felicity ; you have dishonoured the native dignity of 

year souls , m allowing: vour wwhr^c; to r orm;r.nt« «rv ««n:: 


'» ^oiuiiuoij , lowarQs wmctiyaur wishes as- 
t . .**^'^^' frequently has experience shown', that 

whercro^c^ were supposed to 1>ioom', nothing but fenm\ind 

tZtTTf} ^^?V}^t'«»N beautyN richer, grandeuv\ mf. 
matty itseinyxouid^ many a time/, have been gladly ex' 
changed by the possessors", f9r that more quier and humble 
'^""i' w? T^^ ^^^""^ .'/^" ^^^ "ow dissatisfiedT 
a^L. .'^liH'/u ''^ is;8plendid^ and shining in the world', it is 
decreed that there should mix many deep shades of woe^l 
On the elevated situatiQns of fortune', tlie great cfdamities of 
hfe chijfly » Thcr^', the storm spends its violence', and 
there, the thunder breaks-, while; safe and unW, the in- 
habitants of t>«*vvalc remain befoil^ ;-^Retreat,' then', #om 
those vain and pernicious excursions of extravagant desired 

9 batisfy yourselves with what is rati9nal' and attainable^ 
Tram your mmds to moderate views of human life', and hu- 
man happines3\ Remembei-', and admire' the wisdom of 
Agur s petidon\ ■ « Remove far from me vanity' andiies^ -~ 
«ive me jeither poverty' nor richesN Feed i^e with food 
convenient for nw : lest I b« full and deny thee' , and saV, 
who IS the I^rd ? or lest I bi?' poor\ and steal' and tl^ 
the name of my God in Taih\^? ' '' ^l^^ 

'""" '"'''■■■' SECTION XV. ' ■ 

Qmiscimp^ (^r^ omnipresence of the Deity, the ^ou^ci ojcon^ 
, , solalion to ^ood 7nen. 

I WAS ye8teTday',^boutsua.set', walking intheopcr^^eids', 
tiU the night luaensibly fell uponiwe,:- latfirstamuaedmy^ 
9elt With all the n.aness^ and variety of colours', which an- 
peared lu tlie western parts of h«aven\ In proportion as th*- 

ladedaway^aiidwentouf, several stars^ ancl planet^' i.pp€r,rt« A 
one after aru^ti^*'*'' <Jii *^^ ^m,u..^^ «... l. _ ;_ ^ i/r'^^j'-ftw 

£ Ihe bluepe|s of tlie ether was excccdiogly h^xhteiieci'^ 
aijd enlivened;, by the season of the year', Slid the r^ysof 
all those^ luHiiuari^s tl^l p«^4^ through it\ The (fidoxy 


l^*:.^=rt— .^ss^^ :^::U 


')rld hangs ovA 

ad which c«n- 
tive dignity of 
te on nothing 
iiici8s\ Your 
eal foiTOs de- 
lusion, of hap- 
nay', an iliu^ 
H' attiiineu to 
mr wishes as- 
shown", that 
lut fen€J'«''an4 
indeuv\ ^'^y% 
n gladly ex- 
^ and humbly 

e world', it is 
ides of wbe''^ 
calamities of 
.7ol< nee', and 
hurt', the in- 
' then', fi-om 
int desife\ 
d attain abie\ 
life', and hu- 
e wisdom i>r 
'' and lies'. — 
ae with food 
r, andsar, 
I , and t5»K^ 

ou^c0 of con- 

i', which ap- 
rlio»iis the J 

i the ro^yaof 
The (fitlaxy 

Chap,^. Didactic Tiecet. ^ 

appeared in its most beautiful white\ To complete the scene', 
the full moon rose', at Hength', in that clouded majesty', which 
Milton takes notice of , and opened to the eye a new picture 
of nature', which was more finely shaded', and disposed 
among softer lights than that which the sun had before discov- 
ered to mc\ ^ „. . , u • u*^^ /* 
3 As I was surveying the moon walking m her bnghtness , 

aw/iell intoitmmairGnocuou . im ucu * uuiioi^^t ""-»[;^'- 
ens', the work of thy fingers' ; the moon^ and the stars' wtuch 
thou hast ordained' , what is man thate^ou art mindful of hun , 
and the son of man that «/io«regardeathhnM" . , 

4 In the same ipianner', when 1 considered that infinite host 
of stars', or', to speak more philosophically', of suns', which 
//ere then shining upon me' ; with those innumerable sets of 
i^i-inAfaN r^r wnrlrla'_ whirh wftpe movine rouud their respective 

heaven of suns^ and worlds', rising still above this which I dis- 
covered' ; and these still enlightened by a superior firmament 
of luminaries', which are planted at so great a distance', that 

bore amidst the immensity of God*s wo^s\ 

5 Were the sun', which enlightens this part of the creation , 
with all the host of planetary worlds that move about hioi", 
utterly extinguished^ and annihilated', they would not be mis- 
ae-d', more than a grain of sand upon the sea-3hore\ The 
space they possess', is so exceedingly liiUe in comparison of 
the whioie^ it would scarcely make a blank in the creation^ 
The chasm would be imperceptible to an eye that could take 
in the whole compass ol nature', and pass from one end of 
the creation to the other" ; as it is possible there may be such 
a sense in ourselves hereafter', or m creatures which are at 
present more exalted than ourselve3\ By the help of glass- 
es', we see many stars', which we do not discover with our 
naked eyes' ; and the finer our telescopes are', the greater still 
sire our discoveries' 

6 Huygenius carries this thought so far', that he does not 
think it impossible there may bestarsj whose light basnot yet 


iravcjiiju uuwn lo us , since iiieir iinst crcauu<» . 

no question that the universe has certain bounds set to it'} 

*^ut when we consider that it is the work of Infinite Powei^, 

rompted by Infinite Goodnees\ with an iofinite space tm 

f2 ,.' (k^*i 



66 * TUe^BngUsh Reader. Parth 

ttXert itself in', howciin onvimag^hcatian set any bounds to it^? 

7 To return", therefore", to my first thoui^ht", I couid not but 
look upon myself with 8e<|bt liorror", as a bt;ing that y/m not 
^prttj tlvi siiwlleBt reg;ird of ont^", who had so great u work 
imd«r liis care" and supei'iiitendt.^c^-\ I was afraid of being 
overlooked iynidst the nnmensity of nature/ ; a\Kl M among 
tliat infinite variety of creatures", wliich", in all probability'", 
awaFrt^ through all these immeiisurable regioi -s ot matter\ 

8 In or4er to recover my<=!el^from this mortifying tjiought", 
I considered tliat it took its rise from those narrow concep- 
tions', which we are apt to entertain of the Divine Nuture\ 
"We otirsdvef Cviiniot attend to m.mj different objects at the 
same timja\ If we are careful to inspect some thingjs", we 
must of course neglect Qthers\ ''.Vh'is imperfection which we 
observe in ourselves", is an imperfection tiiat cleaves", in some 
degn^e", to creatures of the highest capacities", as tJiey are. 
creatures', that is", beings of finite and limited natures\ 

9 Tiie presence o^ every created being", is confined to a cer- 
tain measurt} of sjiace^ ; and", consequently", his oh, >rvatioais 
stinted to a certain number of oh jects\ iMie sphere in which 
we move\ and act\ and understand", is of a wider clrcumfiBr- 
«'.nce to one creature", tlinn anotliey, according as we rise one 
above another in the scale of existence''. But the widest of 
these our spheres', has its circumft5r(^.nce\ 

10 When", therefore', we reflect on the Divine Nature", we 
are so used an<l accuntomed to this imperfection in ourselves", 
that we cannot for!)eajr', in some measure", ascribing it to him", 
i^i whom th^re is no shadmo of imperfection\ Our reason'^ 
indeed", assures «^, that his aUnhules are infinite^ ; but the 
pooj'iiess of our conciiptions is such", that it cannot forbear. 
setting bounds to every thing it contemplates", till our reason 
comes 5%ain to ou* succour", and throws do\vn all tliose littler 
prejudic«;s", wlilch rbe in us unawares", aad are natural to the 
iiTiifld of muB\ 

11 W«! shall th' 'fore utterl} extinguish thi^ melancholy 

that he Is omnisci('nt\ 

li if w« cojwider him in his omnipresence', his bein^ 
p-igses throu^'h\ actuates', and supports , the whole frftrae of 
imtun; . Hi* er«aiioff, in tarerjr pari or it, is Jmt iof hiia\ 
trtb«»ris m nothing h* has mad«»', which is either sO dwt*int\ so 
Uttk>, w Ro incnnsi^lerabhf', tlHSt he does iwt essentially reside 
\m ilV t^ is 4ui»tanri^ is witbin the sub^taocc of every' ttdng'. 

Part 1. 

>uld not but 
hat WHS not 
•tat a work 
lid of imng 
last among 
1^ tiiought', 
ow concep- 
ne N5iture\ 
;|«ct8 at tiie 
tiiingjs', Ave 
1 wJiich we 
es^, in some 
as tliey lire 

ed to a cer- 
I. M'vatioais 
re in wbicU 
• circumfiBr- 
w« rise one 
le widest of 

Nature'', we 
I ourselves', 
};itto him', 
lur reason''^ 
e^ ; but the 
not forbeai* 
I our reason 
I tFiose litt!«5 
itural to the 

n the multi- 
ects amonj; 
e consider^y 

', hia being 

de frftrae of 

'mi >ui byii\ 

dwt*'Ult\ 8© 

>ii ally reside 

Chap, % 

Argumentative Fiec(^s. 


•whether material^ or immaterial', *id as intimalely present 
to it', as that bt;iitg U to itaelf \ 

IS It would b;i im impcrfeciion in hi;n', were he able to 
move out of one place into another' ; or to withdraw him&elf 
from any thinp; he has created', or from any part of that space 
which h(i diftused and spread abroad to inlinity'. In short', 
to speak of him in tha language of the old philosophers', he is 
it Being whose centre' y is evo-y ^vherc', uJid iiis eircuinjerence''^ 
«owhei'e\ ■ j;r,f.7 m:.; '\'n.i':i-ffi: aw^j 

14 In the s<^cond place', he is^ omniscienf m well as omni-.- 
riisent\ Mis omniscience', indeed , riecessiirily'* and natural- 
flows from Jiis omaiprcsence\ lU", cannot but be con- 
scious of ev«>ry motion tint arises in the vvliole nuilenal world', 
which he thus easeritiaUy pervades' i apd of ever} 'koufrht 
that is ^^tirrifjj; in the inidledual world', to every ^art of 
which he is thus intimately unite4\ "nV' 

l.O Were the so>d separated from the hody^, and should it 
with one dance of thoucht start bi'Von^' the bouuds of the 


pa: S!'d by the immensity of the Godhead\ 

lU InUiis consideration of the Almi}';htv's ortinipresence'*' 
and omniscience', every uncomfort:\ble thought vanishes^ 
He cannot but regard every tiling tliLt has beinif, espcciaily 
s««'h of his creatures who feurthey are not refi^arded by hini\ 
lie is privy to all their thoughts', andia that anxiety of heart 
in particular', which is apt to trouble them on ihis occasion^ ; 
for', as it is impetflhle he should ovt.look any of his crea^ 
lures', so we may be confident that he regards with an eye of 
mercy', thos^^ who endeavour to recommend themselves to hia 
notice^ and in unfcign(?d humility of heart', think themselves 
unworthy tliat he siiould be vtinJfulj^S theii>\ J^pDJSO♦\, 


... Jhppiness isfuunded in rectitude ofconduet 

ALT^ men piusue tood', and would be happy', if they 
knew how^: not happy for minuks\ and miserabte for 
hoisrs' ; but happy', if possible, thwnigh every j)a^ of their 
rxiwiwiicM ?. • >■ lutliier , therefore, tb'' . e wia p^ood of this steadW^ 
diwable kind', or there i%TWt\ hvdt^ thm att good must tte 
transient' and uncertain' ; and if soV an iA^jmt of the lowest 
▼ttluc", wliich can Uttky4«*«wve cur» attention.' ^r kMiuky^. • 

44* bi ^ ^ 



tg 111 

1 ^ 

: II 



6% ^ The Engiish Reader, Parti. 

2 But if t!ier« be a bettpf good', such a good as we ftre seek- 
ing' , like every other thing', it must be derived from some 
cause^ ; and that cause must either be external\ interna!', or 
mixed^ ; in as much as', except these three', there is no other 
possible\ Now a steady', durable jjood', cannot be derived 
from an exttrnal cause' ; since all derived from externals' must 
fluctuate as thi^f fluctuate^. 

3 By the same rule', it cannot be derived from a mixture 
<i>f the two^ ; because the part which is external^ will propor- 
tionably df stroy its e8sence\ What then remains nut the 
cause internal / the very cause which we have supposed', 
when we place tl^e sovereign good in mind', — m rectitude of 

conduct'. ' HARRIS. 


Virttie arid piety man's hifrhesi interest. 

1FIND myself existing upon a little spof , surrounded every 
way by an immense', unknown expansion\ — Where am 
r ? What sort of place do 1 inhabit'? Is it exactly accommo- 
dated in every instance to my convenience' ? Is tiiere no ex- 

myseir ? No'-^notlilng like it'— the farthest from it possible' 

2 The world appears not', then', originally made for the 
private convenience of me alone' ? — It does not', But is it 
not possible so to accommodate it', by my own pj\rtk'ular in- 
dustry' ? If to accommodate man' and beast', heaven' and 
narth , if this be beyond me', it is not pos9il)le'. What conse- 
quence then follows' ; orc^... there be any other than this'— 
If I seek an inten'.stof my own', detached from that of other*', 
I 8eek an iiitei'est which is cUhnericaK, and which can never 
Lave existence'. 

S How then must I drtcrmioe' ? Have I no interest at all' ? 
If I have not^, I am stationed here tq no purpose'. But why 
no interest' ? Can I be contented with nunc but one separate 
and detached' ? Is a social interegf, joined with othera', such 
an absurdity as not to be ad'«it(ed'? The bee', the beaver', 
and the triKes of herding animals', are sufficient \o ci)nviuc«i, 
iMc", that the thing is somewhere at least possible', 

4 Ho^v', tlien', lun I a88ur*»d that it is not etjuaUy tnie oC 
mari' ? Admit it' , and wuat follows^ ? If sp'^ then honmir^ and 
jusiicc are my interest* ; th^n t* e Whoie train uf iiiuml wV^ue* 
are my interest' ; without ^Qtrm portion of which', not even 
MtViK*.? can iiaAtntaln society'. 

^ .But', kxUm Stiil^— I jp not hcioN-4 pursue this 80<;i4 



are seek- 
om some 
erna!', or 
no other 
5 derived 
lals' must 

a mixture 
II propor- 
i nut the 
ctitudc of 


ded every 
fVhere am 
;re no ex- 
never an- 

rdered all 

[ie for the 

But is it 
tk'ular in- 
avcii'' and 
hat conse- 
M\ this^— 
can never 

But why 
e separate 
lere", such 
le bfiHVer\ 
) conviucii 

lly tnie oC 
onour'- and 
imt viriuca 
f not even 

this %om^ 

Chap. 4. 

Argumentative "Pieces* 


interest as fa/ as I crin trace my several r?^l{ition8\ I pass from 
my own stock\ my own neij^hbourhoodN my own nation ,to 
tlie w^hole race of mai^kind', as (risi),;rsed throughout th«^. 
earth\ Am 1 not related to them all", bv th^; mutual aids ot 
commerce', by the'g^^nervl JTitercourse of am ana lettere , ny 
that common nature of wliich we \x\\ j)articipatc' ? 

6 Ag;^'/nr— I nuisthave food' and clotMing\ Without, a 
proper jrenid Avaimth", I instantly perish\ Am I pot related^, 
m this view', to the very eartii itself ; to the (hstarit sun ; 
from whos4'. I>»«,ams I derive vis;our' ? to that stupendous course 
nnd order of the infinite host of heaven', by which the time^ 
and seasojjj? ever uviitormly pass on'? ,, , , rt" 

7 Were this order once confounded', I could not nrobablV 
survive a monenr : so absolutely do I depend (ftitlns com- 

.»i.«v* r»T,. iw „..crv , ., my interesr ; nurgn^ . 

•»'scence\ resig;nation\ adoration^ , and all 1 owe to this greM poU- 
v', and its great Governor our common Parent'. iiAU>ii&, 

. SiECTlON III. ' 

The. injustice of an uncliaritahh spirit. 

in iti^eir, unreasDiiap)'-' ana unjust', in ortu;r lu luvni sound 
opinions coicerniMg < harccteis' and aCtions',iM'o things iu*e 
es]>ecially retpiisite'' ; inlonaation' and imf)aitiality\ But such 

iji;', or ev 
ipientiy {hit most Klii^^f and l'rlvo!ous\ 
"i A tttle', perhai s', which the idi< have inventcd\the inquis- 

ji;('rated' and disj^uiaed', suppln'!^lu«!m witii materials oiconn- 
(lent assertion', "and d(;cisiv» judfcmerit\ From an action- 
they presently look into the he^rt','and inlVi.'themotive\ Tjiij 
supposed motive thoy conclutlp. to be the ruling principle* 
and pronounce at once rono.erninj!; the wliole character\ 



I iijt i i,i >iii»— «»K 


The English Reader. 


4 A.S. froiii one worthy ncilori', it \v«re crediilitjS not chari- 
ty , to conclude a n<*rsou to he fn-e from all vice' ; so fjom otie 
winch IS ccnsui-ahU/, it h perfectly nnjust to ini'er that the 
a^ ^lior ol It IS witliout conscience', and ivithout merit\ If we 
linew all the attending circumatanc s', it might appaar in an 
excusahle hgut^ ; nay', perhaps', unuor a comnmidubk t\mn\ 
Ihe motives of the actor may iiave. been entirely different 
fn)m thos- which we a8cnlM3 to liim^ ; a.ulwheif! we suppose 
him impelled by bad design', he may have been promptea by 
conscienc(j', atid mistaken priaciple\ 

5 Admitting the act ion to have been in eveiy view aiminal\ 
he may havii been hurried into it through inadvertency' and 
6arprise\ 1 {« may heve sincerely repented^ ; and th(5 vvHuous 
Iirincipie imy have now regained its full vigour\ Ptirhapsthis 
was the corner o* frailty^ ; the quarter on which he lay oijen to 
tiie incursions of temptation' ; while the other avenues of liis 
heart were Jirmly guarded by contJcie4ice\ 

^ II 

1 1 

i r 


humanity' m judging of oth«rs\ The worst consequences', 
both to ourgelvts^ aiid to society', follow from tk^i qpposiie 


Th^ misfortunes of men mostly chrrffeaUe on iJieniselves. 

WE find man placed In a world', where he has by no 
means the disposal of tJie events tliat happen". Ca- 
lamities sometimes befall the worthiest and the besf , wliich 
\t is not ni their power to prevenf , and where nothing is left 
them', but to acknowledge", and to submit' to the high hand 
ofHeavcn\ For such visitations of triid', many go<>d^ and 
•wise reasons', can be assigned', whic|i the present subject leads 
me not to di8cuss.\ 

for the sou-ce of which', we muiitlook to another quarterV 
No sooner has any thing in the health", or in the. circumstan- 
c^ft of men', gone cross to Iheir wish', than they begin to talk 
of the unequnl distribution of the ffood thinits of this life^ i 

-.u^,_. ..^ A.- ^!^' ,^ „" 'i ^,^» ^u ^ ^' " -■-_•__ _ 

• ti«"jf '-M'^ iiiv^ Ct'iiUiiiOii «ji Oliic.i rr ^ tt»i j I «'pUio til t44CtV y Wit 

bt', and frcf against the lluler of the world\ 

& Full of these sentimejits', one man pine^ under a broken 
con3tilutiou\ l^ut let us usk hixv \ whether he can', fuirly^ w& 

. , . (.346) 


i iaj jii 

Pari I. 

not chari- 
» fi'Otti otm; 
r that the 
it\ lfw« 
poar in aii~ 

{ different 
(i SMppose 
)m])ted by 

enc^ and 
1(5 virtuous 
[ly ojjen to 
lues of Ills 

^mment of 
our minds 
idour"" and 
e qpposiie 



las by no 
•fn\ Ca- 
sf , %vliich 
dnj^ is ivXX. 
high hand 
go(;)d^ and 
!)ject leads 

ke a naif, 
i" ana sor- 
s l>eset US'", 
|Uiirter^. — 
giri to talk 
thi^ Hfe^; 
t^etv vWw 

Chap, A* . Argumentative Pieces. 7%t 

honestlj''^ nasign no cause for Uiis', hut the unknown decree of. 
heavenV Mas he duly valued the blessinj; 4;f health', and al- 
ways observed the rules of virtue^ and sobriety'? Has ho 
been moderate m his Kfe', and teni})eratc in all his pleasures'?. 
If now he IS only paying the price of his formei-', perhaps his 
forgotte^ mdulgenees', has he any title to complani', as if he 
were sulfenng unjustly' ? 

4 Were we to siuvev the chambers of sickness^ and dis- 
tress', we should often And them peopled witii the victims of 
intemperance^and sensuality', and with the children of vicious 
nidolence' and sloth\ Among the thousands who languish 
there/, we should find the proportion o^ inmccTU sufferers icx 
be smalr. \\ e should see faded youth\ premature oM a^(^\ 

i\jiiy , iAa>c ific uaauittiici: lu arn 
and to " fret against the Lord\" 
» . ^iv^"l 3:'*^"'' perlmps', complain *of hardships of annlher 
kind^;ofthc mjusticeofthe world^; of the poverly which 
you suffer', and the discouragements undpr which you 
abour^- of the crosses^ and disappojntixlents', of which your 
life has been doomed to be full\—Before you ^ive too much 
scope to your diacontenf, let me desire you to reflect impar- 
tially upon your past train of life\ 

6 Have not sloth^ or ivride', ill temper\ or sinful passions', 
misl-d you often frt)m tlie path of sound and wise conducr ? 
Have you not been wanting to yourselves in improving tlwsf^ 
opijortunities which Providence offered you', for bettering 

to yoir, have obtiuned Uios* advantages which naturally be- 
long to useful labours', and honourable pursuits' ? 
7 Hive not the consequences of some false steps', into 

1 '""^^* "' *'" """ loriuue m me woria . ii is c 
that the world seldom turns whofly against a man', unless 
i?fr*"^J* ^l? 9.^" ^^^}^"' " Religion is','nn general', «» profiu- 

-:»- MiJiO ail tniii|^3\'' 

8 Virtue\diUgenceVand industry', joined with good tent- 
l?er , and prudence', have ever been found the surest rojui to 
prosperity ' ; and where wen fail <^f attaining if, thuir want nt 




T%e English Reader. 





tliey Vmn'ute their distresses to hjs provi-™.- , -^,, ^ 

abroad to the pxU^ost^e "lirtfnn" Wo sec great societie* 
proofs of the tndh of th^ f^X"dis*ntions\ tumutts', and 
"f •?™^I?I";;L',':"'^wI r Sk?; armies BPJng forth ,.,« 

Tom that 
le bars in ' 
itation of 
ted to fuU 
jable', arfe 

own mis-, 
% they lay 
'jids uiiizn: 
iir niisibr- 

\ In their. 
► then- otch 
ot to thbir' 
evy reverse 
nieth from 
auliiior to. 

\ we look 
with more 
sat societies 
imutts', and 
ig forth', in' 
e earth with' 
ridows' and' 
jrable world 

imputed ttf 
iis^.cres and' 
niter tTuit of 
f not clearly 
nce9\ to the 
e people^ ?— ' 
, in thinking 
*< fooUshneaaf 

t his cdMuct 
^, and" virtue', 
r^ land human 
.ce\ intho&B' 
le vforld', let 
.63% his ignoi*- 
le HjortifyinS 

Chap, 4. Argumentative Pieces. fB 

view of his own pervei-sencss' ; but let not his " heart fret 
against the Lordv* blair. 


0)1 disinterested fiiends hip, 

I AM informed that certain Greek writers', (philosoj>ners', 
it seems', in the opinion of their cou itrymen',) have advan- 
ced some very extraordinai-y positions relating to friendship' ; 
as', indeed', what subject is tin re', which these subtle geniuses 
liave not tortured with their sophistry' ? 

2 The authors to whom 1 refer^, dissuade their disciples 
from entering into any strons; attachments', as unavoidably 

ness', they contend', anxi'- «jsly to involve himself in the con- 
cerns of others^. 

3 They recommcrt it also', in all cohnexio)3S of thiskind^, 
to hold the bar«ls of uoionjextremely loose' , to a? always to 
have it in one's power to straiten' or relax them', as circum- 
fitJinces'.and situations' shall render most expedient'. They 
add', as a capital urtich^. of their doctrine', that, " to live ex- 
empt from cares', is an essential ingredient to constitute hu- 
man happiness' : but an ingredient', howi^ver', which he', who 
voluntarily distress^ s bin ^i4f with cares', in which he has 
no necessary and personal interest', must never hope to 

n\ " 


4 I have been told likewise', that there is another set of 
pretended philosophers', of the same country', whose tenets', 
concerning this subject', are of a still more illiberal an«l un- 
generous cast'. The proposition which they attempt to estab- 

fjt of that assistance' and support', which are t6 be derived 
from the connexion'. '* 

5 Accordingly they assert', that tlio<;p persons are most 
disposed to have recourse to auxiliary alliances of this kind', 
who are least qualified by nature' or fortune', to depend upon 
their own strength' and powers': the leeakersex^ for instance', 
being generally more inclined to (;iigage in friendships', than 
the mate part of our species' ; and those who are depressed 

wealthy', and the prosperous'. 

6 Excellent^ind oblising sages', these', undoubtedly' ! To 
«trike out^lie friendly alllclions from the inoral world', wouid 

6i 0«> 





Tlie Enslisli Reader, 

Pari i. 

be like exjtlnguiahing the sun in the nalural\ eacli of them 

being the source of the best and most grateful satisfactions', 

that Heaven has conferred on the sons oTmen\ But I should 



amounts to'? an exemptiw.i i.".-w^.."tj 

but which', upon many occurrences m human life', should be 

rejected with the utmost di3dain\ 

7 For nothing', surely', can be more inconsistent with a 

well-poised and manly spirit', than to decline engaging in any 

laudable action^ or to be discouraged from persevering in it', 

by an apprehension ofthe trouble"; and solicitude', with which 

it may probably be attended\ 

8 virtue hersolf, indeed', ought to be ioi'dWy renounced\ if 
it be right to avoid every possible means that may be produc- 
tive of uiieasiness' : for who', that is actuated by her princi* 
pies', can observe the conduct of an opposite character', with- 
out being affected Avith some degree or secret dissatisfaction^? 

9 Are not the just', the brave', and th»', ;<ood', necessarU^ 
exposed to the disagreeable emotions of dislike and aversion', 
wlien thi',y r»'sp<'<!tivrlv meet with instances of fraud', of cow- 
ardice', or of villany' ? It is an essential property of every 
well-const itut^'d mind', to be aff.'cted with pam' or pleasure', 
according to tiie nature of those moral appearances that pre- 
sent themseh'ps to obs«'rvation\ 

10 If sensibility', Iherefort^'^ be not incompatible v.ith true 
wisdom', (and it surely is not', u^iN^ss we sup})ose thiit })hiloso- 
phy deadens fvcry finer feeling of our nature',) wh^t just rea- 
son can be Mssi:;!!*^!', why tlu'. sympathetic sufferings which 
may resJilt from lVi.;n(lship', should be a sullicient hidncem(;nt 
ibr oanii^hiji:; th »t g^'nerous a!r.;ction from the hi^mnn breast^ ? 

11 ExtirK'.U'sJi a'l <«niolions of the heart', and Avhat differ- 
ence will remain', 1 do not say between mail' au<l hrute% Init 
between JH'in' and a mere, inanimate, clod? Away then with 
those auster*^ philosophers', who represent virtue as hardening 
the soul iigainst ;.ll the softer impressions of humanity^ ! 

12 The fact', ceriainly', is inuch otherwise\ A truly ^ood 
man', is', upon many occasions', (extremely susceptible of ten- 
der sentiments' ; and his hnart expands with joy or shrinks 
with sorrow', as good or ill fortune accompanies his friend'. 
■Upon the whol'', then', it may f\ii-ly be concludtnl', that', as 
in the case of virtue', so in that of friendshij)', those painful sen- 
sations which may somelinies be ^iroducedby the one', as well 
ashy ihr iii'i.-r', are equally IfiHUiririrrit^rouiids fofrxchlding 
tiVicr oftheni from taldngiMissession ot our bosoms\ 

13 They who insist that " utility is the first and prevailing 


Pari 1*. 

ih of them 
Jut I should 
ted exemp- 
ples', justly 
, I confess'' ; 
;', should be 

5tent with a 
iging in any 
leering in it% 
with which 

moun€€d\ if 
be produc- 
her princi- 
icter', ivith- 
, necessarily 
d aversion', 
lid', ofcow- 
y of every 
»r pleasure', 
es tiiat pre- 

le v.ith true 
i^t just rea- 
riii^s which 
vm l)reast^ ? 
ivhat diilt'r- 
l hrute% but 
f then with 
is hardening 
uiity^ ! 
>tihle of ten- 
or shrinl<s 
I his friend'. 
Hi', that', as 
painful sen- 
one'', as well 
)rrX eluding 
d prevailing 

Chap. 4. Argumentative Pieces. f^ 

jriotiye', which induce? mankind to enter into particular friend- 
s nps , a.npcar to me to divest the associat ion of its most amia, 
bl(; and engagi:^^ principle\ For to a mind riglitly disposed^ 
It IS not so much the benejits received', as tiie aflectionate zeal 
from which they flow', that gives tliem their best and most 
valuable recommendation\ 

14 It is so far indeed from being verified by fact', that a 
sense of our wants', is the original cause of formiiig these ami- 
cable alliances'' ; th:.t',on the contrary, it is observable', that 
none hive been more distinguished in their friendships', than 
those whose power; and opuIence',but', above all', whose su pe- 
nor virtue , (a much firmer supporf ,) have raised tliem above 
every necessityj of having recourse to the assistance of others\ 

15 i he true distinction then', in the Question', is', that" al- 
tiiough friendship 19 certiiinly productive of utility', yet utility 

U'r V '^^'''?'•^ T^'r' ^^ f"«ndshii)\" those selfish sen- 
r .i^ists', therefore' who', lulled in tlie lap of luxury, pre- 

;;1T "" 2!'^»»t''^^» the reverse^ have surely no claim to atten- 
tion ; as they are neither Qualified by refiection\ nor experi- 
cnce, to be competent jMi/g-es of the fiubiect\ 
.1 J;? 'f I ''*' ^ "''"' y>!} ^'^^^ ^^^*^t^ of the earth', who would 

Su' i^.ir ''?.^ ""S ^'" *^" T^'^^^^'' ^^'hi^^^ ^^"^ ^^•^••'^ ean 
I nninn ' / r -1^^ '^ ""? "i'^'^ ^*^« '^^^'t^^e terms of his being 
^^hZ?^""'} ''''f I' ? ^'"i^^'' "^«»'^-' ^^'*^«»« J^« co"J^ love', or by 
l^Ti A rr^^l^ ^S '"'^"V-' -' • ^'^"« ^^^"Id »^« to lead the 
Z^"^ '^^ f ? "^^^^'^^'^ t^'^'-^^t'' "l^o^ -^^Jdst perpetual 
MispicionsN and alarms', »>asses liis miserable days', a stLger 

ht^H^y"".- 7 '.""'''^^"V.; and utterly precluaed from §ie 
/;eart-ioil satisfactions of iriendship\ 

Melmoili's irandalion of Cicero^ s Ltclius, 



f .yomV^Tnlr;^"/ "^"^ ."^^"'''' '" ^"^ «^ »^V friend's 
i^n^ovo,-';?. , lo^t »iiyseli in it very agreeably', as 1 was run- 
is^ 2 e f' nn !?' "^'»;4 V'«\r'^T'^l .^''fe^^^cnts that establish 
inib gi eat point ; which is the basis of morality', and the 

in int ij(i<irt ol a reasonable cr<!ature\ 





The English Reader, 


1 thut uvea- 

from the vaturc oftheSupn'nie Bi'ing'", nhos*- justice'^pK)!!- 
wess^, \visdom% and veracity', an; lill conccnied'in i\ih vaint\ 
4 But umonu; these% and other vxv.vWvnt juffninonts tor the 

-. A..i:*-. „r»i. , . ,,.1/ *i : .,,. a „r......: *i,,.. ^..4.. 

Jadwn wliich h Hnda m the practice oUnrtue" ; am 
^riness which follows upon the commission of ti(.e\ 

•1', there 

fjiflmortality of tVt, 

al progress ot tJiu s,>i:jJ u\ its perlVction', without a possit>il«ty 

of ever anivuij.'^a) it ; which is a hint that 1 do not reniiMuhcr 

e is one drawn from the pernetu- 
lerfrction', without a possiniliiy 
is a hint that I do not remiMuhei 
to have S(;en opeiicd and imjirovcd hy those who have writ- 
ten on tliis auhjecf, though it seems to me to carry a very 
great weij^ht with it\ 

5 How can it ent»'r into the thoudita of man', that t he soiil', 
which ia cjvpahle of inin:vn!ic pi^fections', ami of n cciyin^- 
new improvements to all eternity', shall fall awny into nothing;', 

tilmost as soon as it is created^ ? An? sue 

U awiiv H» 
:h al>i!llir 

H madr. fur 

jio purpose' ? A hrute arrives at a point of nt'ilVction', he, 
can never pass' : in ^ few years lu* h;.s all tlie erulowments ho 
is capahleof^ and were he to hvotcn thousand more', would 
be the same thing he is at present'. 

6 Were k Unman soul thus at a stand in her accomnllHh- 
ments'j wen her faculties to be full blown', and incapable (>f 
farther en'iurf^ements'; 1 could imagine slnuiiif^ht fall away in- 
feuHibly', and dron at once into a stideof;on\ But 
can we'believe a tninkim;; being that is inayuTpetual progressj 
of improvement', and travelling on from p(!rlVc;it»nMo jierfec- 
tion', after having just looked abroad into the works of her 
Creator', and made a few discoveries of his infinite goodnes3\ 
wisdom\ and power', must perish at he.r Jirst setting ouf , and 
In the very 6f^ir?/u»cr of her inquiries' ? 

7 Man', considered only in his present state', seems sent 
into the world merely to propaj!;ate his kind\ lie provides 
himself with a successor', and inmiediatelv quits his post to 
make room for him\ He does not seem horn to enjinf Iil»'', 
but to deliver it down to others\ This is n(»t surprising to 
consider in animals', which are forme4 for our use', and which 
can finish theif business in a short life\ 

8 The silk-worm', after having spun her task', lays her 
•cgs' and dies\ But a man cainiot take in his full measure 
of lcnowledi:;e\ has not time to subdue his passions\ establish 
his soul in virtue", and ctune up to the perfection of his na- 
ture/, belbre he is hurried oiV the stage\ AVould an infniit ely 
wise Being', make such glorious creatures for so mean a pW" 
pose'? Can he delight in the production of such abortive, in- 
telligencis, s\ich short-Uved reasonable btMiigs? vVou'ui he 
jive us talents that are not to be exerted' ? capacities that 

are never to be cfatified'? 

•* (4c) 

Part, I, 

I thot uvea- 
tico", p)(>d- 
tliis voinl\ 

nts itn* the 
\v \)vvrn'\u- 


have ^vrit- 
rry a very 

r n (•civlii'^- 
H iiiadr, fur 
i)n', tli.l1 h«j 

lWin»MltH |U5 

ore", Avoultl 


urap;U)lo of 
ilhnvjiy in- 
ti(m\ But 
lal progrcsij 

l"^ to ))(M*f(l»C- 

)rks of her 
! j:;oo<ln('S3\ 
Dgouf, anil 

sroms sont 
[♦> providos 
his post to 
> cnjini \i\'*'\ 
nrpl'isiiip; to 
, and 'vvhich 

1% lays her 
nil measure 
s\ e8tfd)lish 
ri oflils iia- 
un iiiriuili'ly 
neaii a })iu> 
ahortivc. in- 
• vVoii'ul he 
)acitie3 that 

Chap. 4. Arfrumentntwe Pircett. 77 

» How ran ^\o find that wisdom which shinfis fhrouj^h nil 
hiH workft', ill the forinati(»ii of man', williout lookiii}? on t/tin 
worhl as only a nursi'iy for th(? m-.r^ ; and without hr.lii'vinjc 
thatthi! several ;i;«*neratious of rational cn-aturrs", which risS 
up and disanpts-u- in audi quick succi'ssions', aro only to 
r«c(iMve th»'n-firHtrudimtMits of cxistfncc /«*/•<', and afterwards 
to hn transnlantcd into a nior« friendly climate', where they 
may spread and llourish to all eternity^ ? 

irn pl<'asinff ant 

. iving at a prriod in it\ To look 

upon tli«^ soul aa Komj? on from stren^^th' to stnjn^^th^ ; tocon- 
s.der that ?(he la to ahine for ever with new accesaions of 
plory , and hri^Hden to all eternity^ ; that she will he still add- 
ing vu'tne' to vn'ui<^\ aurl kiiowledp;e^ to knowledije'; carriea 

11 IVI«;thuiks this amp;le consideration^ of the proffress of a 
finite spirit to perfiH'tion', will he sullicient to -.ixtiriffuish all 
rnvjf minfenor natlIrt!s^ and all contempt in supe)ior\ That 
rheruh , which now appears as a p;<)d to a human soul", knows 
very well that the period will come ahout in eternity', when 
the human aoid shall he as perfect as he himself nmv is^ : nair, 
wlnMi slu^ shall look down upon that de^nee o'f perfection", as 
much as she now falls short of it\ It is true", tlie higher na- 
ture Htill advances', and hy that means preserves his distance\ 
and superiority in the scale of heinjr" ; yet he knows that' 
how hi-h soever the station is of which he stands possesseil 
at i>re«ent , the inferior nature will", at lent I h", mount up to 
it , and sluue forth in the same de{i;ree of gk)ry\ 
, 1 2 AVith what astoni iment^ and veneration", may we look 
into our own souls', whe,-e there are such hidden stores of vir^ 
ine and knowled^-e^ such inexhausted sources of perfection^' 
VV e know not.yc^ what we shall he^ ; nor will it ever enter into 
the heart o man', to conceive the dory that will he always hi 
reserve for him\ Tiie soul', considered with its CreS, t 
live one oUhose mathc^niatical lines", that may draw nearei- 
toatu)therf()r all eternity", without a no««n.ilifv Aff-.TKlJ^uv^ 

s«kp!:n'lJf '^^ ^" *' ^^T¥^ ''' transporting^,"asV consider our- 
^^ i^of on^ approaches to iiim", who is the stand- 

tixl not only of perJecUon", but of happiness' ? audisok. 





79 'The English Reader. Fart I 




The Seasons. 

AMONG the fcrcat blessings^ and wonders' of the creation', 
may be (ilissed the regularities of times', and scasons\ 
Immediately after the ilood', the sacred promise wjis made to 
man', that He^drtime' and harvest^ cold' and heaf, smnmer' 
arid wiiiter\ day^ and night', should continue to tlie very end 
4#1' all things\ Accordingly', in obedience to that promise', 
the rotation is constantly presenting us with some useful' and 
agreeable alteration'' ; and all the pleasing novelty of life', 
arises from these naliu-al changes'' ; nor are we less indebted 
to them for many of its solid comforts\ 

a It has been fretiuently the task of the moralisr and poet\ 
to mark', in polished jjeriods', tlic particular charms' and 
conveniences of every change^ ; and', indeed', sucii discrim- 
inate obsi?rvations upon Ur-tural variety', cannot be undcilight- 
ful' ; since tlfe blessing which every month brings jtlong with 
it', is a fresh instance of the wisdom^ and bounty of that Frov-i 
ld6nce', which regulates the glories of the year\ We glow 
as we contem])late^ ; We feel a propensity to adore', whilst 

we enjov\ 

3 111 t'he time of seed-sowing', it is the season of confix 

., ig ])resents 
wiiich was liefore sown', begins now to discover signs of suc- 
cessful vegetation\ Ihe labourer observes the change', and 
anticipates tlie liarvesr ; he watches the progress of nature', 
und smiles at her inlluence^ : v/hile the man of contemplation', 
walks forth with tlie evening', amidst the fragrance of flow- 
ers', and promises of plenty^ ; nor returns to his cottage till 
darkness closes the scene upon his eye\ Then cometh the 
liarvest', when the, large wish is satisfied', and the granaries of 
nature', are loaded with tiie means of life', even to a luxury 
of abundance\ . . 

4 The powers of language' are unequal to the description 
of this happy season". It is the carnival of nature^ : sun' and 
shaded coolness' and quietude^ cheerfulness' and meIody\ 
love" and gratitude', unite to render every scene of summer 
delightful". The division of light" and darkness' is one of the 
kindest ettbrts of Omnipotent Wisdom". Day" and nighr 
yield us contrary blessings" ; and', at the same time', assist 
each other', by giving fr^^h lustr* to the delights of botJi\ 


Descriptive Pieces. 

-• > '»" •» .^ciiigurtijt , uieu , IS me proper ai viwon\' 
i he hours of hght , are adapted to activity' ; and those of 
darkness', to rest\ F: ; u day is passed', exercise^ and na- 
ture prepare us fc- Vat^ i>iilow\ and by the time that tho 
morning returns'. ; ^ are again able to meet it witli a smile\ 
X hus , every season . • ^harm peculiar to itself ; and every 
moment ailords s-oii^t i resting innovation\ melmoth. 


TThe cataract qf' 'itif^mra, in Canada, JVbrth America. 
HIS amazing fall of watei-', is made by the river St. Law- 
• X mu*^^ I?" T^ passage from lake Eric' into the lake Onta- 
rio . Ihe bt. Lawrence is one ef the largest rivers in the 
world\ and yet the whole of its waters', is discharged in this 
place , by a fall ot a hundred and fifty feet perpendicular^ It 
IS not easy to bring the hnagination to correspond to the great- 
ness ot the scene\ ' ° 

2 A river extremely deep- and rapid', and tliat serves to 
dram the waters of almost all North America into the Atlan- 
tic Ocean , IS here poured precipitately down a ledge of rocks', 
that rises , like a wall', across the whole bed of its stream\ 
Ihe river , a little above', is near three quarters of a mile 
broad- ; and the rocks', where it grows narrower', are four 
hundred yards ovel^ ° » 

3 Their direction is not straight across', but hollowinff in- 
wards hke a horse-shoe-: so that the cataract-, which bendft 
to the shape of the obstacle', rounding in warr", presents a 
Ii! ^L. A^ui tJ^« ?»ost tremendous in nature-. Justin 
the middle of thi^ circular wall of waters', a little island', that 
has braved the fury of the current', presents one of its points', 
and divides the stream at top into two parts- : but they 
unite again long before they reach the bottom-. ^ 

4 The noise of the fall', is heard at the distance of several 
ea^ues and the fury of the waters', at the termination of 

their fair, is inconceivable-. The dashing produces a misf 
that rises to the very clouds- ; and which forms a most beauti- 
ful rambovy', when the sun shines-. It will be readily sup- 
posed , that such a cataract entirely destroys the navigation 
pf the stream- ; and yet some Indians, in their canoes^ as it 
IS said', have ventu red dow n it with safety-.* goldsmith. 

* This «i>nfuM*«*ff /£ijx.M i^ m^r^L.. 1 ^ .... . . 

„/.„. ., ■"■"" ■',-• . ■"■' /■' "M'-Si -= « i-p«s-i, ueanng upon its front its owM 

efutation : that it should ever have found a place In the Vrain or the book of 

the elegant historian, is a matter of surprise. Canoes and other vessels with 

P«s5«»ffers, ve, indeed, |9aeUmeji mUurtunately drawn dowft tbo awfil do- 

- -- X'fcJ 



The English Reader. 

Part 1. 


The grotto ofAniiparos. 

OF all the subterraneous caverns now known", the erotto of 
Antiparoa", is the most', as well for its 
extent^, as for the beauty of its sparry incrustations\ This 
cdebrateti cavern was first explored by one Magni', an Ital- 
ian traveller', about one hundred years ago', at AnU|)aros', an 

the natives of 

, , , ^ which lies about 

two miles from tlic former', a gigantic statue was to be se^ni 
at the mouth of a cavern' (in thai place' J\t was rcsolvjMl that 
we' (the French consul and himself) should uay it a visit\ In 
pursuance <»f this resolution', after we liau landed on the 
island', and walked about four mil(»s through the midst of 
l»eautiful plaina\ and sloping woodlands', we a^ length cani<; 
lo a little hill', on the side of wliieh' yawn«d a njost horrid 
«.avern\ which,; by its gloom', Rt first', struck us with terror', 
and almost repressed curiosity\ 

3 Recovering thc! first surprise', hov^evcK, we entered 
boldly'' ami had not Broceeded above twenty paces', when 
tlie supposed statue ot the giant', presented itselr to our vi.'W% 
We (puckly porceived', that what the ignorant natives had 
been terrified at as a tfia^if, was nothing more tiian a sparry 
concretion', tt/rmed by the water drop})ing from thf^ roof 
of thi' cave', and by degrees hardening mto a figure', whieli 
their fears had ft)rmed into a monster\ 

4 Incited by this extraoiilinary appearance', we were in- 
duced lo proceed still i'urthei'', in quest of new adventures in 
this subterranean abode\ As we proceeded', new wonders 
offered themselves^; the spars', formed into trees^ and shrubs', 
presented a kind of petrified grove^ ; some white', some green ; 
and all n;cedit»g in due perspectivo\ They struck us with the 
more amazt uienf , as we knew them to be mere productions 
of nihu'e', who', hitherto in solitude', had', in lu-riilayful mo- 
ments', d'-'-^sed the scene', as if for her own amusement'." 

b " iVr iiau as yut seen but a f«^w of the wonders of the 
plaeo^; aii«i wewen^ introduced only intothfc portico of this 
amazing temple\ In one corner of'tliis half illuminated re- 
cess', there appeared an opening of about three feet wide', 
which seemed to lead lo a place totally dark', and which one 

vltvity, but neldom a vectige of either is ever nfterwards seen. The sturdy 
nutinfain onk, nii«l iIjo lowering piut, iVa^iuontly talie the dmperalf h^p, an4 

ftjAl" f>\^V ill 



Chap. 5. 

DeHcriptive Pieces. 


tooua.'h^flt' ^r?"J ^"'•^"*"" ^^"^^''' ^^^ sound seeLd a« 
Jdsi quasned m a bed of >vater\ 

xuJZ ^^""^^ liowever^, to be more certain/ we sent in a Le- 
tm-ed" \vlH?f Jr "^ '" ' ^y t'lf.P«'0""?e of a good reward', ven- 
♦ r^ ' If? ^ ^^'"">«H" *» his hand', into this narrow aner- 
h?mr*'l,« . / ^*^"!"i"'»$ ^7^hin It for about a quarter of an 
nf ^J^ if. r^"r"*^f ; »?*'a'''"g '« hi^ »i''nd', some beautiful ri(.cei 
n^^^;!^!l^^!*:»l ^' ^^ "-i^^»'r equal' nor imitL.^-. 

. 7 Finding', however', that we came to a prr^cipice which led 

I r \J P ^T ^'"'l'^^ ""^^ n-turrud', and being provided u^th 
n„ vv ni '?^""^"'^» ' •)"<• «t J^7 tiiin-. to expedite our descent', 

iToe, h I^v ^r/"''.^'^ T''^ ^'^ *^^'"'' ^♦'"^"'•^^^^ i"t« the same 
ours t!,' .? t ' ^»^^Y^*-"'^< '"J^^ one after another-, we at last saw 
cavm^^^^ ^^''''^^''*' i» the most magnificent part of thq 


Tlic groilo of Antij;aros, continued. 

*'fV^^ cuMJIes being npw all lighted up', ynd the whr la 
'^^J^ place complMtoly illuminated', never could the eve be 
Jphf .V ni"^'^^' r r'"'"'' >;!itt,.ring' or a more magnificent scene\ 
The w.ioh; roof hung with solid icick8\ traiii^parent as glass', 
yet solid Hs m irble\ The eye could scarcely rcacA the loftv 
and noah". .hng^;thesidHsw» re regularly fi.rmedwithspars'; 
I tp^'Whok., nrcA-nh^d the idea of a ti.ugniricent tlieatre' 
ilUnnmatri vith an immense profusion oi'light.s\ 
rs\t ^f»^' J'^^"»'.,^*'»«f ted of solid marble^ ; and', in several 
p.ices mag.iincent ct.lumns', thrones\ altars\ and other 
ohiects , appeared', as if nature had designed to mock the euri- 
osities of art\ Our voices', upon speakin}j\ or singi^it 

the altaK, appeared like candlesticks^ ; and many o^ her natural 

C 3 " • 


62 The EngUsli Reader, Parti. 

4 " Below even thu sp:«cious grotto', there seemed another 

cavern' ; down which 1 ventured with my former mariner'j 

. wid descended ahout Afty paces by means of a rope\ 1 at last 

arrived at a small spot of level ground', where the bottom 


. — , .. _- , 

als were formed' 


3ve- numbers of the most beautiful crysta 
..i". ofv.nich', in particular', resembled a taL_ 
5 Upon our eji:ress from this amazing cavc/n', wc perceived 
a Greek inscription upon a rock at the mouth', but so oblit- 
erated by time', that we could not read it distinctly'. It seem- 
ed to import that one Antipater', in the time of Alexandei-', 
had come hitlier' ; but whether he penetrated into the d<n)ths 
of the cavern', he does not think fit to "uform us'."— This 
account of so beautiful and striking a seei.e', may serve to 
give us some idea of the subterraneous vouders of nature'. 



Earthquake at Cutanea. 

ONE of the earthtjunkes most particularly described in l^ia- 
tory', is that which happened in the year IfiO.T ; the dam* 
ages of which', were chiefly felt in Sicily , but its motion was 
perceived in Germany', France', and England'. It extended 




,^ _.^ , . 'f? 

low'. The walls were dashed from their foundations' ; and no 
fewer than j?/Vw-/our cities', with an incredible number of vil- 
lages', were either destroyed' or greatly damaged'. The cit v 
of Catanea',in particulars was utterly overthrown'. A trav»?l- 
ler who was on his way thithei-', perceived', at the distance of 
nomemiles',a black cloud',like night', hanging over the place'. 

3 The sea', all of a sudden', began to roar* ; mount /Etna', 
to sind fortlj great spires of Hame'; and soon after a shock 
ensued', with a noise as if all the artillery in the tmrld had 
be«'n at once dischargi'd'. Our traveller being obliged to 
alight instantly', felt himself raised a foot from the ground' ; 
and turning liis eyes to the city', he with amazement saw 
nothijig but a thie'k cloud of dust in the air'. 

4 Th*' birds flew abotit astoni>4hed' ; the sun was darkened' j 
the beasts ran howling from the hills' ; and although the shock 
ilia not continu« abov« Unec rtilautrh', yt?t ueur nincttv:n 




1 lit. lasi 
}g com- 
uhicli I 

3rmed^ ; 

50 ohlit- 
[t siM'm- 
', d»n)tlis 
"— Tliis 
serve to 


d in l^ia- 
Ke dam* 
tlon was 
liaf^ues'' ; 
ore per- 


■> • 

at their 
IWuv; bil- 
; and no 
(M* of vil- 
rhe city 
le i)lacc\ 
t TEtna', 
a shock 
arid had 
►li};ed to 
s;round^ j 
lent saw 

rkened^ ; 
ho shook 



<?/i«p. 5. Descriptive Pieces. g^ 



I Creation, 

N the progress of the Divine works^ i»nd eovemmcnr 
there arrived a period', in which ^w earth^was to brJ 

tiS from^U t"'^V ^ ^^^" ^'^« «'S"^» momenn ir^^^^^^^ 
linea trom all eternity', was come' the Deitv arose in hi* 
might;, and', with a word', createJ the world^ I^What an 
lUustrioiw moment was that', when', from non-existence' 
there prans atonr« into hc^n^, this m chtv clobe' on vSEh 
so many millions of creatures niw dweB^r ^^""^^ ' ''^ ^^"^** 

ei.'uuVmS:^."^K-- ^^^ No long 
done^: he oomnAnded'^tSdTt stood "st^^ threa^^N^a.' 

eaid'^ Let there be li^^ht' ; and there was iightV> * "'' 

,iJ i hen apjjeared the sea', and the dry land\ The monn 

tiiins rose', and the rivers flowed\ f he s , v aid moon'' 

tlSund^'' 'C ^"-^l" .f *^^ • i"^'''-^ and plLil^s^c" tl ed 
I ;.^ u rVi ^^^'^ '"'-N^.tlie earth\ and the waters', were 

4 Heam)eared', walking with countenance erect' and re 

g« , a,„| „I) the so.., of God; .liouSrjoyVi^ii'i'a: 


'.h!?lTJ ''r'" T"' ^i^*" '"■""•olenrc' orIove\-nr.I !« 
d..„oi -.ll H I r. !"■ fl- y/'"'''7!'<! i" the New Teatainenf to 

.",,>„' ,,i ' ' »fl' :«">»» wlucl. we ought lo hew towwd, 

1 '... V , c , ..,""•■'"?. '"'t '", «l>'''->|l"tive ideas .„-n;e„er.I 
"UK.toii iiu uoat.„{ 111 the hen. -, am leaviiiE the' a. 

:4Sied "I*.? ,'.:■;: ;";l"'T' «'.'•.•'' "!'«''"■'. -hich .„akes «, r..„t 

" '"o ■■ iJ^iii iavoici,ti»i ui ificu' or ilMviJI ' 

- - (iiO 







The Eiij^Ush Reader, 

Tart t. 

our fellow-creatures', without i)ronipting us to he of service 
to any\ 


bearanre\ }:ene.ro3ity\ conipaHSion^ aau iinpiamj , •"^'* V ; 
so m u y native stretim< From general j;ood.vvill to .U , t 
rxtnds is influence parUcularly to those wii whorn we 
S in nearest conne'xion', and who are directly within the 

'^'s'FVom Klmin^^ which wc belong', 

it IS tX Sler assoeialion/of neighbourhood;, re- 
t^:^^^Jrn.rM ; and spreads itself over the whole Circle 
of soeial and domest c e\ I metui not that it nnpoits a 


n uiu d X^^ our R)ve'. (Charity', if we sliouid endeavour 
ioZy o iL", would be rendered an inipraet.eable va- 
lue^ ami would resolve Itself hito mere uords, without 

"^^T^&'^^i^ notto shut our eyes to the dis- 

tin .tior7 bvl v^^^f good^ and bnd men' ; nor to warnri our 

ear s enua ly to those who befriend', ami those who wme 

^ irn rVes our esteem for f^'ood men', a.u our compla. 

ceney tU mn- lVieuds^ Towards vurenenV-.s', it inspires lor- 

e eiH'ssN humanity, and a soliritude for thejr weliare . It 

^;:>tu:^\.nivei^.rl ^ndovir' and lU>eral.ty « .^^ »-;;;^,,^ 
lonusge,ntlenessoftemp.n^andd,ctat.s .jitiMitv 41^^^^^^^ 

r, It prompts corresponding sympathies ^^ll*;" J^- 

r.]„iee' and tliem who w eep\ It teaches us i ^ it and dc 
muse no man\ Chanty is the com6>rter ot v. ilicted , me 
i»v oteX the oppres's^ reconciler of ditlerence. , tic 

Cc^f^.r tWofl?nd..^\ It is i"^thfulness nUhe Irjem , Pidv 
• snii-it in the magistrate\ iMiuity and patienee. m thejiid^c , 
oXJ^itionin the Sovereign', antl loyalty ni.thesuhje^^^^ 
Tlniv,rent4',itiseare/iu.d attention-, m children ids 
r.lre\e'a lsuhinission\ Ina woi;d',itiH the^e/ o Hocial 
fe* I isthc«.m that enlivens^ and cheers' tp thu Its of 
LV I is "like th. dew of H.rmon'," says the ^^f}^ 
" ndth'dlw that dese.-nd..d on the mountauis ot /mn , 
^£e c Lordcomiiianded the blessing-, even hie lor ever- 




Prosperity is redoubled to a f^ood viftn. 

^ - ' ^ " — •--^ 1 the vnluons', 

inir to its coin- 

•mj ONE hut the temperate\ the reguljir\ and 


)f service 

uirt', as A 
mv', t'or- 
, How Vis 
1 to -AW, it 
rlioni we 
vithiii the 

c bclong'i 
hood', re- 
ioIp circle 
imports a 
iwxy m:ui 
icabl« vlr J 
', witliout 

to the dis* 
warm our 
vho injure 
ir coiiipla* 
ispires ibr- 
rUar<.\ It 
iFTcnr. It 
t manners^ 
them ^vho 
ilictt'dN the 
rence^ , tlic 
m-m\\ pub- 
ld're.n% i( is 

^abudt's of 
i>. Fsahnist', 
iH of Zion% 
ife lor ever- 


lie virtuouR , 
r t') its coin- 

Chap, 5. Deicriptive Pieces, 85 

forts the manly rcnsh of asound^ uncorruptedmind\ Ther 

duTn^K PJ^'^'r P«'»t:'l>t'f^»'« enjoyment degenerates into 
dJsgusr, and pKiaaure is converted into pain\ They are 

^Kr'^j^*" ^r "'.*" com nlai nts which ilow from splcen\ caprice^ 
and all the fantastical distresses of a 7itiat(;d miiid\ While 
riotous indulgence', enenrates both the body^«nd the mind^ 
puritr and vnlue' heighten all the powers of human fruition\ 
Th. I mi "^^Va^ pleasures in which the heart has no shar(i\ 
The selfish gratifications of the bad', are both nmrowm their 
circle , and short m their duration\ But prosperity is re- 
doubled to a froodmm^, by his generous w^e of it\ ft is re- 
flected back upon him from every one whom he makes hannv^ 
In the intercourse of domestic aflection\ in theattjichmJnt of 
friends\ the gratitude of dependants\ the esteem^ and eood- 
Tver*^ side'^ ""^ ' ^^^ ^^^^ blessings multiplied on 

3 When the ear heard me', then it blessed me^ ; and when 
the eye saw me', it gave witness to me' : because I delivered 
the P»pr that cried;, tlie fatherless', and him that liad none to 
Help nim . 1 he blessing of him that was ready to perish came 
upon me , and I caused the widow's heart to sing with iov\ I 
J'fu "^^/'^ f^ ^'^^^ '*''"^'» ^"^ <*^^'^ ^v«s I to the lame^ : t was a 
cd o^ir "^ Po«i*' ; 'intlthe cause which I knew nof , 1 searcli- 

1 ^ y^T'' J^'^'H- ^^^« rijrhteous man flourishes like a tvce 
planted by the rivers of watei-' ' ' " 

ryiiivii »r.iuei3 us Diossoms to the wind', and < 
neither fruit' nor shade' to any living things : but like a tree in 
the midst of an inhabited country', which to some affords 
friendly sheltei", to others fruit^ ; which is not only admired 
f>y all for lis beauti/ ; but blessed by the traveller for the shade", 
ana by Uie himgrij tor tiie sustenance it hath given'. 



On the beauties of the Psalms. 

I^RE ATNESS confers no exemption from the cares* and 
V^ sorrows -f i.fe' its share of them', frequently bears a 






16 TIte English Reader. Parti, 

2 Composed upon particular occasionft\ yet clrsigned for 
general m*^^ ; dclivcreu out as servicM'S lor Isrnetites under tlie 
lMtv% yet no Icp^s adapted to the circumstances oWhiistians un- 
der the GospeP ; they prt»acnt religion to us in the moat enga- 
ging dress^; communicating truths which philosophy could never 
investigate', in a style which poetry ain never ecjual' ; while 
historii IS made the vehicle of prophec/, and crealion lends all 
its charms to paint the glories orredemption\ 

3 Calculated alike to profit and to please', they inform the 
(inderstanding\ elevate the affections', and entertain the im- 
agination'. Indited under the influence of him', to whom all 
hearts are known\ and all events foreknown', they suit man- 
kind in all situations^ ; grateful as the manna winch descended 
from ahove', and conformed itself to every palate\ 

4 The fairest productions of human wit', after a few peru- 

their hloom appears to be daily heightened' ; fresh odours are 
•mitted', and new sweets extracted from them\ He who has 
once tasted tlieir excellences", will desire to taste thorn again' ; 
And he who tastes them oftcuesf , will n^lish them heat'. 

5 And no'vv', could the author ilatter himself, that an?/ one 
would take halfWie pleasure in reading his work', which he 
has taken in wnting it', he Avould not fear the loys of his la- 


morning, i.« m^ i.cioi» , n.v onv.iv^ «. v..-.^ •••m"-» - 

to pursue it* ; and he can truly say', that ibuir and resf , \\ ere 
not })referred before it\ 

G Every psalm improved inftnitely upon his ac(piaintnncPi 
with if, and no one gave him uneasiness but the last' : for then 
he grieved that his work was done'. Happier hours than 
tliose which haVe been spent in these meditations on the songs 
©f Sion', he never expects to see in this world'. Very itlcas- 
antly did t!iey pass'; they moved smoothly' and swiftly along' i 
forwhen thusengaged', lie counted notinu?'. They aregone'; 
'ibut they have left a relishNjuKl a fragrance upon the inind'j 
and the remembrance of them is sweet', uoune. 

Character //Alfred, /ri/ig of E}ia;land, 

*T1IIE merit of this prince', both in private' and publleriiV, 
JL may', with advantage', btt g«t in opposition tu t^t of out 


Part 1. 

gned for 
ikUt tlie 

[)st pnga- 

Lild never 

h; uliile 

lends all 

form the 
the im- 
whom nil 
juit man- 

I'W ppni- 
lose their 
eome', as 
[lours are 
! who has 
Ti ix^Ain'' ; 
t any one 
vvhieli he 
of his la- 
istle' and 
yf\ Vuni- 
1 (li':(|uir- 
sh ;iH th« 
k'iied liim 
usf , \\ere 

: for then 
jurs than 
the 3on?s 
ry j»l(>as- 



lie iTiind' 


ublie liiV, 

€h(fp. 5, Descriptive Pieces, $Y 

JiionareU^ or nti'/en', which the annals of any ase\ or any 
nation , Can pre.;erit to us\ He s.'ems', indeed'? to be thi 
complete model of that perfect charactei--, which', under tho 

r^" ',, •" it^MM^r. wi ivcr stjcing 11 retiucea to practice. : so 

happi V were all his virtues tempered together : so justly 
weit: thty blei)ded' ;,and sp powerfully did mck prevent tho 
(iUitrh'oni exce.ednjg its jiroper l)ounds\ 

2 He kne.w how to conciliate the inqst entenmsing spirif 
With the coolest moderation^ ; the most obstinate persever- 
ance, witli the easiest /lexibility^ ; the most severe iustice', 
with the greatest lenity^ ; the. greatest rigour in command\ 
\yith the greatest aflabihty of deportment' ; the highest capa. 
city and inclination for science', with the most sliininjr tal- 
ents for action\ -^ 

s ^1 Kshould be set m the fairest light^ had bestowed on him 

.UI3 woiuiy 10 iransmit his tame to poaterity^; and we 
to see. him dcilineated in more lively colour9\ and with more 
paiUcuIar stiokes', that we mijrht at least perceive some of 
llios.^ smsill speclis^ and Idemisjies', from wl^ich', us a man'» i^ 
IS imposbiWc he could be tntinly exempted\ hums, 


dinradtr (/Queen Elizabeth. 

TTTET^E are few p(!rsonages in history', who have bee* 
more, exposed to the calumny olejM'mies\ and the adula- 
t;)n ot Inends', tlian queen Elizabeth' ; and yet there scarcely 
IS an/, wliost; re])utation has been more certainly determined 
by the uuanirnous consent of posterity\ The unusual length 
ol her adra.nistrarion\ and the stronj^- features of her charac- 


were able to overcome all pnjudiees^; und', obliging her 

detractors to abate much of their invectives', and her a'dinirerg 

', at l;»st', in sjute of polite 
, of religious animosities', pro- 

soi|;ewhat of their pan(;i»;yr}cs', have', at l;»st', in spite of polit 
I'-alhiclions', uid', what is more', «]''" '= - ' ' ^ 


iced 81 un)formJM4''/?icne with regard to her conduct.' 
^ IJ(U- vigour\her constancy', her magnaniniity\ her pen- 
k'ation',vigilance\andaddre3s',are alhswed to merit the high» 
Cbtpraiaea' ; andappearnottohave been surpassed by any per- 
son whn ever iilled a throne^ ; ;i conduct less rigorous', l-ss im- 
perious", more sincere, more indiili^e?;! to her s.ieonle'. wonM 
kav« btien r^fjuigitc to form a /?c?yed characttr\* Jjy the furui 

i )Aa\ 

• 'T'"Y"-"t"^'*^ 


The English Header* 

Tart 1. 



of her miod', she controlled all lier more «ictive\ and stronger 
i{u;ilitl«s5' , and prevented them from running into excess\ 

fJ Her heroism was exempted from all temerity^ ; her fru- 
gality', from avarice^ ; her friendship^ from partiality' ; her 
entefpriso", from turhulency' and a vain ambition\ She {guar- 
ded not herself, with equal care\ or equal success', from less 
infirniities^ ; the rivalahip of beautj\ the desire of admiration^ 
the jealousy of love', and the sallies of angcr\ 

4 Her singular talents for governmehf, were founded 
equally on her temper' and on her capacity\ Endowed with 
a great command over herself, she soon obtained an uncon- 
trolled ascendency over thepeople\ Few sovereigns of Eng- 
land succeeded to the throne in more difficult circumstances'; 
and none ever conducted the government with so uniform 
success' and feUcity\ 

5 Though unacquainted with the practice of toleration', 
the true secret for managing religious factions', she preserved 
her people', bv her superior prudence', from those confusions 
in which theological controversy had involved all the neigh- 
bouring^ natibns^ ; and though her enemies were the most 
power nil princes of Europe', the most active\ the most en- 
terprising\ the least scrupulous', she was able', by her vigour', 
to make deep impressions on their state^ ; her own greatness 
meanwhile remaining untouched' and unimpaired\ 

G The wise ministers^ and brave men' who flourished dur- 
ing her reign', share the praise of her success'' ; but', instead 
of lessening the applause due to her', they make great addi- 
tion to it\ They owed', all of them', their advancement to 
her choice^ ; they were supported by her constancy' ; and', 
with all their ability', they were never able to acquire an undu* 
ascendency over her\ 

7 In her family\ in her court\ in hor kingdom', she remain- 
ed equally mistress\ The force of the tender passions' was 
great over her', but the forcfe of her miud was ctill superior^ : 
and the combat which her victory visibly cost her', serves 
only to display the firmness of her resolution', and the lofti- 
ness of her amoitious sentiments\ 

8 The fame of this jprincess', though it has surmounted the 


which we survey hei*', is capable either of exalting beyond 
mcjisure', or diminishing the lustre of her charactor\ This 
prejudice is founded on the consideration of hei* sex\ 

9 When we contemplate her as a woman*, we are apt to 

lift fitriiplf Wifh i\\t* hiorViMcf arlryiii'Ttirkn "f Vtt\f nimlifinc!^ nviA 

(10 c) 


Tart 1. 

her fru- 
ty' ; her 
be f^uar- 
rom less 

red with 
I uncon- 

i neigh- 
le most 
lost en- 

led dur- 
it addi- 
ment to 
^' ; and', 
n unduft 

9ns' was 
perior'' : 
le lofti- 

ited the 
1 expo- 
»^iews in 
, Tliis 

» apt to 

Chap. 5, Descriptive Pieces, S9 

extensive capacity^ ; but we are also apt to require some 
more softness of disposition\ some greater lenity of temper\ 
some of those amiable weaknesses' by w hich her sex is dis- 
tinguished\ But the true method of estimating her merif, 
IS , to lay aside all these considerations', and to consider her 
merely as a ratioi*! being', placed in authority', and intrusted 
with the government of mankind\ hums. 


The slavery of vice, 

THE slavery produced by vice', appears in the depend- 
ence under which it brings the sinner', to circumstances 
of external lortune\ One of the favourite characters of lib- 
erty^ is the independence it bestows\ He who is truly a 
freeman', is above all servile compliances', and abject subjec- 
tion\ He IS able to rest upon himself^ ; and Avhile he regr-rds 
his superiors with proper deference', neither debases himself 
hy cnnging to them', nor is tempted to purchase their favour 
by clisiionourable means\ But tiie sinner has forfeited every 
privilege of this nature\ •"'. 

2 His passions^ awd habits', render liim an absolute depend- 
ant on the world', and the world's favoui-; on the uncertain 
goods of fortune', and the fickle humours of men\ For it is 
by these he subsist»\ and among these his happiness is 
sought , according as his passions de<ermine him to pursue 
|)ieasures\ riches', or preferments\ Having no fund within 
Inmselt Avhence to draw enjoyment', his only resource is in 
tilings without\ His hope's^ and lears' all hang upon the 
world\ ^ He partakes in all its vicissitudes' ; and is shaken by 
every wind of fortune\ This is to be', in the strictest sense', 
a slave* to tlie Avorld\ 

3 Religion^ and virtue', on the other hand', confer on the 
iiiiiid principles of noble independence\ " The upright man 
13 satisfied from hipis<lf\" He despises not the advantages 
ol fortune', but he centres not his happiness in them\ With 
a moderate share of them', he can be contented^ ; and con - 
te^iitment', U felicity\ Haj»py in his own integrity^ conscious 
ol the esteem of good men\ rejiosing firm trust in the provi- 
a«nce\ and the promises of God', he is exempted from ser- 
vile dependjence on other things\ 

4 He can wrap liimself up in a good conscience', and look 
forwnrd', without terror', to the change of tlie world\ Let 
all things fluctuate around him as ''ley please', he; believes 



U2 (I7a) 


The Etiglish Rea(7cr» 

Fart 1. 




|! -I 


he can be easy in every state\ One wlio possnssrs within 
himself such un establishment nf mind', is truly free\ 

5 But shall I call that man free/, w ho has nothing that is hit 
own', no property assured' ; whose very heju-tis not his own', 
but rerxdered the appendage of external things', and 1h« 
sport of fortune'? Is that man free', let his outward condition 
be ever so splendid', whom his imperious passions', detain at 
their call', whom they send forth at thvir pbNisure', to drudge 
and toil', and to be«j;>his only enjoyment from the casualties 
of the world'? 

6 Is lie free', who must flatter and lie to compass his ends'; 
who must bear with tliis man's caprice/, and that man'i 
scorn' ; must profess friendsliip wh(>re he hates', and respect 
where he contemns' ; who is not at lilM-rty to appear in his 
own colours', nor to speak his own sentiments' ; who darei 
not be honest', lest he should be poor' ! 

7 Believe it', no cheins hind so hard\ no fetters are so 
Jieavy', as those which fasten the corrupted heart to this 
treaclierous world^ ; no dependtMiee ia more contemptible 
than that under which the voluptuous', the covetous', or the 
ambitious man', lies to the means of pleasure\ K:»»n'> or pow- 
er\ Yet this is the bonsted lihertv', which vice promiu's', as 
the recompense of setting us free fi-om tlie salutary restraints 
pfvirtue\ jjLAin. 


The man ofint\2;nti;. 

IT will not tnke much time t- Iciin'eatc the cliaractcr of 
the mr»n of ititegrity, as by itf. ..ntutv it is a plain one, and 
easily understood. He is one who niak«>R it his constant rule 
to follow the road of duty, atcordins; as the word of God, and 
the voice of his conscience, point it out to him. He is not 
guided merely by aflections, which i^iay sometimes give the 
colour of virtue to a loose and unstable ciiarneter. 

2 The upright man is guid«^d by a Wxi'A principle of mind, 
"which determines him«'em notliinj; hut what is lio^oura- 
ble;and to abhor whatever is base or unworthy, in moral con- 
duct Hence we find him ever the s;une ; at all timi!S, tlie trus- 
ty friend, the affectionate relation, the conscientious man of 
))usiness, the pious worshipper, the public sj/u-ite^ citizen. 

3 He assumes no borrowed appearance. He seeks no 
mask to cover him ; for he acts no studied part ; but he is 
indeed what he appears to be, full of truth, candour and hu- 
manity. In all his pursuits, he knows no path but the fair 
and direct one ; and would much rather fail of success, t\mit 
attain it by reproachful means. 



Dcsmpltvc Pieces* 



Rinilinj; countenance, "while ho 


4 He never shows us a 
Tn"(liti«(ea evil acaiuHt us iu his heart. IJe never praises us 
nmmyfi our fricmlH ; and then j<iin3 in traducing us among our 
en<^?nh's. We shall never fiiid one part of Ins character at 
Tariaue.' witii another. I n his manners, he is simple and unaf- 
Iccted ; in all his proctt dings, open and consistent.— blaie, 



I BEGIN witii d!stlnj;!iisirmf!; true gentleness from passive 
tfimenesH of spirit, and from unlimited compliance withtho 
manners of oth^TS. That passive tameness, which suhmits, 
wilhoul opposition, to ever}r encroachment of the violent an<4 
asHtunmg, f»>rms no part of ehiMian duty ; .ut, on the con- 
tniry, is destructive of general happiness and order. That 
uiiliinit*Ml complaisance, which, on every occasion, falls h\ 
"With tJH' opinions and manners of otliers, is so far from 
l»<'in;^ a virtue, that it is itself a vice, and tile parent of many 
vicos. •* 

!i It overthrown all steadiness of principle ; and produces 
that sinful conforinity with the worUl, which taints the whol^ 
c!)arac(:er. In the present corrupted state of hiunan man- 
ners, always to nissent, and to comply, is the very worst max- 
i?n we can adopt. It is impossihlc to support the purity and 
<li;;nity of clinstian morals, without op^^osing the world on 
various occjisions, even though we shotdd stand nlone. 

.'5 That gentl<'n«'ss therefore which htlongs to virtue, is to he 
'"irofiilly distill- uish«'d from the mean spirit of cowards, and 
the fawning assrnt of sycophants. It renounces no just right 
from iriw. It gives up no important truth from flattery. It 
h ind<'»'d not only consistent with a firm mind, uut it necessarily 
r(Mjuin>s a manly spirit, and a fixed principle, in order to give 
it any r»^al value. Upon this solid ground only, the polish of 
genth'ness can with advantage he superinduced. 

4 It stands opposed, not to the most determined regard for 
virtue and truth, hut to harshness and severity, to pride and 
;>rrogMnce, to violence and oppression. It is properly, that 
part of the great virtue of charity, which makes us unwilling ' 
to give pain to any of our lirethren. Compassion prompts us 
to relieve their wants. Forbearance prevents us from retalia- 
ting tJieir injuries. Meekness rcsirains our angry passions ; 
candour, our severe judgments. 

5 Ge.ntleness corrects whatever is ofTensive in our man- 
ners ; and by a constant train of humane attentions, studies 
to alleviate the burden of common mis«?ry. Its office, there- 
fore, is extensive, it is not, like som(^ other virtues, callftd 













S 1^ 12.0 


*- .. 


1.25 1.4 


^ ^" _ 









^^'>* .^ 








(716) 872-4503 

















W T/ie Englisli Reader, Fart I, 

forth oniv on peculiar emergoncies ; but it is continually in 
action, when we are enj^aged in intercourse with men. It 
ought to form our address, to regulate our speech, and to dif- 
fuse itself over our whole b^^haviour. 

6 We must not, however, confound this gentle "wisdom 
which is from above," with that artificial courtesy, that studied 
smoothness of manners, which is learned in the school of the 
world. Such accomplishments, the most frivolous and empty 
may possess. Too often tliey are employed bv the artful, as 
a snare ; too often affexted by the hard and unfeeling, as a 
cover to the baseness of their minds. We ciuinot, at thesame 
time, avoid observing the homage, which, even in such instan- 
ces, the world is constrained to pay to virtue. 

7 In order to render society agreeable, it is found necessary 
to assume somewhat, thtit may at least carry its appearance. 
V^irtue is the universal charm. Even its siiadow is courted, 
when the substance is wanting. The imitation of its form 
has been reduced into an art ; and in the commerce of life, 
the first study of all who would either gain the esteem, or 
win the hearts of others, is to learn the speech, and to adopt 
the manners, of candour, gentleness, and humanity. 

But that gentleness which is t!ie characteristic of a good 
man, has, like every other virtue, its seat in the heart ; and, 
let me add, nothing except what fiows from the heart, can 
render even external manners truly pleasing. For no assum- 
ed behaviour can at all times hide the real character. In that 
unaffected civility which springs from a jr* ntle mind, tiiere is 
u charm infiniMy more powertui, than iif all tlie atudied man- 
ners of the ;nost finislied courtier. 

9 True gentleness is founded on a sense of what we owe 
to HIM who made us, and to the common nature of which we 
all sliare. It arises from reflections on our own fi;iiings and 
wants ; and from just views of the coudltion, and tlieduty of 
man. It is native feeling, heightened and improved by prin- 
ciple. It 13 the ht;art which easily relents ; which feeis fop 
every thing tiiat is human ; and is backward and blow to inflict 
the least wound. 

10 It is alfable in its dress, and mild in its demeanour : ever 
ready to oblige, and willing to be obliged by others ; breath- 
ing habitual kindness towards friends, ctjurtesy to strangers, 
long-sulfi'ring to enemies. It exercises authority with mode- 
ration ; administers reproof with tenderness ; confers tavours 
with ease and modesty. It is unassuming in opinion, and 
temperate in zeal. It contends not eagerly about trilles ; alow 
to contradict, and still slower to blame ; but prompt to ailay 
aisjsen ( i>n, and restore peace. ^ 

( 20 ) 


fart 1. 

lually in 
nen. It 
»d to dif- 

t studied 
ol of the 
d empty 
artful, as 
ng, as a 
1 instan- 

its form 
! of life, 
eem, or 
o adopt 

r a good 
't ; and, 
art, can 
In that 
tiiere is 
id man- 

\ve oyrQ 
hich we 
iigs and 
duty of 
►y pri)i- 
'eeia for 


ir ; ever 

1 mode- 
m, ai}d 
s ; alow 
to aila^ 


Chap, Cu Pathetic Pieces* §f 

1 1 It neither intermeddles unnecessarily with the affairs', nor 
pries inquisitively into the secrets of others. It delights above 
all things to allevia<:e distress ; and, if it cannot dry up the 
falling tear, to sooth at least the grieving heart vMiereit 
has not the power of heing useful, it is never burdensome. It 
seeks to please, rather than to shine and dazzle; and con- 
ceals with care that supejiiority, either of talents or of rank, 
which is oppressive to those who are beneath it. 

tenor of manners, 
"t commands us, 
with those who 
rejoice, and to weep with those who weep ; to please every 
one his neighbour for his good ; to be kind and tender-heart- 
ed; to be pitiful and courteous ; to support the weak, andtd 
be patient towards all men." bi<air« 




Trvd and execution of the Earl of Strafford, who fell a 
sacrifice to the violence of the times, in the reign of 
Charles the First. 

THE earl of Strafford defended himself against the accusa- 
tions of the house of Commons', with all the presence of 
mind\ judgment', and sagacity', that could be expected from 
innocence' and ahility\ His children were placed beside him' 
as he was thus defending his life', and the cause of his royal 
ma8ter\ After he had', in a long and eloquent .ai)eech', de- 
livered w iihout premeditation', confuted ail the accusations of 
his en^^niies', he tims drew to a conclusion\ ' 

S " But', my lords', I have, troubled you too long^ : longer 
than I should have done', but for the sake of these dear 
pledges', wliieh a saint in heaven has left me\" — Upon this 
nepaiiised'; dropped a tear''; looked upon his children', and pro- 
ceeded". — " What 1 forfeit for m j oif , is a trirte" : that m indis- 
cretions should reach my posterity', wounds me to the iieart\ 

3 IV'irdon my infirmity'. — Something I should have added', 
but 1 am n(tt able* ; and therefofe I let it pass'. And row', my 

the Utmost tranquiHily', I submit myseff to yonrjud^mcnf j 
"whi'ther that judgment be life' or death': not in'?/ wiU', but 
4 liis eloquence' and innocence', induced tliosc judges to 



^^ ' TIic Engm Reoflcr. Part I 

but bis blood coud^^^'thV nZT'' ':-T^- ' *"^^ "«t^"»'S 

mained but for t p k^n"«!f ?^P' ''''"nent^; and notbiiig re- 
taiMder>. ^ ' "^ ^^ ^^*'''' ^'^ *^«=^^^«t to tbe bijj o^fat- 


mislit attend" bis rS^ f'h .^1 ^' i""""^ '"»^»'"''"t d^n^cr 
Stnarordteider^ luS^^^ ^^T^^^" ' '^'^^*^ ^^^^^ 

every expedient ^to pu' fffo' dl l^ran '^m^'''' Kl'^^ 
signing the warrant Vor liis i.xecS " Wh . h ' ''' ^^''^ '^ 
in th s ajiltation of mJnHv . «.i I V ^^^^"^ "^ continued 
were at RsSnced b^^^^^^ of suspens.', bis doubt» 

condemned lo-d* ^ ^ ^"^ ^'^^'^ magnanimity in Uid 

cle'irh!g%hrbi:1ife^Stt^^^^^^^ unfortunate nobleman', 
concililtion Ut^tThfl^^^^^^r.^ to .obtain re-' 


bur ep id bi l^^m^^^^^^^^^ "^ 'f^"" ^H>erosit:^, w;.^ 

Ho consen ed to si^rf?hl^r^^^^ who complied with his reqiest\ 
l-ord was KeS o ^7 W ^rT''-^'""' '• f "^ ^^raf- 

composed digniyoisoluhw'wi^h^''''"'''"*^ ''''^^} ^" that 
cimracter\ ^ ^ ' ^^'^'"tion , wjiich was expected from Ixif 


T T u*^/^ *''**"«'*' t«^ancc of tme fortitude, 

«ct.-d th.'ir xv .i? =,: '^"''""' »'» Ptnlousaituat ons', huv» 
!n tho apostle PauKwtet wMn,„T ,'="™l'"^"-" «*""P'« 

his^n^SaTi hhS r:' t" jt.?r'''^ ■"■.""' 9-«"=^'' 

that he «;« to encounter^the uh» !riT ', '^'^ei-c he knew 
mie9\ J(ist before h..a,.t ,•,!?' i.i ? v mlencc of his cut- 
of his favourite Sci^atpf;''" ''■'' ^'4 '»S««her tlie .Jdcr, 
which do.:s i^reat honour to Zh.U'"1'i." " P«hetic3pe,.ch' 
farewells KnlvXte 1 hv .h • "'''"^•.Br*' them ks last 
danger, to "hicf .Tuf^af ^^^ ^ :;;'-,^;:*''s« "l the .■.rtai„ 
were fill«d with distress-, anil melted iito, .'an '''" '"'''"'''?' 

Chap* G, 

Pathetic Pieces. 

hiug re- 

moreV'-WlatWT tbo'n :^. ,^y should see his f„„ „„ 
•^2 u l'".T""'' "!"l"""ted mi„d\ 

"•lu tuui'-. ons a hide tnp^ ii!«f .. •'\.:y"b> "mt uimius- 

«e- neitlu.. conn l:ny life d^^^ ^^g? "^«v« 

finish my roni-so Avith iW nnH^^^ iTiynHP, so that I might 

of Ood\" •'''^"'* » *^' ^^'^t'O^ the gospel of the grac* 

of> teml liS.l|!:;r'^ji^'^- '-^f^^^ the spirits 
it is to shrink from nS? whU'/ "?''" ^""^"« "*>t wJiat 

P^th\ In that pa?h Cfs d^t^ mhiedrw!:r.? ^"'"1' "'^' '"* 
quonces bo uhat thev m-iv^ Tm! I. ' '' ^ ^he conse- 

behavionrofthatLreft-m;.^;' "' 7''? th« magnanimous 
distress' full i„ viX\ ^ ' '''^''^" ^^^ ^^^ persecution^ and 


tlie maje.sty\ and the e ,1' f " approached' ; and re,))arlf 

"Inm non- R.ady o 1^ offV« ^'^f 'J^^^ooked on death\ 


[^•11 "Pon us with tiS 1 .'^i^/tpr isurf U ^7 

l)y many consolations to whi..h AhI ' '^ lij?htcns the load 

^■Hlm^Stra^e^iS^a|^^^^^^^ ^'l'i'» 

1 h.. hand of an Vm nded soieZni^ r^^ *'^">^ ^''^^ ^'«'ted', 
V1.MV tlun^ ^i» th« wlJ inS 1^ ' Christrans are taugiit to 
I'atUr>r\ '^"^^^^^^'-•"ttJnd^a chastisement* ofameruful 



Part 1. 

#6 The Enf^Ush RenJcr. 

2 They hear amidst thorn', that still voire 1^•hich a good 
conscience brinira to th«'ir far' : " Fc«r not', for I anuvith theo^: 
be not (lismayoa', for 1 uip thy God\" They »l>ply to them- 
ielves the comfortal)I<» promises with which tlie gospel 
aboundsN They discover in these the happy issue decreed 

to their troul>lt'3 , and wait with paticni 

■ Diippy 

I'e till rv 

ovidcnci>. shall 

have accomplished its ^rcat'and good desiji;ns^. 

5 In tlie mean time', Devotion opens to them its blessed 
and holy sanctuary' : that sanctuary in wliich the wounded 
heart is healed', and the weary mind is at rest' ; where Uia 
«!ares of the world are forjijotteir, where its tumults are hush- 
ed', and its miserit^s disappear' ; whert^ {greater ohjiicts open 
to our view than any winch the world presents'*; where a 
more s«!rene sky shines', and a sweeter and calni^jr lig^t 
beams on thealllicted heart'. 

4 In tliose moments of devoiion', a pious man', pouring 
out his wants' and sorrows' to an Almighty Supp^rteK, feels 
that he is not left solitary' and forsaken in a vale of wo\ 
God is with him' ; Christ' and the Holy Spirit' are with him^ ; 
•nd though he should he b«u'(»aved of every friend on earth', 
he can look up in hoaVen to a Friend that will never desert 
kim'. DLAiR. 


The close of life. 

WHEN we contemplate the close of life' ; the termination 
of man's di>signs' and hopes' ; the silence that now 
reigns among those who', a little while ago', win^ so busy', or 
•o gay' ; who can avoid being touched with sensations at 
once awful' and tender'? What luart but then warms with 
the glow of Innnanity' ? In whost^ (*ye doi's not th(' l(«ar gath- 
er', on revolving the fjvte of passing' and sliort-lived man'? 

2 Behold the poor \an who lays down ut last tlie burden 
<jf his wearisome lii. No more shall he groan uiuier the 
load of poverty and toil'. No moi'e shall he ijeju* the insolent 
calls of the mastei*', from whom he rj'ceived his scanty wages'. 
No more sliall he be raised from needful slumber <hi his bed 
of straw', nor be hurried away fr(»m his homely unjaj', to 
undergo the rtu)eated labours of'the day'. 

3 While his humble grave is |)repannf;\ and a few poor and 
decayed neighbours are carrying liim thither', it is good fur 
us to think', that this man too was (uir brotinn*' ; that for him 
the aged'and destitute wife', and the. needy childien', now 
weep^ ; thaf , neglect^Ml as he was by the Wiirld', be possessed', 
pcrhnps', hoth a soniul understanding', and a worthy heart' ; 
dnd it (10 w carried by (Migvls to rest in Abrahiun'g bo«ora' 

Part I. 

Ich a good 
ivitli theu'': 
y to thurn- 
lio gospel 
10 (iccreeU 
Icnct! shall 

its blessed 
wliere th© 
I arc hu»h- 
c;cts open 
; where a 
liii^r light 

', poiirinf; 
iti-r', IVu'ls 
ilo of wo\ 
vith him^ ; 
on earth', 
vvv desert 


! ( liat now 
i> busy\or 
satiotis at 
:irms with 
\ mail"? 
le l>urden 
under the 
u' insolent 
III his ned 
' luijal", to 

^ poor and 
pjnoil for 
it fiyr him 
len', now 
\y heart' ; 
a l>o«oni" 

Chap.t. ' Pathetic Pieces. gf 

4 At no ^'reat distance from liim', the trravo is onenecS in 
receive the neh'aud proud nian\ For', «h It is suid whh^m 

they accrelerated his doL^ ThJn^ X{' " ?mm^^^^^^^^^ 
go about the streets' ;" and^ whi!e,'ln all the nom > a 1^^ 
nificenceof wa', hjs funcraliH pre|mringVi^BrSjm affi 
to examine Ins will' are lookihg «>n one another wXi- 

-■■ * - '* *^'l 

- . _ — p, ..v^.iiaii, ui liiuommK loriirand nromiMin»/h« 

numerous,unconeerned company^ who are distour^h,^ ♦» 
one another about the news of the davN or (h»^)rdin«rv2ir« 
of life', ct our thoughts ratluu- iullow^ he house X^^ 
inr,and representtS themselves what is L^^^^^ 

( There w,.Hhould see a disconsolate 1 mUv' s tinir'in si 

„ J. ^"V"';:'- ''"r. w- Wloiv to the «,„v..-, „„e « m' m oH 

"«'^ axsv.u liiiuiiies' ana Kindren ' r «»• -mH r.iiix u r 

« After all he has In^held', his eves an* now ,.Ia«o^ r 
«l ranks^ «n. ronditio.,;', "one ceneratirpLrlh' 2l «„' 

uated and r< 
O vaiu 

I . I 1^ , ' """^ &"'"»•«"•' la liv I urns evac« 

'l>len,shcd'', by troops of succeeding 1.11^^-^11,7 



^^ The English Reader. Parti, 

We, Wlien will the sons of men learn to think of thee as 
they oujght^'? When will they learn humanity from the afflic- 
tions of their brethren'; or moderation^ and wisdom', from 
the sense of their own fugitive state' ? blair. 


Exalttd sociebjj and (Ha renewal of virtuous connexion^, two 

sources of future fcliciUj, 
ESIDES the felicity which springs from perfect \oirt\ 
.u ^."^ y"^^ ^^^^ circumstances which particularly enhance 
the blessodness of that "multitude who stand before the 
throne^ ;" these are', access to the njost exalted society', and 
renewal of the most tender connexions\ The former is point- 
ed out in the Scrinture', by "joining the innumerable compa- 
ny of angels , and the general assembly and church of the 
first-born- by sitting down with Abraham\ and Isaac\ and 
Jacob ,m the kingdom of hcj'ven';" a promise which opens 
tne subhmest prospects to the human mind\ 

2 It allows good men to entertain the hope', thaf, sopara- 
ted from all the dre^s of the human mass', from that mixed 
and polluted <^rowd m the midst of which they now dwell', 
thev shall be permitted to mingle withprophetH\ patriarchs' 
and apostles^- with all those great and illuslrious spirits', who 
have shone m former ages as the servants of God', or the ben- 
elactors of men' ; wliose deeds we are accustomed to cele- 
brate' ; wnose steps we now follow at a distance' : and whose 
names we pronounce with veneration'. 

3 United to this high assembly', the blessed', at the same 
time , renew those ancient connexions with virtuous friends', 

of this 

1. z -- \ •" "'v,.ii„ c, . X- Kii of all the 
, uch we are here doomed to endure', none is so 
bitter as tliat occasioned by the fatal stroke which separates 
Us , m appearance for evei-', frf>m tiiose to whom either nature^ 
or iriendship' had intimately joined our hearts'. 

4 Memory', from time to time', renews the anguish'; opens 
the wound which seemed once to have been closed' ; and', by 
recalling joys that are past and goiie', touches every spring of 
painful sensibility'. In these agoniziiu- moments', how reliev- 
ing the thought', that the separation is only temporary', not 
eternar, that there is a time to come of re-union with those 
with whom our hfuppiest days were spent' ; whose io\'s' and 
sorrows' once were^jurs'; whose piety' and virtue' che.ered' and 
encouraged us'; and from whom'alter we shall have landed 
•u the peaceful shor« whero they dwell', no revolutions of 


Part 1. 

of th«e as 
the afflic- 
m'^ from 


vioni, two 

feet loire'', 
'( enhance 
efore the 
iety', and 
p is point- 
le compa- 
ch of the 
?aac\ and 
ich opens 

f, sopara- 
lat luixed 
w dw«lK, 
rits', who 
r the ben- 
to cele- 
id whose 

the same 
; friends'', 
ct of this 
of all the 
ne is so 
ir nature^ 

1^ ; opens 
; and', by 
spring of 
w rehev- 
'ary\ not 
ith those 
oys^ and 
e landed 
itions of 

Chap, 6. 

Pathetic Pieces, 


nature shan ever be able to part us more^ ! Such is the society 
of the b essed above\ Of such are Uie multitude composed', 
who " stand before the throne\" ulaik, 


The clemency and amiable character of tJte patriarch Joseph. 

NO human character exhibited in the records of Script 
ture, 13 more remarkable and instructive than that of 
the patriarch Joseph. He is one whom we behold tried in 
all the vicissitudes of fortune ; from the condition of a slave. 

proved by strong temptations, Avhich he honourably resisted. 

2 When thrown into prison by the artifices of a false wo- 
man, his integrity and prudence soon rendered him conspicu- 
ous, even m that dark mansion. When called into the prtj- 
sence of Pharaoh, the wise and extensive plan which he form- 
jd for saving the kingdom from the miseritis of impending 
famine, justly raised him to a high station, wherein his abili- 
ties were eminently displayed in the public service. 

3 But m his whole liistoix there is no circumstance so 
striking and interesting, as his behaviour to his brethren who 
had sold him into slavery. The moment in which he raado 
himself known to them, was the most critical one ofhis life, 
and Uie most decisive of his character. It is such as rarely 
occurs in the course of human events ; and is calculated to 
draw the highest attention of all who are endowed with anr 
degree of sensibility of heart. ^ 

4 From th' whole Jenour of the narration, it appears, that 
though Josepli, upon the arrival of his brethren m E^vot 
made himseir strange to them, yet, from the beginning, l?e in' 
tended to discover himself; and studied so to conduct the dis- 
covery as might render the surprise of joy complete. For 
this end, by Acted severity, he took measures for bringins 
dowrynto Egypt all his father's children. ^ * 
f}.L^^^ u""''^ now arrived there; and Benjamin among 
the rest, who was iis younger brother by thti same mbtheF, 
and was particularly beloved by Jokeph.^ Him he threaten- 
T?hL ; • i'"l''"'^ seemed willing to albw the rest to depart. 
Ihis incident renewed their distress. Tlie- all knew their 
father's extreme anxiety about the saf# of Benjamin, and 
journey '^ ^"^ had yielded to Ss undertaking ?hS 
ihft ^hf[^ ^t 1^'' P^'^^vented from returning, they dreaded 

iUatSnei would ov<>rnrkiv<i<. fh.. r^lrl .- 5- „°?„!,.- r.j ^ 



100 The Englist Reader. , Part h 

fafil to his life. Judah, therefore, who had particularly 
urged the necessity of Benjamin's accompanyinghis brothers 
and had solemnly pledpjed himself to their father for his safe 
return, craved, upon this occasion, an audienceof the gover- 
nor; and gave him a full account of the circumstances of 
Jacob's family. 

7 Nothing can be more interesting and pathetic than this 
discourse of Judah. Little knowing to whom he spoke, he 
pamts in all the colours of simple and natural eloquence, the 
distressed situation of the aged patriarch, hastening to the 
close of life ; long afflicted fortheloss ofa favoim'te son, whom 
he supposed to have been torn in pieces by a beast of prey * 
labouring now under anxious concern about his youngest 
son, the child of his old age, who alone was left alive of his 
mother, and whom nQjthing but the calamities of severe fam- 
me could have moved a tender father to send from home, and 
expose to the dangers ofa foreign land. ' 

e "If we bring him not back with us, we shall bring down 
the gray hairs of thy servant, our father, with sorrow to the 
grave. I pray thee therefore let thy servant abide, instead of 
the young man, a bondman to our lord. For how shall I go 
up to my father, and Benjamin not with me ? lest I see the 
evil that shall come on my father." 

9 Upon this relation, Joseph could no longer restrain him- 
*f['. The tender ideas of his father, and his father's house, 
of his ancient home, his country, and his kindred, of the dis- 
tress of his family, and his own exaltation, all rushed too 
strongly upon his mind to bear any farther concealment. 
"He cried, Cause every man to go out from me : and he wept 
aloud." ■ ^ 

|0 Tlie tears which he shed were not the tears of grief. 
They were the burst of affection. They were the effusions 
of a heart overflowing with all the tender sensibilities of na- 
ture. Fornierly he had been moved in the same manner, 
when he first saw bis brethren before him. « His bowels 
yearned upon them ; he sought for a place where to weep. 
He went into his chamber ; and then washed his face and 
returned to them." 

1 1 At that period, his generous plans were not completed. 
But now, when there was nojarther occasion for constraining 
himself, he gave free vent to the strong emotions of his heart 
The first minister to the king of Egypt was not ashamed to 
ehow, that he felt as a man and a brother. " He wept aloud j 
and the Egyptians, and the house of Pharaoh heard him." 

12 The first words which his swelling heart allowed him 
to pronounce, are the most suitable to sucli an affecting situa^t 

(23c) " 

Part K 

3 brothers, 
or his safo 
the gover- 
itances yf 

: than this 
spoke, he 
lence, the 
ing to the 
on, whom 
t of prey ; 
hve ofhis 
vere fam- 
lome, and 

iiig down 
►w to the 
instead of 
shall I go 
I see the 

rain him- 
'a house, 
f the dis- 
shed too 
I he wept 

of grief, 
?s of na- 
J bowels 
to weep, 
["ace anc| 

is heart 
amed to 
t aloud i 
ved him 
1^ situa-i; 

Chap, 6. Pathetic Piece9? lOX 

tion that TN^re tjver uttered;— « I am Joseph ; doth my fath- 
er yet live ?"— What could he, what ought he. in that impas- 
Fvjned momont, to have said more? This is the voice of na- 
ture herselt^ sptaking her own language ; and it penetratef 
the heart : \m pomp of expression ; no parade of kindness : 
but stron^r atitction hastening to utter what it strongly felt. 

13 *'His bretliren could not answer him ; for they were^ 
troubled at his presence." Their silence is as expressive o. 
those emotions of repentance and shame, which, on this ama 
zing discovery, filled their breasts, and stopped their utter- 
ance as the few words which Joseph speaks, are express- 
ive of the generous agita; ions which stryggled for vent within 

14 IVo painter L-ould seize a more striking moment for dis- 
playing tiie chaiacieristical features of the human heart, than 
what IS here presented. Never was there a situation of more 
tender and virtuous joy, on the one hand ; nor, on the other, 
of more overwhelming confusion and conscious guilt. In the 
simple narration of the sacred historian, it is set before us 
with greater ener-y and higher efiect, than if it had been 
wrought up with all the colouring of th^. most admired mod- 
fci-n eloquence. blair. 



ThefoUoiving account of an affecting, mournful exit,in related 

by Dr. loungy ivko was present at the melancholy seem. 
rpHE sad evening before the death of the noble youth, 
JL whose last hours suggested the most solemn an^ -.rf ' 
reflections, I was with him. No one was present, 
pnysician, and an intimate whom he lovecf and \ ^ 
had ruuied. At my coming in, he said, « You and . . 
sician, are come too late. I have neither life nor hopt 
both aim at miracles. You would raise the dead ! ''^ 

2 Heaven, I said, was mercifuK-« Or," exclaimed he,—" 1 
could not have been thus guilty. What has it not done to 
bless and to save me !~-I have been too strong for Omnipo- 
tence! I have plucked down ruin." 1 said, the blessed 

Redeemer,—" Hold ! hold ! you wound me !— That is tho 
rock on which I split :— 1 denied his name !" 

3 Refusing to hear any thing from me, or ^ake any thina? 
Irom the physician, he lay silent, as far as sudden darts of pain 
would permit, till the clock struck : Then with vehemence he 
exclaimed, «Oh! time! time! it is fit thou shouldst thu» 
ptrike thy murderer to the heart !— How art thou fled for 
ever!— A month! Oh, for a single week! I ask not for 


The EnglUh Reader, 


■pi I ■ 


years ! though en age were too little for the mucli I have to 

4 On my saying, we could not do too much: that heaven 

was a hli ssed place " So muc li thi^ worse.— Tis lost ! 'tis 

lost !■— Heaven is to me the severest part of hell ! " Soon after, 
[ proposed prayer,—" Pray you that can, I never pravt«d. I 
cannot pray— nor need I. Is not heaven on my sitfe afready ? 
It closes witJi my conscience. Its severest strokes hut second 
my own." 

6 Ohserving that his friend was mucli touclicd at this, even 
to tears— (wIk) could forbear? I couid not)— with a moat 
Hflectionatelook, he said, "Keep those tears for thyself. I 
have undone tliee.— Dost t^iou weep for me ? That is cruel, 
What can pain me more ?" 

6 Here his friend, too much affected, would have left him.r- 
•' No, stay— thou sti!! mayst hope ; therefore hear me. How 
madly have 1 talked ! Huw madly hast thou listened and be- 
hev»,'d ! hut look on m\ present state, as a full answer to IIhm*, 
and to myself. Thisjiody is all weakness and pain ; hut my 
soul, as if stun}; up by torment to greater strength and spirit, 
is full poweitfi.l to reason ; full i 'ji;h<y to suflVr. And that 
Yfh'ich thus triumphs within the jaws of immortality, is, douht- 
h^ss, immortal— And, as for a i)eity, nothing lesa than an Al- 
mighty could hiflict what I leel." 

7 1 was about to congratulate iliia passive, involuntiry con- 
fessor, on his asserting the two prime articles of his creed, v\- 
torted by the mek of nattu-e, wlien he thus, very passionately 
exclaimed :— " No, no ! let me speak on. I have not long to 
speak. — My much injured friend ! my soul, as my body, lieji 
in ruins ; in scattered' fragments of broken thought. 

« Romoi-se for the past, throws my thought on the future. 
Worse droad of the future, strikes it back on the past. 1 turn, 
and turn, and fHid no ray. Didst thou feel half tlie mountain 
that is on me, thou wouldst struirgle with the martyr for his 
stake ; and bless Heaven for the names !— that is not an ever- 
lasting flame ; that is not an unquenchable fire." 

1) How were we struck! yet soon after, still more. Wi*h 
what an eye of distraction, wliat a face of despsiir, he cried 
out ! " My principles have poisoned my friend ; my extrava- 
gance has beggared my boy ! my uukindness has murdered 
my wif«, ! — And is fiitre another hell ? Oh ! thou blasphemed, 
yet ind -'gent LORD GOD ! Hell itself is a refuge, if it hide 
me from thy frown ! " 

10 Soon after, his understanding failed. His terrified ima- 
rination littered horrors no* to be r< /cated, orevcr foigotten. 
And ei-e the suu (which, I hope, hag" seen few like liim) arose, 



*- ' ^ 


Chap, Y. blahguetf. iqi 

ouiek * hmv N.'i.'i'f r/ 1'';'""'":-. «;hat is a ni«n of na!n ? How 
WitK, How toti.l, 13 tlio tiiinsit of aiif 1 mrHont ' In wlmt a 

f Sr ! iS ^'% "^' '■"'■ '■""• ' ^'-"^ """-^ "i"» •' •'!« ^"^ of 

imii n'joicing J— 1< or a moment, thoydiiUT—tlicv dnyyU-l Fn 

AhVS if s^ i::r '"^ • ^'^ ~- tjlrirm;;^^^^ 

All . n o\m It did ! Infamy snatchf s tli«»m from oblivion. In 

If Uxy burtonn-;., noor Altamont ! still hlcjod in the- bosom 
o t Irn heart.stn<.k..n fri.nd-for Altam.,nf bad a fr «nd Te 

)cen tho d.i\Mi ol an immortal day, His namirmi^lit have 

oiy mi{3;li.. Mvi' b'tt a swei^t h-a-ranc«; hohindit, Krateful to tlie 

fnrVt III '^''^ c^aiv^r.ty was becndowf^d ! with what ad van- 

n?:.^f*:^.. r:i?.«T''^^^'i'y ,«»i»!. • «'«pvith tuo taints of "n 



The vices and follies of mm .fhotUd excite compassion rather 

than ridicule. 

Democritus. J ^''7^ u ""P'^.j^''* to reconcile myself to a 
• _ ,. -* nielanchcly philosopfnO ' 

/?ew. Thou art too mncTi alFoctcd witli tha state of thin'-s* 
and tins r^ a soi rce of misery to thee^ ^ 

mirth^ and ridicnln', bospeak trie buffoon\ rather than the nh,': 
osophei-. Docs It not excite thy compassion to se "manfin 
«o frad', so blind', so far departed fromtiie rules of virt p'? 

V^::^'^f^!^ '^'^''^ ^'^^^ ' Bee so much im 

( SI c ^ 






104 * " The English Reader, Part 1, 

2hr. And ynf, after all', i\uy\ who are tho.o!)i«'cts of thy 
ridicule', iiioludt/, not only niaukiiid in general', l')ut tiu- per- 
sons with wlioiii thou live3t\ thy lrienUs\ thy fuu.ily , nay 
even tliyseU\ 

J)cm. I CMre v<>ry little for all the silly persona I meet 
^vilh' , and think 1 am justiiiaMe in divertini? mysell with their 

^ Her. Tf they are weak' and foolish', it marks neither wis- 
dom' nor humanityN to insult' rather than pity th»ni\ But in 
it certain', that thou art not as extravapnt as tht y are' ? 

Dun. I presume that I am not' ; since', in every point', my 
sentiments arti the very niverse oftlieirs. 

i/tr. There are foUies of dillerent kinds'. Ry constantly 
ainusin<; thyself with the errors' and mlsconduel of oth<:rs, 
thou niayst render thyself equally riiliculoua' and culpable'. 

Van. Tliouart at liberty to indnl}r;e such swntimenls' ; and 
to weep ovi'r me too', if tltou hast any tears lo ^jsmc'. For 
iny part', I cannot refrain froni pleasing iiiyself with the levi- 
ties'and ill conduct of tin; world about mo'. Are not all men 
I'oolisii', or irrep;ular in their lives' ? 

Jhr. Alas'! there is but too nineh reason to beliwe they 
are so': and on this jTound'. I pit v inid deplore their condi- 
tion'. AVe agree in t'his point', that men cb* not conduct 
theiuselves acem'di.ig to reasonable' and just principles' : but 
J', w ho do not Jenifer my Mclf to act as they'do',mnst }«:tregard 
tlio dietati.s of n»y nnderst;mding' and lV'ebngs',u hieh com|)ei 
me to love ti:em*^ ; jind that l(»ve fills n.v with eoinp.i.-sion for* 
their mistak<\-)' a!ul irr^ gulariiies'. (Janst thou foudi ion me 
ft>r })ilyir.p;my «m\ n :?pccies', my bretin-en', persons born iii the 
Him;; eo;ulitit».i of lib'', and destined (o tlie same hopes and 
]»rivib»p;«s'? if thou shoukist< nter a hospital', w une sick and 
woui.ilrd j)ert'Oi!:^ reside', would thrir wounds' and distresses' 
exciiti thy mirlh' ? And ^« t', the evils of the body', bear no 
comparison with those ol' the mind'. 'J hou wiuio.^t e»rtain- 
ly blush at thy barbarity', if thou badst been so nnfeelinc as 
to I'.ugh at (U- despise a poor niis<'ri.ble bi-ing', who bad Tost 
one. of his legs' : and yet thou art so\lestitutr of humanity', ag 
to ri«iieii)e tliose', who appear to be (b pnved of the noble 
powers of the understanding', by the little regard which they 
pay to its dietatrs'. 

iDcni. lie who has lost a leg', is to be piti« d', because the 
loss is not to be im|mted to himself : but he who rejects the 
«iiet lifs of reason' and consci*'nce', voluntarily deprivjs him" 
aelf of their aid'. The loss originates in his own folly'. 

tier. Ail' ! so much tlie more is Iwi to be pitied' ! A furipua 



IPart 1, 

ts of thy 
the per- 
ily S nay 

I meet 

her wis- 
Biil U 

'ii' ? 

>ii]t', my 

othors , 
Us^ ; and 
(•'. For 
the levi- 
tall nieu 

re they 
ir t'ondi- 
t h' : hut 
I compel 
^^.siori Ibi* 
in in me 
ni u) the 
)pos and 
Hick and 

hear ny 
:M'linc aa 
liad lost 
iiiity^, ag 
le nohle 
ich they 

uiise the 
jects tho 
k'es Iiini'. 

v furiousi 


Chap, 7, - . rMahgven. io5 

aomet in^ t .\ ' '• T •^^^^»'"«^"^^f^«tt' the husiness\ There ii 
9omethin{5 to hv said on eaeh s de of th<« nrw^flnnx rvu • 
every where rea«(.n fnr l.,,.u:"t '.'. ^r/^"*-"^'^*" • I here is 

m'aterDirt.ymrM^ «V;^^ 1?' *'i ^^""^^ the examp e of the 

///./ ^ I ; • " " ' 7"""^* ''^"'^'•'* »« foolish' and nViaerah c" 

lo^ or^ ^^ ^; 'ii^^'J'r ' liH' ^r^ thou ha^rm; rl^l 

WxciteX m rtl - .Z t ' ' ' ^ l'^ calamities of mankind' 


"'^^VSIl-s, PrrHIAS, AND DAMO.T. 

it |.ossihk^^ He ■;;;;- n''^::; t >"'';'«^- ' 'Ijj "ottiik 

Pythia3 whom thou h^.dsf ch-rreed t o ?h " A :, '^ ^'•^ 

(Mc) ^ 

106 ^ T/te English Reader, Parti, 

Py. It is unjusf , in the; same drj^ice', to inflict death eitlier 
on Damon' or on myseir; hut Pythias were highly culpuhlo 
tolet Damon suffer that death', winch the tyrant had. prepared 
for Pythias only\ 

to Damon', tu perform my duty', by rescuing him from tliu 
danger he incurred by his Generosity to me\ 

Dio. And now', Damon\ let me address myself to thee\ 
Didst thou not really feai'',tliat Pythias would never return^; 
iind that thou wouldstbe put to death on his account' ? 

Da. I was but too well assured', that Pythias would pun^- 

forcibly . x.,, 

"Would then have lived for the comfort' and benelit of good 
men^ ; and I sliould have tlie satisfaction of dying for him' ! 

Dixi. What' ! Does life displease thee' ? 

l)u. Yes" ; it displeases me when I see' and feei' the power 
»f a tyrant\ 

JMo. It is well' ! Thou shalt see him no morc\ I will order 
thee to be put to death immediately'. 

Pu. Pardon the feelings of a man who sympathizes with 
his dying friend'. But remember it was Pythias who was 
devotetl by thee to destruction \ I come to submit to it', that 
I may redeem my friend'. Do not refuse me tliis consolation 
in my last hour'. 

Dio. I cannot endure men', who despise death', and set my 
power at defiance'. 

Da. Thou canst not', then', endure virtue^. 

Dio. No': I cannot endure tint j>roud\ disdainful virtue' 
wliich contemns \iii!>\ which dreads no puuishment'; and 
which is insensible to the charms of riches and ple/asure'. 

Da. Tiiou seest', however', that it is a virtqe', which is not 
insensible to the dictates of lionour', justice', and friendship'. 

Dio. Guards', take Pythias to execution'. We siiall seo 
whether Damon will continue to d<'spise my authority'. 

Da. Pythias', by returning to submit himself to thy plea- 
iure', has meriti'd his lif*!', and deserved thy favour' ; but I 
liaveexcitrd thy indignation', by resigning myself to thy pow- 

__/ :.- ,>..>i.... 4.^ ........ i.:.w.\ . I... «i_i». .1/ al.. . ^ __ '..i^ >•_• • 

«. I , iii «TSVi» i tt^Ciitr; imii j uc OiiiiSiiCU , iliCti , Wiiit iiiia bilCri'* 

fice', an<l put nn' to death'. ' 

Pif. Hold', Dionysius'! remember', it was Pythiaa alona 
frlio gHeudcd thoc' i Damon could not 

^ ai 8> 

Part 1. 

ith either 



ted', with 
' injustice 
li respect 
from tha 

to thee\ 
' return"; 


lid punQ- 
5 to keep 

iirn\' Ho 

of good 
I' hhn' ! 

nChing of tr..e vS' "l |Lc ^p^t mv lil*'"^''?'' '"«"'" 
error\ All mv nnivo-v ^ „ 1 1 P . '"y "■" '" dnikness' and 
duce Iove\ Tcamot L^« „f r""' ' '"■•-•.insufficient to pro- 

in the course oUrJi'nZfm^Zl^'^'^i'^' ^'"6'« We^d' 
persons', in a privnte condition^ Lvf -^"^ ?** ""Cse two 
unreservedly confide in ,".1 -..i' . **"* »'"'*«'• tenderly^ 
ready to dieCot'h Xr^'pSaTon"?"'"''"^ '"'^^y'' ^ 
expfet^^'Xr 'fttV'iTf S n'e'vfloved any pe„o„' 
raen^tho,,«o„Ws havesec"-H ^^^ "1'* '"'''5?' ^ndUpectej 

JTie as a 
you your 

le power 

i^ill order 

S63 with 
^vho was 
y ii\ that 

d set my 

lit'; and 
ch is not 
iiiali suo 

Ijy plea- 
•' ; hut I 
ila &4tcri- 

aa alono 

fe^sS' C &!,t"o.'ST' "« r«-"'N afi^ctrn 4n d isr 

icne/on, Archtkilutp o/Cambrag. 

Sank. V\^ . «« l)»th were philosonhcrs^- l.,,.Tr„^ 
■ -■• Ph vivas the d(^ e",'!'"-™ '.'"". mj plnlosoii 

Phy' ? It may^be „ ' oj tlw^ " P™ofof depth in philosol 

nature of things' f,n?^„ P""" P"r searches are intotha 
the mosls, hSinT; "" Ti ."»'•? 'tainty we shall find- ; «^ 

«yst«m'. which a " o^eWookiS' rM"T' •'"«''">'ie»' ineve^ 
narj- nnderstandiiiKs" ' "ndiscoveraUc' by ordi 

convenience of thinking .l.?.t^,^L 'that one may havetb. 
that the eves wlIichnftJrfiraTcfew "'*■""'«• » «"d 

- sharpen n,y ^ishtfa.r.i/r^'; ^tK ^.^^^ wojdd,Uflr« 



iOS " The EngUsJi Reader, Parti. 

ion' ; but would in the end put tliem out' ? Your philosophy 
is to the eyeb of the mind', what I have supposed tne doctor a 
postrum to be to those of the body\ It actually brought your 
own excellent understanding', which was by nature Quitk 



sighted', and rendered more so by art' and a subtilty ohog 
peculiar to yourself — it brought', I say', your very acute u. 
derstanding to see nothing clearly' ; *juja enveloped all tlie 
great truths of reason' and religion' in mists of doubt'. 

Baijle. I own it did' ; — but your comparison is not just'. I 
did not see well'^ before I used my philosophic eye-water' ; I 
only supposed I saw well" ; but I was in an erroi'', with all the 
rest ol" mankind'. The blindness was real', the perceptions 
were imagniary\ I cured myself first of those false imagina- 
tions', and ther» I laudably endeavoured to cure other men'. 

Locke. A great cure indeed' ! — and do not you think thaf , 
in rcjturn fbr the service you did them', they ought to erect 
you a statue' ? 

Bayk. Yes' ; it is good for human nature to know its own 
weakness'. ' When we arrogantly presume on a strength we 
have nof , we are always in great danger of hurting ourselves', 
or at leust of deserving ridicule^ and contempt', by vain' and 
idle etforts'. 

Locke. I agreie with you', that human nature should know 

, ..... — , -- — 

•what it could do', and what it could not' ; to resirain it from 
effoits beyond its ability'; but to teach it how U* advance as 
far as the faculties given to it by nature', with the utmost ex- 
ertion and juost pro[)er culture ofthem', would allow it to go'. 
In tlie vast ocean of philosophy', I had the line' and the plum- 
met' idwr.ys in my hands'. Many of its depths', 1 found 
myself unabN; to lathom' ; but', by caution in sounding', and 
till' caielul oU;3«;rvations I made in the course of my voyage', 
1 found out some truths', of so much iKse to mankind', tnat 
lliev aeknowlt'd^e n»e to have been their benefactor'. 

fiaijle. Their ignorance makes them think so'. Some other 
philosopher will come hereafter', j»nd show tiiose truths to be 

will diS4:i-edit the opinions of his admired j)redecessor'. In 
philosophy, as in nature, aii changesiisibrm, and one thing 
exists by the destrriction of anothei*. 

Ijockt:. OpuiiiMis taken up without a patient investigation', 
dependinc on tcrma not accurately delined', and pruiciples 

tiie doctor s 
[•ought your 
iture (luick- 
tilty ohogic 
vy acute un- 
)ped all the 

not just^. I 
re-water^ ; I 
with all the 
Ise imagina- 
)ther nien\ 
I think thixff 
Kht to erect 

now its own 
strength we 
g ourselves', 
by vain' and 

hould know 
ip,th', andtry 
iiiind\ to see 
train it from 
» advance as 
e utmost ex- 
low it to go\ 
lid the plum- 
ths', 1 found 
undiiig', and 
my voyace', 
ankind", that 

Some other 
e truths to hv. 
Liths of equal 
among men 
i'cessor\ In 
Hid Ouc thing 

nd prujciples 

CJiapt Diatogue,. • 

beggfd WithoutproofU'ke theories tnpv,.f • *u . '^^ 

of nature', built on supposit S n^l.Z^r'^^ 
perpetually change'a?Les?oyon^^^ 

ions there are', even in mattei^ nnt^i • ^ * ^"tsomeopin- 
jense of manknd', which the mind h^'''"'.^^?^^ commQ» 
tH;naI grounds of as*enr^fat U^^^ev arP^'"""^^"^ «" «"^h «^- 
piU^'rs of heaven^; or' (to 8ne!.t n^M ^''l^'^i'^^^'^^bleas the 
aws of Nature', lyUclr^^^ 

ained;. Can youVnou U hink' tinVu'^ ""'^^f « «"^ 
59H. of your countryman', 6escart^^ w/.^,"^^"'^ *^^ lW«^h^ 
tn iniren oim' fv«ni • ' i ^^^'^"^ » which was nothmV- K,.*- 

"-'" "' crrmes ot that rehjtion' u hl/h T'Vr V , "*^ supported', 
«I\nnd falser ^json n^ r ' V^V^l^.^'-'red erlemy of 
tamed', will ever be sSen' P "^'^™^^ belfeved^and main- 

^^pl'^^r^il^^^ r l»ie he was in the 

<"onfuted by anv * tfvor »k- i system would ever ht^ 
had been b^^i7, wt ^^tX; '' '''^' -^ AM 
have returned\? answer do you suppose he would 

ftnd tlvit of JVewton is phc ' ' V '^ ^^ ""^ ^f"''*^ systemsV 
affected' than real^. You^ on d ;. ^."^'^'^^^^ '« ^orJ 

"wx,„ci.,K, u,,. ui«t k hd orvvork^ mr""^''"Vaieni3 wen 
pther-, in a Critical Dietitm rv' a J *"'' ^^'"l" ^'^^^dfi"? to- 
Jo.^tN an(J a gjrave nrf;ument '^ 't h Jr i"^- ^'I^^' «^ *^'^«'«^"» 
HJttyconfutationofsmneabsur^^^^^^ religion\ a 

to niipeach sr>me resp.^.t- bi" tru ' r^''*"'^'"/:'^f"'^ 
modjoustoall ourvoiin-imUr •' ^**^ P''«tJeularly com- 
l^g^ ButwhatmiSe'h.'^^^^^^^^^ 

Vou have endeavoured' amUpfh "'^^^^^"'^^"I'wmansociety^? 
«I.ake thoHo foundntions\ on w r'tt ^T^ «^*^'"-cessfto 



I \ 


110 Thetn^Iishkeader, Parti. 

It', but which its real imperfection^ and the goodness of its 
infinitely benevolent Creator^, so evidently require' ? 

Bayle. The mind ia^free^ ; and it loves to exert its freedom\ 
'Any restraint upon it', is a violence done to its nature^ and a 
tyranny', against which it has a riglit to rebel\ 

Locke. The inind', though free/, has a governor within it- 
•Dir,which may and ought to limit the exercise of itsfreedom^ 
That governor is reason\ 

has k 


upon any 

. my mind' or 

yours', has happened to set up a favourite notion', it not only 
submits implicitly to if, but desires that the same respect 
should be paid to it by all the rest of mankind\ Now I hold 
that any man may lawfully oppose this desire in anothei-', and 
that if he is wise', he will Use his utmost endeavours to check 
it in himself. 

Locke. Is there not also a Weakness of a contrary nature to 
'this you are? now ridiculing'? Do wc not often take a pleasure 
in showing our own powei'', and gratifying our own ])ride', bV 
degrading the no'ioiis set up by other uien', and generally 

Jiayle. I believe we do'; and by this means it often bap- 
ens', th;it', if one man builds and consecrate^ a temple to fol- 
y', anotlier pulls it down\ 

Locke. Do you think it honefiCial to human society', to 
have all temji]<!S pulled down' ^ 

yir/yZe. I raimot say that I do\ 

Litckc. Yet I tind not in yoiUMvHtings any mark of distinc- 
tion', to show us which you mean to save'. 

B'vile. X true philo3oj)h|i'', like an impartial historian', 
must be of no sect\ 

Locke, lo there i.o medium between the blind zeal of a 
■sectJuy', and a ^otal inliHerHiK-e to all religioa'? 

JJaif'e. \V it U reg-M-d to mondity', 1 was not indifferent'. 

Locke. How could 5^ou then 1»e indifferent with regard to 
the sanctions religion gives *:o morality'? How could you pub- 
lish what tends so directly and apparently to weaken in man- 
kind the belief of those sanctions ? Was not this sacriijcing 
tlie great interests erf virtue to the little motives of vanity' ? 

Baifk. A man may act indiscreetly', but he cannot do 
Tvron^', by declaring tliat', which', on a full discussion of the 
question', he Hinceiviv thinks to be true'= 

Locke. An enthusiast', who advances doctrines prejudicial 

to society^ or opposes any that are useful to it.', has the strengtii 

' ofdpinion',and me heat of a disturbed imagination', to plead 

.. '2d) 




dness of its 

ts freedom\ 
Lture'j and a 

)r within it- 
its freedom^ 

lors', has a. 
an upon any 
ly mind^ or 
', it not only 
tme respect 
Now I hold 
nothei*', and 
urs to cheek 

ry nature to 
e a pleasure 
id generally 

; often hap- 
!mple to fol- 

society"", to 

k of distlnc- 

1 hisforian', 

rid zeal of d, 

th rep;af(l trt 
lid you puh- 
ken in nian- 
9 saeriiicing 
f vanity' ? 
i cannot do 
ission of th(^ 

3 prejudicial 
on", to plead 


Chap: 7. " ' Dialogues, " - m 

in alleviation of hi:; fault\ But your cool head^ and sound 
.liKJgment', can have no suchexcuse\ I know Very well th" re 
are p,;issa}i;es in all your works', and those not f6W, where you 
talk like a ri-id ni..ralist\ I have also heard that vour charar^ 
teijas UTeproaciinhlygood . But when^inthSIabou^^^ 
parts of your writings', you sap the surest foundations of^U 
moral duties', what avails it that in others', or Tn the conduct 
of your Me/, you appeared to respect them^? How manx^ 
who have .trongrr passions than you had', and are desimus^' 
get nd of the curb that restrains them', will lay holdXoir 
«eeptinsm',to set themselves loose from all obfieations o^vh^! 

den JHf,r ^";f5>''tune is it to have made suehT^se of.uch 
tdents ! It would have been be tier for you^ and for mankind" 
I you had been one of the dullest of 6utch theSmis', o^ 
the most credulous monk in a Portuguese convelr Thfe 
r.ehes of the mind', like those of fortune', may be emploved 
so perversely, as to become a nuisance' and pest\ inTearof 
an ornament^ and support io society' 

Bayle. You are very sev* re upon me\— But do vou count 
< "^wril' no service to liiankind', to deliver hem fm^^^^^ 
irauds^ and fetters of priestcraft', from the delirium^ of fS.ati 
csm'^and from the terrors^ and fr^lies of siZSSon'?S 

itwi, V • f? '" ' '"^^ ^^^ *"'''^*^ the in'oper distinctions' ? ThV 

by Uvely sSs ^^r":^ l''^ ''"'"^ ^"^ ir^Kenuous minds' 

jmne time', they insidiously throw thfr^ln'^Sl^^nVSfi^? ™ 
th^^iuir face oi true relijj;ion' , and dress^u:;:;;;^ V;;i::^JXi:r 

intion . 

>y.m a malignant Intention Jo rendc^r herodioi 
to hose wim have not penetration enou^ 
Miipious frau(J\ Some of t,hem mByhf 


. jh to discern the 

'"•yJ^.**^^ thug deceived 


III ttrii 


iri The English Reader, PcrtU 

themselves', as well as oth<M-s\ Yet it is certain', no book that 
ever was written by tlie most acute of tiiese geiitlemm", is so 
ref)ugnant to priestcraft^ to spiritual tyranny\ to all absurd 
«U])ei-atitions\ to all that can tend to disturb or injure society', 
as that gospel they so much alTf'ct to di'spise\ ' 

Bayle. Mankind are so made', that', when they have been 
over-heated',theycannot be broughttoapropertemperagfiin', 
till they have been over-cooled\ My scepticism might be ne- 
cessary* to abatj; the fever^ and phrenzy' of false religion.^ 
^ Z^cke. A wise prescription , indeed, to bring on a pandyt- 
ical statf of the mind', (for sucli a scepticism as yours iV a 
palsy, which deprives the mind of all vigour, and deadens its 
natural and vital powers',) in order to take ojf a fever', which 
temperance', and the milk of the evangelical doctrines', would 
probably jcure' ! 

Bayle, I acknowledge that tHose medicines', have a great 
power\ But few doctors apply them untainted with the mix- 
ture of some harsher drugs', or some unsafe and ridiculous 
iaostrums of their own\ 

Locke, What you now say is too true\ — God has given m 
ft most excellent physic for the soul', in all its diseases' ; but 
bad' and interested physicians^ or ignorant' and conct'it<-d 
quacks', administer it so' ill to the restbf mankind', that much 
*)f the benefit of it is unhappily losit\ lord lytixeto.v, 





Cicero against Verres. ' 

THE time is come'. Fathers', when t!»at which has long 
been wished for', towards allaying the envy your order 
has been subject tp\ and removing theimpntations a fijainst tri- 
als', is effectually put in your povyer\ An opinion haslotig[>re- 
vailed', not only here a. home'^ but likewise in foreign coun- 
tl-ies',both djtngerous to you', and i>t;rnidous to the statn', — 
thaf , in prosecutions', men of wealtli are always sdfe', howev- 
er clearly convicted'. ' 

2 There is now to be brouglit upon his trial before you', to 



Chap,^. Bublic Speeches, , n^ 

of Asia Minor' and Pamphylia\ the invader of the n^hta^ and 
privileges of]lomans',tlie scourge' and curse of SiX 
A^ 1^ that sentence is p,-^sed upon him which his crimes 
deserve , your autjiority^ Fathers^ ^vill be venerable and sr! 
cred ,n the eyes of the public^ : but if his great riches should 
bias you m his favour^, I shall still gain onl point'Ato m "ke 
It apparent to all the world', that what was wanting in his 
case , was not a criminal nor a prosecutoi-, but justice' and 
adequate punishmt'nt\ j«aui.c Mm 

4 To pass over the shRmeful irregularities of his vouth' 
h)f^ "^Th' n"^«torship', the first public employS he 

Sv^^'^^'^^r' "?^^^'^^"^ ''"^ continued Jne of vi Ian! 
les ? Cneius Carbo', plundered of the public money by his 
mvn treasurer , a consul stripped'-and bctraycd\anaLy de' 
se rted' and ivducod to want>, a province robbed' the n^iTmid 
religious rights of a people violated\ ^ " > "^e ovii ana 

.^t^r^ Y ^'"^'^ ^''"'^"'"^ 'V'^^'^^ """ «f those countries^^"ln 
w ch housesN cit,es\ and temples', wen. robbed by h m^ 
\N ha was his conduct in his proctorship here at home^ P L^t* 
the p undered .emples\ and public wo.4 neglectedMhat he 
miglit embezzle the money 'intended for carry inTtl em on^^ 
hear witness . How did he discharge the o/nce of a hS'^^"? 
Let those .dio sutTcTed by hia injustice' ans>v?er\ "^ '^ * 

edness' • lld^l'nl hpf '^l'".^'""^"'' ^^"^^^'^^^H his works of wick, 
euness , ana tinishes a lasting monument to his infimvN n^h^. 

mischiefs done by him in flv,tnnh;..r;"' ^?. "llT^^^ Tp 

-'■ " ' "'"7 • tit - wiaesi una oesc oi prffitors', w not be suffi- 
cient to restore thuip to the condition in which hefound tliem^ • 

Iwl"' ".'f,?^'' ^"•',^^.''^ ^h« Protection of thei? owif of ^ina 
<iws ; ot the regulations made for their benefit by the llmmn 

7 ?Vj« nL' u^ 3f ^^^ ",^HV"'' ^'^"^ unalienable rights of men^ 

foi- m«««,r- K.,. "u "'^^^"^^^ • •» "/' ™ost atrocious criminals' 
mentJV' ;f '^""';;^";;^^" ^^*^'»^^ from the desei-ved punish 

^2 (rt4.\ .f 


i i 




4^^ ^he English Readetf, fdrit, 

9 Th(j harbours', though sufficiently fortified', and the gatei 
Of strong towns', have been opened to pirates' cuid ravagers\ 
The soldiery^ .and sailors , belonging to a province under th^ 
protection of the commonweiilth , have been starved to death^ 
whole fleets', to the great detriment of the province', suffered 
to pensh\ The ancient mouum.nts of either Sicilian' or Ro- 
man greatness^ the statues qf heroes^ and princes', hav« 
Been Ccirried off ; and the temj»Ies stfippeu of their image?\ 

10 Havijjg', by his iniquitous sentences', iUI. d the p*.aorj» 
with the most industrious and di^^serving of the p» opie', he 
then proceeded to order numbers of K<>man citizens to b4 
strangled m the gaoV : so that the e^xclamation', " I ajna citi- 
aen of Rome' I" which lias often', in the most disant regions^ 
and aitiong the most barbarous people', been a protection , 
was of no sei-vice to them" ; buf ^ on the contraiy'', brought ^ 
speedier and a more severe punishment upon them\ 

U I ask now , Verres', what thou has'tto advance against 
this charge^ ? Wilt thou pretend to deny it' ? Wilt thou pre- 
tend, that any thing false', that even any thing aggravated', i^ 
alleged against tliee' ? Had any prince" or any state", com- 
mitted the same outrage against the privilege Of Roman citi- 
zens', should we not think we had sufficient ground for de- 
manding satisfaction' ? ' 

citizen', Publius Giivius Co^anufj', only for his having asserted 
his privilege of citizenship', and declared his intention of ap- 
pealing to the justice of his country', against the cruel op- 
pressoi-', who had unjustly confined him in prison at Syra- 
cuse', whence he had just made his escape" ? | 

13 The unhappy man', arrested as he was going to embark 
ft>r his native country', is broqght before the wicked prietor". 
With eyes darting fury", and a countenance distorted with 


, -. ,-^ , __ havuig 

come to Sicily as a spy". 

14 It was in vain mat the unhappy man cried ouf , " I am 
a Roman citizen" : I have senred under Lucius Pretiiu', who 
is now at Panormus', and will af test my innocence".'* The 
blood-thirsty praetor', deaf to lUl h^ coula urge in his own de-" 
iciiiAj , oFiicreu tiic iuiaiiivUa puiiiaiiuieni 10 De iuiiiCteu\ 

15 Thus', Fathers', was an innocent Romancitizen publicly 
Tnangled with scourging' , whilst the pnly words he uttered?. 

Tari 1. 

id the gates 
i ravager8\ 
\ under th% 
d to dt'ath^ 
e', suffere4 
lan^ or Ro- 
ices'', hav« 
ir ima^ef>» 
the pi .aon« 
:)» opie', he 
zens to b# 
I ajn a citj- 
rt regions'', 
jrotection , 
I brought ^ 
o\- . ^' 

ice agains^ 
t thou pre- 
ravated', is| 
ate", com- 
Loman citi- 
iid for de- 

ed upon a 
;reater dia?*. 
I but to the 
Q innocent 
iR asserted 
tibn ofap- 
! cruel op- 
n at Syra- 

to embark 
d prfetor\ 
ortcd with 
o be strip- 
ithout the 
of having 

uf , « I am 
itius', who 
e\" The 
is own de> 
m publicly 
e u(teref I 


ince', w^thiSlighi of toj^^ P^SK",^^^ 

poman commoriw4lth', \ior the fear of tte^S of hr J 
country', restram the licentious and wanton '^cruehv^o^^^^ 

^. - ' SECTION II. 

FATHERS ! •P^^'^Pf*'''* against Jogurtha. ^ « ^'^ 

Indite' ^?T"'' 1^^^ ^^"S ?^^^'P«*^ '"y ''ather', on hii> 
■• aedin-bed , left m charge to Juffurtha' his adnntJ/i .«" 

B^n?,uTr B ""?■*»' directing us to consider the senate W 
m.^?if "f Rome' asproprietors of itV He chariredus tou^ 

2|StSSsfa12fS.^^^ -"'<*'- ^^^'^^^^ 

S^^dTt^inn "*' »5j5ratitiide: and of common Q 
«amty , and tramf lu3| pi» tlw «liUiority of tl»e itoman com' 





Tlie English Reader, 

Part 1, 

monwealth'', procured the murder of my unfortunate brother^; 
and has driven me from my thione' and native country', though 
lie knows 1 inherit', from my grandfather Massinissa', and my 
father Micipsa', the friendship' and aUiance of the Romans'*, 

3 For a prince^ to bc» reduced', by viliany', to my distressful 
circumstances', is calamity enough^ ; but my misfortunes are 
heightened by the consideration' — that 1 find myself obliged 
to solicit your assistance^. Fathers', for the services done you 
by my ancestors*, not for any I have been able to render you 
in my own person'. Jugurtna has put it out of my power to 
deserve any thing at your hands'" , and has forced me to be 
burdensome', before Icould be useful to you\ 

4 And yet', if I had no plea', but my undeserved misery' — 
a once po\yerful prince', the descendant of a race of illustrious 
monarchs^, now', without any Jault of my oAvn', destitute of 
every supporf, and reduced *to the necessity of begging for-, 
eign assistance', against r i enenrfy Vvho nas seized my throne' 
and my kingdom' — if my unequalled distresses were all I 
had to plead' — it would become the greatness- of the Roman 
commonwealth', to protect the injured', aqd to check the tri- 
umph of daring '.yickedness'over helpless innopence\ 

5 Bi^t', to provoke your resentn" ent to the utiinost', Jugur- 
tha has driven rqe from the very dominions', which the ^en- 
ate'* and people of Rome', gave to my ancestors'" ; and', from 
which', my grandrather\ and my father', underyourumbrage', 
expelled Syphax' and, the Carth^ginians\ Thus', Fathers', 
your kindness to our family is defeated^ ; and Jugurtha', in 
injuring me', throws contempt upoii ycu'^. 

6 O wretched princeM Oh cruel reverse of fortune''! Oh 

Musf , then', the royal house of Numidia always be a scene 
of h'lyoc and blood' r 

7 While Carthage remained', we s\uTered', as was to be 
expected', all sorts of hardships from their hostile attacks'" ; 
our enemy ncar^ ; ou; nuly rawerful ally, the Roman com- 
monw ealth', at a dist'.iu; ; \ Vf hen tb ft ^rourge of Africa was 
no more', wc;.;doarseUesonthe prospect of estab- 
lished peacr.\ But', instead of ptjace', behold the kingdom 
of Numidia drenched witli royal oloodM and the only survi- 
ving son of its late king', flying from an adopted mur< rer*, 
and seeking,' that safety in foreign parts', which he cannot 
coainiand in Ris own kingdom'. 

a VViiithcr' — Oh' ! whitlier shall 1 fly^ ? if I return to the 
royal palaue of mv ancestors', my father's throne is seized 

Part U 

B brother^; 
y', though 
\\ and my 
rtunes are 
elf obliged 
done you 
ender you 
r power to 
I me to be 

misery^ — 
estitute of 
gging for-. 
ly throne' 
were all I 
fie Roman 
ck the tri- 

s»t', Jugur- 
h the §en- 
•md', from 
, Fathers', 
urtha', in 

uneM Oh 
nerosity' ; 
with tny 
children'' ? 
>e a scene 

,vas to be 
attacks'' ; 
nan com- 
^frica was 
nh' '^urvi- 
nui rer', 
16 cannot 

irn to xhe^ 
) is seized 

' i 


Chap.n. Puhlk Spccchet. ■ ,,r 

monwea th cive mp iVnN? T?i« ' "-^'^^ Roman com- 

IhuTe no expectaTionS% ?^""" '"?»«"' f"™'?^ «» friends', 

|.y sons Were my bfS i5^1"'*"lP''i'"'' "' ^is unh^-.- 
M some aileviaS BW he J hw"i"''''>'"'P".'''y''''''''<l 
early youth'; by the vefv h«nrf^..h"^ "u "VS ?'' ''''=' '" '»» 
.a,tJp^Wanyo/.K^^^^^^^^^^ been th. 

^e lingering tormLt ofTh^«os^"'o?h' ^1''"^^^^^ ^^ 

a prey to wild beasts- and SeiV ane? Lh ^^^1'',"''^" ^'™1 
men morc_^cruel than wild beaste\ ff herebe^nvv TT"/ 

crafty in8inuaTionrofW,rwhnT,.f. "'•'">''*'"*\ ^^ """he 
prejudice your iudsmSnI. 7?. ""'''**'■' <<"■ atl^ption', 

Li,utclied tile sl^aid re^ati"^ of a ki„°i"' t:'''^'"^^ T-'"' 
povver to ,ii on the same throi:^'^!h"h£t^'sS2!?.^?^" '""^ 

whom his violence L^low-u^r "^^'' t^^««<^ 

and sum-r for his imo ous i^i!!;J- "^'^ ^'' ^"'"'' ^^""^ distress^ 

blood-thirsty crueUyKVbPoTw '^ ^^ ^''^'''^ ^"^ ^"« 

W^noT :tet !;r '-\l Oh dearest to m^ 

I lament his death'? He isMnZ2'''f*''"~^"'.^*^y «''0"'d 
liffhf nf hn.^..„s "r,:r"^ *\' J'?"^*:^ , deprived of the blnssf^d 

P^n who'ouV>;rSVMvrh«''^V'?™?'^^"^^'» ^y ^^e Veir 
nfe', in defe^ice Sf my on^of te^^^ ?'''-^ ^^^^J"'-^ ^""^ ^^^ 
^e', n,y brother U n^rr^Se^^^^^^^^ 


The Englkh RcafJcr 

Part r 

.13 delivered from terror\ from /lij^-hr, from exile^ imd the 
endless train o( miseries which re.idn- life to me a l)urden\ 

14 He ae^ full ow% jrored with wounds', and frsteiinj- in his 
ownblood\ Butlirli(-8inpeace\ He nelsnone-)f thennseries 
which rend my son! with ajrony^ and distraction', whihil am 
Sfrt up a s)W'ctacle to all mankind', of the of human 
allairs . ho tar trom havm^r ,t i„ i^y power to punish his 
murderei-' I am not master of the means of securing my own 
lile . ho tar Irom hemjj; in a c(Midition U> drf.nd my kingdom 
froiti the violence of the usurper', I am ohliged to apply for 
loreign protection for my own person\ hj . 

15 Fathers'! Senators of Rome' ! iUv arhiters of nations'' 

V ; -"'"•""">>'«""» , "y ail mar is saerecr, and all (hat is 

dear to you --deliver u wretched prince from undeserved' 
unprovoked injury' ; and save the kint,-dom of Numidia', winch' 
is your own property', from being the prey of violence\ usur- 
pation', and cruelfy\ * hallv^t, 


TAeAposTLK Paul's noWe//f/(nrf/>f/oreFESTiTs^-AcRiPPA. 

AGKIPPA saici unto Paul', thou' art permitted to sijeak 
for thvself\— Then Paul stretched forth his hand' and 
answered tor himself \ 1 think myself happr, kinc A-rin- 
pa , because I shall answer for m> self this day before thee' 
concennn}; all the tUiuf-s whereof 1 am accused by the Jews^ • 
rspecially', as I know thee to be expert in iM customs^ an«i 
oucstions which are among the Jews\ \^^herefore 1 beseech 
•thee to hear me patient! v\ 

2 My manner of life from my youth', which was nt the 
first amongmy own nation at Jerusalem', know all the J^-ws' 
who knew me from the beginning', (if they w.nild testify',) 


1/ ;- , . dlys?v.,*i.i);ijoiiuay ano nighl', [io})eiu.:u!ju. : 
iuid lor tins hop.^'s sake', king Agrippa', 1 am accused by 
the Jews\ -^ 

*u^.i^ j^ .'''*'^.".W !^ '*♦' thought a thing incredible with you', 
that God should raise the deach? 1 verily thought with mvielf 
that I ought to do manv thir>i»:H eonlrarv to tl>e njiuif nr.h's.j^ 
of Nazareth^ : and this 1 did in Jerus:!|fm\ Many of the saints 

'»;; received authority from the 

I shut up m prison', hav..,, ._,.,,,. .„...„„„ 
i^liiet priests^ : and wht^ii they wer(» put to death 


1 u:.iv 



Tart \\ 

\\v% i\m\ the 
n' a l)urd('n\ 
; whila I am 
ityuf human 
► punish his 
'iijj:;my own 
ny kiiij!;doiu 
to a})j)ly fur 

of nations' ! 
ry of Ju^ur- 
rourlov*' for 
ij«'Stv of tljQ 
111 all that is 
lidia', wliich 
lence\ usurr 



cd to sj)»;alj: 
hand', and 
<ing Ap;np- 
L'fort; then", 
' the J«^ws^ : 
istonis^ and 
re 1 b'S(!cch 

was at the 

I tlie Jt'Ws', 

lid testify',) 
he promise 
our twelv«i 
iceuscd by 

Willi you', 

)f theaaints 

fr»)ni tliB 

1 give njy 


Chap. 8. 

Public Speeches. 

voice against thom^ ~Am7i T.'"''^''*''^* '^^ 

"ynaj^oojue-, and conipelK hem'1o'»"i"'''!^'' *^^»" '" ^^ery 
exccedin|rjy mad ix^a^ulJtfJj ''''''^P'r"^''^ ; ««nd being 
strange citi«.s\ ^ ^ "^"-'^ ' * P^sccuted tJiem even unto 

4 Rllf nu T»««^«A. »^ 

thiriKS III Hlii,.|, I will anncar f^. t ... .^ '-^^ sc..n'„-,„,| „f ,h„sp 
PiM.|)lo\ an.l fn ,. 'T,'^''^™ "":«'! delivering tlii<. from "he 

«- heav,.„i;vil'„?, tffeTfir J I™' "'" "I.T'-O'-t <o 




The English Header. 



p / 


da J-', wereh(^h almosf, and altogether sucha3 I am', exce 
these bondsV* acts xxvi, 


Lord Manspield*s speech in llie House of Peers, 1770, on the 
bill for preventing tkz deUirjs ofjusticdj by claiming the Privi- 
lege of Farl lament. 


WHEN I consider the importance of tliis bill to youf 
loidships', I am not f^urprisi'd it has taken up so mucfei 
♦f your consideralron\ It is a bilK, indeed', of no common 

they hav4i been lonj; possei 
Perhaps there is no situation the human mind can he plact^d 
in', tliat is so dirtlcult^ and so trying', as wlien it is- made a judge 
in its own Ci»use\ ^ , 

2 There h something implanted in the breast of man', so 
attached toself\s'o tenacious of privileges once obtained', that 
fn such a situation', either to discuss with impartiaiitv', or de- 
cide with justice/, has ever been held the summit of all human 
virtue\ The bill now in question', puts your iordyhips in this 
Very predicament^ ; and I have no doubt the \Visdon: of your 
decision will convince the w orkl', that where self-interest' and 
justice', are in opposite scales , the luster will ever preponder- 
'atc with your lordships\ 

8 Privileges have been granted to legislators in all ages', and 
in all countries\ The iiractice is l\>undi!d in nisdom' ; and', 

may dejxiid upon their attendance in parliamev t'. I am far 
from advising any invaiim? that would in future tifdanger the 
state^ : but the bill before your lordships has', I am conndcnt', 
DO such tendency ; for it expressly secures the persons of 
members of either lioust' in all civil 0uits\ 

4 This being the case' I confebs', when I sec many noble 
lords', for whose judg^TM'nt I have a very great respect', etand- 
hig up to oppose a bill which is caleulateu merely to faeiliiatn 
the recovery pf just' uifd legal debl^', I am astonisheci' and 

'^ Uov*' f'uppy was this great AportlPjevpTi in the mnirt pefiloiu clirnmstBTiPC* ! 
TlmuHli under hnwis nmroppi'«*«>sloii, liit luiiul wtu iVee, and raised nliove every 

IZV-i' ill Siinit- rr mi ■STjiai lujuiiuj aitu -. ;;:!tj:u3t:rr isxjrr. ::v licjcTnj tJtiTi:^^r:t, tiiitl 

the nnUU' <'niHe he had espoused ; whilst he diNplayii the most couipassionnte nnrl 
|rener<)u« feuling^s, for those wbu wure iitt'aDger» tn tlio (ubliiuu t'cii|jiuii lj|r 
« Ivch he was uoiuiated ! 



I am', except 


ing the Privi' 

bill to youf 
n up so much 

no common 
tiiii pri\ rivges'' 
v^ possessed^ 
call be p!ac<*d 
i^ made a judge 

5t of man', so 
obtained', that 
tiality', orde-, 
t of all human 
rd'ohips in this 
isdoii: of your 
f-inter«>st' and 
br preponder- 

1 all ages', and 
ihdom'; and', 
tutron of this 
nild be free in 
\ may come a 
hole empire', 
V i\ I am far 
5 t'lfdanger the 
am conndent', 
lie persons of 

!C many noble 
'ly to faeilitiitft 
toniyheci' and 

am clirnmstanpe* ! 
raised nliove every 

_«•- I 1.1 \e t 

com|ias»iionntP aiwl 


though, from „"' °The';S''„'^L , ,«— rney 

should prevent all civil ^ni..f. '^ «•'<='•«"'', that pSvil. 14 

rfom«foi,rancest..,-3^ tmi^h,n!rh" '"y ""'''i"!? "» 'he wis! 

«*lvo' ;^'Sfc&,J'^;//'!<: "oWelord, who flatter, hem- 

that a, oircumstaS alt K t, il^r l'""'- '','""''' --^meS 
* or/nerly', it was not so r^,l,'l,V. ? "^'nsolves slmuld altcr^ 
VTt^'\^ in <U^^^^^^^^^ -""Jters^ or ,7r:: 
; ^ tbat great comrn<.rr;.,i« \-^ • * 0'*»««'»ly , we wpra 
formerly SKt«^ nnl""" ""^ ''^^^ «* Present ' :rio? 
Po, uunentas atprej^n? The !!'"""'^"''"'*"'''^ "^«^«' e^s of 
bothmerchants^a ,d m?n,;f..P *^'J^^ " "^^^ ^^'i-y different"* 
•te.d memberrf tS^^^^^^^^^ 


V. ^7 ""'r''«^'"ce Tenchc>« na' fK«» *i ^"■"» p'lvfn 

>t make their rf»o^..K..! ^ » '"''^ there arc merv' uf 






i'22 " TAe English Reader. rort U 

A.ny exemption to particular ineii\ or partittilar ranks of mot^', 
IS , in a free^ and commercial country^, a solecism of tlm 
grossest nature\ 

9 But I will not trouble your lordships with arp;uments for 
tliar, which IS suificiently evident without anj \ J shall only 
«ay a few words to some noble lords', who foresee much in- 
convenience', from the persons of their servants beinj,- liable {<% 
be arrested\ One noble lord observes?', That the coachman 
of a peer may be arrested', while he is driving; his master to 
the House', and thaf , consequently', he will not be able f« 
attend his duty in parliament\ If this were actually to hap- 
pen', there are so many methods by which the member mis^ht 
still get to the House', that 1 can hardly think the noble lord \% 
serious m his objection'. 

10 Another noble peer said'. That', by this bill', one mly;ht 
lose his most valuable' and honest servants\ Th?« J hold trt 
be a contradiction in terms^ : for he can neither be a valuablo 
servant', nor an honest man', who o-ets into debt, which ho 
i^ neither able nor willinj^ to pay', till compelled hy thn lavv\ 
If my servant', by unforeseen accidents', has p;ot*into, 
and I still wish to retain him', I certainly would pay the dc 
mand\ But upon no principle of liberal lej^lslation w hat ever', 
can my servant have a title to set his cniditors at denanee% 
while', for forty shillings only', the honest tradesman may b« 
torn from his family', and locked up in a j;aol\ It is luon- 
strous injustice^ ! I flatter myself, however', the determine, 
tion of this day', will entirely put an end to all th.-se parli<U 
proceedings for the future/, by passing into a law the bill no.V 
under your lordships' consideration'. 

11 I now come to speak upon what', indeed', I wouM hnvrt 
fijladiv avoided', had I not hern particularly ptJinted at', for t ho 
Dart I have taken in this bill\ It has be«''n said', by a nob]»^ 
lord on my left hand', that I likewise am running the race of 
popularity. If the noble lord means by popularity', that ap- 
plause bestowed by after-ages on good'and virtuous actions', 
I have long been struggling In that race': to what nuri)osp', 
all-trying time can alone determine\ 

12 But if the noble lord means that mushroom popularity', 
which is raised without merit', and lost without a crini(>', Ik* 
is much mistaken in his ojunion'. I defy the noble lord t(» 
point out a single action ol my life', in which the popularih' 
of the times ever had the smallest in/luence on my (feUrnu. 
"^tio^ns^ I thank God, I have a more perman< nt and steady 
fUir iOr my connuct, — the dictates of my own breast\ 

ISThose who have foregone that p1easingadviser\andgiv«jn 
fl^) thejr mind to be the slave of every po})ular impulse', I M" 



rort u 

Milks of mo [>\ 
icism of tim 

rj^uments for 
see much in- 
»ein<; liable to 
le coach mart 
his master to 
ol he a hie to 
ually to liap- 
emher mijjht 
noble lord \% 

1', one ml^ht ' 

'h?« J hold to 

^e a vahiahio 

)t, which ho 

by thj; lavv\ 

3t*into dej)f, 

pay the do,- 

n IV hat ever', 

at defian»*e*, 

man may b« 

It is mon- 

'- detenninn- 

tln'se parfuU 

the hill no .V 

wouM hnvrt 
d at', for f ho 
, by a nob]»^ 
5 the race of 
ty% that ap- 
mis a<'(ions'', 
at j)ur])oso', 

I crime', lift 
obU' lord ti» 
' ponularij^V 
ly <U'ternn« 
an(i steady 

julse', I tl^l- 

Clap. S. Puhlic Speeches. 125 

..overtlioless, appeared upon tl.e &"tX„t pa'gi^ w^^^^^^ 

prrs,.,,t nmsl i.e a v..ry unpopular bilV ' "* ' ""^ 

.'•' " n>«y not lie popular either to take awav anv nf th. 
pnv,l,.-ra ol parliament^; for I very well rememll^Mj 
•"any ol vour lordshins may romembcr- thl^ not ""^'"^"^ 
the popufar cry was for the"' extension of r^ivileee' • f„|^ ' 

H«;.v^ r. in, ^ uur lorUbJijMs but very little supportV ~ "' ' '^ 



fart 1, 

^^'* ifl^*e iSnfflisJt Reader, 


»an address to young persom. 

I INTEND, in this address, to show you the importance of 
beginning early to give serious attention to yotir conduct 
As soon as you are canable of reflection, you must perceive 
that there IS a right anJ a wrong in human actions Vousee! 
tliat tliose who are bom with the same advantages of fortune 
are not a I equaJly prosperous in the course of life. While 
some of them, bv wise and steady conduct, ii^tain distinction 
ID the worJd, ana pass their days^vith comfort and honour • 
others, ot the same rank, by mean and vicious behaviour, for-' 
fnfserv .^^^^^^SJ^.^^their tirth ; involve themselves bS 
ruS'on^tlet^^ ^'"^^"^^ '^ their frie;.da, aiKl a 

^ ,?;^'''y.' th«."i »«ay you laarn, that it is not on the external 
condition m which you find yourselves pLed,L bn th. 
part which you are to act, that your welfare or unhappiness 

t?f'h\^"''v^'K"?^\*^"P?"^^ N,3 when beginS to 
^ct that part^ what can be of greater m(»ment, than torect.. 
late your plan of conduct wYth the most seriogs attention 
^efV>,^ you have yet committed any fatal or irretSle e?' 

3 If, instead of exerting reflection for this valuable pum 
rose you deliver yourselves up, at so critical a time, to s?otk 
and pleasures ; il you refuse to listen to any counsellor but 
humour, or to attend to any pursuit except that of amust 
Z t- i '^S^Pr ^"''^^ yourselves to float loose and careless o„ 
Sr/'1''^r^ u- ^^' '^^^^^^ l"" '^^""^^ ^»y direction which the cur- 
rent of fashion may chanc^to give you ; wto can you expect 
to follow tVom such beginnings ? ^j^ucxpcci 

4 Wliile so n?any around you, are undcnrointr the «?aH mr, 

conscjqyences extend to you? Shall you attaiSi success wUh! 
out that preparation, JUid escjipe dangers without that i re- 

un r^T^'lT ^"^""^"^ ofo^thei^P^Shall happines^^^^^^^^^ 
up to you, of Its own accord, and solicit your acceotancr 
when to the re^t of mruikind, it is the frui' o/loi^LSSn^ 
and the acquisition of labour and care ? *" t-umvaiion, 

5 Deceive not yourselves with those arro-ant hopes — 
Whatever be your rank. Providence will not, for vour s!^ 
reverse Its esUiblished order. The Author of yourS/hatS 
enjoined you to "take heed to your ways ; to pS^the 
paths of voiirfi^pf? tft..or«*..v^k««„i.._ i-i„_"_' ' P.""o«ir me 
your youth " " — ' "-— -""^« jvui x^ivmor m tne days of 

He hath decreed, that tliey only " who seek after 




fart U 

Importance of 
our conduct. 
ust perceive 
IS. You see, 
?3 of fortune, 
life. While 
n distinction 
md honour ; 
haviour, for- 
Ives in much 
•iejnds, and a 

ihe externa! 
i, but on the 
ieginning to 
lan toregu- 
ys attention, 
^rievable er- 

aluable pup- 
me, to slotk 
unsellor but 
t of amugg- 
I careless on 
li^h the cur- 
you expect 

he sad con- 
all not those 
iccess with- 
ut that pre« 
piness grow 

it hopes.-— 
your sake, 
r nejng hathi 
|)oiider the 
the days of 

i after vfi^ 

Chap,t. Public Speeches. 125 

tliTr^t^ilfolon'^'^^^^^^^^^ be afflicted, because of 

tions, and en^penng the vivacity of youtl? with 7pVoDer^x 

elt o irin^t bv' d^l^'^"-"^^'" ^"^ cheerhC foX" 
lescor iiie , hut b3^ dehvering yourse ves ud at nivc*>nf f«> 

^tss oFlVart' ^'"^^' y-l^y tjAundatio^o^f ifstE;:^^^^^^^^ 

7 When you look forward to those plans of life which 
cither your cu-cumstances have suggested, or ^r friends 
have proposed, you will not hesitate to ack iowl?d "e tha? in 

pihi^irSlt^^^'i? '''''' ^dv-tage, some pr^vi^^di^ 
pane is lequibite. Ba assured, that wliatever is to be vour 

profession, no education is more necessary to your succrs" 
than the acquirement of virhm.u: A\.r....rJ...,^ A ". .^V.P^^^> 

'Vn. t%K'^'i'''':^*"^"f «^ ^i'-tuous dispositi;)ns and" habitIZ' 
lijs IS the umversal preparation ^-- - • uaunb.— , 

every station in life. 

preparation for every cliaracter, and 

8 Bad as the world is, respect is^lways paid to virtue In 
the us..a course of human affairsf it will be found that h 
plain understanding, joined with aknowledged worth ^^^^^ 

pmbS^rho^^r^Wil'^l ^^"" ^^^ ^-^l^tcSt p^J^ withoS 
Miuimy 01 nonoiM. Whether science or business or niih 

ic life be your aim, virtue still enters, for a prSaTshTre 
into all those great departments of society. ?i is ionn. S 
wiUi eminence, in every liberal art ; with reputation ^verV 
S^t^:"' """^^ '"^""^^ '''''' aikcti^ine^:;^ 

,> ^T}^^>^**'"'^^'J^i<^'^it gives the mind, and the wei-ht which 
Lt^ t^,,^'^^«''\^ter ; the generous sentiments which iJ 
brea nns ; the undaunted spirFt which itinspii^s thrai-dour 
of daigonce which it quickens ; the freedom wiiich i t n m 
cures trom pernicious and dishonourable a ocationt^^ -ire^ h; 
S al^n^Hn!'^' '' '''''' ^—abl^ - ^l^il^^ s^! 


fvuTSor eXl. F ^^ requis.t.., in order to their shining 

fonr. ^ f I kJ • /J'^'l'^^' •"■*' ^•»^* attvartions of the fairest 
form,ifitbesu pected that nothing within, corresoonds to 

l^t ^whlTiT '>^^'''^'^^, ^^ithout. Short are tlu rhSnphs of 
wi w hen ,t IS supposed to be tlie vehicle of malice. ^ 

vou can lmrHho'l'';''"'^''T^^^ ^^ ^"'^^ '''^^'^'^^ the attention, 
you can noia the esteem, andswnr*. th.. h^n..». ,.r..*u,.„- :. . ! 

ov iuiudhit: disooKifir»n- u\.A f I.,;:!:.::.: v;. t -^ --;^^ ^y^ixzia^ univ 



lustre of all that 

qualities whose influ(;iTc(r\\Tli "histrwhVn^ 


s^Kirkled and dazzled has paascd awi^y 


(,17 d^ 


i i 




J2« The English Reader. FartU 

12 Let not then the season of youth be barren of imorove^ 

YOU sh^lrJw? V ^'^^ ' £"^ according to - what you sow, 
you snail reap. Your character is now, under Divine As- 

ure Sut'il^r' ^""^ ^^'"i'"- your fate is, in some m4. 
ure, put into your own handn. 

estlblilheH S' H^' ^' ^^^ P^'^"^ ?"^^ ^«^^- H^^Jts have not 
established their dominion. Pre udices have not nre-occu- 

fontLT »"?l'-«t^»^"g. The Vvorld has no? hal time to 
contract and debase your affections. Ail your powe^ are 

aT/n^y^urpVit^^^^^^^^^^ and free, tlan tEeTwUl^^ 

channel in which your life is to run ; nay, it m^ deSne 
IS everlasting issue. Consider, then, L emplovS 

hl^^' fitted to you ; as m a great measure, decisive of vour 
happiness m time, and in eternity. ^ 

b]elJ!or1^ZT^f''l' ^,f the seasons, each, bv the invaria- 
Die laws ot nature, affects the product ons of what is ne\t in 
course ; so in human life, every period of our ^e, accord „^ 
f«%« r' I'r" or ill spent, influences the of that wh cl? 
18 to follow. Virtuous youth, gradually 'brings forward ac- 
Sr?i?n.1 w^ fl«"''lBhingm^,hoodrand sfch mTn u>od 
quil oldage * uneasiness, into respectable andtr^?: 

^Jc^^^^^l ^^^" ,"'''*H»*e is turned out of its rep-„|ar course 
^isorder takes place in the moral, just as in fie veSfe 

*!, V^' ^^H' ^"*^h ^^^i^ address, with calling your attention to 
that dependence on the blessing of Heaven? wiiich amids? •!» 

pieserve. It is too common with the young, even when tfiev 
resolve to tread the path of virtue and^hono'^-, to set out wkK 
presumptuous confideui - in themselves 

18 Trusting to their own abilities for carrvine: them sur- 
oessfully through life, they are careless of apXn^o God" 
or of deriving any assistance from what th^^ LLiZ^.^l^uT.^ 
tbe gioomv discipline of religioi. Al as! low' little dolh^' 


fj of improve-* 
lonour. Now 
hat yoii sow, 
til" Divine As- 
some meas^ 

bits have not 
lot pre-occu- 

haa time to 
' powers are 

they will be 

• desires and 
m\\ form the 
y determine 
^loyment of 
:h shall ever 
isive of your 

' the invaria- 
lat is next in 
e, according 
forward ac- 
h manhood, 
)le and tran- 

ular course, 
)e vegetable 
mmer there 
li youth be 
probably be 
^innings of 
:ely be any 

attention to 
I, amidst all 
ntiuually to 
when tJiey 
ict out withf 

; them suc- 
ig to Godi 

le do they 
m wisdom, 

Chap. 9. f^omis'cumts Pieces. i^T 

nor human virtue, unsupported by religion, is eaual to tliL 
trying situations which often occur in life.' ^ "'* 

iU By the 3hock of temptation, how freciuentlv hav«» ihm. 
most virtuous intentions been overthrown ? Snfil^lL^^^^^^^^ 
re pi disaster, how often has the greatest cenScy sS 
"Every guod, and every peilcct gift, is from Xvc "Wis- 

td'' iSt^it^Jr^f "^'-l-^ -dhonou; come fro^ 

: . • ,. ^-'^^^stitute ol his favour, you are n no betff i- >i]u^■^t\r!r^ 

w.^ al your hoasted abilities, illan or^/anrS wander Tn* 

a iraclj-ss deit-t. vvittiout any K.iide to conduct X.m,.r 

--J Uonect, tlien, this 1 1-founded arro'-ance Fxnprt 

tlie G'.d of hca.i.'^ '^ ""' ^"'^''' '^''^ ""-" Protection of 
21 1 conclude with the solemn words, in which a ^n-.t' 

t lo ghts. I thou seek him, he will be fount? of Juce • but if 
tiioulorsake him, he will cast thee off for ever,'' bIaiI ' 




A Earthqua&e at Calabria, in the year 1C38. 

N account of this dreadful earthquake', is given bv the 
colebnued hjtluT kirciier\ It happened whTlst he wL on 

(Uiiey to VlSJtlVIoLint TFAn:.^ -.rJX., ". , riu "^/*^**?^'^ 

~.—^ ^.^.cxccot piuuigies oi iearning\ 

.... .,jdi , in comnanv with four mm-o^ durr^ r«: 

a.;s of theorder of St. I.r,, Jd twoUcl "'"vv'i r„ch: 

Su.!:t tS^^^^^^^^^ 

.-. _ 'A'^'^^^ ^^ transact' , and where we desie-norl tn fu.Z 

iui hUHic lime .. " "'i 

mme business 


iJi wc \\trc obliged to continue three days at Pdorus' 


I- i 

1*2 8 

The English Reader. 

Part i. 

on account of the weather' ; and though we oft«;n put out to 
sea', yet we were as often driven back\ At length', wearied 
with the delay', we resolved to prosecute our voyage^ ; and', 
although the sea seemed more than usually agitated', we 
ventured forward\ 

3 " The gulfofC'iarybdis', which we approached', seemed 
whirled round in such a maniiei-', as to form a vast holio^v', 
verging to a point in the contre\ Proceeding onward', and 
turning my eyes to ^Etna', I saw it cast forth large volumes 
of smoke', of mountainous sizes', whicii entirely covered the 
island', and blotted out the very shores from my view\ Tins', 
together with the dreadful noise\ and the sulphurous stench 
which was stronglv perceived', filled me with apprehensions', 
that some more dreadful calamity was impending\ 

4 "The sea itself seemed to wear a very unusulil appear- 
ftnce' : they who have seen a lake in a violent shower of rain', 
covered all over with bubbles', will conceive some idea of its 
agitations\ My surprise was still increased', by the cajmness 
and serenity of the weather' ; not a breeze', not a^cloud', which 
might be supposed to put all nature thus into motion'. I 
therefore warned my companions', that an earthquike was ap- 
proach! n^' ; and', alter some time', making for tlie shore with 
all possible diligence', we landed at Tropaea', happy and thank- 
ful for having escaped the threatening dangers of the sea\ 

5 " But our triumphs at land were of short duration'; for 
we had scarcely arrived at the Jesuits' College', in that city', 
when our ears were stunned with a horrid sound', resembling 
that of an infinite number of chariots', driven fiercely for- 
ward' ; the wheels rattans', and the thongs cracking'. Soon 
after this', a most dreadful earthquake ensued' ; the whol« 
tract upon which we stood seemecl to vibrate', as if we were 
in the scale of a balance that continued wavering'. This mo^* 
tion', howevei-', soon grew more violent' ; and being no longer 
able to keep my legs', I was thrown prostrate upon the ground'. 
In the mean time', the universal ruin round me', redoubled 
my amazement'. 

6 "The crash of falling houses', the tottering of towers', and 
the groans of the dying', all contributed to raise my terroi-' 
and despair'. On every side of me', 1 saw nothing but a 
scene of ruin', and danger threatening wherever I should 
ny'. 1 recommended myself to God', as my last great refuge'. 

7 "At thathoui-', O how vain was every sublunary happi 

lipa tlxe nearer 1 approached', I only loved him the mQr«'. 

Part i\ 

Um put out to 
igth', wearied 
oyage'^ ; and', 
agitated', we 

;hed', seemed 
. vast iioliow', 
onward', and 
large volumes 
yf covered the 
view\ This', 
lurous stench 

isual appear- 
ower oi'rain', 
ne idea of its 
the cahnness 
cloud', which 
I niotion\ I 
|u;ike was ap- 
;ie sliore with 
luration'^; for 
in that city', 
[', resembling 
fiercely for- 
king'. Soon 
'; the wholtj 
IS if we were 
\ This mo-* 
\n% no longf^r 
b', redoubled 

'towers\ and 
;e my te.rroi*' 
othing but a 
ver I should 
imary happi- 
mere useless 
lust standing 
ny pleasure'; 
the more". . 

gloomy d,.e,-ul of im,,e,i4 ^^nS^^^' " '*'" •*" '•'""•"' ' 

>oyag.^;i:rfhe coa»t"-\n.'. ,tr'"*l°f' ^'^ P™«''«"t..d our 
wlicre w,' I ,.lV.;i- ?,i ' , *"* "'""tday came to Rochetta' 

«.m agitatioiib^ But wi- had soarculv arri'id :it nm- ;,.., .. i " 

we were hoivnH'^ l^^r,..^ , u ^ i" wnicn .as 1 Stid be ore'. 

ac<lLU,infrd with' Xi'mellTw fir H ^ "'"* "'"* ^'*""' &""va 
»nora..,,t seJme Uo CTo« Imrf k''*-'^^^^^^^ ' '» '=''>''T 


ed to rr^st upon the olict-' tSI A ^'*^'**^'^"^ » that seem- 

thtMv..s-nhf.r\vno;" Ji.l^„:._.^»'s t^^*^^ «^orc surprised us. L 

**rf,l tv t»ll'- nothing but a 'di.S ajd''ju\"u kJ-'^^S^ 

HI ^ 



^^^P^^H 4 




^H '' 


180 The English Reader, Tart U 

seen where it stood\ We looked about to find some oho 
that could teli us of its sad catastrophe', but could see no per- 
son'. All was become a melancnoljr solitude^ j a scene pf 
hideous desolation'. 

14 "Thus proceedms; pensively along', in quest of some 
human being that could give us a little information', we at 
length saw a boy sitting by the shore', and appearing stupi- 

^fied with terror\ Of him', therefore', we inquired concern* 
ing the fate of the city^ ; but he could not be prevailed on tp 
give us an answer^. 

15 " We entreated him', with every expression of tender- 
ness"* and pity' to tel! us"" ; but his senses were quite wrapt up 
in the contemplation of tiie danger he had escaped\ We of 
fered him some victuals', but he seemed to loath the sight\ 
We still persisted in our offices of kindiiesa'' ; but he onij 
pointed to the place of the city'^, like one ouj of his sensey. 
and then', mnnmg up into the woods', was never heard oi 

. after\ Such was the fate of the city cf Euphaemia'^. 

16 "As we continued our melancholy couree along the 
• shore', the whole coast', for the space of two hundred miles', 

presented nothing but the remains of cities'; and men scatter- 
ed', without a habitation', over the fields\ Proceeding thua 
^ along', we at length ended our distressful voyage by arriving 
at Naples', after having escaped a thousand dangers both at 
sea' arid landV* goldsmith* 

7 iiierfrom Pliny to Gemij^ius. 

DO we not sometimes observe a sort of people', who', 
though they are themselves under the abject dominion 
of every vice', show a kind of malicious resentment againstthe 
errors pf others', and axe most severe upon those whom Uiey 
most resemble' ? yef , surely a lenity of disposition', even in 
persons who have the least occasion for clemency thoH?selvss', 
IS of all virtues the most becoming\ 

2 The highest of all characters^ in my estimation', is liisf, 
who is as ready to pardon th« erroi-g of mankind', as if ke were 
every day guilty 6t some himself ; and', at the same time', as 
cautious of committing a faulf , as if he never forgave one'v 
It is a rule then which we should', upon all occasions', both 
private^ and public', mrst religiously obsen^e' : "to be inexo- 
rable to our own failing', while we treat those of the rest of 
the world with tenderness*, not excepting even such as for- 
ffive nonft Knt. thf^!Ti?!p!vp.*i^." 

"^ 3 1 shall', perhaps', be asked', who it is that ha^ given occa- 
sion to these reflections'. Know then that a certain person 

{22 d) *^ 


le^ : a scene qf 

sion of tender- 

a«;3f.(^ ^^^'^^^cuotis Pieces. 131 

bis cSnduct', I shall acrcountpr' J^ th / ^«"?^'»n and expose 

ikte ofhuu^al^r J'-^^^r-' ^T^MO^^^^^^^^^^ 

r„ , „ SECTION III. 

X^/e./rom P.,„ «<,Marcei.m,.c,<,„ «« rfeatt o/«n amia^ 

-rvc-atmr^ u- ^f young woman. •' '" 

young person', or mie whXTJr^^f '''^^':"'i™'''"««'"'«''l« 
long;. I'had almost "aid?Li,SaPr;?w'^h''^ ^"•'°r*' " 
wisdom of age^ and dkcrefilfffl, "'^ •' •^'"5 '""^ •''' the 
f"' -«;t"4 and W^irmodesfy"'''™" '•''''"^'* witbyouth- , 

«ffectionately treat all thos^whl'^^ fi^^-'™ '"' '^'•'''"'''' •' "-"v 
li»d the care^ and education n?L' " Sf"' ■"P'R**'"* offices' 
Jier time in readins? nwh^h 1^/ ' ^^^ ^V'V^oyei much of 

witfi much caution'' Wirh «^ 1} /T •'"''"•"ons', and those 
tience\ with what conra^^' riw /"''''•'■'ranee;, with what pa- 
S She compned witK'fh. H- '" ^•"l'"-« her last i!l„ess^ - 
she cncourageS her J teV and her f.'Vh"™ "^'if/ P''y'«ci™,^ ; 
Sti'Pngth of godv waseih,*", V *^*''*'' ! »?^^^ 

single vigour o7her,„ind^Th.^?nSPT'* ^^'^'"^ ^S the 
to her lalt moment,' i,n?;^i u*^' '"*ed . continued', even 
or the te ro^Ta';^,"„^^„\«",^^y/h^ ft if^, '""^ 1,""^?' ' 
"Inch makes the loss of her £. ™. S Ik "" " " ' reflection 
«'^- A loss inlhiite yfevere'? Zl mo;.""'"' \'"' '^"^'^t- 
tieular conjuncture in^^hl^hith.^^penTdw'"'''"" ^^ "'*' P"^" 

heard Fun'danus hinrelMaste ^errHl'"""'^^ ^''''^" * 
stances to aggravate its afflUi,7„' * „ f * "n,°'ns out circum- 
rtesigi^d tolay nut nn^^^^^^^^^ '"■'i'"."»g the money he had 

riage'^to he, tin". '."T?," .??"',*? and .jewels', for her mar- 

5 lie is I mani/F^reit'Krn'i'^.S-'''' T''^''''.'"'" her f'meral' ! 





jTVie Bns^Uah Rcada 

Tart 1 



post el«»vatrd Studies^ ! but all the mnximH of fortitud« which 
he has recHivfKl from boukH\ or advancd l)iin8ilf% h«^ now 
mhaolutel V njecta^ ; and «v«5ry otijer tirtui; of Ihh U^ri jrivft 
place to all a parunt's trnd(>rtii^«H\ We Hhall excim*'/, we Hhall 
even approve liiH hoitow^. when ne cjuiHidir what he haHloHt^ 
II '.?'* ^ "^«ht«r who resembled him in hi« mannti s', ai 
Well n«j hia person^ ; and exactly copied out all jier lathcr\ 

6 If hi8 fnimd Marcellinus shall think proper to write to 
hmi , upon thceubject of so rea«onaI)Ie a j;rier, lot me. remind 
Jiirnnot to use the rougher arguments of consolation', and 
•ucli a« seem to carry a sort of it«proof with tiiem' ; hut those 
ol knid and stm^pathrzinfi; humHnity\ 

7 Time will rendiT him n\ore open to the dictates of rea^- 
8on : for as a fresh wound shrinks back from the hand of the 
surgeon , but by decrees submits to, and even requiivs the 
means of its cure'; so a mind', under the fjrst inipresHi<Mis of 
« misfortune' ^shuns and rejects all ar^uments of console ion', 
butatlenRHi , it applied with tenderness', calmly and willingly 
acquiesces in them\ Farewell\ Mklmotjii's Plkn v. 

On disaelioni 

I HAVE often thoughf. if the minds of men Were laid open', 
wft should see but little difTcTence between that of a nise 
tnan', and that of ft fooh. There ai«' infinite reveries^ num- 
berless i- *ravagances\anda succession of Vanities', >\ hich inm 
tiiroufth hoth\ The great difference is', that the fhst know* 
how to pick and culj his thoughts for conversation', by sup- 
pressing some', and communicating otlna-s' ; whereas tin* oth- 
er lets them all inditferently fly out in >vords\ This sort of 
discretion', howeveK, has no in private convers 'tion 
between intimate fni'nd9\ On such occasions', the wis«'Mtm«'n 
jery often talk like the weakest^ ; for; indeed, talking with a 
inenjr, is nothing else than Ihinkinsr (iIouil\ 

2 Tully has then^fore very justly exposed a precept', deliv- 
ered by some ancient writers', That a man should live witli 
his enemy in such a manned, as might leave him room to be- 
come his triend'; and with his friend', in sucli a manner', that'. 
If he berame his enemy', it should not be in liia pt»iver to hurt 
him\ Thi* first part of this rule', which reganls our b.huv- 
lour towartisan eiu'iny', is indeed V(;ry reasonable', as well as 
very pnidential^ ; hut the latter part of if, wh-h irFards «.ur 
behaviour towanls a friend', saviMirs more of cunnini-'^ fU.i^. -..f 
discretion' : and would cut a man oft' from the greatest pkas^ 
•res of hfe', which are the fi-eedoms of converaation with a l»o- 
mm umiA\ B^siUm Ihat', wh«n a friend i;i turu»4 kit* mb 
- {M*i 

Tart 1 . 

rti(ud« which 
isi'lf", h»r now 
I'lH ht^rt ^wvM 
LUisj'/, we hHaH 
;it h«^ has loHtV 
» maniH'is', ag 
Ihm* lathcr\ 
•r to write to 
ot inc. remind 
solution', anj 
li' ; but those 

rtfites of FPU-' 
u! hand of the 
HHiuircs the 
nprt'H«ioii« of 
and willing!/ 
*3 Pn*Ny. 

Tc laid opPTi', 
hat of a ^vise 
vi'ri<'s\ num- 
»', \\ hic-ri paSH 
<^ ih»t knows 
[ion', by snp- 
;reas tln» otii* 
Thii sort of 
U', wisi'wtnx'n 
liking with u 

'pcppt', dcliv- 
uld livn witli 
1 room to hc- 
lanner', that', 
'(Hver to hurt 
3 our bthav- 
le', as wi'll as 
\ rrp;ar(ls our 

■eat<;3t pkat- 
on with atKj- 
ru»d kit* «8 

.3 Discn-tion dons not only show its.-lf in words' hut Jn n!7 
tho cirr.uniHtancc'8 of action^ • uml ;« i L *^"™» > »'« in all 

A n: »' ''^'*»Y •" » rrors , anU active to his own nrpiiiri;.<.> 
appl^ them to proocr u'^r'^J^.^ ' 1^ if T? "T J" 

di»c Jtlrfho «ni "JTf :!I"±: P''''"-'^"""^'. yot if ho wnnt, 
Otithecoii r n- ifh ; hL h^ '^ i;,-,,Hftric« in the woild^; 
buta c., n or star ofo.fc'."'''''' "•'":?' '" J^ff'^tion'. anrf 

tin.. p,Ii„t, .«t 1 1 , obl"4t o ; V/. f;""""!*'"'"''''^- ^'""=">- 
piopira,,,! la...I ihirm tl „d, n/^A- '• "'"l P"™"-' th« most 
only private s .1/1, a^m! 1 i "^'""""S'h.m^: cunning ha» 
.nie thorn snccTcd^^"' ' "'"' ""*" *' """""6 which may 

wHllScyo-'tomrS^d^'lt'^*'';''';'' V-w.^= »nH'. like. 
tinU of »hort-8iKl t?dmT.hf. ,7:^''^ ''orizon\: cunning i, , 
which are nearTit (uo d- h'nt^i nrTi"? ""J'; "•"""''" "l'J<'-t« 
distance-. Di»c~.'I;." .C"!!"!!'. ••''?.'" '» diBccni things at a 
er authority tolh,"." Z ' "" "'h,'.*;." '°""»"^"r''"'<' .«"»<•» agreat- 




134 The English Reader, Part 1. 

8 Dis4iretlori is ttie perfection of reason', and a guide to us 
in all the duties of life^ : cunninj^ is a kind ofinstinct', that only- 
looks out after our imnnediate interest' and welfare\ Discre- 
tion is only found in men of strong s<!nse' and good under- 
standings' : cunning is often to be in<t with in brutes tiieni-- 
selves' ; and in persons whoarebuttlie fewest removes from 
t!iein\ In short', cunning is only the numic of discretion' ; 
and it niay pass upon weak men , in the s;\nie manner as vi- 
▼acity is often mistaken ibr wit', and gravity , for wisdom\ 

9 The cast of mind which is n:itural to a discreet man', 
makes him look forward into futurity', and consider what will 
be his condition millions of ages bene*;', as well as what it is at 
present\ He knows that the misery' or happiness' which is 
reserved for him in another world', loses nothing of its reality 
by being placed at so great a distance from him\ The ob- 
je'cts do not appear little to him because they are remote'. 
He considers, that those pleasures' and p.tina' which lie hid in 
eternity', approach nearer to him every moment' ; and will be 
present with him' in theif full w<jght' and m«;asure', as much 
as those pains' an ' pleasures' which he ftu'ls at this very in- 
stant'. F6r thih reason', h«' is careful to secure te- himself 
that which is the proper ha])piness of his nature', and the ul- 
timate design of his being'. 

10 He carries his thoughts to the end of every action'', and 
considers the most distant', as well as the most Immediate ef- 
fects of it'. He supersedes every little prospect of gain' and 
advantage' which olfers i(?eh here', if he does not fmd it con- 
sistent with his views of an heieafter'. In a word', his hopes 
are full of immortality' ; his schemes are large' and j^lorious' ; 
and his conduct suitabh^ to one who Knows his true uiterest', 
and how to^tursue it by proper metliod3\ ajddison* 


On the govcrmnenl of our thoua;hts, 

AMITLTITITDK of cases occur, in which we are no less 
ac« oiintabluCorsvhat we think, than for what wedo. As, 
first, when the introduction of any train of thought de- 
pends upon ourselves, and is our voluntary act, by turning 
ourattention towards such object?*, awakening such passions, 
or engaging in such employiiients. as we know must give a 
* peculiar determinatiorj to our thouglits. Next, when thoughts, 
oy whatever accident they may have been originally suggest- 
ed, are indulged with deliberation and complacency. 

% 1 nough tne mind has been pnsaive in their rece|>tiflri, 
and, therefore fre<; from blame; yet, if it be active in their 
continuutice, tiie gtiilt bccoint s iln own. They may have 

Vart 1. 

1 guide to us 
ct', that only 
re\ Discre- 
good under- 
l)rut('s tlioni-^ 
f moves from 
f discretion'^ ; 
lanner as vi- 
iscieet man', 
iler what will 
s what it is at 
ess' whicli is 
; of its reality 
i\ The oh- 
are remote', 
lich lie hid in 
; and will he 
ire', as much 
this very in- 
•e l(* himself 
', and the ul- 

actioh'', and 
nmediate ef- 
of gain"^ and 
t find it con- 
'd', his hopes 
nd jjlorious' ; 


e are no less 
we do. As, 
thouj^ht de- 
t, hy turning 
leh passions, 
must give h 
len thoughts, 
ally suggest- 

iir recejition, 
[•tive in their 
jr may have 

Chap. 9. Promiscuous Pieces. 135 

intruded at first, like unhidden quests ; but if, when entered 
they are made, a..d kindlv entt^rt»\nnA tu^ • 

the same as if they had heen inviiedVot he bet'in Lr'" 
3 If we are thus accountahle to God for thouHri'ither 
voluntarily introduced, or deliberately indu geK e a7e no 
less so, m the last place, for those which find 'idm tV^n^ ; , 
our hearts from supine negli-tMicrTom fot.l ^ I .• ' "''*i 
attention from allowing ouTSuagi^^^^^ 

[:fX" ''''' '*'' '■^'' "^ '^'' ^'^^'' ^«^-»d3 the ends of the 

itv"^ ^J"' '"'"'** ^'•^^^ t^^'s.C'-'se, thrown open to folly and van- 
ity, lliey are prostituted to every evil thimr IvZh ,!i 
to take nm«jj^.«uirtr; ' mR^ '-"'-•> evn tning which pleases 

" how oft hr, hath oS.p.'.'' I^^'n^' LrtXAr^''"" '""• 

ma,ke,l with a,,v pemu.^.^f o^r t if °flf e^^ fc J"):; '"'•' 
have e tlier imsseil '.wiv :,i wH, 1 """"' tnect.-' Mow many 

l.n^o> .,tunatecu„,pani,„„they diii-st nolnrvWi''""' '" """ 
travagant >magi,.ationB, and '^lj'Jar of whXj'y 





The English Reader. 

Part K 

would wish^o attain, or choose to be, if they could frame tha 
course of thmp according to their d^-sire. tliou-h suXnl- 
pjoyraentsof fancy c^me not under the Same description with 
^ose which are criminal, yet wholly unblamable they 
»eldom are. Besides tiie waste of time which they occasion 
and the misapphcation which they indicate of thoseTntel e?: 
tual powers tliat were given to us for much nobler pumoses. 

rote^rdrrS/^^-^' " ^'"^^'""^^ ^'^ "'^^''^"^^ 

9 The V place us on darigerous ground. Thev are. for th« 

ino9tpa,i, connected with some o^ne bad passion faid they 

always nourish a giddy and frivolous turn if thought. They 

or for acquiescing m sober plans of conduct.* From that ideal 

Zj}t "V"^"*^** *S^"^^'« 'f^^^f '« ^^^«"' 't returns to the com^ 
merce of men, unbent and relaxed, sickly and tainted, averse 
%o discharging the duties, and sometinres disqualiiied even 
iQX relishing t^e pleasures of ordinary life. '^"^"*''''* ^^^" 


WOn the evils which fow from unrestrained passions, 
HEN man revolted from his Maker-, his passions rebel- 
,r,;n;J ?Sainst himselt;; and; from being originally the 
gmisters of reason^ have become the tyrants of the soul\~. 
Hence , m treating of this subject^ two things may be as. 
sumed as nrincip es;. first; that through the present ; eakness 
f)l the understanding-, our passions are often directed towards 
mproper olj^^cts^; and next', that even when th(ur direction 
jsjust , ;uia their objects are innocent', they peipetuallv tend 
to run into excess^ ; they always hurry ud towai^s thei?. rat- 
ification , with a blind and dangerous impetuosity\ On these 
two points', theo-. turns the whole government of our pas- 
sions r hrst, to ascertain the proper objects of their pursuit-^: 
ana next , to restrain them in that pursuit', when they ^^ou\d 
carry us beyond the bounds of rea8on\ j " u 

£ Ifthere IS any passion which intrudes itself unseasonably 
!^ rr.^.^M*""'.*' ' ^^''"^*» 'iarkens and troubles our judjrnient', or 

liahitually discomposes our temper' ; which 'unfiis us for 
properly discharging the duties', or disqualifies us for cheer- 
fully enjoying the comforts of life', w« may certainly con- 
c ude It to have gained a dang<;roua ascendant\ The Kreat 
oluect which we ought to propose to ourselves', is', to acquire 
a finn and steadfast mind; wliich the infatuMtion of passion 
».-iuiirH>i sruuce , tior Us violence shake^ ; which', restiuff on 
ftxed principles', shall', in the midst of contending emotiSns', 
remain free, and master of itself; able to liii ten calmly t J 

Part U 

i\d frame th« 
Jj?h such em- 
cription with 
lumable they 
n:*y occasion, 
lose intellec- 
ler purposes, 
e neigh bour- 

y are, for th« 
n ; and they 
ight. They 
na! pursuitfL 
>m tliat ideal 
inted, averse 
iailiied even 


ssions rebel- 
[■iginully the 
the aoul\ — 
may be as- 
nt weakness 
ted towards 
;ir direction 
L'tualiy tend 
s their ji,rat- 
. On tiiese 
i)f our pas- 
'ir pursuit^: 
tliey A\ ould 

iffnieiit', or 
ifii.s lis for 
i for cheer- 
tain ly con- 

The (^reat 
', to acquire 
of passioa 

resting uri 
1 calmly tu 

Chap, g. Promiscuous Pieces, "^ isT' 

I' th;out'=ho°L'zr"'='^'' ""' p'^p'^'^ '» <"•«>' "' *"»'«• 

r^^i?" V^*f^"^'' '^ possible', such command of passion' is on* 
of the highest attainments of the rational nature\ Ar^u! 
men s to show its importance', crowd upon us from evf^ 

life'' h;- }^'^''t ^/ "!!? \^^»^ '^^'^^ o/misrh ef to hS 
ife , It IS , beyond doubt', the misrule of passion\ It is X» 

^vhich poisons the enjoyment Of individuals , overturns thl 
order of society', and strews the path of life wiSJ so m^v 
miseries' as to render it indeed the vale of tearsT ^ 

hr^tll. ^•'f'* scenes of public calamity', which we be- 
hold with astonishment and hirroK, have orfe mated fr^ the 
source of violent pas. ions\ These have overlprerdthe?arth 

aTd^fihld'lf"'^ •• ^^'\^^'r P«^"^*^d the assLin's dagger; 
and hied the poisoned bowl\ These', In every aere' hiv** 
furmshed too copious materials Jor the oiSorl plthftic dec! 
ama ion , and for the poet's tragical song\ When from oub 
ic hie we descend to private conducMhough passTon Spel 
rates not tliere in so wide and destructive a spheVerwe slmll 
hnd its lufluence to be no less baneful\ ^ ' we.snall 

rnvvv 'Z""^ """^ ir^^riim the black and fierce passions', such as 
S ;,• ""•''f ^' ^""^ revenge', whose effects are obv"ou8?v 
•uw of f rf '"'i- '" ^S'Hti«»^« «re immediate misery'; butTke 
m Lw!h^ I'^«"tious and sensual kind\ Suppose^it to have 
sTllHnd^S^^ '/'?f^ '^ throughout its cSirse' , and we 
'i fj f n^?» that gradually, as it rises', it taints tlie soundness^ 
and troubles the peace , of his mind over >vhom it reiW ! 
m^. i;/3 -H »'''"Sr«S8', it engages him in pursuits wWclare 
kw^.flll-''?'' r'^\^?"S^^' or withshame^; that'^in the end^ 
urter' «n ' ^""'^""^^ ^^^f^P^^ *^'« health\ or' debases his char- 
i im' w^l, ,1^^'''''^}^',^^^ the miseries in ^hich it has involved 
• iTh'p^ n 1 '*" rT-^'y^'^S P''^"K8 of bitter remorse\ Throucli 
. hes^ges of this fatal course', how many have heretSe 

blilld^rd'hSlg^^^^^^^^^^ '^"^ beholJpursuingS 


On the proper state of our temper, mth reject to one another, 

I i' V^. ' ^" ^^^ general', that if we consult pithernub- 

rLiri^"'"^'''* P'-'^"^^ happiness', Christian cha ity Stto 

regu ate our disposition in mutual intercourse\ W^itasthis 

S:?iPJ!iTe'«jl^'Jl'S-^«?^^^^^^ diversified appearalfce.'. le? 

il^o^-;:^^ usuKnSir^Sr'" ""'^ '' °"«^^ ^« 

peaceabl^^imnfi ^'^T^^ j^^'^ ^ ^^ recommended', is a 
p.e<iceable tempcr^^a disposition averse to give offence^; m4 



The English Reader, 

Part X. 


}j! t 

J proper moderation of spirit\ 

3 Such a temper is the first principle of self-enioyment\ 
It IS the basis of all ordeK and happiness among manlcind\ The 
posjtive' and contentious\ the rude\ aud quarrt;|some', are the 
baneof society\ They seem destined to blast the small shrne 
ot comfort', which nature has here allotted to mpn\ But they 
cannot disturb the peace of others', more than they break their 
own\ The hurricane races first in their own bosom', before it 
js let .? 1 ujjon the world\ In the tempests which they raise', 
they ; .„ always tosf , and frequently it is their lotto j)erish\ 

4 A peaceable temper must be supported by a candid ofie'. 

live/, and throws a black shade over every character\ If we 
\vould be happy in ourselv. ^\ or in our connexions with 
others , let us guard aeamst this malignant 8pirrt\ Let us 
study rhat chanty "which thinketh noevih;^ that temper 
which , without degenerating into credulity', will dispose us to 
be ju3f ; and which can allow us to observe an erroi-', without 
miputuig It as a crime\ Thus we shall be kept free from that 
continual irritation', which imaginary injuries raise in a sus- 
picious breasr , and shall walk among men as our brethren' 
not as our enemies'. * 

5 But to be peacea!)le\ and to be candid', is not all that la 
required of a good man\ He must cultivate a kind\ i<ener- 
ous\ and sympathizing tempeK, which feels for diatrc^ss', 
wherever It is beheld^ ; which enters into the concerns of his 
friends with ardour' , and to all with whom he h;is inter- 
course', IS gentle\ obliging', and humane\ How amiable 
appears such a disposition', when contrasted with a malicious^ 
or envious tempt-r', which wraps itself up in its own narrow 
interest\ looks with an evil eye on the success of others', and', 
with an unnatural satisfaction', feeds on their disappoint nenta' 
or miseries^ ! HtiW little does he know of the true happiness 
ol Ji e , who is a stranger to that intercourse of good otlices^ 
and kind atFections', which', by a pleasing charm', attaches 
mm to one another', and circulates joy from hearf to heart^ ! 
6 We are not to imagine', that a benevolent temper finds 

a^ctions of high generosity', or of extensive utility'. Theso 
i|ayiwidomoccur\ The condition of the j'reaterpait of man- 

Part J. 

i intorcoursfii 
'ending man- 
trifles', and', 
tion of spirit\ 

-enjoy ment\ 
»rilcind\ The 
pme', Hre tlie 
e small shnie 
n\ But they 
y breai{ their 
)m', before it 
fi they raise", 
ot to j)erish\ 

candid ofie", 
i^ith fairne^H' 
[>us^ and sus- 
e worst mo- 
cter\ If we 
exions with 
rrt\ Let us 
thnt temper 
iispose us to 
or', without 
ee from that 
ise in a sus- 
ir brethren', 

i)t all that IS 
ind\ i^ener- 
>r distress', 
cei ns of his 
h;is inter- 
ow amiable 
•A malicious'' 
>wn narrow 
Liiors', and', 
joint nenta'' 
e ha])pini:si9 
ood otri<;es^ 
n', attaches 
f to heart'' ! 
smper fiiid^ 
y*. Thes« 

Chap, 0. Promiscuous Pieces, i$0 

n^TO ^hem^. . Buf in the ordi- 

to thf smaller incidel^ni?'- ' ^ ""^'""^ '""^ '^^^ 

.-.otions whi^ oir^ tl,r . ;,?i:',r'' "^9'"^ '"•"""'l "s'. than 

rules of l.ehavi„„r ^ bcio V lis rl4"?d-' wht'l ."' "iiT""' ""y 
llif great brotherhood .>fml^l^i' "'"''» t*"""! to cement 
I'artfcularlv imi )«mkT. r '."""^'"1 m comfortable union\ 

attend to the srovernn.....? «r t ,„• I '.," concerns them to 
Violent in th eirTm e "' "» „,"""■'/ '."• '^"^ "^at is 
.nan„ers^ Vor iSVul'.^"'},!! ."'i'L" "'5' 'l^^'h in their 

«.a't whk^^s^fer^^^^ ""^r^r- Particularly in 

i» the temper to wl iei ' "l. v J? A T" f"'''""y ^P*^''- This 
■••■li;;ior, seeks to foin „'. ^ ,!^r.P.''''*'=<l '».l">'ctions', our holy 
Tl.i. is the tempwof ri^Ven^ """ "'" ^"'"P" of Christ^ 


1 w'i!,S •l,!r-,n'ee oTr:i^;; ?'fT "-^'"^ "k^ I*?" «""?«!. 
would not Mart AviH w ? u ' ^'^''^ *" such bigotry. { 

the min \lho pt ltd '"''^^- . '.P^r^^^l^^to 
tud.sand clamitfes oHho p es.nt t te^ilnf nl" ^^e.vicissi. 
Juexhaustihle fund of (.onsnhtinn 7;r-',*l»f man enjoys an 
power of fortune to di|^lv"2h^^^^^ '''^"''^' *' '^ "^^ *« t^ie 

*nd ^:^ml^:£^^ soi^,vourahb. to all the kind, 

persecution, to twaniv ' ''; ' ^^^^^ to hatred and 

, u lyidnny, to injusUctj, anfj every sort pf iual^yo^ 



140 The EnsUsh Reader, Fart I. 

ience, as the Gospel. It breathes nothing thrQughout, but 
mercy, benevolence, and peace. 

3 Poetry is sublime, when it awakens in the mind a y great 
and good affection, as piety, or patriotism. This is one of the 
noblest effects of the art. The Psalms are remjirkiijle, be- 
yond ii 11 otl)er writings, for their power a^ inspiring devout 
emotions. But it is not in this respect only, that they ar« 
sublime. Of the divine nature, they contain tne most magnifi- 
cent descriptions, that the soul of man can comprehend. 
The hundred and fourth Psalm, in particular, displays th(J 
power and goodness of Providence, increati.i^ andpreserv- 
mg^ the world, and the various tribes of animals m it with such 
majestic brevitjr and beauty, as it is in vain to look for in any 
human composition. 

■ 4 Such of the doctrines ofthe Gospel as are level to human 
capacity, appear to be agreeable to tlie purest truth, and the 
soundest morality. All the genius and Jearning ofthe hea- 
then world ; ail the penetration of Pythagoras, Socrates, and 
Aristotle, had never been able to produce such a system of 
moral duty,'and so rational an account of Providence and of 
man, as are to be found in the New Testament. Compared, 
indeed, with *his, all other moral and theological wisdom 
Loses, .iscounteiianc'd, and like folly shows. beattie. 


Reflections occasioned bif a review of the Messing^ pjonowiced 
6i/ Christ on his diisoipUs, in his sermon on the moiint, 

WHAT abundant reason have wc to thank God', that this 
large and instructive discourse of our blessed liedeeri> 
er', is so particularly recorded by the siscred historians Let 
every one that" hath ears to i^eai*'," attend to it^ : for surely 
no man ever spoke as our Lord did on this occasiou\ Let 
us fix our minds in a posture of humble attention', that we 
may " receive tiie law iroiii his mouth\" 

2 He opened it with blessings', repeated and most import- 
ant ble3sings\ But on whom are they pronoimced\'^ and 
whom are we taught to think th« happiest of mankind^ ? The 
meek' and the humble^ ; the penitent and the niercifur ; tlie 
peaceful' and the pure^ ; those tiiat hunger' and thirst after 
righteousness^ ; those that labour', hut faint not under perse- 
ciition^ ! Lord' ! how different are thy maxims from those of 
the children of this world^ ! 

the powi 

its gaudy triJBes', and dress up the foolish creatures that 

pursue them\ JVIa^ onr SQula suure in that happiness', which 

They call the proud happy^ ; and ad mire the py\ the rich\ 
powerful', ana the victorious^. But let a vam world take 



Part 1. 

jout, but 

a y great 
mft of the 
CcUjle, be- 
ig devout 
they ar« 
: magnifi- 
)lays thd 
I preaerv- 
ivith such 
ibr in any 

to human 
I, and the 
the hea- 
•utes, and 
1} stem of 
ce and of 



, that this 
in. Let 
or surely 
)n\ Let 
, that we 

t import- 
ed\^ and 
id^ ? The 
ifur ; tlie 
lirst after 
er perse- 
1 those of 

orld take 
ures that 
js', whicU 

Fromiscnovs Pieces. 

4 Let m be animated to cultivate those amiable virtues' 
which are here recommended to us^ ; this humility' and meek- 
J nesa^ ; this penitent sense of sin^ ; thisardent desire after rieht- 
If eousriess ; this compassion' and purity^ ; this peacefulnm' 

* Zt wr ^I't ""^ '^"'' ' ;^"^^' ^" ^ ''-'''< ^his un/versal go^ 
ness whicli becomes us', as we sustain the characjter of" the 
salt of the earth'," and '' the light of the world^ '^ 

.nt. ^^iZ "Vo T'?" ^"^ lament', that we answer the char- 
acter no better' ? Is tliere not reason to exclaim with a good 
man m former times', " Blessed Lord' ! either these jfrl not 
Uiy words' or we are not Christians^ !" Oh', season ou; hearts 
more effectual y with thy grace^ ! Pour forth that divint' oil 
on our lamps^ ! Then shall the flame bi-ighten^ ; tl en sh dl the 
ancient honours of tiiy relii^^ion be revived'%'nd mult tudel 
• awakened^ and animated^ by the lustre of it'/C g odfy 
vur Father m heaven\" ^ DODDRilaE. ^ 

Scheme'^ of life often illiison/. 
||MAR, the son of Hassan, h^d passed seventy-five years 
\r in honour and prosperity. The favour of three ^uccm 
l^ive cal . had filled his hiu.e ^vith gold and silvx^r : ;u^ whenl 
hk pJ^aJ^T"' ' ^^'' benedictions of the people pn^claiSj 

' «.: '^;'7;i^^^!;^''' '^^PPineasisofshortcontinuance. Thebricht- 
ness of the flame ,s wasfh.g its fu(^I ; the fragiv.nt ilowfr is 
patjsing away m its own odours. The viirour of Omar heiia 
to^ail; the curls of beauty f.ll from hishead ; strength le" 
parted from h.s hands ; and agility from his feet, ffe^ive 
back to the c^dil the keys of trust, and the seals of srcrlcv^ 
and sought no other pleasure for the remains of life, than tL 
convme ol tiie w,s.^ and the gratitude of the good. ' 

J Ah<M)owersofhismindwereyetutumpaii'ed. Hisrham. 
b..'r. was filled by visitants, eager tt, catch the dictates of e?! 
perience and officious to pSy th,-. tribute of admiration 
Caled, the son of the viceroy of Egypt, entered e^rv dav 
early, and retired late, ife was b.L.tiful and elo ment^ 
Omar admired his wit, and loved his docility. " Tel m" '» 
said Caled. " thon tn u'lin«« v,.;«^ ^..♦:^.... ^-..•!. i?.. ","*'. 

ivhose wisdom is known to the extremities of AsiartenTro 
how I may resemble Omar the prudent. The arts by wS 




142 The English Reader. Part 1. 

thou hast gained power and preserved it, are to thee no lon- 

gernecessary or useful; mipart to me the secret of thy eon- 
uct, and teach me tlie plan upon which thy wisdom has 
built thv fortune." 

4 " Young man," said Omar, " it is of little use to form 
plans of life. When I took my first survey of the world, in 
my twentieth year, having considered the various conditions 
of mankind, in the hour of solitude I said thus to mysflf, 
leaning aj^ainst a cedar, which spread its branches ov^u* my 
head, " Seventy years are allowed to man ; I have yet lifty 

5 " Ten years 1 will allot to the attainment of knowledge, 
and ten I will pass in foreign countries ; I shall be learned, 
and therefore siiall be honoured ; every city will shout at my 
arrival, and every student will solicit my friendship. Twen- 
ty years thus pissf d, will store my mind with images, which 
I shall he busy, through the rest of my life, in combining and 
comparing. 1 shall revel in inexhaustihle accumulations of 
intellectual riches ; I shall find new pleasures for every mo- 
ment ; and shall never more be weary of myself. 

6 " I will not, however, deviate too far from tlie beaten track 
of life; but will try what can be found in female delicacy. I 
will marry a wjfe beautiful as the Houries, and wise as Zo- 
bride : with h^r 1 will live twenty years within the suburbs 
ofBagdat,in every pleasui':^ tliut wealth can purchase, arijd 
fancy can invent. 

7 " I will then retire to a rural dwelling , pass my days in ob- 
scurity and contemplation , and lie sileiitly down on tiie bed 
of death. Through my life it shall b<» yny settled resolution, 
that I will never depend upon the smile oF princes ; that I will 
never stand exposed to the artifices of courts;! will never 
pant for public honours, nor disturb my (juiet with the affairs 
of state."^ Such was my scheme of life, which I itapressed 
indelibly upon my memory. 

H "The first pu't of my ensuing time was to be spent in 
search of knowledge, and 1 know not how I was diverted from 
my design. I had no visible impediments w^ithout, nor any 
ungovernable passions within. I regarded knowledge as the 
highest honour, and the moat engaging pleasure ; yet day 
stole upon day, and month glided after month, tlli'l founil 
that seven years of the first ten had vanished, and left noth- 
ing behind them. 

y '* I now postponed my purpose of travelling ; for why 

.!. 1.1 T 


.u »^ 

kr^>i.-hj-*^ ^.#^ E-k' 

home ? i imnujred myself for four years, aiid studied the 
iayvis of the euipiie. Tile iUmc of my skill readied the judges ; 


Part 1. 

lee no lon- 
[>f thy iion- 
isdoin has 

se to form 
e world, in 
to mysf.lf, 
s ov<;r my 
'^^ yet liCty 

»e h^arned, 
iiout at iny 
p. Twen- 
{^cs, winch 
ibiniiig and 
Lulations of 
every mo- 

eaten track 
olicacy. I 
vise as Zo- 
ic suburbs 
[ihase, ari,d 

days in ob- 
on 1.1 le bed 
; that I will 
will never 
I the aii'airs 

^e spent in 
erted from 
it, nor any 
idge astln*. 
; ; vet day 
tili'l founil 
[ left uoth- 

; ; for why 

i„„ 1 .-4. 

tudied the 



Chap.O' Promiscuous Pieces. 143 

1 was found able to speak upon doul)tful qnrstion'^ : and vas 
commanded to stand at the footstool of the cafif. I wa» 
heard wjth attention ; 1 was consulted with confidence : and 
the love ot praise fastened on my heart. 

10" I still wished to see distant countries ; listened with rap- 
ture to the relations of travellers ; and resolved i^ome time to 
tisk my dhsmission, that I mij;ht feast my soul with noveltv - 
but my presence was always necessar-r ; and the stream of 
busim-ss hurried me along. Soimetimes I ^vas afraid lest I 
should be charged with ingratitude : but 1 still proposed to 
travel, and therefore would not confine myself by marriage 

1 1 " In my fiftieth year, I began to suspect that tlu^ time of 
travelbng was past ; and thought it best to lay hold on the 
lehcity yet in my power, and indulge inyself in domestic 
pleasures. But at fifty no man easily finds a woman beauti* 
hil as the Houries, and wise as Zobeide. I inouired and re- 
jected, consulted and deliberated, till the sixty-second v»'ar 
made me ashamed of wishing to marry. I had now nothing 
eft hut retirement ; and for retirement I never found a time^ 
till disease lorced me from public employment. - 

- 1^ " ^"ch xvas my scheme, and such has been its conse- 
quence. With an msatiMble thirSt for knowledge, I trifled 
away the years of improvement ; with a restless desire of see- 
ing dilferent countries, I have always resided in the sam^ 
city ; with the highest expectation of connubial felicity, I have 
lived unmarried ; and with unalterable resolutions of contem. 
plati ve retirement, I am going to die within the walls of Bag- 

DR. JOHj^SOrf. 


The pleasures of virtuous sensihilit J/, 
mHE good eftects of true sensibilit}^, on general virtue\ina 
-B- happiness , admit of no dispute\ Let us consider its 
ejtect on the happiness ot him who possesses it', and the va- 
rious pleasures to which it gives himaccess\ If he is masted 
ot riches^ or iniluence', it affords him the means of increasinc 
his own enjoymenr, by relieving the wants', or increasing thS 
comforts of others\ If he commands not these advantages', 
yet all the comforts which he sees in the possession of th« 
deserving' become in some sort his', by his rejoicing in thft 
good n hiuh they enjoy\ '' ** ^ 

2 Even the fTice of natunj', yield* a satisfaction to him^ 
which the insensible can never know\ The profusion of good- 
ness', which he beholds poured forth on the universe'. Jlates 

kim , are blest and happy\ When he sees the labouiti of men 

. (35rf) ^ 

1.1 f 


144 "^'"" The EnglisJi Reader. Tartii 

appearing to prospcr\ and viev s a country flourishing in 
•wealth^ and industry' ; whon he beholds the spring coming 
forth in its beauty\ and n-vivin^ the decayed face Qif nature' ; 
or in autumn", beholds the firlda loi^ded with pU?nty\ and the 
year crown«d with all its fruits' ; lie lifts his afTections with 
gratitude to the great Father of all', and rejoices in the general 
felicity' and py\ 

5 It may indeed be objected', that the same sensibility lays 
«peii the heart to be pi»M-ced with many wounds', from the 
distresses which abound in the worl ' ; exposes us to frequent 
suffering from the participation which it connnunicates ot the 
sorrows', as Avell as of the joys of friendship\ But let it be 
considev<'d', that the tender melancholy of sympathy', is ac- 
companied with a sensation', which they who feel it would 
not exchange for the gratifications of the sel(ish\ When the 
heart is stronii^ly moved by any of the kind aflfections', even 
when it pours itself forth in \irtunus sorrow', a secret at- 
tractive charm mingles with the piinful emotion'^; there is a 
)oy in thcmidst. of gnef\ ,., . 

4 Let it be farther considered', that the griefs which sensi- 
bility introduces ,are counterbalanced by pleasures which flow 
from the same source\ Sensibility heightens in general the 
human powers', and is connected with acuteness m all our 
feelings, if it makes us more alive to some painful sensations', 
in retiHn',tt rf^nders the pleasin*^ ones more vivid' and animated\ 

5 The s •lilsh man', languishes in his narrow circle of pleas-* 
ures\' 'i^liey are conline<l to what aiy^cts his own interest\ 
He is obliged to repeat the same grati locations', till they be- 
come insipid\ But the man of virtuous sensibility', moves m 
a wider splieve of felicity\ His powers are much more fre- 
quently ciilled forth into occupations of pleasing activity\~ 
Numbvrloss occasions on<in to iiim G^ indulging his favourite 
taste', 1)V conveying satisfaction to others\ Often it is m his 
power',lp ontj way or otlu'.r', to sooth the afflicted heart', t» 
carry some consolation into the he », ofwo\ 

() In the scenes of ordinary life\ Li the domestic^ and social 
mtenroui-sesof men', the cordiality of his affections cheers'and 
gladdens him. Every app(*arance\ every description of in- 
nocent happiness', is enjoyed by him.^ Every native ex- 
pression of kindners' an'd affection among otliers', is felt by 
him', even though he be not the object of it\ In a circle of 
friends enjoying one anothei-',he is as happy as the happiesf. 

7 In a word', he Uvesinadifferentsortof world', from that 
which tile selllsU man inhabits', nt; possrss; s a ne-.v HensQRuKi- 
enabels him to behold objects v bich the selfish cannot see\ At 
the same time', his enjbyme.ds are not of that kind wmcn 

(86 d} 


mrjsliing in 
inc coming 
(Jf nature' J 
ty\ and the 
ctions with 
I the general 

jsibility lays 
s', from the 
to frequent 
icates of the 
But let it be 
athy', is ac- 
"eel it would 
When the 
itions', even 
a secret .it- 
^ ; there is a 

which sensi- 
s which flow 
I the 
ss in all our 
1 sensations', 
\vn interest"", 
till they be- 
ty', moves in 
en more fre- 
r activity\-^ 
his favourite 
ten it is in his 
ed heart', ta 

;ic^ and social 
IS cheers' and 
;ription of in- 
ry native ex* 
ers', is felt by 
In a circle of 
the happiest\ 
rid', from that 

nnotsee\ At 

Chap. ^, Troiniscuons Pieced* 145 

remain merely on the surface of the mind'. Tiiey pcnetratfe 
the heart\- They enlai^ge' and eievate\ they refine' and enno- 
ble it\ To all the pleasing emotions of afiection', they add tlie 
clignined consciousness of virtue\ 

8 Children of men' ! men formed by nature to live' and to 
feel as brethren' ! how^ long w ill ye continue to estrange your- 
selves from one another by. competitions' and jealousies', 
jvhen in cordial union ye mignt be sp much more blest' ? Hpw 

lOnpr will ve SP.f»fe- vnnr h^nrtirtdCQ i« oi.lAoK - *;ft *: i -' 

f roin 


On (lie true honour of mam 
fjl FIE proper hone • of man arises not from some of those 
J. splendid actioi^ .d abilities, which excite high admira- 
tion. Courage and p wess, military renown, signal victories 
gnd conquests, may render the name of a man famous, with- 
out rertdeilng his character truly honourable. To many brave 
pien, to many heroes renowned in story, we look up with 
wonder Their exploits are recorded. Their praises are 
feung. 1 hejr stand, as on an eminence, above the rest of mah- 
kind. Their emm Vnce, nevertheless, may not be of that sort, 
before which we bow with inward esteem and respect. Some- 
^5";S*"?f^^»«.n'-'"ted for that purpose, than th^ conquerins 
arm, and the intrepid rnmd. * ^ 

2 The laurels of the warrior must at all times be dyed in 
blood, and bedewed with the tears of the widow and the or- 
phan. But if they have been stained by rapine and inhumani- 
ty ; if sordid avarice has marked his character ; or low and 

l&'m.*n'^'^^^^:''.^'F"^;l-"*J ^'' ^'^^ 5 the great biro sinks intp 
a little man. What, at a distance, or on a superficial view, we 
admired, becomes mean, perhaps odious, wlien we examine 
.It more closely. If ,8 hke the Colossal statue, whose immense 
size struck the spectator afar off with astonishment ; but when 
hear^ viewed, it appears disproportioned, unshapely, and 

3 Observations of the same kind may be applied to all the 
i;eputat.on derived from civil accomplisTiments; from there! 
inied politics of tha statesman, or the literary efforts of ffen- 
milh^l'^b^^''""- ^^''' bestow and withiLerS bou^nd. 
rj.ii^.fe?.^.u^/^^".^".^,« ^»d, distmction on men. They 
i" ""''''* tarcjisg wiiicii iu Cueiriaeives are shininff ; and wnich 

^rdTfi;^^'l'^J"*"^^^^'''^*^"^^P'«y^^ '" aVvandng h« 
^ood of m:.nkind Hence, t^iey frequently give rise to l^m^ 


146 The English Reader, Part 1. 

But a distinction is to be made between fame and true honour. 

4 The statesman, the orator, or the poet, may be famous ; 
while vet the man himself is far from being honoured. We 
envy his abilities. We wish to rival them. But we would 
not clioose to be classed with him who possessts them. In- 
stances of tiiis sort are too often found in every record of an- 
cient or mod' rn history. 

5 From all this it follows, that in order to discern where man's 
true honour lies, we musf iook, not to any adventitious cir- 
cumstances o1* fortune; not to any single sparkling- quality; 
but to tli'i whole of what forms a man ; what entitles him, as 
such, to raffk \i\%\\ amonj^ that class of beings to which lie 
belongs ; in a word, we must look to the mind and the soul. 

6 A mind superior to fear, to selfish interest and corruption. 
a mind governed by the principles of uniform rectitude and 
integrity ; the same in prosperity and adversity ; which no 
bribe can seduce, nor terror overawe ; neither by pleasure 
melted into eft*emiiiacy, nor by distress sunk into dejection : 
»uc!i is tlie mind whfcli forms the distinction and eininence 
of m:in. 

7 One who, in no situation of life, is either ashamed or afraid 
of discharging his duty, and acting his proper pjHt with firm- 
ness and constancy ; true to the God v^nom he worships, 
and true to the faith m wiiich he professes tobelitve ; full of af- 
fection to hishretijren of mankind; faithful tc ^^ friends, gen- 
erous to hi? enemies, warm with com" ssioi ♦I^s unfortu- 
nate ; self-deriyii^g to little private into . n 1 pleasures, but 
zealous for public interest .-ind happ. les"^ -.agiianimous^ 
ivitliout being proud ; humble, without ..<'ing mean ; just, 
^vithout being liarsh ; simple in his manners, but manly in 
his feelings ; im whose vvord we ( ?ni entirel}^ rely ; whose 
counti-naiice n-n'er deceives Us ; whofje professions of kind- 
ness are tlie elfusions of his iieart : one, in fine, wliom, inde- 
pendently of ;»»iy views of advantages we should choose for a 
«;uperior, cou'd trust in as a friend, and could love as a brother 
— this is the mar), whonv in our heait, above all othei*s, we 
do, we must honour. blair. 


The influence ofdevolion on the happiness of life. 

WHATKVEli]n'omote8 an'l strrngthens virtue, what- 
ever calms and regulates the temper, is a source of hap- 
piness. Devotion produces these eifects in a reinarkable de- 
gn^e. It Inspires romposnre of spirit, mildness, and benij^nity ; 
Xi-eakens the painful, mid chtnshcs the pU'asing emotions ; 


Part 1. 

uc honour, 
►e famous; 
ired. We 
we would 
hem. Iri- 
:ord of an- 

here man's 
titious cir- 
^ quality; 
Ifs him, as 
► which lie 
. the soul. 

titude and 

which no 
y pleasure 
dejection : 


'(] or afraid 
with lirm- 
iends, gen- 
c unfortu- 
asures, but 
can ; just, 
t manly ia 
ly ; whoso 
s of kiiid- 
lom, inde- 
looae for .1 
■i >\ hrotlier 
othei*s, we 


tup, what- 
pce of hap- 
rkahle de- 
l)eni;^nity ; 
emotions ; 

Cliap. 9. rrcr.uscuoiis Pieces. 147 

gnd, by those moans, carries on the life of a pious man in a 
smooth and placid tenonr. 

£ Besides exertin- this habitual influence on the mind, de- 
votion opens a iutld of luijoymcjits, to which the vicious are 
entire strangers ; enjoyments the more Vhluabb',as tliey pecul- 
iarly belon- to retiuyjiji'nt, wb'^n the world leaves us ; and 
to adversity, wlien it .S.^comes oiu- foe. These are the two 
seasons, for which every wise man vfould most wish to pro- 
vide some hidden store of comfort. 

^a For let him be placed i.i the most favourable situation 
winch tlie human state adniits, the world can neither always 
j.'muse him, nor aUvays shield him from distress. There will 
be many h(,urs of vaciiit.v, and many of dejection, in his life. 
1 lie be a sir|in{;er to God, and to d.-votion, how dreary will the 
^Unnri of solitude. often prove ! With what oppressive weight 
Avill sickness, di?ap])ointment, or old age, fall upon his spirits ! 

4 but for tiiose pensive periods, the pious man has a relief 
prepared From the tiresome repetition of the common van- 
Jties ot lif,', or from the painful corrosion of its cares and sor- 
rows doyution transports him into a new region ; and sur- 
rounds him there with such objects, as are the most fitted to 
chrer the dejecUon, to calm the tumuUs, and to heal the 
wounds of Im heart. 

1 -t ^ wt''f, ^^'"'''^ ''^^ ^''*'" ""^^P^J ^^^ delusive, it glnddens 
h.m witti thei^rosjieet of a In-lier and better order of things, 

nl-Ivc l* ?''"^ • *' IV^^" Ji«>ve>een un-rateful and base, it dis- 
pl.ijs before him the faithinlness of that Supreme Being. 
wh,>, though every other friend fail, will never lorsake bimf 
h J^et us consult our e\p.'rience, and we ehall Hud, that the 
two ; .vatest fc^ourcrs of inward jov, are, the exercise of love 
dnectedtowardsa deserving object, and the exercise of hope 
I •rminaling on some high and assured happiness. Jjoth these 
rueunpphed by devotion; aivA therefore we have no reason 

!!Jn \t v''"'"*'' '• '1^ """ ^••'''** o.-easions, it (Ills the hearts of good 
iiifMi w t.-i a ^' itisdjction not t.» be expr."sse<l. 

/ The reijned pl«-aMires of a })iou:=» min('. are, in many re«!- 
poc s supc.nur to the coarse gratiiie.ticH.s of 'sense. K'y 

h o Lu ';' '" • ' ' '';''''^'''' ^'''' nratiliealions of sense reside 

i.i toe InwHt region oi tmr nat(uv. To the latfer the s.nil 

^nps b.;l<Mv; ns nalive di^.^y. Th. lonue., raise'll'Se 

,,, ^ „., , ;55;.j- 5..;ivt' aiwa) M a coiniorijif s, olten a morti. 

( iif •rh,',"'"""";'', '';■•','■■"' "''•'•'• '^■"' '■"'■""^'•. ^"-e rcv™;?a 

^\itn^atpiHuse and delight. 

whlh Trjr'^^^"'^"*i '''"''' reseanble a foaming torrent, 
>vhith, a (Usorderly course, speedily runs ohl, luid leavci 

1 48 The English Reader, Part 1 , 

nn empty antl ofTensive rhnnncl. I>iit the pleasures of devo- 
tion n^s^nihle the equable current, of a pure river, 'whieh en- 
livens the fields throu^^h which it pass^^s,aud diffuses verdure 
Had fertility along its banks. 

9 To thee, O Devotion ! we owe the hij^hest improvement:' 
of our nature, and much of the eqjoyment of our lifn. Thou 
art the sup])ort of our vii-tue, and the rent of our souls, in this 
turbulent world. Thou composest the thoudits. Thou calm- 
est the pasHJons. Thou exnltest the heart. Thy conimunica^ 
tioua, and thine only, are imparted to the low, no leas than to 
the hidi ; to the poor, as wrjl as to the rich. 

10 In thy presence, wdrldly distinctions cease ; and under 
thy influence, worldly sorrows are forgotten. Thou art the 
balm of the wounded mind. Thy sanctuary is ever open to 
the miserable ; inaccessible only to the unrighteous and 
impure. Thou beginnest on earth the ti^mper of heaven.— 
In thee, the hosts of angels and blessed spirits eternally rc- 

jOiCe. ULAIR. 


The planetari/ and terrestrial worlds comparativdy comidertd. 
iO tis', who dwell on its surface', the earth is by far the 


most extensive orb that our eyes can any where bf^hold' : 
it is also clothed with verdure\ diytine^uished by trees", and 
adorned with a variety of beautiful decorations^ ; whereas', 
to a spectator placed on one of the planets', it wears a uniform 
aspect^ ; looks all luminous' ; and no larger than a s})ot\ To be- 
ings who dwell at still greater distances', it entirely di3:ippears\ 

2 That which we call alternately the mornm|;^ and the 
liTening star', (an m one part of the orbit Rhe ridrs foremost in 
the procession of night, in the other ushers in and anticipates 
the dawn',) is a planetary world\ This pl.met', and the four 
odiers that so wonderfully vafy their mystic dance', are in 
themselves dftrk bodies', and shine only by reflection^ ; h.ivn 
field>3\ and seas', and ^Ult'sotiht'irown"'; are furnished with .".It 


til our 



benign agency\ 

3 The sun', which seems to perform itp daily stajres through 

•: -^T -, V- J ft t I !i T 1 1 ~j -- - t , ji -, - • J 4 tt ::-j jr, : i .- ! i^ • t -, T-. • -j- i 11. In ss:- - 

great axb" (if heaven', about wiiirli the glolM» we inhabit", and 
other more spacious orbs', nhei 1 their stated c(»urRes\ Th»> 
thou;;li sicciuinjjly smaller than tiie dial it illuuiiu- 

uuiurs , iiiiu&rnr^ ,iuiu m\u*mh iiM'ir own , an* inrnjsiipi; w 
the abodes of intf^Ilectual life^ ; all which', to^eUier wit 
earthly habitation', ar«* dependent on tliat grainl dispenser ol 
Dirine muniiieencc', the sun' ; receive their liiijht from the 
distribution of his rays', iUid derive their conilort IVoii: his 





is of devo- 
^vliich en- 
es verdure 

ftr. Thou 
Ills, in this 
'hou cahn- 
K9S than to 

and under 
ou art the 
pir open to 
teous and 
heaven. — 
L'rnallj rc- 


Chap. 0. P/*o7ff ha foils Pieces, ^ 149 

■ tps', is more than a million timrslarj^er than this whole earth', 

ii whidi St) hfty in,>Mut:iias rise', and such vast oceans 

Ml. A nui t^xtcndin-;; from side to wide through the centn» of 

ifatrosplendtrnt orh', would measure more than oighi hundred 

Uions,.nd miles^ : a -irdle form.'d to go round its circumference', 

would n'<ju,re a len-tli of milHona\ Were its solid contents 

to he estuniited', tiie account Avould overwhelm our under- 

sttmding , and he almont Ix yuud the power of Inneuage to ex- 

lM-es8\ Are we startled at thcs;- reports of phrlosoplV ' 

4 Are we ready to cry out in a transport of surprise' 

Uow mi-IUy IS the Being who. liindled so prodigious a llri;' J 

and keejH alive', from age to age', so enormous a mass oC 

lame ! let u ^tend our |)l>ilosophical guides', and we shall 

l)e hrou-lit ae(|uanited wiiii speculations more enlarged' and 

more nirtair.'i.j':'. ** 

■ 5 a^iis s'ln', with all its attendant planets', is but a very IFtflo 
part oUhe p-uid mnehineof the universe^: every star' thou- h 


by far the 
e behold' : 
trees', and 
a uniform 
)t\ Tohe- 
j'' an<l the 
> re most in 
id the foui" 
CO.', are in 
ion'; h.ive 
cd with. ill 
r with om* 
spenser of 
t from the 
t frou: iiis 

PS through 



it illumiu- 

«oiMccofday\ So.tnut every star', is not barely a world \ 
xvo.i I' r"r7^''*. "VS';'«<'«»t system^ has a retinue of 
we. ds , irridiated by us beams', and »-evolving rourtd its at>. 
ractive 1:1 h.eney, all which are lost to oui- aiglit in unmeas- wilds of eth<'r\ 

*.L'^ur!.\^'' ^*:'^^=f P^'\»- «ke so mar.y tUminutive\' and 
scarcely dist.njr uishahle points', is o^^ Inc tQ. their unmense and 
M)conc..ivable dis ance\ Immensean J inconci'ivable indeed 
^•11' ^'"P*'* *''^"'.«'.'"t^'-omthe load..* cannon', and flyinc 
with unabated rapiditN", must travel', at this impe uous rSe^ 
almost p. ven hundred thousand years', before t could i^ch' 
the neaR^st of Uiese twinkling luminarieH\ I " 

7 VVliile', behpjditjg this vast expmsr*', I learn my own ex- 
tr^^me meanness', I would also discV/er the abject littlene" , of 
all torrestrial t ungs'. What is the earth', wit 1 a I her c^leu! 
tatious scenes', compired witii this a^tonishin- grand furnt 
tire oHhe skies^ ? What', but a dim speck', hardVperS. 
hh in the map of the universe' ? ^ perceiva- 

. I ^^.'s Oh .trved by n very judicious writer', that if the aun 
hanself , which enlightens thi'i part of the cre^ tbn' were ex"^ied;,and all ti.e hostof Inetary wSs''«l ich^ 
ahout hiin', were annihilated'. tLv ivnnhj n..t k^'JtS 1^?!! 

than a gram of sand upon Uie 3ea.8hore\ The bulk f which 
thev consist', and theSpace which they occupy' j re g^^^^^^ 
ingfy htUc m cuiapnriiou of th. wU»le', thal^tC ZZm 



1 50 The English Reader. Part 1 . 

scarcely leave a blank in the immensity of God's woi-ks\ 
\) If tlien', not our globe only', but tliis whole system', be 
so very diminutive', what is a kingdom', or a countryS'^ 
What are a few lordships', Th the so much admired patrimo- 
nies ofthostMvho are styled wealthy' ? Wiien I measure theiu 
with my own little pittarn:e', they swell into proud and bloa- 
ted dimensions': but when Itake the universe for my stand- 
ard', how scanty is their size' ! how contemplibie their fij^ure'! 
They siiriuk into pompous nothings^ AnnisoN. 


On the power of custom^ and the uses to which it maij he applied. 
fWMll^llK is not a common snyins, wliich has ;i better turn 
X. of sensr in it, than what we often hear in the mouths of 
the vulgar, tliut " Cuai om is a second nature." It is inil j-ed able 
to form the man anew ; and give him hiclinations and capa- 
cities altogether dillerent from those he was born with. 

ii Aw person who is addicted to play or gaming, though he took 
but little delight in it at lirst, by degrees contracts so strong an 
inclination to^vards \i, and gives himself up so entirely to it, 
that it seema the o.ily end of his bcin^. ^rfic love of a retir- 
ed or busy lir.i will gr-ow 'pon a man U)sensibly, as lie is con- 
versant in tiie one or tiie oilier, till he, is utterly uncpialified 
for relishing that to which he lu-.s been for sometime disused. 

3 Nay, H man may smoke, or drink, or take sriUil*, till he is 
unable to pags away his time w itliout it ; not to mention how 
our «in;i- uL iii ai>y particular study, art, or scier.ce, rises and 
improves, in proportion to the application whicii wo bestow 
upon it. Thus, what was at lirst an exercise, beconies at 
length an entertainment. Our ernployments are cliangecl in- 
to diversion?-. The mind grows fond of those actions it ia 
accnsLojo.'d to; a,»d is drawn v»ith reluctancy from thuao 
paths hi wiiich it has been used to walk. 

4 If We attentively consider this property of human nature, 
it mav instruct us in very fine moralities, 'in tin; first j>Iac«, \ 
woultl have no man discouraged with that kind of life, or se- 
ries of action, in which the choice of others, or his own neces- 
sities, may have engaged him. It may perhaps be very disa- 
gr.M'able to him, at lirst; but use and ap))licat.ion will certainly 
render it not only less painful, liui pleasing and satisfactory. 

5 In the second place, I would recommend to every one, 
the admirable precept, whicli i*ythag(>ras is said to have given 

4,. ut.. j:^ .•...I... I — u:..u *i._* li-!iJl._-_i ^i _ .\:„ _ 

IW i:ir> i«i^i.!i!i( 3, KtiiU WliivTii tiiikl pii iiiJBiipiiCF IIIUSl Htl'V C ill UW II 

from the observation I have enlarged upon : ** Pitch upon 
that, course of life which is the mojt excellent, and custom 
will it:;idci' it liic most delightful," 


Part 1. 

» woi-ks\ 
(^atem'j he 
country'' ? 
jurt' theiu 
utul bloa- 
riy stand- 


•e applied. 
letter turn 
Tiouth?^ of 
lid capa- 

stron;5 an 
in-ly to it, 
olu rotir- 
iie is con- 
p liisuHi'd. 
r, till lie 13 
iition how 
, riat'S and 
c ht'Htow 
L^conu'S at 
umged in- 
.'tions it ia 
om thuao 

an nature. 
■Ht j>Iaco, 4 
lift', or se- 
wn noces- 
v^ery disa- 
I certainly 
very one, 
lave jijivcn 
iVe iiraT^Ti 
itch upon 
id cu^jtoin 

C/tap,9, Promiscuous Ptecet, 151 

6 Men, whose circumstances wiir permit them to choose 
theiromn way of life, are inexcusable if they do not pursue 
that which their judgment tells them is the moat laudable.— 
1 he voice o j reason is more tQ be regarded, than the bent of 
any present inclination : since, by the rule above mentioned, 
inclination will at length come over to reason, though we caji 
never force reason to comply with inclination. ' 

7 In the third place, tins observation may teach the most 
sensual and irreligious man, to overlook those hardships and 
difhculties, which are apt to discourage him from the prose- 
ciition of a virtuous lile. '* The gods," said Hesiod, ^' have 
placed labour before virtue ; the way to her is at first rough 
and ditlicult, but grows more smooth and easy the farther we 
advance in it." The man who proceeds in it with steadiness 
and resolution, will, in a little time, find that "her ways arc 
ways of pleasantness, and that all her paths are p<^ace " 

♦K ^ I^ enforce this consideration, we may further observe, 
that the practice of religion will not only "be attended with 
that pleasure which naturally accompanies those actions to 
which we are habituated, but with those supernumerary joys 
of heart, that rise from the consciousness of such a pleaVure ; 
irom the satisfaction of acting up to the dictates oT reason 
and fnuij the prospect of a happy immortality. ' 

J In the fourth })lace, we may learn from this observation 
which we have made on tiie mind of man, to take particular 
care when we are once settled in a regular course o{ life, how 
>ve. too Irecpiently indulge ourselves in even the most innocent 
k!?"? n "Vl""* ^•"tertainm.nits ; since the mind may insensi- 
bly fall off iroin the relish of virtuous actions, and bv de- 
grees, exchange that pleasure which it takes in the perform- 

nrnfitl/^' 1'*'^» ^^^ ^"''6^^^' ^^ ^ "^"^^^ ^"f'^rior and an un. 
proiitable nature. 

sJ.?i V'""^''^^ "^« ^^^"*^!? I shall make of this remarkable prop- 

w»Lh-l ""'"*" "'l^"'"*''^**^*^'"^ deJ''j;hted with those actions to 

jNhich It 13 accustomed, is, to show how absolutely necessary 

IS for us to gam habits of virtue in this life, if we would enjoy 

vi^l^tfrKf "^ ^^? "^^^ir '^•^^ «V'^« '- ^"«« ^« ««" heaven, 
fhin. IV ?rt*'''^''^*'''^'"o those minds which are not 
♦r. h^ ^ ^*f '} ' "^^ '""^t' '" this world, gain a relish for 
in no 7* yutue,if we would be able to taste that knowledge 
and perfection, which are to make us happy in t\u) next. The 
seeds ot those spiritual iovs and rantnn.M. whinh n«. f« ^la^ 
up anu iiourisfi in the souf to all eternity, must be planted in 
tn!?l^ thisits present State of probation. In short, heaven 

rilp ; nf r """ •'' -^ "J'*J"r ""^y ^^ ^« ^•^^^^a'^d, but as tke natu- 
m cilccf of a rebgioua Ufu. apdison. 




152 The English Reader, Part 1 . 


The pleasures rtstdiiny: from a proper use of oyr faculties. - 

HAPPY that man'', Stho', unembarrassed }>y vukar cures', 
master of hmiseir, his time , and fortune', spends his 
time in makmjr hunself wiseK ;and his fortune', in makin 

not indiscreetly gay^ ; whose ambition is', not to be admired 
lor a false glare of j^reatness', but to 'ie b. !i»vtd for the senile 
and sober liiatre of his wisdiMn' an^ goodn!^s:s\ 

2 The greatest minister of state' not mare business to 
do , m a public capacitj', |han h<-', and indeed fvery other 
man , may find m the retired and still scenes of lifeV Even ' 
in his private walks', every thing that is visible', convinces 
Inm there is present a Being itivisible\ Aided by naturai 
philosophy , he reads plain', legibb; traces of the Divijiity', in 
every thing he me.ts^: he sees the P^ity in every tree', as 
well asMo^es did in the burning bu3h\ though not in so glar- 
ing a manner; : and when he s«ife!^ him', he adores him with 
the tribute ofa grateful heart\ seed 

I)(^crij)tion of candour, 

TRUE candour isahogether different from that guarded^ 
iimirt'nsive language , and that studied openness of be- 
haviour', which we so frequently meet with among men of 
the \yoiid\ Smiling', very often', is the aspqcr, and smooth 
are the words of those', \> ho', inwiirdly', are tiie most ready ' 
to tinnk evil of others\ That candour which is a Christiaii - 
virtue', coasifits', not iii» fairiiess of speech', but in fairness of 

£ It may want tlie blandisliment of external conrtesv'*, but 
supplies Its place \\i^\ a humane and generous liberality of 
sentiment\ Its manners are unaffected', and its professions 
cordiah Exemnf, on one hand', from the dark jealousy of i 
a suspicious mmd', it is no less removed', on tlie. other', from 
that easy credulity which is imposed on by every specious pre- i 

of the world , .nd with due attention to our own safety\ - 

S In tliat various ir^tercourse', which we are oliliged to carry 
•n wiih pergoiiji yl uvery different charactci-', suspicionT, 


Part 1. ^ i 

mliies. - 
ir cures', 
ends his 
he soul', * 
1 his will 
le s;entle 

siness to 
•y other . 


nity', in 
tree', as 

so glar- 
m with 


8 of be- 
nien of 
smooth . 
it ready 
hristian - 
mess of 

ality of 
ousy of I 
•', from 
)H8pre- • 

y\ ■• 
o carry 

Chap^ g, Pronusciious Pieces. j[ 5g 

to a cei-tain degree', is a nece«s;«4y Kuard\ It is onlv ivlipn \t 
frvfel^^'^TLr'^^' prnd.ntL'mion' that itl^ne ^t^^^^ 
i^irf,, f. V* ^}''^^ '^ ^ r'""^''' "^^^» h^tween undistinguished 
creduhty\ and universal jcaUiusy, which a sound undSstand 
ing^discerns', and which tlie 1.4' of caudou. sFuXs to p^^^ 

4 He makes allowance for the mixture of evil^with s-onH' 
TThichisto hefound in ev< ry human charSr^ ife ex* 
pects none to be faultless' , an(l he is unwilling t7b;iieve that 
there is any without some commendable ouLw In thft 
niidst of manv defects', i,e can discover Hrtue^ Unde? 

Z^^ldn^^'^'^^ ^-^-'--^> ^^ -n be just tot^ 

nous', circuBite with so much rapilitr, and meet with so 
ready accept.ince\ H. is not hasty to juV^e^ ; and he Sires 
full evidence before he will condemn\ ° ' uc lequirt.* 

*;.fA'^r?^''l^" action can be ascribed to different mo- 

h" wor'st^ wV^? "?.^"'''^ of sagacity to impute it TvayTta 
tlie worst . \V lie re tiicre is just ground for doubt', he keens 
his judgment undecided- and', during the period of sus- 
pense', feans to the most charitable construction whkji an 
action can bear^ When he must condemn' Z, condlns 
with re-ret^; and without those aggravations which the sp 
verity oFothers adds to thecrime\*'^He li^nis SX to tl^.' 
apology of the offender , and readily adm ts eve y^^^^ 
ting ^rcumstance', which equity can sugge8t\ ^ extenua- 

7 How much soever he may blame the orincinlpfl nfm^. 

all w^u) belong to that party or sect. IJe cfia"'es t ^om not 
Yith such consequences ohheir tenets', as tl^^l'VfuL^ and 
disavovv\ From one wrong opinion', he does notSr t hi 
Hubvers on of all sound nrincl^leV no om one b^^^ 
coiiclude that ail regryd to conscience is overZo vn^ ' 

8 When he -beholds the mote in his brother'r eie' " he 
n Sut^? ''i«5 i^r •" hi« own^." He commiserates it 
man JraUtv: , aud Judges of others accordins; to the nrincinlc^s 
by whichW would think it reasonable that'they l^u Id Sd ' 

sin^r ^ h' V"^'^^ ''^. "'^^"^ *««n^ '^nd actions' in the S 
sunshine of chanty^ and good nature'- ind n!ii,l\uJl J i 

and sullen shade 4ich ieSlousv" irn^lH^^^^^ 

aii CharaCterS\ " - - • -V j-^^^-^ t;::-v-rr v/.c* 





Tlie F/ngUsh Hearlcr, 

Part 1. 


. SECTION xyiii. 

Onihe imptrfection of that happiness tohich rests solely on 

loorldly pleasures. 

IHE vanityofhumanplear,urcs,is atopic which midit he 
1 u ,/-"^'*^V'S"^^^»^^t*»«r«^P«fniuch,descnpti()n. But 
I shall studiously avoid epggeration, and only point out a 
threefold vanity in human life, v/hich every imparti;il obser- 
ver cannot but admit j aisappointment in pursuit, dissatisfac- 
tion m enjoyment, uncertainty in possession. 
^ 2 First, disappointment in piirsyit. When we look around 
IIS on the world, we every where behold a busy multitude, 
intent on the prosecution jof various desi-ns, which t'leir 
wants or desires have su,-gested. We behold them employ- 
ing every method which ingenuity can devise ; some the m- 
tience of industry, some the boldiiess of enterpnse, oth(>i-9 th(j 
dexterity of stratagem, in order to compass their ends. 

S Uf this incessant stir and activity, what is the fruit ? m 
comparison of the crowd who have toijud in vain, how small 
IS the number of the successful ? Or rather, where is the man 
who wjll declare that m every point he has comiileted hi? 
plan, and attamed his utmost wish ? * 

4 No extent of humian abilities has been able to discover a 
path which, m any line of life, leads unerringly l success, 

The race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the 
Ptrong, nor riches to men of under^ta ling." We may form 
our plans wnth the most profound sagacity, and with thr most 
vigilant caution may guard against dangers on every side. 
liut some unforeseen occurrence comes across, wliich'baiflea 
our wisdom, and lays our labours in the dust. 

5 Were such disappointments confined to tho3e who as- 
inre at enKrossing the higher departments of life, the misfor- 
tune would be less. The humiliation of the mighty, and the 
fal of ambition from its towering height, little concern the 
bulk ot mankind. These are objects On which, as on distant 
meteors, tiiey gaze from afar, without drawing personal in- 
struction from events so much above them. 

...^ ^"t •'\K^.' ^'^^^'" ^^'^ descend into the regions of private 
Ide, we iind disappointment and blasted hope eou^illy preva- 
lent there. Neither the moderation of our views, nor the 
justice of our pretensions, ran ensure success. But "time 
and charioe happn to all." Against the strpam of events, both ' 
uic wortTiy ana the undeserving are obliged to struggle ; and 
both are frequently overl)orne alike by the curjent. • 

7 Beside^ disappointment in pursuit, dissatJsfr.ctivm in 
ei>3oymeriti3 a farther vanity, to which the human state is 


Part 1. 

r solely on 

tion. But 
loint out a 
ti;il obstT- 

ok around 
Ijich t'leir 
1 employ-r. 
me the j>u- 

fruit ? in 
low small 
s the man 
jjleted his 

liscovor a 
Ltle to the 
may form 
tht^ most 
r'ery side;, 

who ns- 
le misfor- 
,', and the 
icern the 
)n distant 
sonal in- 

>f private 
ly pi'eva- 
, nor the 
ut " time . 
?nt3, both 
;gle ; and 

xtion in 
1 state is 

^k"^:'':.u ' P^omkcuom Pieces. .„ 

subject. Tht3istliesevcrpsfnr-,llm,,...!c ,• - ' 

boun successful in the pSt to hT h B''il''""'J ""'''• having 
iteelf ! Yet tliis is fouKd to be n AvH .Hn'' '" ""'^ «''.)«>■ ""•"t 
the former. Som^ maV be so fort L , ' """.^ general than 
they liavo pursued • but m.nn tr^ V^^V""**; »» to attain what 
by what they have'atoiS "''"''* completely happy' 


kind. Examine the cond tion nF %/ the ranks of man- 
prosperous ; and you AViH d f b/f t h '^ "^^^"^ ^PP^^»' ^"^^t 
they desire to be/lfre ,S"thev w^^^ ^'*^«t 

«y, they complain of Sue Tf^n "ff fv ^l^.^'^" ? "' ^U" 
patient for distinction ; if n Lh st rti^n. "^ ^'^'^' V^^^^ ^''^ ''"^ 
dom and ease. Someth nir if^fm , l'-^^'*'^' "'1?'^ ^^^r free- 
of satisfaction, which they Ixpei^^^^^^ to tLt plenitude 
with every wish that i^ p-.-^tffl ?i ^^^ acquire* Together 

v«»id opens inTe heal' Iff' ?."^^.^^^^^^^ 
wishes grow; and to th^^n^v'?^^'^'' J' ^"^"^- On wishes 
what thiy ha've noMh in f h^' '^ '' '^^'''^' ^K^ expectation of 
wliich occuj)ies and intre«?« f h"^''^"'*^"^ ^^^^''t they hav^ 

9 This ^ssatSttnTtt' St T/ if "'* i 
springs part y from the nii.r..or«-**^ human pleasure; 
and uaA:y Lm clrc.hi^!^^^^^ themseiveS 

worlJiy enjoyments frc^^^^^^^^^ them. No 

ers of an immortal snirif ^ .*" ^'^^ ^^^""^'S and pow 

with splendid cololStn^r:^;^ ^i^ce 

lively relish. "But it i Xfr f-ir V^""^' ''' ^^''^^' ^^ '^"^'^ 

l^'Mrm'Srj^^^^^^ .he at- 

J^orsucltastheyare.thei-m.,.^r.- *""' '" ^offupt them. 

To human lips^it s not^ive; to , .r'n""'""''";? "''"'''""^^ 
Wlien external cireumstan,.! J,^ i* ""-' '^"P "^ )""^c "y- 
W'vied man firoais " orfv.r.f ^ "' u-""''' *•* *'>« world; tifo 
vexation dis<n™e?s smrfp"' «1 ""'^'"' ''? '"'"' '""•J™- Soma 

tv. Wh.„ .1,. .,»"''".'."«'• a norm, t!ie root of hi. r„r;„:.' 

prosperous, a'"se"ret' Z^nrl'^J'""] "'"l",'" '" «li3turb "the 

';'mli"ess ever ten JstHestrov' ?,"■;' f'1 "'"""• ■*'"^ "'"'•''I'v 

I"o.tet. the Wscar»i;LS.P''jfete^^^^ 







noxious habits ; and taints the mind tvith false dehcacy, which 
uiiikes it teel a tljonsiuid unreaf evils. ^, ,. , ^ t ^ 

la But put dio case in the most favourable li^ht. L.ay 
aside from liuman pleasures both disappointment m pursuiti 
and deceitfuhn^s in enjayment ; suppose them to be fully at- 
tiVinable, and completely satisfactory ; still there remams to 
be consider«id the vanity of uncertain possession and sliort 
duration; Were there in Avorldly things any fixed point of 
security whieii we could gain, the mind would then have 
some basis on which to rest. , 

13 But our condition is such, that every thing wavers 
«nd totters around us. "Boast not thyself of to-morrow ; 
for thou knowest not whhta day may bring forth. It is mucti 
if, durin;r its course, thou hearest not of somewhat to disqui- 
et or alarm -thee. For life never proceeds long in a unitorm 
train. It is continually variod by unexpected events. ^ 
^ i 14 The seeds of alteration afe every wliere sown ; and the 

sunshine of prosperity commonly accelerates their g>;?wth. 
If our enioyments are numerous, we he more open ondittereni 
sides to be wounded. If we have possessed them long, we 
have greater cause to dread an approaching change. By slow 
degrees pros^j)crity rises ; but is the progi'ess of evil. It 
fe(uiiri»s no preparation to bring it forward. , , , . ^;. 

ir> The edilice which it cost much ttme and labour to 
erect, one inauspicious event, one sudden bloW, can level with 
the dust. Even supposing the accidents of hie to leave us 
untouched, human bliss must still be transitory ; for mart 
changes of himself. No course of enjoyment cati delight us 
Ion*'. What amusnd our- youth, loses itS charm m maturer age. 
As years advance, our powers are blunted, and our pleasura- 
ble 'feelings decline. . U *f..>v« 
1 The silent lapse of tiine is ever cnrry ing somcw-liat ti om 
us, till at length the period comes, when all must be swept 

days are a hanas oreaain, ana our Hgt is <ia uwuxxw^. -- - 

in that little space is all our enterprise bounded. VV e crowa 
it with toils and cares, with contention and strtfe. Weproject 
great designs, entertain hi<;h hopes, and then leave our plans 
unfinished, and sink into oblivion. . 

17 This much let it suffice to have said concerning the vanity 
of the world. That too much has not been said, must apijcar 
to every one who considerb how generally maiiriinu i-ean 
to the opposite side ; and how often, by undu^ attachment to 
the present state, they both feed the most sinful passions, and 
<' nierce tliemselvea through with many sovrows. blaib. 

» (12c) 

Tart !• 
icy, which 

^ht. Lay 
m pursuiti 
^e tully at- 
•cmains to 
and short 
id point of 
then have 

ing wavers 
0- morrow ; 
It is much 
it to disqui- 
j a uniform 

vri', and the 
jir arowth. 
on aiifercnt 
m long, we 
e. By slow 
3 of evil. It 

d labour tb 

m level with 

to leave us 

for marl 

n delight us 
naturer age', 
ur pleasura- 

lewhat from 
st be swept 
labours and 
nity. " Our 
ng?' With- 
We crowd 
We project 
ye our plans 

ng the vanity 
must appear 

ttachment to 
passions, and 

." BLAIU. 

Chap, 9, Promlruous Pieces. i kt 

JETJ, , .r SECTIOxN XIX. ^^^ 

I^f A«/ are the red and solid mioitmenh nfl,.n.r.^ / v 
T must be admitted' that nnmJv^^iv i-^""^"'* "/«• 
ness^isunkZvnoneHrtlV^ N ?"^ ^^^nplcte happi^ 

allo;;etl/er p "ev" nl passions fmrnTPK-'^" of conduct' can 
misfortunef from\CnZ^ ^l^'^^'^^Zr:^;"^^ -^ 
cession is made', will it follow' thnt th;,^. ; i • ^ ''"^ *^^"- 

good affections', and the testimonl nf^n «* '" ^^^ ^^^r^l^e of 
in the end', at imim^rta^lnJfv'''^/"' Prospect of arriving', 

life\ It is necess.irv fn ^-,11 f k\: .V J estimate of human 

f^rts of he'utK'wn ?f '"?P«»-^^"C.^ »«"st be afiowed to the com- 

nature^ some to the nursuh^^ /nA ^^'^.^^^^^^^^ful scenes of 
social life'; and more t^. f h nt. i'"'''^'^'' amusements of 
and reflectiC, aXo the'p ea^^^^^^^^^^ of thought^ 

nith those whom we love^ P'?j1^';.^^^»;^f''^fctionate intercourse 

too low estimation' i«erdyb~Th^^^^^ ^J"" H^"^ '« 
common^: althnno-f.fN.Vj^^u-^^ *"*^y '^'^ ordinary' and 
rp. JM ' ?'.?""S'\,^'^?t is the circumstance which n.,/hf- „ 

serve to"rcco;iSe 'us' to'n!,?'^; Jl^^ *>^ recuJIection of this 

«»ro-ance of cnm)!:nL f ^^^^^lon', and to repress the 

O soil of ii . \v&^ ?"^ murmurs\~What Irt thou,' 

nun . wiio. having sprung but yesterday out oV 



The EiiffUsJi Reader* 

Part 1. 

the dusf, darcstto lift up thy voice against thy Maker', and 
to arraign his providence/, because all things ai c aot ordered 
according to thy vsish^ ? 

6 What title hast thou to find fault with the order of tlie 
universe', whose lot is so much beyond what thy virtue"' or 
Bierit' gave thee ground to chiiniM Is it nothing to tliee to 
have been introduced into this magnificrnt world' : to have 
been admitted as a s]>ectator of the Divine wisdom and 
works' ; and to have had access to all the comforts whicli 
nature', with a bountiful hand', has poured forth around thee' ? 
Are all the hours forgotten which thou hast ])assed in ease^, 
in complacency', or joy' ? 

7 Is it a small favour in thy eyes', that the hand of Divine 
Mercy has been stretched forth to aid thee' ; and', if thou re- 
ject not its proffered assistance', is ready to conduct th«e to a 
happier state of existence' ? When thou compjirest thy con- 
dition^ with thy desert', blush and be ashamed of thy com- 
plaints\ Besilent\begrateful',andado.*e\ Receive witli llianlc- 
fulness the blessings which arc allowed thee\ Revere that 
government which at present refuses thee more^. Rest in this 
conclusion', that though there are evils in the world', its Crea- 
tor is wise\ and good', and has been bountiful to thee\ blaih. 


Scale ofhcings. 

THOUGH there is a great deal of pleasure in contempla- 
ting the material world ; by v, hicli I mean, that system of 
bodies, into which nature has so curiously wrought tiie mass 
of dead matter, with the several relations that those bodies 
bear to one another ; there is still, mcthinks, something ir.ore 
wonderful and surprising, in contemj^lations on the wor!d of 
life 5 by Vv'hich I intend, an those animals with wiiich every pMirt 
of the universe is furnished. The material world is only- the 
shell of the universe : the world of life are its inhabitarjts. 

2 If we consider those parts of the materiiil world, which lie 
the nearest to us, and are therefore subji et to our ohr M'vatioii, 
and inouiries, it is amazing to consider the infiulty of aninu Is 
with wliich they are stocked. Every part of matter is pet>- 
pled ; everjr green loaf swarins witli inhabitants. 1'here is 
scarcely a single humour in the body of a man, or of any 
other animal, in which our glasses do not discover myrliids 
of living creatures. We find, even in the most stihd iiodieS 
as in marble itself, innumen-Mle cells and.cav'uits, \\iiieh aia 
crowded with imperceptible inhabitants, too littie for the m^'* 
, ked e/ye to discover. 

On the other hand, if we look into, the more bulky, part* 
»f nature, we see the seas, lakes, and rivers, teeiiiiJ!^ vsiih 

Part 1. 
iker', and 
t ordered 

icrof the 
virtue"' or 
o Ihee to 
: to have 
dom and 
pts which 
uid thee' ? 
i hi ease'', 

of Divine 
r thou rv- 
thi^e to a 
t thy con* 
thy com- 
evere that 
lost in this 
', itsCrea- 

system of 

I tiie mass 
ose hodies 
hing more 
B world of 
every p,irt 
B onfy- the 
, which lie 
ttf aninu Jl& 
ter is pco- 
I'her^' is 
, or of any 
;r my rinds 
lid hodi^'S, 
vvhieh ura 
foi' the tji.-* 


Chri^}. 9. 

Promiscuous Piec 

c.s\ 159 

ires. We find every moiin- 

numherless k.ndM of hvmg create . . . „_ ..^.^ ..„.„,. 

U)n and mnrsh, wildenifss and wood, plentifnlly stocked 
w.tli birds and beasts; and every part of matter atlbrdiDg: 
proper necessaries and conveniences, for the livcllliood of 
the multitudes which mi)abit it. 

4 TJie author of" tlie Phirality of Worlds," draws a very 
good argument from this consideration, for the peopiinc of 
every pianet ; as inde« d it seems very probable, fn>m the 
analo-y of reason, that if no part of matter, with which we 
are ajM^uainted, h«;s waste and useless, those great bodies, 
v.hic 1 are at such a distance from us, are not desert and un- 
peopled; [)ut rather, tiiat they are furnished with beinc^ 
auapted to then- respective situations. 

5 Existence is a blessing to those beings only which are 
endowed with perception ; and is ir) a manner thrown away 
)!pon dead matter, any farther than as it is subservient to be' 
iiigs which are conscious of their existence. ^Accordingly we 
iind, from the bodies w hich lie under our observation, that 
matter is only made as the basis and support of animals ; and 
that there is no more of the one than what is necessary for 
the existence of the other. 

6 Infinite Goodness is of so communicative a nature, th'>t it 
fseems to deli^iit in conferring existence upon every degv e of 
p*irceptive bei^^g. As this is a speculation, which 1 have of- 
ten pursued with gn^'\t pleasure to myself, [ ghall enlarge far- 
tiier upon it, by considering that part of ^he scale of beings, 
whic'i conies within our knowledge, 

7 There are some living creatures, wliich are raised hut just dead matter. To mention only that species of sfiell- 
iish, wniehip formed in tlie fashion of a cone ; that grows tq 
the STirt ice of several rocks ; and imn^ediately dies, on being 
si:y<]rdfl from tlie p.h.ce where it grew. There are many other 
creatures l^ut one remove iVora thege, which have no other 
sense tlian that of feeling and taste. Others have still an 
additional one of hear' ig ; others of smell ; and others ot 

S!;.ilt. '--..> '^ 

^ J/ i'\™id '5-rul to o!)serve, by what n gradual progress the 
>rl(i o( iifr advances, through a prodigious variety of spe- 
'« helore a creature is formed, that is complete in all its 
and even among these, there is such a dilTerent de- 
gree otperf^H-tion, in the sense wliich one animal enjovs bo- 
yo'id wnit appears in another, that though the sense in cliffer- 
«!i)l animals is distinguished by the same common denonina- 
tion, it se»'ms almost of a different nature. 

9 If, after tills, w(; look into the several inward perfections 





cimning and s;'-:i<;ity, or what we generally call instinct. 



ICO The English ncader. Part 1. 

we find tliem ribirij;, after tho. same, manner, imperceptibly one 
above another ; and receiving; additional improvenunita, ac- 
cording to the species in which they are imphmttd. Tiiis 
progress in nature is so very j!;radual,that the most perfect of 
an inferior species, comes very near to the most imperfect of 
that whicli isiinmediately above it. 

10 The exuberant and overflowing pjoodness of the Su- 
preme Being, whose mercy extends to all liis works, i& plainly 
seen, as I have before hinted, in hish;vvingmadeso very little 
matter, at least what falls within our knowledge, tiiat does not 
swarm with life. Nor is his goodness less seen in the diver- 
sity, than in the multitude of living creatures. Had he 
made but one species of animals, noiie of tlie rest would have 
ei^joyed the happiness of existence : he has, therefore, apeci- 
fied^ in his creation, every degree of liie, everj' capacity of 

11 The whole chasm ol nature, from a plant to a man, ij» 
filled up with dive-s kinds of creatures, rising one afteran- 
other, by an ascent so gentle and easy, thaitlie little transitions 
and deviations from one species to another, are almost insen- 
sible. This inttrmediate space ia so well husbanded and man- 
aged, that there is scarcely a decree of perception, which does 
not appear in souie one part of the world of life. Is the good- 
ness, or the wisdom of tha Divine Being, more manifested in 
this his proceeding ? 

12 There is a consequence, besides those I have already 
mentioned, which seems yeij naturally deducible from the 
forejroing considerations. Iffe scale of beinfs; rises by sc^ 
regular a progn-ss, so high as man, we may, by parity of rea- 
son, suppose, that it still proceeds gradually through those 
beings which are of a superior nature to him ; since there is 
inlinitely gr^viter space and room for diff.'rent degrees of per- 
ifection, between the Supreme Being and man, than between ' 
man and the most despicab}e insect 

13 Inthisf^reat system of being, there is no creature so 
wonderful in its nature, and which go much deserves our par- 
ticular attention, as man ; who fills up the middle space be- 
tween the animal and the intellectual nature, the visible and 
the invisible world; and who is thtit link in the chain of be- 
ing, which forms the connexion between both. So that he 
who, in one respect, is associated with angels and archangcjls, 

and the iiighelt order of spirits as his brethren, may, in another 
respect, say to " corruption, thou art my father, and to the 
worm, thou art my mother and my sister." addisun. 

Part 1. 

ptibly one 
iienta, ac- 
td. Tills 
perfect of 
iperfect of 

)fthe Su- 
, i& plainly 
very littfe 
t does not 
the diver- 
Had he 
ould have 
ore, sped- 
apacity of 

) a man, iti 
e a ftc rail- 
lust insi^n- 
and man- 
^hich does 
the good- 
iiifested in 

e already 
from the 
ises by s*:^ 
ity of rea- 
igh those 
e there is 
es of ptr- 
1 between ' 

reature so 
a our par- 
space be- 
'isibie and 
ain of be- 
lo that he 

iiiS iainCT, 

in another 
ind to the 



Chap. 9. Promiscuous Pieces, 


Trust in the care of Providence recommended. 
TLJ AN, conbidered ir. himself, is a very h<'lpless, and a very 

:w.s7'-^- r'l'v^"'"^'-^ He is subject e(ery 'moment to S 
;, calamities and misfortunes, lie is beset with dan- 
^*«s on all sides; and may become unliappy'liy numberless 

.\f ^! '^. !^''i' ^'•^•"^'♦^••t' ^vhile we are obnoxious to so many ac- 
cidents, that we »re under the care of oive who directs con- 
nivencies, and has in his hands tl]e manag.^nent of every 
in.ij; thai IS capable of ahnoylng or ofleridi.l us ; who knows 
t e ..ssistafico we ^t md m need of. and is always ready to be- 
«f(^w 'ton those w »askitofhhn. ^ «^uy lo ue 

■p r^' '\^^"'''il jio'tt^^N which such a creature owes to so 

nfm. eij' n ise ami good a Being, is a firm reliance on him fo? 

a bfemgsand convemences of life ; and an habitual trust 

as m^ bend t?''""- ' ""^^ ""*" "" '""*" "^""S"'' *"^ Uifliculties 

nn?fil '^'^ '''''" whoalways lives in this disposition of mind, ha^ 
ro the same dark and melancholy views of human nature 
i.s he who consM ers hims. If a(,stractedly from this relaWto 
the bni,reme Being. At the same time that he refle-'ts non 
.sown weakness and imperfection, he comforts himself with 
tne coMtemp ation of those divine attributes, which are en 
P oyed for In. saf.ty, and his welfu^e. ' He /^nds his want of 
loieaigl.t^made uj), by the omniscience of him who is his sun 
jMirt. He IS notsensihle of his^own want of strength, when 
he knows that his helf)er is almighty. ^ ' 

5 In sliort, th.; person who has ^ tjrm tru?t in the Supreme 
R.Mnp is powerlul ir> his po^cr. ^Yise by his wisdom, Tap py 
by hi« ha nnmess, H(^ reaps the benefit of every divine at t f- 

ptrieclion. To make our lives more easy to us, we ;;re com- 
manded to put oup ti U5t in him, who is thus able to relieve 
and succour us; the Divine Goodness having n;ade suT, a 


- .. ...., , ^,.„„, ,, J..J ^^^j^^..j, ^j,j^_j without 

hi''ch;;v'fvo n" «^'ir»-"^'^^»*'^> ^^^^^^^m. winch acconVmUes 
ll.t ^' T^ observe, that it has a natm-al tendency to 
it^owa ruwardj or in other words, that this firm truit and 





J*62 Tfie English Remler. < Part 1 . 

confidencG in the great Disposer of all things, contribute very 
jnuch to the getting clear of any alfliction, or to the beai'ing of 
it manfully. 

7 A person who believes he lias his succour at hand, and 
that he acts in the siditof his friend, often exerts himself be- 
yond his abilities ; and does wonders, that are not to be matched 
by one wlio is not animated with such a confidence of success. 
Trust in the assistance of an Almighty Being, naturally pro- 
duces patience, hope, cheerfulness, and ail other dispositions 
of mind, which alleviate those calamities that we are not able 
to remove. 

8 The practice of this virtue administers great comfort to 
the mind of man, in times of poverty and affliction ; but 
most of all, in the hour of death. When the soul is hovering, 
m the last moments of its separation ; when it is just enterinp; 
on another state of existence, to converse with'scenes, and 
objects, and companions, that are altogether new ; what can 
support her under such tnimblings of thought, such fear, sucll 
anxiety, such apprehensions, but the casting of all hpv carej* 
upon HIM, who lirst gave her being ; who has conducted her 
through one stage of it ; and who will b'j always present, lo 
guide and comfort her in her progress through eternity ? 



Pietiji and gratiludG enliven prosperih/, 

PIETY, and gratitude to God, contribute, in a high degi-cr, 
to enliven prosperity. ^ Gratilud.^ is a pleasing emotion. 

The sense of being distinguished by tlie kindness ofanotlier. 
gladdens the heart, warms it with reciprocal atli'ction, j;n<j 
gives to any possession which is asjreeable in itself, a doubie 

relish, from its being the gift of a fruuid. Favours conO-n-od 
by men, I aelcnowledge, may i»rove burdensumei For htnn.m 
virtue is never perfect ; and sometimes unreasonable e.\])ect- 
ations on the one side, sometimes a uiortifying sense of (k> 
pendence on the other, c(»rrode in secret the pleasures of b.ii- 
efits, and convert the obligations of friendship into grounds of 

2 But nothing of this kind ran afiect the intercourse af 
gratitude with H«'aven. Its favours are wholly disintercstrd ; 
and with a gratitude the most cordial and unsuspicious, a good 
man looks up to that Almighty Benefactor, who aims at no 

f>n(I hut thp hnrti-kint'ua rtF tfiituii u'lirkin liit l>Iii<juno .>nA ...1. . 

" ; i'i —.----- TT snrtii in. t,'tr r^^r. r^ atXM VX li\t 

de.^ires no return from them, but a devout and thank fid heart. 
While others can trace their prosperity to no higher source 
ttiaii a concurrence of woddly causes ; amJ, often, of 

Part 1. 

lute very 
leiu'ing of 

land, and 
mself be- 
f success, 
ally pro- 
1 not able 

mfort to 
ion; but 
nes, and 
tvhat can 
ear, sucll 
ipr carp^ 
cted her 
esent, lo 


I dcp'co, 
lion, j^iid 
!l douljio 
r liiiin.ui 
; exju'ct* 
>e of (Ic- 

i of b.'.l- 
DiniUri of 

ourso f»f 
.;n'str.(! ; 
iH at no 
md whij 
nl hoart. 
i" souico 
ftcn, or 

Chap. 9. Promiscuous Pieces, iQ$ 

mean or trining incidents, which occasionally favoured their 
desfgns ; with vvlutt superior satisfaction does the servant of 
0<ul remark the hand of that gracious Power which hath 
raisL'd hmi up ; wJiich hath happily conducted iiim throu-h 
the various steps of life, and crowned him with the most fa- 
vour;»hle distinction beyond his equals ? 

3 L-t lu farther consider, that not only -ratitude for the 
j):ist, hut a cheerm- sense of divine favour at the present, en- 
h^vH into the i>ious emotion. They are only the virtuous, Who 
m thvir pros})erous days hear this voice addressed to them, 
J.O thy way, eat thy bread with Joy, and drink thy wine 
JvitJi a (aieertul heart ; for God now ac(;epteth thy works." 
We who IS the autliorof their prosi)erity, gives them a title tq 
*^»l«y; with complacency, his own gift. 

i ^^ hilo bad men snatch the pleasures of the world as by 
stealth, without countenance from the great Proprietor of 
the world. th« righteous sit openly do-n to the feast of life, 
under the smile ot approving tieaven. No guilty fears damp 
tiieir joys. The bU^ssing ofGod rests upon all that they pos- 
sess ; his protection surrounds them; and hence, "in the 
habitations o( the righteous, is found the voic^ of rejoicinff 
and sa yation." A hi«tre imknown to others, invests, in their 
sight, the whole lace of nature. 

5 Their piety r<:ilects a sunshine from heaven upon the 
prospemy oj the world ; unites hi one poir-t of view, the smi"- 
ing aspect, both oi the powers above, and of the objects be- 
low. i\ot only have they as full a relish as others, for the in- 
nocent pleasures of life, but, moreover, in these they hold 
communion with divine Benefactor. In all that is good 
or fair they trace ins hand. From the beauties of nature 
h-om the imprnvfrmerits of art, from the enjoyments of socia 
hie, they raise their aflection to the source of all the happiness 
•Wiieh surroum s them ; and thus widen the sphere ohheir 
|. eawes by ad<hngii.telh>chial,an(l spiritual, tl)eai^^^^^ 

o J' or illustranon ot what 1 have said on this head, remark 
tiiateheerlul enjoyment of a prospenuis state, which king 
IJavKl had when he wrote tli^' twenty-third psalm ; and com- 
l»are lie highest p^leasuresof the riotous sinner, v dh the hap- 
py and satishedspirit which breathes througliout thatpsalm — 
In the midst of the splendour of royalty, wit:> wlyit amiable 
snnphcity of gratitude does he look up'to Vw. Lord as "Iris 
J^hepherd ;' happier m ancribing all his success to Divine fa- 
.iiui, man lu lau policy oi Jiis councils, or to the force of his 

. 7 f Tow many instances of divine goodness arose before 
'wm m pleasing rem«iuihrance, ^y\ml with such relish, he 



^ak3 of the « 

The English Reader, 

Part I. 

S|[»eak3 or the "green pastures and still waters, beside which 
God had led him ; of his cup which he iiad made to overflow ; 
and of the tible which he had prepared for him in the presence 
of his enemies !" With what perfect tranquiliity does he look 
forward to the time of his passing through " the valley of the 
fthado of death ;" unappalled by that spectre, whose most 
distant appearance blasts the prosperity of sinners ! He fears 
no evil, as long as " the rod and the staff" of his Divine Shep- 
herd are with him ; and, through all the unknown periods of 
^hisand of future exbtence, commits himself to his guidance 
"With secure and triumphant hope : " Surely goodness and 
mercy will follow me all the days of my life ; aod 1 siiall 
dwell in the house of the Lord for ever." 

8 What a purified, sentimental enjoyment of prosperity is 
here exhibited ! How different from that gross relish of world- 
ly pleasures, which belongs to those who beiiold oniy the ter- 
restrial side of things ; who raise their views to no higher ob- 
jects than the succession of human contingencies, and the 
weak efforts of human ability*; who have no protector or pat- 
ron in the heavens, to enliven their prosperity, or to warm 
their hearts \\ith gratitqde and trust ! blair. ' 

' SECTION xxm. 

Virtue, when deeply rooted, is not subject to the irjluence of 


THE city of Sidon having surrendered to Alexander, he 
ordered Hephestion to bestow the crown on him whom 
the Sidonians should think most worthy of that honour, 
Hephestion bein^ at that time ivsident with two young men 
of distinction, offered them the kingdom ; but they refused 
It, telling him that it was contrary to the laws of tlieir coun- 
try, to adniit any one to that honour, Avho w as not of the 
iroyal Aimily. 

2 Ke then, having expressed his admiration of their disin- 
terested spirit, desired them to name ojie of the royal race, 
who might rqmember that he had received the crown through 
their hands. Overlooking many, who would have been am- 
bitious of this high honour, they made choice of Abdolojiy- 
nius, whose singular merit had rendered him conspicuous, 
even in the vale of obscurity. Though rrmot«>ly related to 
the royal family, a series of misfortunes had reduced him to 
the necessity of cultivating a garden, for a small stipend, in 
the suburbs of the city. . ~ 

3 While Abdolonymus wao busily employed in weeding 
Ilia carden, the two friends of Hephestion, bearing in their 
hands tlie ensijag ofroyalty, approached him, and aaluted him 


,-r ' 

Part !• 

de which 
)ve,rflow ; 
5 he look 
ey of the 
ose most 
He tears 
lie Shep- 
eriods oC 
ness and 
id 1 siiall 

jperity is 
>f world- 
r the ter- 
gher ob- 
and the 
ir or pat- 
to warm 

luence of 

mdcr, he 
n whom 

ung men 

?ir coun- 
otof the 

»ir disin- 
yal race, 
leen am- 
jlated to 
1 him to 
pend, in 


in their 

ited ium 



sl.o' ,1,1 be se ,d ™, t ? fhr,^ admonished him, ivlien l,e 

power, not toS'et he humirn^ HV ^V^ « ""«"" '" '"« 
bvcn A ised. ° '™ "'""'''" 'Oidition from which he had 

riot ^"tl^i'VaL'v" or'lV''F.f:?;ir''i.'' ^Wolonym-s as an ill„. 
n=o..e,ted the "i ?ot to'^o bt himTrl'"' ^i? Poverty. He jests ; and to find Jnm» J.i! ''" 'y'"' "'"="" '"Pef- 
«;lveH,ivhiei, niri^ Se'^n*'!" tf "ILf ,i'"'''^'"S 'h^P" 


liis ohscure ha! iAtior At . '^1^'!^^^^^ enjoyment of 
fcim, that they t^^r;-AtJ^^^ however tliey convinced 

upon him to accept tiiere^Loffi."' P^P"'^^ ' ^"^ P'-^vailed 
the palace. ^ "^^^^ '^^''^' ^"^ accompany them to 

pi^'lnd'eTr^^elteTCr^^ of the government, than 
murmurs in every nhce tH? .fff^/?u' "^^^ ^vhispered their 
Alexander. He comiS^ndlH t^'^ they reached* Uie ear of 
8^nt for ; and enqXTof hfm ^^ "^"^^^^^^^ P""^^ to be 
had born'e his po?e y " te.^'/i' «^^^ ^^'V^' «^'"»«d he 
tonymu3, «tha?I m.Tbe .^"t^l?l^^«"'' replied Abdo 

SECTION YY ^^^'^"^'^^ ciRTius. 

W f,i,i; ■f,^^.i'jr Jj;ve;j^ tl.e U^^^^ „„. i,.,eed been 
of but nie,n. appearance and •. I^.^f ^onsisls in a house 
uhlch, l.y my own iXmr i,l',.,w '<"" ""^ «'*"""' i '"'•<>'» 
aiiv, thou I, st bel '„!. ^ 7^ ""I'l)"''*. But if, by 

.Ttyrend:.™ me of ess cons n^e u^'*'' '° """'' "'=" «'"^l'«v- 

"dvmUm- lor wlite , the ul ,f ""■ ""•."•'«»'''lO"»' the only 
<^ m l":3.essi';l;rare."r'i ^".':r,'''..'^''rl--'''; '-t smafi 



.|j - -.^v., .'Ill, OllJdII 


The English Reader 

Part I, 

to tho support of the state, and the assistance of my friends. 

3 With respect to honours, my country places me, poor as 
I am, tipon a hivcl with the richest: for llome knows no 
qualifications for great employments, hut virtue and ahility. 
She appoints me to officiate in the most august ceremonies of 
religion : she intrusts me with the command of her .armies; 
she confide", to my care the most important negociations. 
My poverty does not lessen the weight and influence of my 
counsels in the senate. 

4 The Roman people honour me for that very poverty, 
which king Pyrrhus considers as a disgrace. They know the 
many opportunities I have had to enricii myst-lf, without cen- 
sure ; they afe convinced of my disinterested zeal for their 
prosperity: and if I have any thing to complain of, in th^ 
Return they make me, it is Only the excess of their applause. 
IViiat value, then, can 1 put upon thy gold and silver ? What 
kirig can add any thing to my fortune? Always attentive to 
jilischarge the d?J!kes ineumhent upon i^ie, I havc^ a mind frc 
from scTf-reproadi ; and I have an honest fame. 


Character o/ James I. Jdng of England, 

NO prince, so litt'e enterprising and so inoffensive, was 
ever so much exposed to the opposite extremes of cal- 
umny and flattery, of s.itireand panegyric. And the factions 
whicli began in his time, hein^ still continuj;J, have made 
his character be as much disputed to this day, as is commonly 
that of princes who are our contemporaries. 

i2 Many virtues, however, it must be owned, he was pos- 
sessed of; but not one of them pure, or free from the conta- 
gion of the neighbouring vices. His generosity bordered on 
profusion, his learninj^ on pedantry, his pacific disposition on 
pusillanimity, his wisdom on cunning, his friendship on light 
fancy and boyisH fondness. 

3 While he imiigined that he was only maintaining his 
own authority, he may perhaps he suspected in some of his 
actions, and still more othis pretensions, to have encroached 
on the liberties of his people. While he endeavoured, by an 
exact neulrality,to acijuire the good-will of all his neighbours, 
lie was able to ])reserve fully the esteem and regard of none. 
His capacity considerable, but fitter to discourse on gen- 
eral maxims, than to conduct any intricate business. 

4 His intentions were just, out inure adapted to ilie con- 
duct ofpri'ite life, than to the government of kingdoms. 
Awkwju'd in his person, and ungainly in his maiwiei-s, he was 
ill qualified fo command respect: partial and undiscerning in 

Part I. 

r friends. 
, poor us 
HOWS no 
i jibility. 
nonies of 
' .armies; 
ce of my 

know the 
for their 
»f, in th i 
r? What 
Lentive to 
mind fri 

isive, was 
OS of cal- 
e factions 
ive made 

was pos- 
lie conta- 
'dered on 
Dsition on 
p on light 


me of his 
red, by an 
'igh hours, 
1 of none. 
ie on gen- 
tile con- 
rs, he was 
corning in 

C/iap, 9. Promhcuous Pieces. .^4 

« feeble te,nperf,rrV „ oW" "'T'^ «™«'-'^' '"ve. Of 
h.s fecdom from pride aniirwl,^ee ' ™" "" ^^^'"^ ^^ 

-^^T^':^:; V^:s^"<-:"<-^ -f i- ch„., 

ly (U-..„i,l of; and fro" fce-ii H I n'""''''^'*'.'''^ "ascertain- 

i'il«riinco, liowever, wl rh S?i ^" P^rs""-'' bravery: an 
pcrionce/to bo e«;:emery f'j l"e o";"! ''"•'"^''' f™™ S-nenfl ex 

*■ HUME. 


Charles V, Cz-mrrm-n/'/^^^ " >-^yi. 

mms.e "'''^^--^'"''^'^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

Uom« ; I,„<1 to w tl <1 aw entirZ frnm""""' '" '"''-^ ^is l^ins- 
or tlie affairs of this ivorid in ?.l^ .u"7.''°"<='^™ '" business 

not exempt from care, ,nrfi?o ' "•" ""* ■'''■"« "f royalty is 
th03c >vl.oare c" dte. to alhrn^'''?'"^'"";-"'.' ' 'hougl, /„„st of 
and di.sust, to be their ner l."''',''".^ solicitude, and satiety 
ine.cmi?,enie ; y< I to d/see'nd v^hf, ™?''"/'' "' ?'■>» ""'"'J 

«1K. have J TrtlJrlt'i^d hT' '" '','•^'."7- of -"onarchs 
•'■•ement. k» they we re e'it' » r ^'»t™"-<l 'fii-ir 'lays in re- 
resolulion rashJv anrren. n^^H ->r ■?'' P"''"'*'' "f'" '»«'' thi, 
"r nnforlnnato mh^l 2Ttv ^ 'V" ?"" '" '' "'"* '"ken ; 
had wresled thi r" cen't,^ „ „l"""-* ^".V''? "?""' '•''""S "-iva 

t!.e^l"™7gov:;.':;;[.';7V^^^^^ pVinee capable of holding 

<he tranquillity .7^1' emem t""".!"/ 

ii.^Ii. or casting back oneK:.?-' ••tcl.uH? one penitent 
dignity wbich^e btH"?K..„."L''A.'^'='''"'' lo^ariTs the powcror 

'g^BWWB W w jie'-iH' 


various com 

The English Reader. 

motives whidi (l< 

Tart i 

res concerning 



a prince, whose rulina passion had beenunifoniily the 

! of fifty-six, when objects of ambition opiM-ute 

power, at the age 

with full force on the mind, and are mirsued with the greatest 
lirdour, to take a resokition so singular and unexpected. 

6 The emperor, in pursuance of his determination, having 
assembled the states of the Low Countries at Brussels, seated 
himself, for the last time, in the chair of state : on one side of 
which was placed his son, and oh the other, his sister the 
cj^ueen of Hungary, regent of the Netherlands, with a sjjlendid 
retinue of the grandees of Spain and princes of the empiw? 
Standing behind him. 

7 The president of the council of Flanders, by his com- 
mand, explained, in a few words, ills intention iii calling thi^ 
€>xtraordinary meeting of the states. He then read the instru- 
ment of resignation, by which Charles surrendered to his son 

ip his lawful heir ; and to serve him with the same loyalty 
and zeal that they had manifested, during so long a course of 
years, in support of his government. 

8 Charles then rose from his seat, and leaning on the shoti?- 
der of the prince of Orange, because he was unable to stand 
without support, he addressed himself to the audieiice; aTid, 
from a paper which he held in his hand, in order to assist his 
memory, he recounted, with dignity, but without ostentation, 
all the great things which he had undertaken and po'iormeu, 
since the commencement of his administration. 

9 He observed that from the seventeenth year of his age, 
he had dedicated all his thoughts and attention to pnbhc (in- 
jects, reserving no portion of his time for the indulgenci; of his 
ease, and very little for tlie enjoyment of private pleasure ; 

rica as often, and had made eleven voyages by sea ; that while 
his health permitted hirri to discharge his duty, and the vj;j,our 
of his constitution was equal, in any degree, ti>the arduous of- 
fice of governing dominions so extensive, he had never sluui- 
ned kibour, nor repined under fatigue ; that now, wlien his 
health was broken, and his vigour exhausted by the rage of 
an incurable distemper, his growing infirmities admonished 
him toj'etire ; nor was he so iond «>f reigning, as to retain the 
sceptre hi an impotent hand, which was no longer able to 

Part /. 

the love of 
on op(M-:ite 
^e greatest 

on, liavin;* 
sola, seuteu 
ane side of 
sister the 
a splendid 
,he enipin; 

^ his com- 
;alling tlii^ 
the instru- 
1 to his son 
n the Low 
Kir oath of 
fer to Phil- 
ne loyalty 
a course of 

le to stand 
eiice ; and, 
Lo assist iiis 

of his age, 
puhhc (;W- 
;enct; (tfhis 
s phMJSure ; 
isited (vcr- 
im.'S', it:Uy 
Itviee, At- 
; that while 
the vJ;j,our 
arduoii^e of- 
ever shiui- 
, when his 
lie rage, of 
) retain the 
grr able to 

up. 9, Promiscuous Pieces 

protect his subjects or fn . a V ^^^ 

of a sovereign 4rn o^[t with St?^'"' ^I^^^ ' ^hat instead 
>i« gave them one in Z pHmH nn'f '' '^"""^ '^^^^^^^'^ half a fve 
govern, and who added fot?! •^^'^®' ^^<^"stomed alrea ^^0 

of a long administration lie if '^H^. • ^^J^^^ng the course 

solat,o„, as well as tie ^ est rew-ir^V'""^' ?.\^^^ sweetest conl 
w his last prayers to AlmWhf ! ^^^ ^""^ ^^^ ^^^ services • and 
^nt wishis fo^r their teS!^ ^^"^^ ^^^^^ P^"^ forth his ar- 

kissed'hiltt?^^^^^^^^^^^ who fen on his kness and 

d^ath this rich iniieriSnce,'io':^i ^% Z^^d^^ft y^ by my 
additions, some regard would h^v. i ^^^^^^ ™''^^*^ «"ch lariri 
ff»^«ry on that account -Cnovtl ^ue to my 

to you what I might have stm rT' "!/'?" ^ voluntarily resi A^ 
warmest ,«n)res^ons oK^^^^ ^ "^^^ well exLct Fm 

however, I As^^eme ; and sh?ll tn^,-?""' P^^^* ^^itti the^se 
we fare of your subjects and 1. f"*^^ your concern for the 
f^nd most acceptablftcs^i^^^^^^ ^^'^cm, as the best 

!^ in your power, by a wi?^^^^^ yo"r gratitude to me. It 
justify the •!xtraoi^iL?y ' roof ir 'i"?"? administration, to 

tmrniuillity ofpnvatc?ife ' ^vl" ^T *"" "ish toe, oithe 
«'"cli qualities, Lt you "an "LI"" ^''""' « ^"n cndow^uCh 
a» satisfaction; a^ I giv7 rnS'to'v?'" '" """• ^^i"' 
-jie et! r„7t- ^^^^PIZ, a.,.,..e. to his 



170 The Eng-Ush Reader. . 'Part 1. 

tUigHished Dip. Netherlands, his native country, with particu- 
lar marks of his regard and attachmeot/- • - 

The same subject cqntimied* 

A FEW weeks after the resij^nation of the Netherlands, 
Charles, in an assembly no less splendid, and with a cer- 
e,nionial equally pompous, resigned to his son the crowns of 
Spain, with all the territories depending on them, both in the 
old and in the new world. Of all these vast possessions, he 
reserved nothing for himself, but an annual pension of a hun- 
dred thousand crowns, to defray the charges of his family, and 
to n{T<^rd him a small simi for acts of beneficence and charity. 

2 Nothing now remained to d^.'^uin him from that retreat 
for which he langurslied. Every thing having been prepared 
some time for his voyage, he set out for Zuitburgh in Zealand, 
where the Ocejt had orders to' rendezvous. . In his way thith- 
er, he passed through Ghent : and after stopping there a few 
days, toiiwlulge that tender and pleasing melancholy, which 
arises in tjie mind of every maoin the decline of life, on visit- 
ing th(i pli^ce.of his nativity, and viewing the ^cene^ and pb- 
jects familiar to him in his early youths he pursuei^ his joiw- 
ney, accompanied by his son .Philip, his diaughter tfeerarch- 
duchess, his sifters tlie dowager queens of France and Hun- 
gary, Maximilian his son-in-law, and a numerous retinue of 
the Flemish nohility. . Before he wc^nt on board, he dismis- 
sed them, with niarks of his attention and regard ; and taking 
leave of Philip with all the tenderness of a father who embra- 
ced his son for the last tfme, he set sail- under convoy of a 
large fleet of Spanish, Flemish, and English sliips. 
.^ 3 His voyage was prosperous and agreeable ; and he ar- 
rived a,t Lavcuo in Biscay, on the eleventh day after he left 
j^ealand. As soon as he landed, he fell prostrate on the 
pound; and considering himself now as dead to the world, 
Ije kissed the earth, and said, "Naked came I out of my 
inother's worn!), and naked I now return to thee, thou com- 
mon mother of mankind." From Laredo he proceeded to 
Valladolid. There he took a last and tender leave of his two 
sisters ; whom he would not permit to asjcompany him to his 
solitude, though they entreated it with tears : not only that 
they might have the consolation of contributing, by their at- 
tendance av^d t are, to mitigate or to sooth his sufferings, but 
that they might reap instruction and benef^/., by joining with 
him in those pious exercises, to which he had consecrated the 
remainder ofhib davs. 

4 From Valladofid, he continued his journey to Plazencia 
in EstiTmeKhxra. Ho had passed through that city a great 

Part 1. 

h a cer- 
owns of 
h in file 
ions, he 
f a hun- 
; retreat 
y thith- 
re a few 
', which 
on visit- 
and ob- 
m joiH"- 
»d Hun- 
tin ue of 
i taking 
/oy of a 

i he ar- 
r he left 

on the 
a world, 
t of my 
311 com- 
'oded to 

his two 
m to his 
nly that 
their at- 
[ngs, but 
ing with 
ated the 

' a great 

Promiscuous Pieces. 

Chap.O. ^ romiscuous fieces. ITi 

many years liefore ; and liaving been struck at <hat time with 

igg to ine orclei o bt. Jerome, not many miles distant fi-om 
thatplace,he had then observed to someof his attendants tMt 

Kf^H^^V.^'^^. J«^PI«ssioji had remained so stron- on hia 
mind, that he pitched upon it as the place of his li^teat 

5 It was seated m a vale of no great extent wat T^d bv -^ 
loft V tre^^'^' "f^ «"7«"»d«d by rising grounds cot^ed wlh 
pett of t£T.'^t^ "?'"''" ""^l^' ^^^' ^« ^^» ^^« the tern 
f^d^ddLu!!^" So^l '^^^^^^^ '^^ --t health^ 

tec^t thkherTidH ^'^""'^ ^'' resignation, he had sent an archi- 
xect tnither, to add a new apartment to tta mona«torv for hm 
accommodation ; but he gave strict orders 1^ est^of t^^^^ 
buildmg should be suclfas suited his pi^sent s tWn r/thpr 
than his former dignity. It ronsisteJl onl^ ifrooms fo^^ 
of them lu. the, form of -friars' cells, vvitf nakad S -the 
other two, each twenty feet square, were hunrwHh brown 

«uic dccommoaation of a nnvate irfnilpm-^n a\a r^u i 

Tots po!:r'°""' '"•'"^' '""' '^<^ '''•-'1 "f "-"S ^^VeTed' 
l>:mi?f"l'' ''«'''"f"l«"t' Charles formed such a ulan of life for 
^onflZT^'f I'-''™ '""'=•' the condition of a pnvate per- 

pr wwi. itL d"I-' -^ ' ^^^ mildness of the climate. to£reth . 


^^^ 'I'he English Reader, Part^, 

^"'S' ThTl'^K^;- *^^?u^" Hi' ^'•^"deur had ever yielded him. 
^n^nl.A^^Y^^'''' thoughts and projects which had so Ion- 
S F / disquieted him, were quite efiaced from his 

S tl ; nrin a"""?- S?'""^ """Z P^*^ '" -^^^ P^"^*^'^' transactions 
of the princes of Europe, he restrained his curiosity even 
irom any inquiry concerning thejtn ; and he seemed to viev 
«n?1 Sff''''"^'''*"*'^**^ ^^^ abandoned, with allth^coiitemp; 
v^l^ ^^'^"n^ ^?''"S f*"'^ *"-^ thorough experience of it. 
vanity as welJ as from the pleasing reflection of having d'S- 
entangled himself from its cLres. dr. Robertson 







«rv«Tc! J Education. 

T^ education forms the common mind' • 
X Just^as the twig is bent', the tree's incHn'd\ 
_,- , Candour. 

With r oasure let us own our errors past^ 
And ' ake each day a critic on the last\ ' 

A soul without reflection', like a piie 
Witiiout inhabitant^, to ruin rufts\ 
^, . , Secret virtue. 

The private path', the secret acts of men'. 
If noble', far the noblest of their lives\ 

jVecessary knowledge easily attained. 
f^"!! "eedfu knowledge', like our needful food^ 
Unhed^'d', lies open in life's common field' , 
And bids ail welcome to the vital feast\ r 

r,. . , , Disappoiniment. 

Disappointment lurks in many a prize', 

As bees in flow'rs', and^ stings us with success\ 

^, ... Virtu oils elevation. 

1 he mind that would be\iappy', must be grcat^ : 

Great in Its wishes^ ; grtat in Its surveys\ 
jti-xtenued views a narrow mind extendi 

rlen'^of ^oTtlrM^';,^ .^b.^Pt^' *>'« Compiler has exhibited a considerable va- 
nefj ot poetical construction, (or the young reader's preparatory exercises. 

(28 e ) . 





ielded him. 
had so long 
d from his 
osity even 
ed to viev' 
ence ofitp 
laving d'S- 


Chap, 1, 



Select Sentences, ij-c. 
Miturcd and fanciful life. 


Who Hves to nature', rarely can be poor^ ; 
Who lives to fancy', never can be rich\ 

111 faith^ and hope' the world will disagree^ ; 
Uut all mankind's concern is charity\ 

wi 4. .w ThejynzeofVirhie, 

What nothin- earthly gives\ or ca^j destroy', 
1 he soul's calm sunshi-e\ and the heart-felt iov'. 
Is vu'tue s prize\ ■ 

Sense and modesty connected. 
liistrustful sense with modest caution speaks^ : ) 
it still looks home', and short excursions makes^ ; > 
iiut raltJnig nonsense in full volleys breaks\ ) 

„ - . Moral discipline saiutam/. 

Heav n gives us friends to bless the present scene', 

Kesumes them to prepare us for the next\ 

All evils natural are iriorai goods^ ; 

All discipline,''indulgence', on the whoIe% 

^ ., . . , Present blessings undervalued. 

Like birds , whose beauties languish', half conceal'd,' 

iderable va- 

Hope', of all passions', most befriends us here^ ; 
Passions of piv ider name befriend us less\ 
Joy has her tears', and transport has her death^ ; 
Hope', hke a cordial', innocent', though strong', 
Man's heart', at once', inspirits' and serenes\ 
Happiness modest and tranquil. 

- — ; Never man was truly blest'. 

But it compos'd and gave him such a cast', 
As folly might mistake for want of joy^ : 
A cast unlike the triumph of the proud' : 
A modest aspect', and a smile at heart\ 

-iyue greatness 
Who noble ends by noble means obtains', 
Or tailing', smiles m exile^ or in chains', 
Like good Aurelius', let him reign', or bleed 

I .lira U<-v^Mr.4'..~^ A.1 A ^ . ' . 

^«XT. wvjviatco , luui man is great inueeu. 

Tvr .. . , ^^^ '««»' of sympathy, 

r^o radiant pearl', which crested fortune wears', 

XNo gem , that twinkling hangs from beauty's ears', 


■V * - 



^^^'^ ^^'^ English Reader. Pcrt -* 

Nor the bright stars% which nighf s blue arch adorn" ' 

fehjne with such lustre", as the tear that brenk^' 
For others^vo", clown Virtue's mLl^l^^^^^^^ 



RBlissof celestial Origin. 
LSTLESS mort-ais toil for nought^ r ' 

Bhss 111 vain from earth is sought^ : 
«W,anatjvepftheskr, ^ * ... 

iVever wan(ler3\ Mortals" try^ • 
J h(re you cannot seek in vain^; 
1^ or to siiKik her", is to g?<n\ 

The Passions 
1 he passions ara a num'rous crowd^ 
lniperioua\ positive", and loud\ ' 
C^urb tln'se licentious sons of strife^ • 
Hence chiefly rise the storms of life' : 
It they glow mutinous', and rave", 
1 iiey arc lliy masters', tliou their slave\ 

vm. -n . ,^''"*' ''" P'ovidmce recommended 
I IS 1 rovidence alone secures" 

In ey'ry eliange", both mine" and yours\ 

Safety consists not in (escape 

^ rom dangers of a frightful shape" : 

An earthquake may he bid to spare 

I he man that's strangled by a iVairN 

h ate stcNils along with silent treads 

1 ound cH'nest in what least we drJar^^ • 

J rowns m the storm with ^mgry brow"' 

But ui the sunshine", strikes tTie blow\ 


How Ov'd •. how valu'd once", avails thee not^ • 
p> wliom related", or by whom begot"? ' 

A heap o( dust alone remains of thee^; 

1 IS a.l thou art", and all th^ proud shall be\ 

. Fame. 

A I fame is f.irei-n', but of true desert^ : 
null \T'^ <»»eT,*''»^'» »>ut comes not to the heart^ 
One self-approvmg houi-. whole years outwei4s ' 
pfstupid starers", and of /oud huLm^ ; ""^"^^'°'*' 
A nil more ti ue lov Marcellus "vWM fi,li„/ 
1 nan i;«sHr with "a eeuatc at his beeis'r ' 


Chap, 1. iSdcct Sentences, <5r. 

Fin'ue the ^nardinn of youth. 
nown tJie smooth stre;uu oflife the ^itl•ip4in^ darts^ 
j.iy as the niorn^ ; bright glows tlie vernal sTiv', , 

Hope swells h.s Kails', and Passion steers his cour3e\ 
Sale glHlrs his little hark along the shore', 
\\ here Virtue takes hvr 8tan<l^ : but if too far 
He launches forth beyond discretion's inark', 
Sudd(;n Hic tempest scowls\ the surges roar\ 
Blot his fair day, and plunge him in tlie deep'. 


Rut yonder r-om-^* the poiv Vful king of day', 
Rejoicini? ,u the east\ TU^. less'ni.rg cloud', 
1 he kindlmg azure', and the mountam's brow', 
luin'd with fluid gold', his near approach ' 
IJetoken glad\ Lo', now', apparent all 
Aslant the dew-bri-ht earth', and colour'd air', 
IJe looks m boundless majesty abrond' 
And sheds the shining day', ,hat burni'.h'd plays 

Hi'sirte.!';-!^;; :^^-''-' -> wa,.a4,rstreams', 

-VT r ^^{f-s:omrnm(:}it. 

May 1 govern my passions with absolute swav'* 



i gro^v wiser^ and better- as lili, weara awif' 


iMy a shepiicrd swam', and view'd the rolling billow\ 

SEcnoN nr. 



Much ,oy not only sneaks small happ^iesa'! 
But happnv ss that sliortly must ex ,!re\ ' )oy',unbo(tomU in renection' stand'' 
And , in a tempest', can reflection live ? ' 

\M vvffirJ^''''"^''''P'-^ Iinpudence ofhope^! 
AM well mere maw an angel m ght becet\ 

Love',tind love only' .is the loan for fovA 
J.orenzo pnde repress^ ; nor hope to And 
A fnend'. but what Im .6^.i«,i « fi„"%" 'uV. . 
Aii like the purchase -Sw tK;;;,^ wiirpar^ 
And thi. make. Inewk such miracles lu'lLw^ 

3 be 

pay^ J 



^70 The EngUah Reader, Fart 2, 

' /. . . Patience. 

Beware of desi)Vate stens\ Tiio darkest day' 
(Lfve till to-murroiv'yvvillhave jjass'd avva>\ 


Zl 7~ 1 O luxury'' ! 

Bane of e!aled ]ifo\ of ailluent stat;4\ 
, V\ hat drt-ai'v chan(5e', what ruin is not lliine^ ! 
IIow doth tliy bjwl intoxicate the niind^ ! 
1 V the s(Mt entrance of thy rosy cav*^', 
How do^t tiiou UiKc tlie fortunate and great^ ! 
Dreadiul attraotionM ^ 

Virtuous adivihj. 
Seize', mortals' ! seize tiie transient hour^ ; 
liiiprove eacli monient as itilies' : 
Lite's a short summer^— man a i\u\w r^ ; 
Me dies'— Alas' !— liow soon iie dies^ I 

Tim source of happintss. ' 
Reason's whole pleasure\ all the 'ms of sensje.', 
Lie in three words^ ; iHNiitIi\ peace', and comni tcna^ : 
But health consists with temperance alone^; 
And peace', O virtue' ! peace is ail t!»y own\ 

Placid emotion. 
AVho wan forhear to smile with nature^ ? Can 
i he.slormy passions in the hosom roll', 
VV hile ev'ry gale is peace', and ev'ry lh- 
Is melody' ? ^ ^ 


sacred s<»litnde^ ; divine retrear ! 
Choice of the prudent' I , nvy of the groatM 
By thy pun^ stream\ or in thy wavinj:; shade', 
VV e court lair wisdom', that celestial maid^ : 
The genuine oilspiing of her lov'd emhratc', 

(Strangers on earth',) are innocence' and peace\ 
There fi-om the w^ys irf men laid safe ushoie', 
We smile (o hear the distant tempest ro.u'^ ; 
rhere', bless'd with health', with business unperplex 

1 his hie we rdisfi', and ensure the ne>:t\ 

Presume not un to-morrow. 
Ihi human hearts what holder thouohtH can ris> , 
Than man's presu.iiption on to-morrow's dav*- 
Where is to-moirow\^ In another world\ 
J or numbers Jus is certain' j tiie reverse 

* J.7 wUiude ber« la meant, o teiniwwy seclusion from tUc worW. 


Fart 2. 




Chap, 1, 

Select Senf( 

'noes, ^r. 

1.IV e , while you livo," the op cun^ would sav" 
AndHt..ze the pleasures olthlpivstM.t lyV'^ ' 

« Alid^'iv; ^u (^''Jh '''*v" ^'^^ '^"'* ^^ i^'-'^'-^her cries', 
AMU j^ivi; to bod each nioniem af it flies^ " 

Lord ! in my views', li,t l)f»j h united he^ ; 

i l:ve m pleasure', when 1 live to theeM~i 





]- rtm ^'^^^ sccttnty vf Virtue 

ET coward guilt', witli pallid leaV, 
-4 , To sh«;lt'rinjj; caverns fly', 
And justly dread the venj-eful fate', 
1 hat thunders through the skv^ 
Protected hy that imnd ', whose la'w', 

1 lie threat'nmg storms obey'. 
Intrepid virtue smiles secure'. 
As in tittj blaze of day \ 

And Oh ! by error's force subdu'd^ 

bince olt my stubborn will 
I'repost'rous shuns the h.tent Rood'. 

And grasps the S])ecious ill', 
^'\\^^\m ^yi«h',but to my want', 

J)o thou thy gifts apply ^; 

\\\ '}\l^'^]f ^""''^ ^''''" knowest grant'; 
V\ hat ill', thougn ask'd', deny\ ^ ' 

1 have found out a gift i!or my faipN • 

1 havr found wher- Mie vvnoj-niivcons brP#»*'N • 
H.|t let me that plunder forbear^ f ^ '^®** ' 

hhe will say', 'tis a barbarour Jeed^ 

A 1 1 ;* ^»nroh a poor bivrj of .': yo^nc^ • 
A,H I lov'd her tlie* mon, when I h^ rd^ ' 
Such tejiderness fall from Ke. »ongue\ 

Here rests liis herd ui'm^tx^ Jap of earths 
A youth to fortune .-nd to fa iie unkr own>. 

Fairseienee trown'^ note : «... humlw 'Z?h' 
And meh ...holy mm'kd him for her own^ ' 

iWn dl'^ ^--ly-nrnd hisVo'ul sincere"; 
tUdv n did ;i recompense as hrvrni^j co„,in*. 


^K»;;^\^*!/"^«'«-ya»H. had^-atear 
a-3 gain d Irom i ' v'li' f 'twn*. »ii h 



^79 The English Reader , Part 

No further seek his merits to disclose', 
/T^k ' .V" l"^.fi-ailties from tJieir dread aho^le', 
(There they alike m tri'inbling hope repose',) 
The bosom of his Fatliei^ and his (/od\ 

cj * • 1 1/ , ^^^'V "**^ sonotv con necttd, 

atill , wliere rosy pleasure h«ads', 

^ee a kuidred grief pui<*ue^ ; ^ 

Behind the steps tliat inis'ry treads', ^ 

Approaching comforts view\ 

The hues of bliss more brightly dow', 

Clsastis'd by sable tints of \vo^ ; 

And blended form', with artful strife'. 

Ihestrength' and harmony of iifc\ ^ 

T/ia golden mean. 
Iw. that holds fast the golden mean', 
And livRS contentedly between 

The little^ and the great', 
Feels not the wants tjiat pinch the poor\ 
TVor plagues that haurtt the rlcli man's door, 
\ Im^ntt'rini- all his state\ 

^1 he tall(!st i)ii,es', ft^el most thepow'r 
Of wmtVy blast^ ; the loftiest tovv'i-', 

Comes heaviest tj> the groujid\ 
n he bolts that spare the mountain's side', 
Hir cloud-capt t;ipineuce divide' , 
And spread tlie ruin roand\ 

IX- /I •'""'^<'^«^<^ vinos and aims recomimmU'd. 
U ith p ions unruined\ untainted with pride' 

iJy ^M 1 my life let me square^ ; 
The > of my nature', are cheaply supi)IIed' : 

Anu . rest are but folly 'and care\ 
Ilow vainly', througliinfmit*; trouble'aud strilV 

J he many their labours employ\' ' . 

Since all that is truly delightful iji life'. 

Is what all', if they ))lease', may enjoy\ 
''itlachmi'nt to li/c. 

Tho tree of deepest root is foiiud'. 

Least willing still to <piit tlu; ground^ : 

TwjiM theref.u-c' said', bv ancient sages', 
ihat love ol life incre;isN| with ycais' 
So much', that in our Inter stages', 
When pains grow oharp , and sickness rages 
The greatest love of life appears^ 

yirtuc''s address to pUamire.* 
Vftst hHp|>in«'b3 <njoy thy gay allies^ ! 
^ jxjiiui ui fuiijcs , an oiu aitc ui cares* : 


Part 2. 

Chap. I, Select Sentences, Sfc, 179 

Young yet enervate\ old yot nf viT wise^ " 

Vice waat.'s their vi-our-, aruj tlieii- mind impali's^ . 
Vain , ulle\ <lel.catn\ Ri thouj^hf less ease" ^ ' ' 
Resemng woes forage^ their prime they soend^- 
• '^^U'^ff^tc'^^'^N l«<>|)eh.s.s\ in the elil days' ^ ^ ' 
With sorrow to tlio verge ofjife tliev tnid^ 
Omw a w,th the nresentN'^of tho pant JsW,V, 

VERSES IN r;mcn aound corresponds to siomfica^ 

SrkT^m. .u '^'^^9*^^^' ''nd romrh verse. - 
I I ]? ^"^ ^^"""' "''^<^" i^ophyr gontlv blow<4' 
And the smooth in snmr>tl,er. nn nbm flowo 
H|,,t when, loud sur;,^es lash \h^ sr),nu!i„.. ^'^^ " 

ihe hoarse', rough ve.-se', should like the torrent rot;f^ 
,,7., . . , . •S'tV'/' ?Mo/;,on imUaicd. 
When A lax striv«!S fiome roek's vast wei^^Iit fo f hrntt,' 
TJie line too lahours', an.J the words mc^vesloVvV ' 

^ot so when swilt Camilla scours th« plain\ 

Fhes oV,r tli' unbending eorn', and skilns aling the 

T 1 , . ^ "^^^^^^^ f>'^'<^'f in a wood. 

J. .ud sounds the axe\ redoubling strokes' on strokes^ • 

men iustling\ craekling\ crashing', thunder donn\ 
' ^ound of a 'jow-stntii^. 

hee ! from the bnik(-', the wliirrinK Pheasant <,D,in.r.' 
And mounts exulth.., on triumphant wli^g^. '^ '"=' ' 

Dill. t5^„iu .1 ''*'•''"'' ""'' f-'""yMu. 
iJiip ^(yrlh thcrt! a Hrnnci of horror r.)-m<i' 
An,l here Cl.aryhdi, (Ills fhc de^p vi h "toVmO 
W.™ the rushes from her ruml I „k cav^,'' 
The rough rock ronr,' , tumultuou, bSe,vave.\ 





'Part 2} 

,.-... . Lohonous and impetumis motion^ 

With many a weary step\ and many a groan^ 
m£ the high hill he heave* a huj^e round stone^ : 
lUe huge round stobe,resiilting with a bounds 
. Thunders nn})etuoii6dowr/,aiid smokes alon^^the grounds 
•Et- s. * -^(gular andsloiomoveirient. 

r irst mai-ch thfe heavy mules securely slow'; ' ^ 

^'er hlllsVu'ei^<lHle«»,o'er ci-a;^, o'^r'Tock? they goV 

Mbtion slow and diMculL' - 
A needless Alexandrine ends the soffg', 
Thar, like a wowided snake', drags its ri«w kn«di alonff>.- 


--.v^ . . ., ,— jpetuoustorthephaiB\ 

i^ mi. J^xtent aiid violence of tht waves. 

The waves behind impel the Ivaves before', 
j VVide-rolling\ t jamitig high', and tumbling to the shorc\ 

^ . Pensive numbers. 

^ In these deep solitudes^ and awful cells', 

, y^'^t^i'e he<jv'nly pensive contemplation dwells', 

; And evel'-hiusing melancholy rei2:ns\ 



-r Arms' on armoui-', ciasliine:', brav'd 

ftorHbl<^ discord' i and tlie madding wheels * 
~ Of brazen fury', rag'd\ ' • , 

; •-••♦.■• Sound imitating rehictance. - 
For who', to dumb forgetfulness a prey'. 

This pleasing jirixious being e'er resign'd' ; 
Left tlie warm precincts of the cheejful day', 

JVor cast one longing', lingering look behind^ ? 



Connuhial affection. 
HE love that chetsrs life's hi test stage^ 
Proof against sickness and old agv, 
rv'd by virtue fropa declension, 


Preserv , _^ „ „ .^„„ 

Piecomes iiot woary ofattention : 
But lives, when that exterior grace, 
Which firsiiiispired the fUime, deciiys^ 
'Tis gentle, delicate, and kind. 
To faults compassionate, or blind ; 
And will with sympathy endure 
Those evils it would gladly cure. 
But anary, coarse, and harsh exDression. 
Shdws love to be u racrq profession ; 

- * ' (»6e) 






■Part 2} I ^'''"^-^ 

V . 

the ground*. 


ey go\ 

:r>gtti along>,- 




he shorc\ 


: is none 

^es, 8fc^ 

Proves that i 
Or soon expc 

iSimr/Tw qfjlying insects. 
Thick m yon stream of light, a thousand wavi. 
Upward aiid downward, thwarting and convolv'd. 
The quiv'ring nations sport ; till, tempest-winff^d 
Fierce winter sweeps them from the face of div 
±.v n so, luxurious men, unheedini^, pass 
An idle summer life, in fortune's shine, 
A season's gfitter ! Thus they flutter on. 
From toy to toy, from vanity to vice; 
Till, blown away by death, oblivion comes 
Uchmd, and strikes them from the book of life, 

. Beneficence its oidn reward. 
My fortune { for I'll mention ail, , 

And more than you dare tell) is small : 
Yet evVy friend partakes my store, 
And want goes smiling from my door. 
Will forty shilfings warm the breast 
Of worth or industry distressM ! 
This sum I cheerfully impart ; 
'Tis fourscore pleasures to my heart • 
And you may make, by means like tiiese, 
1; I ye talents ten, whene'er you please. 
Pis true, mv little purse grows light : 
But then I sleep so sweet at night 1 
This grand specific will prevail, 
VVhen all the doctor's opiates fail. 

Virtue the best treasure. 


^ .,,,1, cvuri ur»ove ine smiJes and frowns of 
jbxalts great nature's favourites : a wealth 
1 hat neVr encumbers ; nor to Liser hands 
Can be tranaferr'd. It is the only irood 
Man justly boasts of, or can call his own. 
Kiches are oft by guilt and baseness earn'd. 
iiut lor one end, one much-neglected use, 
Are riches worth our care : (for nature's wantt 
Are tew, and without opulence supplied ;) 
I his noble end is to produce the soul ; 
i o show the virtues in their fairest light: 
And make humanity the minister 

^ 'If) 






TJCe English Reader, 


^lLl''l'^'V'"'^"'^'^^'^':'^P• '-l^^^e ^eary clouds 
blow meeting, mingle into solid gl 


ISow, while the drowsy world lies lost in sleep. 
JLet me associate with the serious niurht 
And contemplation her sedate compeer • 
Let me shake offth' intrusive cares of day. 
Aii41ay the meddliiiE senses all aside. 

Where now, ye lying vanities of life ! 
V e ever teniptm- ever cheating train ! 
Where are you now ? and what is your amount ? 
J cxation, (fibappomtment, and remorse, 
bad, Sick ning tnought! And yet, deluded man, 
A sc^^ne ot crude disjointed visions past. 
And broken slumbers, rises still resolv'd' 
VV lUi new Hush d hopes, to run the giddy round. 

A Dfjty behev'd, is )oy begun ; 

A Diiiy adop'd, is joy advanc'd : 


vu^ I ''-VV'^' ?' .P>'^-y *^*^''Slit inspires : 

nw .1 ' t'f '\'^''V'^'^ ftomthis world to the next, 

er death s dark gii4f, and all its horror hides ; 

1 nuse, the sweet exhalation of our jov, 

1 Iiatjoy exalts, and makes it sweeter still : 
± ray r ardent opens heav'n, lets down a stream 
Ut glory, on the consecrated hour 
Ui man in audience with the Deily. 



Th>G bears and the lees. 

A^J^^'V'^"^^ iH'ars', in wanton mood', 
h orth issuiijg from a neighbouring wood'. 
^Caine where th' industrious bees had stor'd'. 

In artful cells', their luscious hoard' ; 

O'erjoy'd tliey aeiz'd', with eager haste'. 

Luxurious on the rich repast'. 

Alarm'd at this', the little crew', 

A bout their ears', vindictive flcw\ 
S The beasts', unable to sustain 

Th' unequal combaf , quit the plain' • 

Half-blind witli rage\ and mad with pain'. 

1 iieir native shelter they regain^ ; 


* Narrafwe Picceg: 
There sit', an(! now', discrecter j^rown^ 
1 0() late their rashness they bemoan^ ; 
And this by dear ejtperience gain', 
i liat pleasure's ever bought with pain\ 
9 So when Ihe gilded baits of vice', 
Are plac'd before onr longing eyes', 
yVith greedy haste we snatch our lilK 
And swallow down the latent Ul : 
But Avhen experience op(!s our eyes', 
Away the fancied pl«\'isure flit's\ 
It Hies', but oh' ! too late we find', ' 
It lea-ves a real sting t)eiiind\--MERRicK. 


The ni<rUingale and the glow-worm, 
A ^7<]'^i:i^I^^77ALE', that all day long 
XX Had cheer'd the village with his sone:', 
JN or yet at eve his note susi)ended', 
Nor y^'t wlien eventide was end<;d', 
Began to feel', as well he might'. 
The keen deuiands of appetite^ ; 
When', looidng eagerly around', 
lie spied far off, upon the ground', 
A sOm*4hing sliining in the dark'. 
And knew the glow-worm by his spark^ 
So', stooping do^vn from h.twthorn top'. 
He thougUc to put him in his crop\ 
,Sl The worm', aware of his intent', 

Harangut'd him thus\ right ekxnient^— - 
Did you admire my larrip'," quoth he', 
'* As much as I your minstrelsy', 
You would abhor to do me Avrong', 
As much as I t(- spoil your song^ ; 
Jb or 'twas the self-same Pow'r divine'. 
Taught you to sing', and me to .shine^ ; 
J hat you w Ith music\ i with light'. 
Might l»eautify' and cheer the night\" 
^ Tlie_ songsttT heard his short oration', 
T, . ' V';". ^^'"? <»"t his approbation', 
Keleaj^ d him', as my story tells', 
And lound a supper somen hore el«c^ 
Hence', jarring i^ectaries may learn', * 
«,, '' V*'''' '"tVest to discern'^ ; 
1 \vM brother' should not War witi. .rothor' 
4kim ^ oi I y and devour each otlier^ : 




!-i r 

lt4 The EngUsh Reader* Fart% 

But sing and shine by sweet ^consent', 
Till life s poor', transient nighf , is spent^ ; 
Jlospecting', in each other's case', 
Tile gifts of nature" and of grace\ 

4 Those Christians best deserve the name", 
Who studiously make peace their aim^ : 
Peace', botli the duty^ and tlie prize' 
Of him that creeps', and him that ilie8>. — co wpkr. 


The tricUs of virtue. 

PL A.C 'D on the verge of youth", my mind 
Life's op'ning scene survey'd^: 
I view'd its ills of various kind", 
Afflicted and afraid\ 

2 But chief my fear the dangers mov'd 
That virtue's path enclose^ : 
Mv heart the wise pursuit approv'd' j 
U l3ut O', what toils oppose"* I 

t For see', ah see' ! while ytit her vvay» 
"With doubtful step I tread', 
A hostile world its terrors raisc"^ 
Its snares delusive spread\ 

4 O how shall I", with heart prepar'd", 

Those terrors learn to meet'' ? 
How", from the thousand snares to guard 
My unexperienc'd feet^ ? 

5 As thus I mus.'d', oppressive sleep", 

Soft o'er rny temtjles drew 
Oi)livion's veir.^ — Tlie wat'ry deep", 
(An object strange^ and new',) . 

8 Before me rose>: on the wide shore 
Observant as I stood'. 
The gathering storms around me roar"^ 
And heave the boiling flood'. 

7 Ne^r and more near the billows rise^ j 
Ev'n now my steps th>'y lave' ; 
And dxiath', to my afTrightcd eyes", 
Approach'd in every wave\ 

g What hope", or whither to retreat'' I 
Each nerve at once unstrung^ ; 

Chill fear had fetler'd fast my fe«'t". 
And chain'd my speechless ton^i 


Fart 2. 

Chap. 2. 

Karrative Pkc^s. 

9 I fi'lt, my hrnrt within ni<! diu^ ; 

WluMi sudtltMi to' mine e iP 
A voice', desccndinj:: from on higli'. 
]l(;pn)v'd my eninj; reap\ 

10 "What tho' the sweilii.g surge thou see 

Impatient tod«'Vour'; 
Uest', mortal', niston (if)d's decree", ' 
And thankful own his po\v'r\ 

1 1 Know', wben he hade the deep nnpcar' 

»ThusfarV th' Ainii-hty «ai(K 
*Thu-4 far', no farthei-', rajce^; and here 
*L<?t thy proud waves he stay'd\' " 

12 I heard'; atidlo'! at once eontroird', 

Th<' wn- PS', in wild retreat', 
Eack on themi>e]ves reluctant roli'd', 
And', murm'rini^', left mf feet\ 

13 Deeps\ to assembliu{:^d<u'ps', in vain 

Once morcrth" sijj;r»;i! ^ave' : 
The s-hon^s thc^ rushiu}^ weight sustain', 

And check th' usurping wave\ 
11 Couvinc'd', in nature's volume wise', 

The imapj'd' truth I read^ ; 
And sudden from my waldn;; fiyes", 

Th' itii-truitive vision iled\ 
15 Then why thus heavy', O my soul' ! 

Say',why distrustful still', » 

Thy thou^lits with vain im))allence roll 

O'er scenes of future ill ? 

IG Let faith suppress each risin?; fear', 
Each anxious dot iht exclude': 
Thy iMaker's will has plac't! thee here', 
A iMaker wise' and j^ood' ! 

17 He to thy cv'ry trial knows', 
lis just restraint to give'; 
Attentive to behold thy woes', 
And faithful to relieve\ 
13 Then why thus heavy', O my soul' 1 
Say', why distrustful still', 
Thv thouj^hts with vain impatience roll', 
O'rT scenes of future ill' p 

19 Tho'g;riefsunnumherVl throne: thee round', 
Still in thy God confide/, 
Whosf; nn?;er mai"ks tlie seas thcjr bound', 
And curbs the headlong tide'.— merrick. 











■il I 

l^ IIM 

1^ 12.2 











(716) •7^4509 

'^ l^'^ 







18C Tlie En glhli Reader. 


I77ic youth and the philosopher* 

A GRECIAN youth of talents rare^^ 
Whorr. Plato's philosophic care', 
Had form'd for virtue's nobUrview^, 
Bv procrpt^ and example too', 
Would often boast his matchless skill', 
To curl) the steed', and guide the wheel^ ; 
And as he pasnd the gazinj^ throng, 
With p;raceful ease\ and smack'd the thong'. 
The idiot wonder they express'd', 
Wns praise' and transport to hia breast\ 

t At len?;th', quite vain', he heeds would show 
His master what his art could 5o^; . 
And bade his slaves the thariot lead 
To Academus' sacred shade^. 
The tremhlint; j^rove confessd its frlcht^; 
The wood-nymph started at the sight*' ; • 
' Tile muses drop the learned lyre', ; 
And to their inmost shades retire\ 

8 Howe er', the youth', with forward aiK, 
Bows to the sage', and mounts the car\ 
The lash resoniids\ th^ coursej si spring', 
The chariot marks the rolling ring^ ; 
And gath'ring crowds', with eager eyes', 
And shouts', pursue him as hrf flies\ 

Ai Triumphant to the {;oal returned', 
With nobler tliirst iiis bosom burn'd"^ ; 
And now along th' indented plain'. 
The self-same track he ryarks again^ ; 
I'ursues with care the nice design', 
Nor ever deviates from the rm€\ 
A mazoment seiz'd the circling crowd^ ; 
Ttie 3'oulhs with emulation glow'd' ; 
Er'n bearded sages hail'd the boy', . 
And all but Plato gaz'd with joy\ 

^ For he', deep-judging sage', beheld 
With pain thetriuuiphs of the field' : 
And when the charioteer drew nigh', 
And', flush'd with hope', had caught his eye'', 
"Alas'! unhappy youth'," he cry'd'. 
"Expect no praise from me','"(andsigh'd',) 

€ "With indignation I survey 

Such skill' and judjjmcnl' tlirown away' ; 

Fart 2, 



Fart 2, 

Chap. it. 

Narrative Pieces, 



The time profusely squarnjer*d there', 
On vulgar arts beneath thy care', 
If well employ'd', at less expense^, 
Had tauffht thee honour\ virtue', sense^ ; 
And iais*d thee from a coachman's fate', 
To govern men', and guide the state ." 


Discourse between ^dam and JErc, retiring to rest, 

NOW came still evening on', and twjtieht ffray 
Had in her sober liv'ry', all things clad\ 
bilence accompanied^; fprbeasr and bird', 
They to their grassy couch^. these to their nests', 
Were sunk^; all but the wakeful nightingale\ 
She', all night lon^, her am'rous descant sung^ : 
f»'.^pc? was pleasH^. Now glgwM the firmament 
With living sapphires^ : Hesperus', that led 
The starry host', rode brightesf, till the moon'. 
Rising in clouded majesty*, at length'. 
Apparent queen', unveil'd her peerless light', 
And o'er the dark her silver mantle threiv\ 
When Adam thus to Eve^ : « Fair consort', th' houc 
Oi night', and all things now retir'd to rest'. 
Mind us of like repose' ; since Ood hath set 
Labour' and rest', as day' and nigbf , to men 
Successive', and the timely dew of sleep', 
Now falling with soft slumb'rous weight', incline* 
Our eye-lids'. Other creatures all day long 
Rove idle unemploy'd'^ and less need rest' : 
Man hath his daily work of body', or of mind' 
Appointed', whicfi declares his dignity', ' 
And the regard of Heav'n on all his ways' ; 
While other animals unactive range'. 
And ( I heir doingc, God tak*-s no account'. 
To-morrow', ere fresh mor. mg streak the east 
With first approach of lig,hf , we must be risert', 
And at our pleasant labour' ; to reform 
Yon flow rj' arbours', yonder alleys green\ 
Our walk at noon', with branches overgrown', 
That mock our scant manuring', and require 
More hands than oure to lop their wanton growths 
Those blossoms also', and those dropping gums', * 
That lie bestrewn', unsightly and unsmooth', 
Ask riddance', if we mean to tread with ease'. 
Mean while', ai nature v/ills'. nieht bids m reit^'* 

- (Tf) 





T7ie Eni^UsJi Reader, 

Part % 

^ Eve/ with pt'rfi^ct beauty .idorn'd': 
and disposer', what thou bidst', 

4 To w])om thus 
" My author' 

Unargu'd', I obey^ ; so (»t>d ordains'. 
"With tiice conversing', i forjjet all time^ ; 

All seasons'' and their change', all please alike\ 
*Swet!t is the breath of inorn", her rising sweet', 
With charm of earliest birds' ; pleasant the sun', 
When first on this delightful land he spreads 
his orient beams on herb', tr^ e\ fruit", and How'r', 
(Jlist ring with dc i^^; fragrant the t»'rtile earth', 
After 5»oft show'rs'' ; and sweet the coming on 
Of grateful evening mild' ; then silent night', 
With tliis her solemn bird , and this fair moon'. 
And tllese', the gems of heav'ii''j her starry train' : 

5 But neither breath of morn', when she ascends 
Witl; charm of earliest birds' ; nor rising ^\\\\ 
On this delightful kmd^ ; nor Ijerb^ fruit', flowV, 
Cilist'ring with de\V' ; nor fragrance after showrs' ; 

I Nor )ii;rateful evening mild' ; nor silent night'. 
With t!»is her sol^rnn bird^ ; nor \v\\k by moon', 
Or glitt rinp star-li}^hf , — without thee is sweet'. 
IJutwhereloreall nightlong shin-^ these^? forwhor? 
Tllis glorious sight', when 'sleep hath shut all eyes' ?" 

6 To wlu)m our gen'ral ancestor reply'd'' : 

** Daughter of God and man'; accoinplisli'd Eve', 
These have their course to finish round the earth', 
By morrow ev'ning' ; and from land to land', 
Jri or(*<'r', thou;i;h to natious yet unborn', 
MliiistVing light jTepnr'd', thi'yset and rise' ; 
1j« St tot '^ darknefis should by night regain 
ller old }/ossession', and extinguish life 
In iv'tnre and all things' ; which these soft fireg 
J\ot only enlighten', but', with kindly heat 
Of various in(liienc<^', foment, and warm', 
Temjier', or nourish' ; or in part shed down 
Tlieir stIRlar virtue on all kinds that grow 
On earth', made hereby apter to receive 
Perfijction from the sutVs p:or«» potent ray\ 

7 These tlien', though unbel:*^ld in iWi^Vi of nighf. 
Shine not in vain' ; nor think', thotigh men wer<' none', 
That heav'n would want spectators', God want }>raiae' ; 
Millions of spiritual creat^ires walk the earth 
Unseen', both when we wake,' and when we sleep'. 
All these with ceaseless j)raise his works behold', 
Both day' utid night'. How often', from the sleep 

1 jr t^g%\\/\\\ 

'J I ■ii.ii'^zi.'^ V i ix-a: 

. (8/) 


Chap, 2, Narrative Pieces. I5f 

€eiestilal voices to the midnight air', 
SoIh', or responsive each to othera' note', 
Singing their great Creator^ ? Oft in bands', 
While they keep watch,'or nightly roimtlin}^ walk 
With heav'nly touch of instrumental sounds', 
In full harmonic number join'd', their songs 
Divide the night', and lilt our thoughts to he. 
8 Thus talking hand in hand alone tiiey pass'd 

On to their oHssful bovv'r\ — ^~ 

^--7 There arriv'd', both stood'. 

Both turn'd' ; and under open sky', ador'd 

The God that made the sky', air\ earth\ and heavV, 

Which they beheld', the moon's resplendent globe', - 

And starry pole\ « Thou also raadW the nighf, , 

Mak?r Oranipotenf , and thou the day^j 

Which we', in our appointed work employ 'd', 

Have firwsh'd', happy in our mutual help', 

And mutual Ioye% the crown of all our bliss 

Ordain'd by thee , and this delicious place'. 

For us too large', where thy abundance want* 

Partakers', and uncropt falls to the ground\ 

But thou hastpromis'd from us two a race', 

To fill the earth', who shall with us extol 

Thy goodnrss infinite', both when we w»ke\ 

And when we seek', as now', tliy gift of steep V MiLTOIf. 


Religion and Death, 

LO' ! a form', divinely bright', 
Descends', and bursts upon my sighr ; 
A seraph of illustrious birlh^ ! 
(Religion was her name on earth^ ;) 
Supremely sweet her radiant face', 
And blooming with celestial graced 
Three shining cherubs form'd her train^ 
WhvM their hght wings', and reach'd the plain^ e 
Faith', with subfime and pier cing eye', 
And pinions fluttering for the sky^ ; 
Here Hope', Uiat snrMlii <- angel stiuids', 
And golden anchors grace her handil" ; 
There Charity', in robes of white', 
Fairest and favVite maid of light\ 
2 The seraph spoke^— -" Tis Reason's part 
To govern and to guard the heart' ; 
To lull the wayward soul to rest', 

„♦ «1 I i.K ■> 




I I ( 



¥ if 

' lit 

The English Reader, 


Reason may calm this doubtful strife', 
And steer thy bHik through various l!fe\- 
But when the storms of death are nighV 
And midnight darkness veils the sky'. 
Shall Reason then direct thy sail', 
Disperse the clouds', or sink the gale' ? 
Stfranger', this skill alone is mine\ 
Skill that transcends /iw scanty line\" 
" Revere thyself^— thou'rt near allied 
To angels on thy better side\ 
How various e'er their ranks' or kinds', 
Angels are but imbodlrd minds' :, 
When the partition- walls decay'. 



But minds', thouf^h sprung from heav'niy race' 
Must first be tutor'd for the place' : 
The joys above are understood', . 
And relish'd only by the good\ 
Who shall assume this guardian care' \ 
Who shall secure their birth-right therfc' ? 
Souls are imj charge' — to me 'tis giv'n 
To train them for their native heav'n\" 
f " Know thei^'—who l?wy the early knc^', 
And give the willing heart to me' ; 
Who wisely', when Temptation waits', 
Elude her frauds', and spurn her baits' ; 
Who dare to own my injur'd cause'. 
Though foojs deride my sacred laws' ; 
Or scorn to deviate to the wrong', 
ThouAii persecution lifts her thong'; 
Though ail the sons of hell conspire 
To raise tho stake' and light the lire' ; 
Know' that for such superior souls', 
Theiielies a bliss beyond the poles': 
Where snirits shine witii purer ray', 
And brighten to meridian day' ; . 
Where love', where boundh-^s friendship rides' ; 
(No friends that change', no love that cooU' ;) 
Where rising floods of knowledge roll', 
And pour', and pour' upon the soul' ! " 
" But Where's the passage to the skies' ? — 
The road thrt)ugh death's black valley lies'. 
Nay', do not shudfler at my tale' ; 

TilU* duik th(> sh.'uL'd" -Vtxi dufo »iio valnV 

Part 2 

Cliap. 5- . pidactic piecei. 

This path the best of men have trod^ • 
And whod decline the road to God' ? 
Oh; ! 'tis a glorious boon to die' ! 
This favour can't be prlz'd too high\" ' 

6 While Cbns she spoke', my looks expressed 
The raptures kindling in mybreusr : 

My soul a fix'd attention gave' ; 
When tlie stern monarch of the girave'. 
With haughty strides approach'd' :-~amaz'd 
1 stood , and trembled as I gaz'd\ 
The seraph calm'd each anxious fear/ 
And kimlly wind the falling tear' ; 
Then hasten'd , with expanded wins'. 
To meet the pale', terrific king\ 

7 But not^ what milder scenes arise' ! 
The tyrant drops his hostile guise' ; 
He seefns a youth diviqely fair' ; 
In graceful ringlets waves his hair' ; 

His wm^s their whitningplurhes display', 
His burnish d plumes', reflect the day' ; 
Liight flows his shining azui-e vesf, 
And All the angel stands confess'd'. 
A l^y^^u^.^t*' change witli »weet surpripe'; 
And , Oh' ! I panted for the skies' : 
Thank d heav'n', that e'er I drew my breath'. 
And triumph d in the thoughts of death'.— cotton. 

The vaniti/ of wealth, ^ 

NO more thus brooding o'er yon heap', 
With av rice painful vigils keep' : 
Sti unemoy'd the present store', 
btill endieas sighs are breath'd for more\ ' 
iiri ' i?"*^**^« »'i'*^o^v', catch the prize', 
I \V hich not all India's treasure buys' ! 
To purchase heav'n has gold the powV 9 
Can gold remove the mortal hour' ? 
In h^'', can love be bought with gold' ? 
Avajnends/np's pleasures to be sold' ? 
Wo'-<jlI that's worth a wish'— a thoiight'. 
Fair virtue gives unbrib'd', unbouprht'. 
Cease then on trash thy hopes to liind' ; 
J-«et nobltjr views enc:a«7f thv mm,iv 


in ft 

issx, rfUHvioSIf, 



192 ^^ English Reader. 


Mthin^ formed in vain, 
ET no presuming impious railer tax 
I « Voat'ivA wisdom', as if aught was f( 

Part 5. 


^^^ Creative wisdom', as if aught was form d 
In vain', or not for admirable endsN 
Shall little', haughty ignorance pronounce 
His works unwise', of which the smallest part 
Exceeds the narrow vision of her mmd f 
On swelling columns heav'd the pride of art , 
Acrilic-flV, whose feeble ray scarce spreads^ 
An inch around', with blind presumption bold , 
Should dare to tax the structure of the whole . 
S And lives the man'^ whose universal eye 

j\a Willi uni"*^**- • '"(J »»»^---^.-- — > 

That this availeth nought' ? Has any seen 

The mighty chain of beings', less'ning downr 

From infinite perfection'- to the brink 

Of dreary nothing', desolate abyss' ! • 

From which a3tonir3h'd thought', recoiling", turns ^ 

Till then alone let zealous praise ascend', ^ 

And hymns of holy wonder to that power , 

Whose wisdom shines as lovely m our minds'. 

As on our smiling eyes his servant sun\— Thomson. 

Section hi. 

On pride, 

OF all the causes', which conspire to blind 
Man's erring judgment*, and misguide the mind , 
t^That the weak head with strongest bias rules , 
Is pride^ ; the never-failing vice of foo»J> 
"Whatever nature hiis in worth deny a » 
She gives in large recruits of needful pride ! 
For", as in bodies', thus in souls', we finvi 
What wants in blood^ and spirits', swell'd with wind . 
Pride', where wit fails', steps in to our deience , 
And fills up all the mighty void of 8ense\ ^ 
I If once right reason drives that cloud away', 
Truth breaks Upon us tvith resistless day . 
Trust not yourself^ ; but', your defects to knoW, 
Make use of evW friend'— and ev'ry foe . 
A little iearning is a dangerous thing'' ; , 

Fart 5. 




tie mind', 

[i wind\ 


Chap^. Didactic Pieces ' 

There shallow drauffhts intoxicate the brain' , 
And dnnitins largdy sobers us again\ 
3 Fir'd at first sight with what the muse imparts', 
Jn 'eaHcss youth', wc tempt the heights of arts^ ; 
While', from the hounded level of our mind , 
bhort views we take', nor see the lengths behind^ ; 
But morfi advanc'd', behold', with stranger surprioe% 
JVew distant scenes of endless stience riseM 
So', pleas'd at first the tow'ring Alps we try', 
Mount o'er the vales', and »eem to tread thesky^; 
Th eternal snows appear already pasf , 
And the first clouds^ and mountains' seem the last" ; 
Buf, thos(3 attain 'd',we^trembie to survey 
The growing labours of the lengthened >vay^ ; 
Th increasing prospect tires oitr wand'rinc: e 


% etes^ 

Hills' peep o'er hills', and Alps" on Alps' arise\— pol»E, 

Ch-ucUy to brutes censured. 

I WOULD not enter on w^t/Iist of friends', 
(Though grac'd with polish d manners and fin^ sense;* 

Yet wanting sensibilitv',) the man 

Who needlessly sets foot upon a worm\ 

An inadvertent step may crush the snail', 

That crawls at evening m the public path' j 

But he that has humanity', forowam'd', ; ' 

Will tread aside', and let the reptile live\ 
2 The creeping vermin', loathsome to the sighf, 

And charg'd perhaps with venom', ttmt intrudes 

A visitor unwelcome int6 scenes 

Sacred to neatness' and repose', th' alcove% 

The chamber', or refectory', may die\ 

A necessary act incurs no blame\ 

Not so'^ when held within their proper bounds'. 

And guiltless of oiTence they range the air', 

Or take their pastime in the spacious field'. 

There they ar«^ privileg'd'. And he that hunts^ 

Vr harms them there', is guilty of a wrong' ; ^ 

Disturbs th economy of nature's realm'. 

Who', when she form'd', designed them an abode', 
8 The sum is this' : if man's convenience', health', 

Or safety' interfere', his rights^and claims' 

Are paramount', and must extinguish theirs'. 

^Ise tliey are Jill'— the meanest things that are', 



■ X 





194 The EngUsJi Reader. Pari 2. 

As God was freq to form Ihem at the first', 
Who', in his sovereij;!! wisdom', made them all\ 

4 Ye', therefore', who love mercy', teach your sons 
To love it too\ The spring time of our ycai'3 , 
Is soon dishonour'd and denPd', in jr.ost', 

By buddinc ills', that ask a prudent hand 

To thjeck them\ But', alas' ! none sooner shoots', 

If tmiestrain'd', into hiiur1an£ groVirth', 

Than cruelty', most dfev'lish ol them ail\ 

5 JVIercjr to' him that shows4t', is the rule 
And righteous limit^ition of its act'. 

By which heav'n moves in pard'ning guilty man^ ; 
And Ke that shows none', being ripe in years\ 
And conscious of the outrage he commits'. 
Shall seek if, and uot find it in his turn\— CO'wrER. 

A paraphrase on the latter pari of the Qth chapter of^, 


WHEN my" breast laboulrs with oppVossive care', 
And o'er my cheek descends the falling teai''; 

While all my warring passions are at strife', 

Oh' ! let me listen to the v/6rds of iife^ ! . 

Raptures deep-felt his doctrine did impait', : . 

And thus he rais'd from earth the drooping hcart\ 
% " Think not', when all your scanty stones afford', 

Is spread at once upon the spariof; board'' ; 

Think not', when worn the homely robe appears', 

While on tiHe roof the howling tempest hears' ; 

What farther shall this feebtelife sustain'. 

And wiiat uhall clothe these shiv'riiig limns agahi\ 
9 Say', does not life its nourishment exceed' ? 

And the fair body', its investing weed' ? 

Behold' ! and look away your low despair^ — 

See the light tenants of the barren air^ : ^ 

j To them', not* stores^ nor'granaries', belong'' ; 

Noughf , but the woodland', and the pleasing song^ ; 

Yet', your kind heav'niy Father benas his eye 

On the least wing that 'flits along the sky\ 
4 To him they sing when spring renews tiie plain^ ; 

To him they cry', in winter^a pinching r^ign^ ; 

Nor is their music', nor their plaint in vain^ : 

He hears the gay\ and the distressful call' ; ^ 

And with unsparing bounty', fills them all\" 
f " Observe the rising lily's snowy grace^ ; . , 


flixi irof«i/iiVici a«i>n*A^/^7>/>i*»>>.>>.\ 


Gkap. 3. 

Didactic Pieces. 


Th«y n«!;thrr toil', nor spin\ but careless grow' ; 
Yet see how warm tht;y blush'^ ! how briglit thev glow^ I 
Whot roi^iil vestments ean with them comnare^f 
Whatkinj^ so shining'! or what queen so tairM" 

e "IfeeaseleGs', thus', the fowls of hcav'n h<5 feeds'; 
If o'er tire fields such lucid robes he spreads' ; 
Will he not care for you', ye faithless', say^? 
Is he unwise' ? op', are ye lyss than theif ^" — tnoMSOlf. 


.The death of a good man a strong i.. jeniive to virtue. - * 

rjpIHE chamber where thejfboc/ man meets his fate'^ ^ 
-I- Is pwviJc'^M beyond the common walk 
or virtuous life', quite in the verge of heav*n\ 
J^'iy', ye profiine' ! ifnof, draw near with awey" 
Jieceive the blessing\ and adore the cihance', 
That threw in this Bethesda yotir disease'' : 
If unrestor'd by this', despair your cure\ 
2 FoK, here', resistless demotlstratioh dwells^ j 
A death-bed's a detector of the hi;art\ 
Here tir'd dissimulation drops her mask', 

Thro' life's grimace', that rmstress of the scene^! 

WfiatevfT farce the h ' ^lay^', 

Virtue nioi'e JKis majesty 
All"! greateV btill', tU.e more luc ,^ t frowns\ — Yot jr<9. 

Section Vir. 

Bcf erf ions on a future date^fror.i arcvkto qftvinfer. 

■'*T^li^ done^ ! dread winter spreads his latest glooms', 
JL And reigns tremendous o'er the conquer'd year\ 
Ilo'.v'th'ud tiie ve^etuble kingdom lios^ ! 
How dumb the twrieful' * Hornir wide extends 
His desolate domnin\ Behold', fond man'! 
See here thy pictur'd life^ : pa«s some few years\ 
Thy 'MowVing spring', thy summer's ardent strength^ 
Thy sober autumn fading into age', 
And p?de concluding Av inter «*orae8 at last', 
^nd shut^ the 3cene\ ^ 






■ ! 

! I 

196 Tlie Engligk Reader, - Part t, 

^ Ah'! whith'T now are/led 

Those (Jroams of greatness^ ? the • msoHd ho)»es 
Of happiness^ ? those longings after farae^ ? 
Those restless cares^ ? thbs« busy hustling days^ ? 
Those gay-spenf, festive nights^ ? thosti veering thoughts', 
Xiost between good and ill', that shared thy life^ ? 

5 All now are vanish'4^ ! Virtae sole survives', 
Immortal'', never-faiJing friend of man'. 
His guide to happiness on high\ And see' ! 
'Tis come', the glorious mom'' ! the second birth 
Of heaV'n" and earth'' ! awak'ning nature', hears 
The new-creating word', and starts to life', 

la ev'ry heighteii'd farm', from psiin^ and death' 
For ever free\ The great eternal scheme', s 

Involving all', and in a perfect whole 
Uniting as the prospect wider spreads', 
To reasoii^s eye refined clears up apace^, 
4 Ye vainly wise' ! Ye blind presumptuous' I now' 

Confounded in the dust', adore that Power\ , 

And Wisdom', oft arraign'd^ : see now the cause 

W'hv unassuming wortli in secret liv'd', 

Ana died neglected* : why the good man's share 

In life was gall', and bitterness of ^oul^ : 

Why the lone widow^ and her orphans', pin'd 

In starvinjg solitude'' ; while IUXU17', 

In palaces lay straining her low thought', < 

To form Unreal wantb^: why heav'h-oorn truth"", 

And moderation fail'', wore true red marks 

OfsuperStition's scourge'': why JicensM pain', : 

That cruel spoiler', that embosom'd foe', 

Imbitter'd all our bliss\ 

6 Ye good distressM' ! 
Ye noble few' ! who here unbending stand 
Beneath life's pressure', yet bear up awhile', 
And what your bounded view which only saw 
A little part", deem'd evil', is no more^ : 

The storms of wint'ry time will quieklv pass^ 

And one unbounded spring encircle ajr. — TiiUMSOir. 


•Adam's advice to Eye, to avoid temptation. 


u"^ WOP/iAN, best are all things as the will 

Of God ordain'd them ; his creating hsud 
Nothin;]; imperfect or deficient left 
Of all that he created, much less man, 
Or aught thai; might his happy state secure, 



Chap. 3. Dulacilc Pieces, ^"^f 

St^cure from outward force. Witliin hims' » 
The fjaiigiT lie;-i, y«v li<is within his pow'r r 
Against hift will lu- can receive no harm. 

■ £ But God Irft free the will ; for what ojcys 

Rr?»son, is fri^e, and rtsison he mndc right ; * 

JJut hid Ikt wi'lHu'Wiire, and stil!«rect, * 

I^'st, hy som<', fiiii'appmringgood snrnris'd, 

^Jie djvrtHte f:ils<;, arjd niisinforni th'3 wiil 

To do what God expr<;ssly hath forhid. 

]\ot then mistrust, hut tf^nder love,t'njoins 

That \ sifould miiid tlu^e oft : and miud thou me, ■ 

S Finn we siihsibt, yet possihie to swerve, 
Since reason not iinpossihly may mee^ 
Some specious ol)jectl)y the foe suboniM, 
And fall into deception unaware, 
JSot keeping suietest watch, j.s she was warn'd, 
St.'ek not temptation then, which to avoicl 
Wp - better, and most likely if from me - 
Thou ^ver not ; trial will come unsought. 

4 Wouiust thou approve ihy constar - apnrove 
First thy obedience ; th' other wIk can know, 
iNJot seeing thee attempted, who attest? 
But if thou think, trial unsought may find 
Us both securer than thus warn'd thou stiem'st, * 
Go; for thy stay not free, absents thee more : 
(foin thy native innocence ; rely 
On what thou hast of virtue, summon all ; 
For God towards thee hatii done his part ; do thine." 


On procrasiinaiion, 

BE wise to-day ; 'tis madness to deff^r : 
Next day the fatal precedent will plead ; 
Thus on, till wisdom is push'd out of life. 
Procrastination is the thief of time. 
Year after year it steals, till all'are fled ; 
And, to the mercies of a moment leavea 
The vast concfTns of an eterjial scene. 
2 Of mans miraculous mistakes, this bears 
The palm, "That all men are about to live: " 
Forevei[<on the brink of being born. 
All pay themselvei the compliment to think, 
They one day, shall not drive! ; and t^eir pride 
On this reversion, takes up ready praise ; 
At least their own ; their future selves applauds : 

Its (17/) ^' ' 



1S3 The English Reader, Part 2. 

How excellent that life they neVr wijl load ! 
Time lodg'd in their own hands is folly*s vails ; 
That lodged in fate's, to wisdom they consij!;n ; 
The thinj; they caa't but purpose, they postpone. 
'Tis not in foUy, not to scorn a fool ; 
And scarce in human wisdom to do more. 

3 All promise is poor dilatory man ; 

And that thro' ev'iy stage. When young, indeed, 

In full content we sometimes nobly rest, 

Unanxious for ourselves ; and only wish, 

As duteous sons, our fathers were more wise. 

At thirty, man suspects himself a fool ; 

Knows It at forty, and reforms his plan ; 

At fifty, chides his infamous delay ; 

Pushes his prudent purpose to resolve ; 

In all the magnanimity of thought. 

Resolves, and re-resolves, then dies the same. 

4 And why ? Because he thinks himself immortal. 
All men think all men mortal, but themselves ; 
Themselves, when some alarming shock of fate 
Strikes thro' their wounded hearts the sudden dread; 
But their hearts wounded, like the wounded air, 
Soon close ; where, past the shaft, no trace is found. 
As from the wing no scar the sky retains ; 

The parted wave no furrow from the keel ; 
So dies in human hearts the thought of death. 
Ev'n with the tender tear which Nature sheds 
O'er those we love, we drop it in their grave.— yol no. 


T^iat philosophy f uhich stops at sccondai-y causc^f^ reproved. 

HAPPY the man who sees a God employ'd 
In all the good and ill that checker life : 

Resolving all events, with their effects 

And manifold results, into the will 

And arbitration wise of the Supreme. 

I)id not his eye rule all things, and intend 

The least of our concerns ; (since from the least 

The greatest oft originate ;) could, chance 

Find place in his dominion, or dispose 

One lawless particle to thwart his plan ; 

Then God mi^ht l>e sururis'd^ and imforL.,, 

Contingencc niight nlari'n him' and disturb 

The smooth and equal course of his alfairs, 
t This truth, philosophy, though eagle-cy'd 
. In nature's teiMicncies, oft o'erloolcs ; '*" 


Part 2. 





n dread; 
i found. 



— YOLXr. 

, reproved. 

Chtp. 3. Didarllc Pieces, 199 

And havln;:; found his instrument, forj];ets 
Or disn^gards, or, more presumptuous still, 
Denies the pow'r that wields it. God proelaims 
His hot disple;ir.ure af2;ainjit foolish mm 
That live an atluist life ; involves the heav'n 
lo tempests ; quits his j^raap upon the winds, 
-And ♦^ivestheni all their fury ; bids a plague 
Kindle a liory boil upon the fjkin, 
And putrefy the breath of blooming health ; 

^ lie culls for famine, and the mejig;re fiend 
JJlows mildew from between his shrivej'd lips, 
And taints tlu' i^oiden ear ; lie springs his 'nines, - 
And ilesolates a nation at a blast : 
l^'orth steps the .spruce philosopher, and tells 
0( liomogeneal and discordant sprinjrs 
A iid principles ; of causes, hoAV they' work 
By necessary laws theip sure efVects, 
Qi action and re-aeliou. 

4 He has found 

't he source of the disease that nature feels ; 
4nd bids the world take heart and banish fear. 
Thou fool ! will thy discov'rv of tb<^ cause 
ijuspend t!r f,HV'cl,orheal itV Has not (lod 
:?till wrought by means since first he made the world? 
Jnd did he not of old employ his means 
' ) o drown it ? W hat is his creation less 
j'han a rapacious ref^ervoir of means, 
F^rmM for his use, and ready at his v, ill ? 
(-0, tlnne eyes with eye-salve ; ask of him, 
(^r .isk of wJ]omsoever he has-taught; 
f.iid leanj, though late, the genuinr cause of all. cowprn. 


li i'gnant .icnlimcnts on nallonal prejudices and haired ; and 

on slavery. 

On, for a lodp;e in some vast wilderness, 
Some boundless contiguity of shade, 
"Where rumour of oppression and deceit, 
Of unsuecesHlnl or successful war. 
Might never reacli me more ! My ear is pain'd, 
My soul is sick with ev'ry day's report 

- rt tri'.rzsj^ n:rtj 5;;ss8a|j». "•>(.;■ WiiiCii CUriJi in iiii ii. 

Th'^re is no fl.-sh in man's obdurate heart ; 
It does not feel for man. The natVal bond 
Of brotherhood is sever'd, as the flax 
That falls asunder at the touch of fire. 




. Part 2, 




i I ► 

|P0 The English Render. 

2 fie finds liis fellow guilty of a skin 
m'^* ♦'!»*«"»''<* like his own ; and havinr pow'r 
r enforce the wnmff.for such a worttiy cause 
Dooms and devotes him as his lawful prey. 
J-iaiids intersected hy a narrow frith 
Abhor each other. Mountains interposd, 
Make enemies of natiojjs, who had ehe, 
Like kindred drops, been minj^led into one. 

8 riius man devotes his brother, and destroys j 
And worse than all, aiid most to he deplorVi, 
As human nature's broadest, foulest hh)t. 
Chains him, and tasks him, and exacts liis sweat 
With stripes, that mercy, with a bleeding heart, 
Weeps when she sees infiicted on a beast. 

4 Then what is man ! And what man seeinj; this 
And havinii; human feelings, does not blush 
And han;:; his head, to think himself a m-in ? 
I would not have a slave to till my {iijround, 
To carry me, to fan me while I sleep. 
And tremble when I wake, for all the wealth 
That sinews bought and sold have everearn'd. 

9 No : dear as freedom is, and in my heart's 
Just estimation prizM above a|l price ; 

I had much rather be mysc^lf the slave, 
And wear the bonds, than fasten them on him. 
We have no slaves at home— then why abroad ? 
And they themselves once ferried o'er the wave 
That parts us, are emancipate and loos'd. 
• Slaves cannot breathe in England : if their lungs 
Receive our air, that moment they are free ; 
They touch our country, and their sliaekh«s fall. 
That s noble, and bespeaks a nation proud 
And ieal.)U3 of the blessing. Spread it then, 
And let it circiilate thniugh ev'ry vein 
Ot'all your empire ; that where Britain's power 
Is felt, mankind may feel her mercy too.— cowrER. 








Thf momtnf( in summer. 

~l^i!CdiZi , taiOliifl ui fii-'Wb 

Till n 

At first faint gl ^, 

ar o'er ether spreads the wid'ning glow'' 

learning in the dappled east' 
, eadstf 
And from before Uie Justre of her face 

» » 


Part 2. 

(^hap, 4. Descriptive Piecctr aOli 

White hrpjik the cUiuclrj away\ With quickenM step', 
Brown uigfit retires^ : young day pours in apace', 
And opens tti) Ui^ lawny prospect wide\ 
2 Thi) dripping rock\ tlie mountain's misty top', 
SWi^ll on tile 9i{;hf , and b^glitt-n witli the dau n\ 
IJhm', thro' thednsit', the smolcing currents ahine^; 
And frointlie bladed field', the fearful hare 
iiimps.', awkward^ : while alpng the forest-glade 
The Vild deer trip', and often turning gaze 
At early passenge<r\ Music awaken 
Th«^ nsjtive voice of uncUBsemhled joy' , 
And thick around the woodland hymns a. iae\ 

Jilis rtf>ck to taste the verdure of the morn\ 
Falsify Jfci.turious', will not mfn\ aw;»ke' , 
And', springing fronj the bed of sloth , enjoy 
The cool', the Tragranf, and the silent hour% 

To meditation due and sacred sons' ? 
4 For is tli«re aught in sleep can charm the wise' ? 
To lie in dead oblivion', losing half 
The fleeting moments of too short a life' ; 
Tot;d extinction ofth' enlighten'd aoul' ! 
Or else to feverish vanity alive', 
V/ilder'd, and tossing thro' distempered dreams' r 
"Who would', in such a gloomy state', remain 
' Iioijgt^r than rwitiu'e craves' ; when ev'ry muse^ 
And every blooming pleasure', waits withouf , 
To bless the wildly devious', morninc waik^? — 

, morning 


HuTttl soune(sy ap tvell as rural sights^ deUgJitfuL 

NOR rural sights alone', but rural sounds 
Ju\hilnrate the spirit', and restore 
The tone of languid nature\ Mighty winds', 
'rh;«t Rweep the skirt of some far-spreading wood', 
or ancient gr«»wth', make niUHic/, not unlike 
Tlie dash of ocean on his winding shore'. 
And hill'the spirit while they fill the mind*,* 
ITnntimberM branches waving in the blasf, 
Ar:d all thttir leaves fat*t llutt'ring all at oncc\ 

^ -mr __ t „„, ^_ , „ *-*„ ii i_ 

a- niit ir.^s ».«itii|>t»rtUM- vv 'ii» npuii mc iM«« 

Of <li.Htant floods' ; or on the softer voice* 
OfneighbVing fountain^ ; or of rilb that slip 
Through thq cleft rock', and', chiming as they foil 



IStpt TIte English Reader, Fart 2. 

Upon loose pcbhlcs', lose themselves at length 
In inutteil ^x^aa!^', thaf, with a livelh^r green', 
Betrays the secret of th<*ir silent course\ 
Nature inammalt employs sw4»et f^ounds'' ; 
But animated n-ittire sweeter st'dV ; 
^ To sooth and s itisfy tiie huniiin ear\ 

8 Ten thousand narhlers cheer the day', and one 
' Tije liveiton? ni^^ht'. Nor these alone', whose notfif 
Nice fin^^er'd art must emulMe in vain' , r 

But cawing rooks, and kites' that swim sublime', 
In still repeattMl circles', ycre^minR loud' ; 
The |iy\ the p);e\ and ey'rt the boding owl', 
That hails tho risi^ig moon', \\ . ve ohaims for me\ 
Sounds inharmonious in thems* Ivesjand harsh'. 
Yet heard m scenes 'where peace for ever reigns' 
And only there', plejise highly for their sake\— cowpiE* 


The rof!e, 

T^^^^rP^^ ¥^ ^^^" wash'd, just washed in a shower^. 
Which Mary to Anna convey'd' ; 
The plentiful moisture ©ncumberM the flower', 

And weigh d doAvn its lieautiful head\ ' 

t The cup was all fiird\and the leaves were all wet\ 
And jt seem'd to a fanciful vievr', 
To weep for the bi is it had left with regref, 

On the flourishing bush where it grew\ , 

8 I hastily sei^.'d if, unfit as it was 

For a nosegay', so dripping and dr«^ wnM' : 
And swinging it rudejy', too rudely', alas' ! 
I snapped iV — it fell to the greiind\ 
i And Rurh', I exdaim'd', is the pitiless part'. 
Some act by the d(;Iicate mind' ; 
Ilegardhss of wnnging' and breaking a hearf, 
Already to sorrow resign 'd\ • ' 

^ ThisVlegnnt rose', had I shaken it less', 

Mi^ht have bloom'd with Its owner awhile^ : 
And the tear that is wipM with a little adilress'. 
May be follow'd periiaps by a sniile\— covvper. 


Care of birds for their younp, 
S thus the p!«tient dam assiduous sits' 
Not to be tempted from her tender task' 



chap. 4, D^Jcriplioe Pieces, 

Or bv sliarp lmn;rer', or by sir.obth dj'Hffhn 
rho tlie whole looseird spring around her Woavs'. 
Her sympatliiziiig partner takes his stand 
High on th' opponent bank', and ceaseless sings 
1 he tedious tni^e away' ; or else supplies 
Her plHce a moment', while she sudden flits 
To pick the scanty meal\ 

1IT-.L . ., « , . '^^' appointed time 

With pioua toil fulfJIlM' the callow VoUn*'' 
Warmth a n(^ expanded into flerftet life' ° 
Their brittle. bondage break', and come to licht^: 
A helpless family^, demanding food ■ 

With constant clamour\ O what passions then'. 
What meltins; sentiments of kindly «are' 
On the new parents seize^ ! ' 

. -, . Away they fly 

Affectionate', and undesiring bear - 

The most delicious morsel to their young^ • 
Which ec(imlly distributed', again "^ ° ' 
The search \n?^m\ Even so a gentle paiK, 
By fortune su.ik', but form'd of ffenrous mould^, 
And charm'd w ilh cares beyondthe vulgar breasf. 


Check their own appetites', and give them all\ Thomson. 


Lihertij and slavery coidraskiL Part of a leHer wriUenJrom 

Jtalj/j by Addismi,. 

HOW has kind Ho;»v'n adornM this happy kind', 
And s<atterM blessings with a wasteful hand' ! 
Isut whatavjiil her unexhausted stor»;a\ 

»» urn: primu «)ppression 10 Her valleys n 
And tyranny u*surps her happy plains\? 
rhe poor inhabitant beholds in vain 
The reddening orange', and the swelling grain^ : 
Joyl»^_ss he sees the growing oils' and wines', 
A lid in the myrtle's fragrant «li?»d**' r*.ni.i»»«^ 
♦ Oh', Liberty'^ thou pow' 

supremely bright' 
pregnant i 

J .. ,, .,1 thy presence 

And siiuling plenty lead& thy wanton 

Profuse of bliss', and , 
Toetual plcnstires in' 

)n train' 

^ ^ 







204 Tlie Engluh Reader. i^art 2. 

Eas'd of herload% subjection grows more light', 
And poverty looks cheerful in tJiv sight\ 
Thou mak-st tlie gloomy face of nature gay' ; 
Giv'st Imauty to the sun', and pleasure to the day\ 
On foreign mountains', may the sun refine 
The grape's soft juice', and melloW it to wii 
With citron groves adorn a distant soil', 
And the fat onve swell with floods of oil^ : 
We envy not the warmer clime that lies 
In ten degrees of more indulgent skies^ ; 
Nor at the coarseness of our heav'n repilie', 
Tho' o'er our heads the frozen Pleiads shihc^ : 
'Tis Liberty that crowns Britannia's isle', 
And makes her barren rocks'jandher bleak mountains snifle\ 


Charity. Aparaphrase onthe I3th chapter of tJuJlrst episSff 

to the Corinthians, 


jID sweeter sounds adofn my flowinjcj tongue", 
' Than ever man pronounc'd^ or angel sung^ j 
Had I all knowledge', numan^ and divine'. 
That thought can reach% or science can define' ; 
And had I pow'r to give that knowledge birth', 
In all the speeches of the babbling earth' ; 
Bid Shadrach's zeal my glowing breast ii .pire', 
To weary torture3\ and rejoice in fire' ; 
Or had I faith Hke that which Israel saw', 
When Moses gave them miracles', and law' : 
Yet', gracious charity', indulgent guesf , 
Were not thy power exerted in my breast' ; 
Those speecneS would send in> unheeded pray'r'^ J 
That scorn of life', would be out wild despair' : 

Softens the high', and rears the abject mind'^ ; 
Knows with just reins\ and gentle hand', to guide 
Between vile shame', and arbitrary pride\ 
jNot soan provok'd', she easily forgives'' ; 
And much she sulTers', as she mucTi believes^. 
Soft pence she brings wherever she arrives" ; 
She builds our quiet', as she forms our lives" ; 
Lays the rough patho of peevish nature even ; 
And opens in each heart a little heav'n\ 
Each other ,^ift.', whicli God on man bestows', 
lis proper bouiulB', and due restriction knows" | 



^Jirst episSff 


r'r^ J 



C^flp. 4. Descriptive Pieces. 205- 

To one fix'd purpose dedicates its powV, 
And finishing its acf, exists no raore\ 
Thus', in obedience to what Heav'n decrees', 
Knowledge shall fail', and prophecy shall ccase^ -, 
But lasting charity's more ample sway'. 
Nor bound by time', nor subject to decay', 
In happv triumph shall for ever live' ; 
And endless good diffuse', and endless prjuse receive\ 

4 As through the artist's intervening gbss', - 
Our eye oljserves the distant planets pastf'; 
A little We discover' , but allow', 

That nrrore remains unsefen', than art can show^ ; 
So whilst our mind its knowledge would improve^ ' 
(Fts feeble eye intent on things above',) 
High as wc may', we lift our reason up', 
' By fairti directed', and confirm'd by hope' ; 
Yet arc we able only to ^jrvey', 
Ilawnings of beams', and promises ofSay^ ; 
Heav'n's ftJiler effluence mocks our dazzled sight' : 
Too great its swiftness', and top strong its lights 

5 But soon the mediate clouds shall be diapell'd' ; 
The Sun shall soon be face to face beheld', 

In all his robes', with all his glory on', 
Seated sublime on his meridian throne\ 
Tiien constant faith\ and holy hope', shall die' ; 
One lo3t in certainty', and one in joy^ : 
Whilst thou', more haj^lpy pow'r'I fair charity^, 
Trnunphant sister', greatest of the three'. 
Thy office^ and thy nature still'the same'. 
Lasting thy lamp\ and Unconsum'd thy flameV 
Shalt still survive' — 

Shalt stimd before the host of heav'n confest', 
I or ever blessing', and forever blest.'—PRioR. 


Picture of a good man, 

S^ME anj-el guide mv pencil', wliile I draw', 
What nothing else tfian angel can exceed', 
A man on earth', devoted to the akios^ ; 
Like ships at sea', w hile in', above the world'. 
With asncct mi!d\ and elevated eye'. 
Behold him seated on a mount serene', 
i\r|oyc liie iogs of sense', and passion's stortn^ : 
All the black cares', and tumults of this life', 
Like harmless thunders', breaking at his feef, 
I;.xcUc hifj ]Vtiy% not impair his peacft\ 




T7te Ertg UstJi Reader. 

Part ?. 

ft Earth*s J5*»nuinR sona-^ tlie scep*^]red\ and tlie slave', 
A mingled molV 1 a wand'rirtg herd' \ he sues', 
Bewilder'diii the vale' ; in all unlike^ ! 
Hi3 full, reverse in all' I What higher praise" ? 
What strons;er demonstration ol the rij^r ? 

Tluur virtues varnish nature' ; his exali\ 
Mankind's esteem they court' ; arid he his own\ 

3 7''h€irs the wild chase of/«/*« felicitieai' ?. 
HiV, the composed possession ofthe/Tnte". 
Alike throughout is his coiijiistent piece', 

. All of one c6lour', and an even thread' ; 
While party-colour'd shades ol hanpiyess', . , 
With hideous* gaps betweeji', patch up for them 
A madman's 'robe'; each piiif of fortune blows 
The tatters by', and shows their ii;ikednftss\ 

4 He sees with other eyes than theirs" : where they 
fiehold a sun', he spies a JOeity' ; 

What make? them only smile', makes him adore\ 
Where they see mountains', he but atoms sees' ; 
An empire m his balance', weighs a fjrain'. 
They things terrestrial worship as divine' : 
His liop«s immortal blow them b)^, as dust', 
That dims his sight and shortens-his survey', 
Which longs', in infinite', to lose all bound\ 

5 Titles^ and honours', (if they prove his fate',) 
He lays aside to find his dignity' ; 

No dignity they find in aught besides'. 
They triumph in externals', (which conc6a| 
Man's real glory',) proud of an e^-lip^e' r 
Himselftoo much he prizes to he proud';. - 
And nothing thinks so grejit in man', as man\ 
Too dear he holds his intV^-st', to neglect 
Another's welliire', or his ri^ht invade' ; 
Their int'rest', like a lion', lives on prey'. 

6 Th<7 kindle at the shadow of a wrong' ; 
Wrong he sustains with temper', looks on heav'n',. 
Nor stoops to think his iniurer his foe' : 
Nought', but what wounds his virtue', wounds hisp 
A «r»»jf»n'fi hpuft f hfiif chaFactpf defends' ' 
A coverM heart denies him half his praise\ 

7 With nakedness his innocence agrees' I 
While thtlr broad foliase testifies their fall'* 


Part ?. 

CJiap. 4. Descriptive Pieces, ' 

There no joys end', where his full feast begins^ s 
His joys cre;ite\ theirs murder', future bliss\ 
To triujiipii in existence', his alone' ; 
And his alone triumphantly to think 
His true existence is not yet begun\ 
His glorious course was', yesterday^, complete^ : 
Death', Uien\ was welcome' ; yet life stUli^ sweet\— 

'■■ *»j 





The pleasures of retirement 
KNEW he but his happiness^ of men 
V^ The hapniest he'! who', farfrbir. public rage'. 
D6ej3 m the vale', with a choice few retlf'd' * 

Drinks the pure pleasures of the ruiral life^.* 

S What tho' Uie dome be wanting', whose proud eate'. 
Each mornmg', vomits out the sneaking crowd 
Of Ititterers false', and in their turn abus'd^ ' *, 
Vile intercourse' ! What though the glittViiig i-oW 
Ofev'-y hue reflected ligbt can give', ' 

Or floated loose'jpr stiff with mazy guW^ 
The pride' and §aze of fools', oppress him nor ? 
What ttio' , from 4itmost land' and sea' purvey'd' 
For him each Kircr tributary life 
Bleeds nof, an^ his insatiate table heaps 
With luxury and ^eath'? What tho: hkbowl 
.Flames not with costly ,fui<ie' ; nor suhkin b^dsV 
Oft of gay care', he tosses out the nighf.', ' 

Or melts the thoughtless hours in idje state' ? 
What tho' he knows not those fantastic joys". 
That still amtise the wanton', stjll deceiye/: 
A face of pleasure', but a heart of pairi' , ' 

Their hollow moments undelighted all' ? 
Sure peiace is his' j a solid life estrang'd 
To disappointment', and fallacious hope' . 

3 Rich in content', in nature's bounty rich', 

In herl*^' and fruits' ; whatever greens the spring', 
When *jeaven descends in showers' ; or bends the boit-. 
A\hen sumtner i^eddens', and when aUtumn beams'; " 
Ur in the wintry glebe w hat*' ver lies 
Conceald', and fattens wi.ih the richest sap' ; 
X fiese aren^jt wantiug' ; nor the miiky drove', 
JiUxunant', spread o'er all the lowing vale* ; bbatinji, mountains' , nor the chide of streams'. 
AuU hum ot becg', mvitine sleep sincere 


208 77ie English Reader. Pert ^ 

Into the guiltless brcasf , beneath .he shade', 

Or thrown at large amid the fragrant hay' ; 

Nor aught besides of prospect\ grove', or song\ 

Dim grottos\ glehming lakes', and foUUlains clear\ 
4 Here too dwells simple truth^ ; plain innocence^ ; . 

Unsullied l>eauty^ ; sound unbroken youth', 
. Patient of labour', with a little pleased" ; 

Health ever hloomtng^ ; unambitious toii^ ; 

Culm contemplation , and poetic ease\ — Thomson. 


^The pleasure and benefit of an improved and w, .,>'dircded 


OH' ! blest of Heaven', who not the languid songs 
Of luxury', the siren' ! not the bribes 
Of sordid wealth', nor all the gaudv spoils 
Of pageant Honour', can seduce to leave 
Those ever blooming sweets', which', from the store 
Of nature', fair imagination culls'. 
To charm th' enliven'd soul^ I What tho' not ail 
Of mortal offspring can attain the hoig^t 
Of envied life^ ; tho' onlj few possess • 
Patrician treasures\ or unperial state' ; 
Yet nature's care', to all her children just', ^ 
With richer tre?wures\ and an ampler state', 
Endows at larg6 whatever happy man ? 
Will deign to use them\ 

His the city's pomp', 
The rural honours his\ Whate'er adorns 
The princely dome\ the column\ and the arch'. 
The breathing marble** and the sculptured gold', 
Beyond tiie proud possessor's narrow claan". 
His tuneful breast enjoys\ For him', the spring 
Distils her dews', and from tHte silken gem 
Its lucid leaves unfoMs\' for him', th^e hand 
Of autumn tinges every fertile branch 
With blooming gold', and blushes like the morn\ 
Each passing hour sheds tribute from her wings' J 
And still new lieauties meet his lonely walk', 
And loves unfelt attract him\ 

Not a breeze 
Flies o'er the meadow^ ; not a cloud imbibes 
The setting sun's effulgence^ ; not a strain 
From all the tenants of the warbling shade 

Ascends' ; but whence his bosom can partake 
' (2a f ) 



Fart 2. 


P. .t>'dirccied 

C;iap. 5, Pathetic Fleets. 

rrcsh pleasure^ tinn.prov'd\ Nor thence pnrbkfci 
I- resh ph^asiire only' ; for th' attentive mind% 
I>y tins harmonious action on Her powers', 
pecoiTies heiHtlf harmonious^ : wont so oft 
In outward things to meditate the charm 
Ut sacred order\ soon she seeks at home". 

i»J*..L- .•**^'"'^''**^^"'^t»r^Wti«xert ' 
Within herseir this elegance oflove\ 
Tnis fair Hispn'd deiij^nt^ : her temper'd pow'r« 
Kehne at lenj^th', and every passion wears 
A i-hji8ter\ mildeK, more attractive micn\ 
4 L.ut if to ampler prospects', if to ffaze 
On nature's form', wjiere', nogiigent of all 




5^ J 

lArfi ^ .^^ ^'.'""^ *'>'*^' 5 then mightier far 
J^lll he the change', and nohler\ Would the foim» 
Ot servile custom cramp her gen'rous powers' ? 
^Vould sordid policies', the barh'rous gVowth 
Of Ignorance and rapine', bow her down 

in fjiiriA mii'ciiUc^ 4^:..,i,.i • « ■ . 

1 he elements' and seasons^ : ail declare 
JJor what th' eternal maker has ordain'd 
i he powWnian^: we feel within oui-selvei 
His energy divme^ ; he tells the hearf , 

wi "11?"r» S^'?'''^*' "« ^ l^^hold and love / 

i^!'v} ?*" H'^u '^.''^^ ^"^ '«^'^s', the general orb 

Ot hte and bemg^ ; to be great like Him'. 

Beneficent' arid active\ ^hus the men 

vviiom nature's works instrucf, with God himself 

Ho d converse- grow familiar', day by day^ 

U Jth his conceptions^ ; act upon his phin' ; 

And form to his', the relish of their souhWKErfsiDl. 




r the close ofthp day', when the hamlet is still'/ 

Whan^ T?u"lM^^ ^"^^^^ of forgetfiilness prove'; 
When nought but the torrent is he?rd on the hill'. 
And nought hit the nightingale^s song in the groVe' r 


210 TIie.EngUsIiJleadcr, Part 2. 

*Twas thushy the cave of the mountain afaK, 

While his harp rung; sypiphcnious', a hermit began'' ; 

No more Avith himseti*" or with nature at war', 
He thought as a sage', tho' he felt as a man\ 

t " Ah' ! why', atl abandon'd to darkne^ss' and wo'* ; 

Why^, lone Pfiilomela', that languishing fall^ ? : 
For spring shall return', and a lover bc^stow', 

And sorrow no longer thy bosom inthral\ 
But', if pity inspire thee', renew the sad lay'' ; 

Mourn', sweetest complainer', man calls tliee to mourn^ ; 
O sooth him whose pleasures like thine pass away^ : 

Full quickly they pass' — but they never return\ ' 

S "Now gliding remote', on the verge of thi) sky'. 

The Jioon half extinguiqh'd', her crescent clisplays^ : 
But lately I mark'd', whert majestic on high 

She shone', and the planets were lost jr\her blaze\ 
Roll on', thoii fair orb', and with gladness pursue 

The^path that conducts thee to splendour again'' : 
But man's faded glory what change shall renew^ ! 

Au fool' ! to exult in a glory so vain^ ! 

4 " 'Tis night', and the landscape is lovely no more'' : 

I mourn' ; but', ye woodlands', I ixiourh not for you'' ; 
For morn is apj)roaching', your charms to restore',', 

Perfunid with fresh fragrance'^ and glitt'ring with dew\ 
Nor yet for the ravage of winter I mourn'' ; 

Kind nature the embryo blossom will save^ : 
But when shall spring visit the ntiouldering urn'' ! 

O when shall day dawn on the night of the grave''! 

5 "'Tuts thus by the glare of false science betray 'd', 

Tiiat leads', to bewilder', and dazzles^ to blind' ; ' 

My thoughts wont to roam', from shade oriward to shade', 

Destruction before 
O pity', great Father 

re' me', and sorrow be|^nd\ 
ir of light', then I cried , 

Tiiy creature who fahi would not wander frojn theeM 
Lo', »;iiiihled'm dust', I relinquish my pride': 

I rom doubt' and from darkness' thou only canst free\ 
t "And darkness' and doubt', are now flying away' ; 

No longer I roam in njecture forlorn' : 
So breaks on the troveh , faint and astray", 

The bright^ and the balmy' effulgence of morn\ 
See truth', love', and mercy', in triumph descending'. 

And nature all glowitig in Eden's first bloom'I 
On the cold ch<^ek of death' smiles' and roses' are blending', 

And beauty immortal', awakes from the tomb'." 

(30 f) 

Fart 2. 
hegan^ ; 


to mourn^ 
ay' : 

plays' : 




or you'' ; 
with de\v\ 

•ave'' ! 


d to shade', 

n theeM 
mst free\ 




e blending', 



Cltap. 5. Pathetic Pieces, 2n 


The beggar^s petilipn, 

ITY the sorrows ofa jpoor old man", 
Whose tremhlin^ limbs have borne him to your door'' 
Whose days are dvvihdled to the shortvst apan^; 
Oh ! give relief, and fieavcn will bless your store'. 

2 These tutter'd clothes my poverty bespeak' ; 

These hoary lockr/, proclaim my lengthen'd years' ; 
And many a furrow in my grief-worn cheqk', 
Has been the channel to a flood of tears'. 

3 Yon house', crf.cted on the rising gi oimd'. 

With tempting aspect tlrew n>e from my road'; 
For plenty there a repidence lias found', • 

And grandeur a mfjgnifjceut abode'. : 

4 Hard Is the Tate of the i-iilrm and poor'! ■* 

Here', as I crav'd a ii!'>i*8« I of their bread', 
A pjunper'd menial drove me from tiitidoor', 
To seek a shelter in an humbler shed'. 

5 Oh' ! take me to your hospitable dome' ; 

Ki'V.n blows the wind', and p\^r-iu>'-5 is the cold^ ! 
Short is my passage to tlie fris ndly tomb' ; 
Fori am poor', and miserably old'. 

C Should I reveal the sources of my grief, i^ 

If soft humanity e'er toudi 'd your breast'. 
Your hands would not withhold the kind relief ; 
And tears of pity', would not be r-eprest'. 

7 Ileav'n sends misfortunes^ ; why thould we repine' ? 
'Tis Heav'n has brought me to the state you see'; 
And your condition may he so(w» like ir;ine', 
The cliild of sorrow' and of misery'. 

r> A little farm was my paternal lot'; . ' 

Then', like the lark', 1 sprightly hail'd flie morn' ; 
But ah' ! Ojipressiou forc'dme from my cot', > 
My cattle died', and blighted was my corn'. 

9 Mv diujghter', once the comfort of my age', 

"Lur'd by a villain from her njitive home', 
Is cast abaiidon'd on the world s wide stage'^ 
And doom'd in scanty poverty to roam\ 

10 My tender wife', sweet soother of my care' : 

Struck with sad anguish at the stern decree'. 
Fell', ling'ring fell', a victim to despaii*' ; 
i And left the world to wretchedness' and me'' 



^^* Tlie English Reader. ^ part 2. 

U Pitvthe sorrows of a poor old man', 

Whose trembling limbs have borne him to yourdoor^; 
WhosH dayg are dwindl-d to Ihi- sliorteat nfiaii^ : 
Oh! give rehef, and Heav'n will bless your atore^ 

Unhappy dose of life. 
fI9,l^ «!i'^<^'^>nS,must thy summons be', O Death' \ 

\xri " "*''**' '■'* *^^ ^'^^'^' '" *^^^ I'Vosscstiions' ! 

Who;, count rn-^ on Ion?; years of pleasure here'. 
Is mute unfuniisli'v! for the wS^rld to comc^ ! 
in that dread moment', how the frantic soul 
Kaves round the walls of her clay lenenienr • 
Runs to each avenue', and shrieks far help^ •' 
But shrK-Ks in vain^ ! How wkihfiilly she looks • 
f n all she*s hiavinj;;', now no longer hers^ ! 
2 Alittle longer^; yet a littio longer^; 

O might shi;stay to wasfi nway her etains' ; 
» And fit her for her passage^ ! iVlournlul sight' ! 
Her very eyes weep blood' ; and v\ "ry groan 
hh'i heaver, is big with horror', hut the foe', 
Like a staunch murdVer', K,tendy to his purpose'. 
Pursued her close', thro' ev'ry Klna ofliie''; 
jVor misses one, the track' ; but presses on', 
Tiir, forc'd at last to the tremendous viirge'. 
At once she sinks to everlasting ruin\ — r? ulair. 


I^legi/ to pilif. 

H'\iy.' '< ^^yP^^v'r'! \vhos(; bosnni heaves the ^i-h^ 
Wnm fancy panits the scene of deei) disf ivs»' * 
\\ hose tears', spontaneous', crystallize the ey*.', ' 
When rigid fate/, denies the pow'r to blebs'. 
t Not all the sweets ArabiaJ} gale.f convoy 

Fi\»m f -jw ry meads'; can with tlint sigh romnare^ : ' 
Not dew-drops glitt ring in the n)>»riii».j^- n.y', ' 
Seem near so beauteous as that falling teiU'\ 
3 Devoid of fear', the fawns around tliee play^ ; , 
Emblem of peace', t!ie dove before thee ilies^ ; 
No blood-staind traces', m.okthy blanieb-ss wa\'' • 
Beneath thy feet', no hapless insect dies'. ' 

^ r* / I I.. l_y 

,„ . ^y "yinpri » and i.tiige Um mead with me'' 

To spring the partridge from the guileful foe^ ; 
From secret snares the struggling bird to free' • 
And stop the hand upiais d to give f he !)low\* 


Part 2, 

)ur door^ j 

uith' I 

c n-h*, 

s»^ J 



Chap. 5. Pathetic Plefes, 2i3 

5 And when the air with heat meridian glows', 

And nature droops beneath the conqu'ring glcnm', 
Let us', slow wand'iing where the current flows', 
Save sinking flies that float along the stream\ 

6 Or turn to nobler', greater tasks thy care'. 

To me thy sympathetic gjfts ifnj)art^: 
Teach Lce in friendship's griefs to beam share'. 
And justly boagt the gen'rous feeling hc«irt\ 

7 Teach me to sooth the helpless orphan's grier ; 

With timely aid', the widow's woes assuage^ ; 
To mis'ry's moving cries to yield relier : 
And be the sure resource of drooping age\ 

8 So when the genial spring of life shall fade', 

And sinking nature own the dread decay', 
Some soul congenial then may lend its aid', 
And gild the tlose of life's evejitful day\ » 


Verses supposed to be wntfen hy Mexandcr Selkirk, during his 
solitary abode in the Island of Juan Fernandez, 

I AM monarch of all Isurvey\ 
My right there is none to dispute'* ; 
From the centre^ all round to the sea', 

I am lord of the fowl' and the brute\ " 

Oh solitude' ! whei*e are the charms'. 
That sages have seen in thy facc^ ? 
Better dwell in the midst of alarms^ 
Tluvn reign in this horrible place'. 

2 lam out of^iumanity's reach^ ; 

I must flnish my journf^y alone^ ; 
Never \\et\r the sweet music of speech^ ; 

I start at the sound of my own\ 
The beasts that roam over the plain'. 

My form with indilference s(u;^ : 
Tln»y are so unacquainted with man'. 

Their tamcness is shocking to me\ 

3 Society^ friendship', and love', 

J)ivincly Ixjstow'd upon man', 
Oh had I the wings of a dove', ' 

H(nv soon would 1 taste you acaiif ! 

Mv sorrows I then mij^ht as ige 
In the ways of relieion' ai l tn 


\ « 

JVJight learn from ih'e wisdom of age', 


ot age 
And be cheer'd by the sallies ofyonth' 

? 1 4 The. English Reader. 

4 Reli^^lon' ! what treasure untold', 
Resitlus in tliitt hoaveuly uord^ ! 
More precious than silver^ or jfold', 
Or ail that this earth can aftbrd\ 
But the sound of the church-goinj? \w\V, 

These valIi(!s'androci<s'nev<'r heard' : 
KeVr sigli'd at the sound of a knell' 
Or smird when a sahbath appcar'tr. 
6 Ye winds that have made me your sporf. 
Convey to this desolate shore', 
Som<»cordiar endearing report 

Of a land 1 shall visit no more'. 
My friends', do they now and then send 

A wish' (»r a thouii;ht after mV ? 
O toll me I yet have a friend', 

Tliougl;! a friend 1 am never to see\ 
$ ]iiow fleet is ^ g;lance of the mind' ! * 
Cumpar'd with the speed of its flight, 
The, tempest itKelfIa{;s behind', 

Artd the swift-winged arrows of l!ffht\ 
\V^n I think of my own native land', 

In a moment I seem to be tlwre' ; 
But',' ! r^'CQUectlon at hand', 
Soo hurVies me back to «|espoir\ 
7 But the ?ina-f()\v| is gon.^ to her nest', 
The b.^ast is laid down jn his lair' ; 
Evert here is a season of rest', 
And 1 to my cabin repitir\ 
There's mercy in «very place"' ; 

Afid mercy '—encouraging thought' ♦ 
yives even nlJIlctionn gr<u;e'. 
And recouciles jr.m to his lot'. — cowpEa," 

WHEN all thy mercies', O my Gou' 
My ri^tng soul surveys', 
Transpculed '»Vith the view', *J"m lost 
in ^vojider', love', and praise'. 

t O how shall words', with eipjal warmth', 
T!i«? gratitude declare'. 
That glous within my ravinh'd jioarl^ ? 
Dut //joM canst read it there', 
i Thy r>.«rvidence my life sustained', 

Part 2. 




ad all iiiy wants rcdrost 








Part 2. 

Ckfip, 5. Pathetic Pieces, * 

When in the silent womh I lay', 
And hun, ipon the breast\ 

4 To nil my weak complnints" and cries', 
Thy mercv lent an eaK, 
Ere ^et my feeble thoupjhts had learn'd', 
To fovm themselves in pray'r\ 

6 Unnninber'd comforts to my soul', 
Thy jtender care bestowM', 
Before my infnnt heart conceiv'd 

From whom those comforts flow'd\ 

6 When',in theslipp'ij paths of youth', 

^ With heedless steps', I r«n , 
Thfne arm', unseen', convey'd me safe', 
And led me up to man\ 

7 Through hidden dano;ep9\ toils\ and deaths'. 

It gently clearM my way" ; 
And t.lirous;h the pleasing snares of vice', 
More (o b^fear'd than they\ , 

8 When worn with sickness', oft hast thou', 

With health renew'd my fact' ; 
And', wlien in sins^ and sorrows sunk', 
Ileviv'd my soul with graee\ 

9 Thy bounteous hand', with worldly bliss', 

H<«8 made my cup run o'er'' : 
And', in a kind' and fauhful friend'. 
Has douf'ed all my store\ 

10 Ten thousand', thousand precious gifts', 

My daily tiianks employ' ; 
Nor is the least a cheerful heart'. 
That tastes those gifts with joy\ 

1 1 Through evVy period of my life', 

TUy goodness Ml pursue' ; 

And', alter death', in distant worlds'. 

The glorious theme renew'. 

12 When nature fails', and day' and night'. 

Divide thy works no more', 
My ever-'grateful heart', O Lord' ! 
Thy mercy shall adore'. 

«a rfi u'_ii ..A _^«i^ * A- ii_ ^ 


A ioyful scHiglMI r 


For (Yl eternity's too short 

To utter all thy prais*'.— iDDiaoK. 




The P.ngUsh Reader. Part 2. 


A man perisliing in the snoiv ; from u^ence reflections aie 
raised on the miseries oj life. 

AS thus the snows arise ; and foul and fi«rce, 
All winter drives alone thedarken'd air ; 
In his own loose-revolving field, the swam ^ 

Pisaster'd stands ; sees other hills ascend, 
Of unknown joyless broAV ; and other scenes, 
Of horrid prospect, shag the trackless plain ; 
Nor finds the river, nor the forest, hid 
Beneath the formless wild ; but wanders on, 
iJ'rom hill to dide, still more and more astray ; 
Imnatient flouucinj? through the drifted heaps. 
^SnX\t\i the tlicmffhts of home ;.tlie thoughts of home 
Rush on his nerves, and call their vig^>ur fortli 
In many a vain attempt, j^^,^^ ^.„^, j ., ,,„, , 

What black despair, what horror fills his heart I 
When, for the dusky spot, which fancy ieigu d 
His tuftod coltae;e rising through the snow,^ 
He meets the roughness ot the middle waste, 
Far from the tractc, and blest abode of man j 
While round him night resistless closes fast, 
And ev'ry tempest howling o'er his Ik'iuI, 
Rendei-s the savnge wilderness more wild. 
8 Then throng the busy shapes into his imiulf 
Of cover'd i»ils, unfathomal)ly deep, 
A dire desct nl, beyond the pow'r oi frost ! 
Of faithless bogs ; of precipices huge, ,„,. „^,^„ 

Smooth'd up with snow ; and what is land, unknown, 
What water, of the still Unfrozen spring, 
In the loose marsh or solitary lake, 
Where the fresh fountain from the bottom boils. 

4 These check his fearful steps ; and down he sinks 
Beneath the shell ^r of the Hhajieless drit.. 
Thinking o'er all the bitterness ot dinitli, 
MixM with the tender luiguish nature shoots 
Tiu'ough the wrung bosom of the dying man. 
His wife, his children, and his friends unseen. 

5 In vain for him th%)tticiou8 wife prepares 
mi.^^ it..^ rj.;,.-h!u'/Vne. and the vestment warm ; 
In* vaiVAiis litti('. chifdren, peeping out 
Into the mingled storm, demand their sire, 
With teai-sot artless innocem-fj. , Alas . 
Nor wife, nor children, luoro shall l»y«"<>W -, 

•«•» ■ '9^*" 

Part 2. 

tions ant 

Chap, 5- 

Pathetic Pieces. 

of home 





Nor friends, nor sacred home. On eveiy nerve 
Tlie deadly winter seizes ; shuts up sense ; 
And, oer his inmost vitals creeping? cold, 
Lays him along the snows a stiflen'd corse, 
Stretch'd out, and hleachinj? in the northern blast* 

6 Ah, little think the gay licentious proud, 
Whom pleasures, pow'r, and allluence surround ; 
They who their thoughtless hours in giddy mirth, 
And wanton, often cruel riot, waste ; 

Ah little think they, while they dance along. 
How many feel, this very moment, death, 
And all th<i sad variety of pain ! 
How many sijik in the devouring flood. 
Or more devouring flame! How many Weed, 
. By shameful variance hetwixt man and man ! 

7 How maiiy pjne in want, and dungeon glooms, 
Shut from the common air, and common use 
Of their own limbs ! How many drink the cup 
Of haUiful grief, or eat the bitter bread 

Of misery ! Sore pierc'd by wintry winds, 
^ow many sli .nk into the sordid hut ; ' 

Of cheerh ss poverty ! How many shake 
AVith all the fierper tortures < Tthe mind, 
Unbounded j)assion, madness, guilt, remorse ! 
Z How many, rack'd with honest passions, droop 
In deep reUrM distress ! How many stand 
Aroiuid the deatii-bi'd of their dearest friends, 
And point tht; p.-ntiii- anguish ! Thought, fond man, 
Of these, and all the tlioujjand namehss ills, 
That one inerssant stru{>:gle render life, 
One scene of toil, of sullering, andof fate, 
Vice ill his high earrtr would stand appalfd, 
AtkI heedless raml^iiiijj impulse learn to think J 
Tij(! consrious heart ol charity would warm, 
And her wide wish benevolence dilate ; 
The social tear would rise, the social sigh ; 
And into clear perfection, gradual bliss, 
licflaing htill, tlwi social passions work. — TiiOMSOi<; 


' Jl morning hymn, 

nPHESEare thy glorious works, parent of good^ 
JL Almighty, thine this urjiversal trame, 
Thus wond'rons fair; thyself how wond'rous tli8n i 
Unspeakable, who sitt'st af)nve Uiese heavens, 
To us iiiuaible, or dimly se^a 

«• (If) ^ 





21$ The English Reader. Part 

In these thy lower works ; yet these declare 
Thy goodness beyond thought, and povv'r divine. 

2 Speak ye who best can tell, ye sons of light, 
Angels ; tor ye behold hiin, and with songs 
And choral symphonies, day without night, 
Circle his throne rejoicing ; ye, in heaven, 
On earth, join all ye creatures to extol 
Him first, flim laat, Him midst, and without end. 
Fiiii-est of stars, last in the train of night, 
If better thou belong not to the dawp. 
Sure pledj^e of day, that crown'st tlih; smiling morn 
■\Vith thy briu;ht circlet, pr.iise him in :hy sphere, 
While day ain es, that sweet hour of prime. 
Thou sun, of I lis great world, both eve and soul, 
Aeknr>wlexlg(; him thy greater, sound his praiSe 
In tliy eternal course, both when thou climb'st, 
And when high noon hast gaind, and when thou falls't. 

8 Moon, that ::ow meet'st the orient sun, now fly'st, 
With the lix d stars, fix'd in th^eir orb tliat flies ; 
And ye five other wand'ring fires that move 
In mystic danc<j, not without song, resound 
His pri'ise, who out of darkness call'd up light. 
Air, and ye elements, the eku st birth 
Of nature's womb, that in quaternion run 
Perpetual circle, multiform, and mix 
And nourish all things ; let your ceaselera change 
V'ary to our great maker still new praise. 

4 Ye mists and exhalations that now rise 
From hill or steaming lake, dusky or gray, ^ 
Till the sun paint your lleeey skirts whh gold, 
In honour to the wcnlds great AUTUOft rise ! 
V/hether to deck with clouds tli' uncolour'd sky, 
Or wet th«^ thirsty earth with fi'.Iling showVs, 




Kisingor lalling, still advance his praise. 

His praise, ye winds, th it from four (juarters blow, 

Breathe s^ (ft or l()U«l : aiul wave your tops, ye pines, 

Witliev'ry plant, in sia;n of worship wave. 

Fountains, and ye that warble us ye How 

Melodious murmurs, warbling tune^ his ])raise. 

Join voices, all ye living souls ; ye birds. 

That cinirinir. unto heaven's gale ascend, 

T5ear on your wings and in your notes his praise. 

Ye that in walers glide, and ye tliat walk 

The earth, and stately tread, or lowly creep ; , 

Witness if 1 be silent, morn or even, 


Fart 2. 





LOU falls't. 





Chap. f). Promiscuo' ? Pieces. 

To liiL!, or valley, fountain, or fresh sha<Ic 
Made vocal by my son^, and taught his praiae. 
Hail, UNIVERSAL Lord! he bounteous still 
Jo give us only good ; and if the night 
i las gather'd aught of evil, or coneeal'd, 
Disperse It, as now light dispels the dark.— -miltoit. 





Ode to content 

OTHOU', the nymph with placid eye' ♦ 
O seldom found', yet ever nigh' 1 
Receive my temp'rate vow" : 
Not all the storms that shake the pole'. 
Can e'er disturb thy halcyon soul', 
And smooth', unalter'd brow\ 
2 O come', in simplest vest array'd' 
With all thy sober cheer display'd', 

To bless my longing siglir ; 
Thy mien compos'd\ thy even ])ace\ 
Ihy meek regard\ thy matron grace', • 
And chaste subdu'd deliglit\ 
8 No more by varying passions beat', 
O gently guide my pikrim feet 

To find thy herroft cell^ ; 
Where in somejiure and equal sky' 
Beneath thy soft indulgent eye', 
The modest virtues tlweir, 
4 Simplicity', in attic vest'. 

And Innocence', with candid breast', ' * 

And clear undaunted eye' ; 
And lJoj)e', who j)oint3 to distant years', 
*aii-',op'ningthro' this vale of tears', 
A vista to the sky\ 

^ m!**^''*' Health' , thro' whose calm bosom glide' 
i iie temp'rate joys in even tide', 

That rarely ebb' or flow' ; 
And Patience there.', thy sister meek', - , 

i resents hw mild', unvarviiig cheek' 
To meet the olfer'd l)low\ * 
C Her iniluencc taught the Phrygian sa^e' 
A tyrant master*^? wanton rage', 
W:th settled smiles', to meet^ : 


f20 TIlc English Reader. Part 2. 

InurM to toil^ and bitter bread', 
He bowd bis merle', submitted head', 
And klss'd thy sainted ff^t. 
y But thou', O nymph', nlir'd^ and coy' ! 
■ In what brown hamlet dost thou-joy 
To tell tbr tender tale^ ? 
The lowliest children of the ground'. 
Moss-rose^ and violet', blossom round', 
And lily of t!ie vale\ 

8 Osay what soft propitious hour 

1 best may- choose to hail thy pow'r', 

And court thy gentle sway^ ? 
When autumn', friendly to th«^ muse', 
Shall thy own modest tints dittusc', 
, And shed thy milder day' ? 

9 When eve', her dewy star beneath', 
Thy balmy spirit loves to breathe', 

And ev'ry storm is laid' ? 
If such an hour was e'er thy choice', 
Oft let me hear thy soothing voice', 

Low vvhlsp'ring through the t:iiade\ — bahbauld, 


The shepherd and the philosopher ^ 

REMOTE from cities livM a swain', 
Unvex'd with all the cares of gain^; 
His head was silver'd o'er with age;, 
And long experience made him sage^ ; 
In s'.niinier s heai^ and winter's cold'. 
He i*it\ his tlock', and penn'd the fold^ ; 
His hours in cheerfnl labour flew', 
IVor env)-^ nor ambition' knew'' : 
His wisdom'' and his hojKist fame'. 
Through all the country', rais'd liis namo\ 

A deeu |)hil<)Sopl)er' (whose rules 
Of moral life were drawn from schools') 
The slie^jherd's homely cottap;e sought'. 
And thus explor'd his reach ot triOu;;ht.\ 

"Whtmce is thy learning^? Hath thy toil 
O'er books eonsnm'd the midnight oil' ? 



Hast thou old Greece and R(nne survey^]', 

Hath Socrates thy soul refui'd', 
And Inst thou fitlioniM TuDy's mind' ? 
Or, like th'" wise Ulyssrs' thrown'. 
By vanou.3 fates', on realmfi unknown', 

Part 2, 

Chap, C Promiscuous PTeccS. 

Hast thou throi]p;li many cities stray'd', 

Their customs^ laws', and manners weich'd'?" 

S Tlie shepherd modestly replied^ 



\ . 



For man is practis'd in disguise^; 
He clioats tiie most discerninj; eyes\ 
Who f>y that searcii shall wiser grow' ? 
By that ourselves we never khow\ 
The little knowledge I have gain'd', 
Was all from simple nature drainM' ; 
Hence my life's maxims', took their rise' 
Jlence s;iew my settled hate of vice\ 
4 riie dciily lahonrs of the he*/, 
Awake my soul to indur,try\ 
Who can observe the earelui ant^, 
And not })rnvide for futtn-e want' ? 
Mv dop;' (the trustiest «if 1ms kind') 
With gratitude inflames my mind\ 
J mrn-k his true', his faithful way', 
And', in my service', co!»y Tray\ 
In constancy and nuptial love', 
I learn my <hity from the dove\ 
The hen', who from the chilly air^, 
W'ith pious win*;', protects her c; re', 
And ev'ry Hnvl that Hies at large', 
Instr(V'ts me in a parent's charge'. 
C: From nature too 1 take my rule/, 
To shun (vintempt'and ri(licule\ 
. I never', with important air', 
in conversation overhear'. 
Can grave and formal pass for wise', 
When men the solemn owl despise' ? 
My tongue within my lips I rein^ ; 
^"or who talks much' must talk in vain'. 
We from the wordy torrent fly': 
Who listens to the chatt'ring pye'? 
Nor would r, w ith felonious flight', 
By stealth invade my neighbour's right'. 
6 Bapacious animals we hate'; 
Kit(!s', hawks', and wolves', :s< .'ve their fat^* 
in} nut we just HhlKurence find' 
Against the toad and serpent kind' ? 
But envy', calumny', and spite', 
J^ear stronger venom in their bite'. • 
^12 . ^5e\ 

fi£2 , 77ie English Reader. ' Part 2, 

Thus cv'ry ohjf^rt of (Teation', 
Can furiisli hints to contomplation^ ; 
And', from the most minute^ and mean', 
A virtuous mind can morals }^lean\" 
7 "Thy fame is just\" the sage replies', 
**Thy virtue proves fhee truly wise\ 
Pride often guides the author's pen% 
Books as affected are as men' : 
But he who studies nature's laws', 
From certain truth his maxims draws' j 
And those/, without our schools', suffice 
To make men morar. j^oud', and wiseV — gat, 


The road to happiness open to all wid. 

On happiness' ! our heing's end' and aim' ! 
Good', pleasure', (;ase', content* ! whate'er thy name^i 
Thatsomi'thing still which proir^^ts th' eternal sijjh', 
For which we hear to live4ij or dare to die' : 
Which still so near us',vet heyond us lies' ; 
O'erlook'd', seen double', hy the fool' and wise' ; 
Plant of celestial seed', if dropt below'. 
Say', in what mortal soil thou deign'st to grow'? 
£ Fair o})'ning to some court's propitious siirine', 
Or deep with diamorids in tlie flaming mine' F 
Twirj'd with thie wveaths Parnassian laurels yield", 


our toil', 

Or reap'd in iron harvests of the field' ? 

Wliere groAvs' ? where grows it not' ? if vain 

W<^ oT^ht to blnm(» the culture', not the 

Fix'd to no spot is liajipinees sincere' ; 

"j^is no where to be lound', or ev''ry where' ; 

'Tis never to ha bought', but always free' ; 

And', fled from monfirchs', St. John' ! dwells Avith tliee\ 

Ask of the Icarn'd the wav\ The learn'd are blind' ; 

Tiiis bids to serve', and tliat to shun mankind' : 

JSome place the bliss in action', some in ease' ; / 

Those call it pleasure', and contentment these' : . 

J^onie sunk to beasts', find pleasure end in pain' ; 

S^onni s weird to gods', con less ev'n virtue vain' : 

Or indolent', to each extreme they fall', 

To trust in ev'ry thing', or doubt of all'. 

AVho thus define it', say they more' or less 

Take nature's path', and mad opuiions leave' ; 
All states can reach it', and all heads conceive"' ; 
Obvious her goods', in no extreme they dwell^ ; 

Tart 2. 


tjiy name^ y 



r toil', 

ivith tliee^. 
)liu(i"' ; 

• » 



C/iari, e. Promiscuous Fieces, "^ "^'^ . 

There needs but thinking righf, and meaninc well^- 
And mourn our various portions as we please", ' 
liiaual IS common sense', and common ea8e\ 
Kemember',man', « the universal cause', 
Acts not by partial', but by gen'ral laws^ ;" 
And makes what happiness we justly call', 
bubsist not in the good of one',' but all\— pop|:, 


The goodness of Providence. 

THE Lord my pasture shall prepare', 
And feed me with a shepherd's care^ ; 
His presence shall my wants supply', 
And guard me with a watchful eye^ ; 
My no6n-day walks he shall attend'. 
And all my midnight hours defend\ 

S When - - 

Or on 

To fert^t . . , 

My weary wand'ring steps he leads', ' • 
Where peaceful rjvera', soft^ and slow', 
Amid the verdant landsflt\pe flow\ 

Tho' in the paths of death I tread', 
With gloomy horrors overspread', 
My steadfast heart shall fear no ill' , 
For thou', O Lord', art with me still^ : 
Tjiy friendly crook shall give me aid'. 
And guide me through the dreadful shade\ 

4 Tho' in a hare and rugged way', 
Through devious tonely wilds I stray'. 
Thy bounty shall hiy pains beguile^ : 
The barren wilderness shall smile'. 
With sudden greens^ and herbage' crown 'd'. 
And streams shall murmur all around\— ADDisoif 

The Creator'' s works attest his greatness, 

THE spacious firmament on high'. 
With all the blue ethereal sky', 
And spangled heav'ns',a shining frame'. 
Their great Original proclaim^ : 
J. 11 vtii TT ^«i i\. -jL cjMSi , ii tan any ' lu uay , 
Does his Creator's pow'r displays 
And publishes to ev'ry land', 
The work of an Almighty hand\ 


524 ^ T7ic English Reader. part 

2 Soon as the ev'ning shades prevniK, 

The moon takes up the wond'rous tale*^ ; 

And', nightly', to tne list'ning earth', 

llepeats tl^e story of her birth^ ; 

Whilst all the stars that round her burn\ 

And all the planets in their turn', 

Confirm the tidings as they roll', 

And spread the truth from pole' to pole\ 
P What thouffh', in solemn silence', all 

Move round the dark terrestrial hall^ ! 

What tho' nor real voice^ nor sound', 

Amid their radiant orbs be found^ ! 

In reason's ear they all rejoice', 

And utter forth a glorious voice^ ; 
' For ever singing as they shine', 
^ " The hand that made us', is Divine\" — apdison. 


Jin address to the Deity. 

OTHOU' ! whose balance does the mountains weigh' j 
Wiiose will the wild tumultuous seas obey' ; 
Whose breath can turn those wat'ry worlds ta flame', 
That fiame to tempest', and that tempest tame' ; 
^ Earth's meanest son', all trembling', prostrate falls', 
And on tlie bounty of thy goodness calls'. 

2 O' ! give the winds all past offence to sweep', 
To scatter wide', or bury in the deep\ 

Thy pow'r\ my weakness', may 1 ever see', * 

And whohy dedicate my soul to thee\ 

Reign o'er my will^ ; my passions ebb and f!ow 

At thy command', nor human motive know^ ! 

If anger boil', let anger be my praise'. 

And sin the graceful indignation raise\ 

iMy love be \SAvm to succour the distress'd', 

And lift the burden from the soul oppress'd\ 

3 O may my understandlni^ ever read 

This glorious volume which thy wisdom made' ! 
May sea' and land', and earth' and heav'n', be join'd', 
' To bring th' eternal Author to my mind' ! 
When oceans roar', or awful thunders roll'. 
May thoughts of thy dread vengeance', shake my soul' ! 
Wheneartli's in bloom\ or planets proudly shine', 
Adore', my heart', the Majesty divine^ ! 

4 Grant I may ever', at the morning ray'. 
Upon with pray'r the consecrated day' ; 

Part 2. 


ns weigh' ;, 


y soul^ ! 

Chap. 6. Promiscuous Ptcccs. 

TiuiH thy jrroat praise\ and bid my soul ansfi% 
And with t!ie mounting sun ascend the skies' ; 
As thnt advances', let my zeal improve', 
And glow with ardour of consummate love' ; 
Nor cease at eve', but with the setting sun', 
My endless worship shall be still begun\ 
5^ And oh' ! permit the gloom of solemn night'. 
To sacred thought may forcibly invite\ 
When this world's shut', and awful planets rise', 
Call on our minds', and raise them to the skies' ; 
Compose our souls with a less dazzling sight', 
And show all nature in a mild«^i- light' ; 
How ev'ryboist'rous thought in calm subsides' : 
How the smooth'd spirit into goodness glides'! : 

6 Ob how divine' ! to tread the railkv way'. 
To the bright palace of the Lord o"f Day' ; 
His court aid mire', or for his favour sue'. 

Or leagues of friendship with his saints renew' : 
Pleas'd to look down aiid see the world asleep' ; 
While I lonff vigils to its Founder keep' ! 

Canst thou not shake the centre' ? Oh control^ 
Subdue by force', tlie rebel in my soul' ; 
Thou', who canst still the raging of the flood', 
Restrain the various tumults of my blood' ; 
Teach me', v/ith equal firmness', to sustain 
Alluring pleasure', and assaulting pain'. 

7 O may I pant for thee in each desire' I 
And with strong faith fosnent the holy fire'! 
Stretch out my soul in hope', and grasp the prize , 
Which in eternity's deep bosom lies' ! 

At the great day of recompense behold', 
Devoid of fear', the fatal book unfold' ! 
Tiien'j wafted upward to the blissful seat', 
From age' to age' my grateful song repeat' ; 
My Light', my Life', my God', my Saviour' see', 
And rival angels in the praise of thee' ! — ioung. 


The pursuit of happiness often ill-dt reeled. 

THE midnight moon serenely smiles 
O'er nature's soft rennse' • 
No low'rinj^ cloud obscures the sky', 
Nor rufflmg tempest blows'. 
2 Now ev'ry passion sinks to rest', 
The throbbing heart lies still' ; 




226 Tlie English Reader. 

And varying schemes of Jife no mor« 
Distract tlie labring will\ 

5 In silence hush'd to reason's voice', 

Attends each mental pow'r' : 
Come', dear Emilia', and enjoy 
Iteflection's fav'rite hour\ 

4 Come', while the peaceful scene invites', 
Let's search this ample round^ ; 
Wiiere shall the lovely fleeting form 
Of happiness be found' r 

6 Does it amidst the frolic mirth 

Of cay assemblies dwell' ; 
Or hide beneath the solemn gloom', 
That shades the hermit's cell' ? 

6 How oft the laughing brow of joy', 

A sick'ning heart conceals' ! 
And', through the cloister^s deep recess', 
Invading sorrow steals\ 

7 In vain', through beauty\ fortune', wit'. 

The fugitive we traf;e' ; 
It dwells not in the faithless smile', 
That brightens Clodia's fiice'. 

Part 2. 



Of visionary minds' I 

9 Ilowe'er our varying notions rove', 
Yet all agree in one'. 
To place its being in some state'. 
At distance from our own'. 

10 O blind to each indulgent aim', 

Of power supremely wise', 
Who fancy hanpiness "in aught' 
The hand olHeav'n denies^ ! 

1 1 Vain is alike the jny we seek', 

And vain what we possess'. 
Unless harmonious reason tunes 
The passion? 'nto peace'. 

12 To temper'd wishes', just desires', 

Is happiness confin'd' ; 
And', deaf to folly^s call', attends 
Tlie muuc of the mind'.— t artf.r. 





Part 2. 

Chap. 6. Tromiscuoiis Pieces, 


The Fire-Side. 

DEAR Chloc', while the busy crowd', 
The vain\ the wealthy^ and the proud', 
In folly's maze advance' ; 
Tho' singularity and pride 
Be call'dour choice', we'll step aside , 
Nor join the giddy dance\ 

2 From the gay world', we'll oft retire 
To our own family^ and fire'. 

Where love our hours employs^ ; 
No noisy neighbour enters here\ 
No intermeddling stranger near', 

To spoil our heai't-felt joys\ 

3 Tfsolid happiness we prize'. 
Within our breast this jewel lies^ ; 

And they are fools who roam" : 
The world has nothing to bestow' ; 
From our own selves our joys must flow', 

And that dear hut, our home\ 

4 or rest was Noah's dove bereft'. 
When with im[)atient wing she le 

That safe retreat', the ark^ ; 
Giving her vain excursion o'ei'', 
The disappointed bird once more 

Explor'd the sacred bark\ 
^ Tho' fools spurn Hymen's gentle pow'rs', 
We.', who improve his golden hours', 

By sweet experience know', 
That marriage rightly und^'rstood', 
trives to the tender^ and the good', 

A paradise below\ 
C Our babes shall richest comfort brings ; 
II tntor'd right', they'll prove a spring 

VV lit'nce pleasures ever rise' : 
We II n.rmtheir minds', with studious care', 
1 o all that's manly\ good\ and fair', 

And train them for tlie skies\ 

^ J^'*''*\f'}**y our wisest hours engage', 
xuvy'n ji>y our youth\ support our age', 

And crown our hoary hairs': 
They'll grow in virtue evry day\ 
And tinjs our fondest loves repay', 

And I'ccompcnse our cares'. 

I m 

227 1^ 



1^2$ The tlnglkh Reader: 

8 No horrow'd joys' ! they're all o\ir o-wn", 
While to the world we live uuknown', 

Or by the world for;]!;ot^ : 
Moimrchs' I we envy not your state^ ; 
We look with pity on ti^e j^reat', 

And bless our humbler lot\ 

9 Our portion is not lar^e', indeed' ! 
But then how little do we need' ! 

For nature's calls are few^ : 
In this the art of living lies', 
To want no more than may Guflice', 

And make that litlUi do\ 

10 We'lfthereforerelidi', withco-ntent', 
Whate'er kind Providence has sent', 

Nor aim beyond our pow'r'; 
For if our stock be very small', 
Tis prudence to enjoy it all', 

Nor lose the present hour\ 

11 To be rcsignM', when ills betide', 
Patient when favours are deuiexl', 

And pleasM with favours jriv'n' : 
Dear Chloe',this is wisdom s part' ; 
This is that incense of the heart', 

VVhose fragrance smells to heav'n\ 

is, We'll ask no lon^ protracted treat', 
Since winter-life is seldom sweet' ; 

But when our feast is o'ei*'. 
Grateful from table well arise', 
Nor grudjre our sons', w ith »;u\ ious eyes', 

The relics of our store\ 

13 Thus', hand' in hand', thro' life we'll go' ; 
Itschecker'd paths of joy' Juid wo'. 

With cautious steps', we'll tread' ; 
Quit its vain scenes without a tear\ 
Without a trouble' or a fenr'. 

And minglo with the dead'. 

14 While conscicnee', like a faithful friend'. 

And cheer our dying breath' ; 
Shall', when all other comforts ccasc^ 
Lik«' a kind atigel whisuer peac<«', 

An4 »m««tU th« bed of death'. — cotto:^. 

Part 2. 



Fart 2. Chap,6. Promiscuous Pieces, 


Providence vindicated in the present slate qfrnan^ 

Ff ^amT'^TI"!^'"' ''''^ n-eatures', hidrs the book of fate\- 
AX All b„t the page prescrib-'d', their present stnte^ : ' 
Jn»n, brutes what nien\ from men' what spirits kno v- 
Or who could suffer lieinj; here be!(»w^ ? ^ ' 

The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-dav'. 
Had he thy reason', would he skip and play'? 
J^leasd to the list', he crops the /lowVy food'. 
And hcks the hand just rals'd to shed his blood\ 

£ Oh blindness to the future'! kindly giVn' 

1 hat each may fill the circle marl^'d:by lleavV : 

VV ho sees with equal eye', as God of all', 

A hero perisli', or a sparrow fall^ ; 

Atoms^ or systems' into ruin hurl'd', 

And now a bubble burst', and now a worid\ 

8 Hr,pe humbly then; ; ivith Iremblin- pinions soar^ ; 

wi ' f r'^^''''''M-^''?''^''^' ^^""^^ and God adore\ 
What hiture bliss he /rivos not theet(. know', 
«ut Rives that hop*' to ho thy blessin-' now\ 
IJope spnn{;s «.ter/i;d in tht? Auman f)reast^ : 
IVlan never is', but always to re blest\ 
lhesuul',uneasy\3ndconnnd from home', 
Itests^ and expatiates' in a life to come\ 

4 Lr>', the ijoor Indian' ! whose untutor'd mind 
K,et s Cod 111 cloudy\ or hears him in the wind' : 
JJjs sou proud science never tau-l.tto stray 
1-jW as the Solar Walk^ or Milky Way', 
> et', simple r.ature to his hope has dvV, 
behind the cloud-topthill', a humbler heavV ; 
.jome safer world in depth of woods embracd', 
o«mje iiappier island in th<> watr'y waste' ; 
W hpre slaves once more t heir native land behold', 
Ao /lends torment', no Christians thirst for g,uld\ 

^ o ' "^''' '^•'"^^"^^ '''3 natural desire^ ; 
He asks no anu;el'H HMg',no seraph's fire^ : 
mt thniks', admitted to that ecjual sky', 
His laitbful doy; shall bear him company\ 
Go' w,s(>r thou' ! and in thy scale of sense', 

I ail imperfection what thou fanciest auch^ 
Way here he j;ivestoo little', there too much\— 

% In pridt!', in 


Ail (juit then* sn! 

reas'nin|r pride', our error lies^ ; 
i*snlu're',aiid iiwh iiilo the skic»\ 

"i S igatJ,'. ' 





Pride still is aimin 

The English Ttender. 

Part 2- 

.at the blest adodos'^ 

Men would be angels', anj^els would be ^od3\ 

Aspiring to be fijoas', if angels fell', 

Aspiring to be angels', men rebi d^ : 

A nd who but wishes to Invert the l;i ws 

Of order', sins against th' etkilxal cause\ — pope. 


Selfishness reproved. 

HAS God', thou fool' ! work'd solely for thy kochI', 
Thy joy', thy pastime', thy atfire', thy I'uod' ? 
Who for thy table feeds the wautori f;«\vn', 
For him as k'rndly spreads the rt<>w'ry laun\ 
Is it for thee the I^rk aseenil^ and sinjijs' ? 
Joy tunes his voiced joy elevates his wing3\. 
Is it for th<'e the linTiet pours his lliroiJl'? 
Loves of his own', and raptures s\v«!I tli«i note'. 

S Th'i bounding steed you pompously bosUride', 
Shares with his lord the pti*asure', and the prid»'\ 
is thine alone the seed that strews the plnio' ? 
The birds of heav'n shall vindicate their grain\ 
Thine the full harvest of the golden year' ? 
Part pays', and justly', the deserving st«!er\ 
The nog', that ploughs not', nor obeys thy call', 
Lives on the labours of this lord ofair. 

8 Know', natureVs ehildrcn all divide her enre^ ; 
The fur that warms a monareh', warni'd a be;ir\ ^ 
While man (xelaims', " See all things for my use' 1" 
*'See man for min<;^! " repliesia pamper'd got»se'. 
And just as short of niason he must tall', 
Wlio thinks all made for one', not one lor all-. 

4 (^rant that the powVful still llie weak eof)tror ; 
JJe man the wit' and tyra^jt of the who't!^ ; 
Nature tliat tyrant checks' : he only kiu>n«<, 
And helps another creature's wants' and nii« s\ 
Say', will the falcon', stooping fr(un above", 
Sniit with her varying plii.n;ige', spare the dove' ? 
Admires the jay', the insect's -ildcd wings'? 
Or hears the hawk wlu-n Philomela sings'? 
Man cares for all' : to birds he gives his wood-\ 


6 ' 


*.. I,. 




For some his mt'rest prompts him to provide', 
For more his ph^asures', yet f<»r mi)rj' h.s pride' 
All fed on one vain patron', and enji^y 
.Th' exteiiiivc blessing of hi* luxury 


Part 2- 

Chap. C). 

Promlacuous Pieces. 


Tliat vory 11 T; liis learnrd hiin^pr craves', 
He savos fi-oin faiiiiiie;, tVom the s:iyap;e saves^: 
K;«y', frasis tin-nninial he dooms his feasr ; 
AmV, till lu; endn th« i>f;ing', makes it hh^st^ : 
Which K('03 no more the stroke', nor feels tlie pain', 
Than lavoiirM man hy touch ethereal H!ain\ 
The creature had Ills feast of life hefore' ; 
Thou too iniut perish', ^vhen \hy feast is o'er^ ! 


^ Human frailty. 
,7"E AK and irresolute is man' ; 





The purpose of to-day', 


Woven ^vith pains into his p 
To-morrow rends avvay\ 

2 Tiie bow well bent", and smart the spring'. 
Vice se'ems already slain' ; 
But i>assion rudely snaps the string', 
And it revives again'. 

S Some foe to his uprij5ht intent'. 
Finds out his weaker part' ; 
Vh'lue QURapis his .issent', 
Jiut pleasure wins hisheart\ 

4 'Tis liere the folly of the wise', 

Through all hi.^ art wc view' ; 
And while his tonji;iie the charge denies', 
His conscience owns it true'. 

5 Bound on a voyage of awful lengthy 

And darjirers little known', 

A shMu^ier to superior strcn«;th', 

Man vainly trusts his own'. 

(i Bit o'UN alone, can ne'er prevail 
To reach the distant coast'^ 
Til" hre ith of heav'n must swell the sail', 
Or all the toil is lost'. — t;owrEH. 


Ode to peace. 

(U)MF/, peace of mind', delightful guest', 
^ Rrturn', anil make thy downy nest'. 
Once more in this sad heart'; 
Nor ricii«'sr, nor powV pursue', 
iS'or hold ftuhidden joys m view'; 

\Ve therefore need not par 

♦ V 






232 ' The English Reader, 

2 "Where -wilt thou dAvell', if not with me' 
From av'riee^ and ambition tree', 

And pleasure''s fatal wiles^ ; 
For whom', alas' ! dost thou prepare 
The sweets that I was wont to share', 
The b;inquet of thy smilrs' ? 
« The p;reat', the gay', shall thi-y partake 
The heav'n that thou alone canst make' ; 

And wilt thou quit the stream'. 
That murmurs throuj^h the dewy mead', 
The grove and the sequcsair'd shade', 
To be a guest with them' ? 
4 For thee 1 panted\ thee I priz'd\ 
* For thee I gladly sacrific'd 
Whate'er I lovM before^ : 

Part g. 


-•• •«..»•.» 

And shall I see thee start away'. 
And helpless', hopeless', hear'thee say'- 
Farewell', we meet no more' ? — co w 




Ode to adversiJy, 
|AUGHTER of Heav'n', relentless power', 
Thou tamer of the human breasf , 
Whose iron scourge\ and tort'ring hour', 
The bad affrljght', afflict the best^ ! 
Bound in thy adamantine chain', 
The proud are taught to taste of pain\ 
And purple tyrants vainly groan 
5Vith pangs unfelt before', unpitied' and alone\ 

2 VVhen first thy sire to send on earth 
Virtue', his darling child', designM', 
To thee he gave the heav'nly birth', 
And bade to form her infant mind\ 
Stern rugged nurses' ! thy rigid lore 
With patience man> a year she hore\ 
What sornnv was', tho'u bads't her know^ ; 

And from her own she learn'd to melt 9t others wo\ 

3 Scar'd at thy frown terrific', fly 
Self-pleasing folly's idle brood\ 

Wild laughter\ noise\ and thoughtless joy', 
And leave us leisure to be y:ood\ 
Light they disperse^ ; and with them go 
The summer-rriend', the flatt'ring foe\ 
By vain prosperity receiv'd', 
To her they vow their truth', and are again bdiev'd\ 

Part S. 


s power', 


fw'* ; 

crs wo\ 



Chap. C>. Promiscuoiis^ Pieces,. 2S3 

4 Wisdom', in sable garb array'd", * 

]mmors'd in raj)t'rou3 thougfht. profound', 

And melancholy', silent maid', 

With leadtjn eye that loves the ground', 

Still on thy solemn steps attend^ ; 

Warm charity', the gen'ral friend'', * 

AVith justice to herself severe'^ 
And pity', dropping soft the sadly pleasing tear\ 
i> Oh', ?;ently', on thy suppliant's head', 

Dnvui poweK, lay thy chast'ning hand^ ! 

]Not in thy gorgon terrors clad', 

JNor circled with the vengeful band', 

(As by the impious thou art seen',) 

With thund'ring voice', and threat'ning mien', 

"\Vith screaming horror's fun ral cry', 
Despair', and ft 11 oisease/, and ghastly poverty'. 
6 Thy form benign', propitious', wear', 

Tijy milder iiiflueMce impart^ ; 

Thy pliiiosonliic trail) be there', * 

T > soften,^ uot to wound my hearf . 

Th«! g(;u'rous spark extinct revive^ ; 

T»'acli me to love', and to forgive^ ; 

Kxact my ovyn defects to scan^ ; 
What tJthers are to feel' ; and know myself a maii\ gray, 


7%e creation required to praise its Author, 

pEGIN', my soul', th' exalted lay^ ! 
i^ Let each enraptur'd thought obey', 
And praise th' Almighty's name^ : 
JiO' I heaven' and earth\ and seas\ and skies'. 
In one melodious concert rise', 
To swell th' inspiring theme\ 

2 "^^e fields of light', celestial plains', 
VVheie gay trans^porling beauty reigns', 

Ye scenes divinely iair' ! 
Your Maker's wond'rouspow'r proclaim^ ; 
Tell how he form'd your shining frame'. 

And breath'd tbe fluid air\ 

3 Yr angels', catch the thrilling sound' ! 
W^hile all th* adoring thrones around', 

iiis bruiiuiiess niri'cy sing' : 
Tjcf ev'ry list'ning saint above', 
Wakp art the tuneful soul of love', 

And touch the sweetest string^ 



I < 

ftl4 The English Reader. 

4 Join', ye loud spheres', the vocal chQir\;. 
Thou c^azzling orb of liquid fire', 

The mighty c lorus aid' : 
Soon as gray ev'uinj; gilds the plain', 
Thou', moon', protract the melting strain'. 

And praise him in the shade\ 

5 Thou heavV of haav'ns', his vast abode' ; 

At once th' involving darkness fled'. 

And nature sprung to light\ 
f Whate'er a blooming world contains', 
That wings the air', that skims the plains', 

United praise bestow'* : 
Ye dragons', sound his awful name 
To heav'n aloud' ; and roar acclaim'. 

Ye swelling deeps below\ 
7 Let ev'ry element rej(*>ice'' ; 
Ye thunders burst with awful voice', 

To HIM who bids you roir : 
His praise in softer notes declare', 
Each whispering breeze of yielding air', > 

And breathe it to the soul\ 
t To him', ye grateful cedars', bow^ ; 
Ye tow'ring mountains', b«;nding low'. 

Your great Creator own' ; 
Tell', when affrighted nature j^iiook', 
How Sinai kindled at his look'. 

And trembled at his frown\ 
Ye (locks that haunt the humble vale\ 
Ye insects flutt'ring on the ^ale', 

In mutual concourse rise' ; 
Crop the gay rose's vermeil bloom\ 
And waft its spoils', a sweet perfume', 

In incense to the skies'. 
10 Wake all ye mounting tribes', and sinj 
Ye plumy wjirblers of the spring'. 




Harmonious anthems raise 


man', by nobler passions swayM 
The feeling heart\ tlie judging head' 

In heav'nly praise employ 






Fart %. 


^kap, G. rromiscuous Pieces, 

Sprj'ad his tremendous name aroimd', 
Till heav'n's broad arch rings batk the sound', 
The gen'ral burst of joy\ 

12 Ye wliom tlie charms of grandeur please", 
Nurs'd on the downy lap of ease', 

Fall prostrate at his throne^: 
Ye prjnces\ rulers', all adore^ ; 
Praise him', ye kinp;s', who ^lakes yourpow'r 

An image of his own\ , . 

13 Y<i faiK, by nature formM to move*, ' ' 
O praise tn' eternal source of love', 

With youth's enliv'ning fire^ : 
Let age take up the tuneful lay\ 
Bigh nisbless'aname^ — then soar away'. 

And ask an angel's lyre\ — ogilvie. 


The universal prayer. 

FATHER OF ALL' ! in ev'ry age', 
In ev'ry clime', ador'd', 
T5y saint\ by savage^ and by sage', 
Jehovah^ Jove', or Lord'' ! 

H Thou GREAT FIRST CAUSE', Icast undcrstood'', 

Who all my sense confin'd ^ > 

To know but this', that Thou art good', 

And that myself am blind^ ; 
Yet gave me', in this dark estate', 

To see the good from iir ; 
And binding nature fast in fate', 

Left free the human will\ 
What conscience dictates to he done', 

Or warns me not to do', 
y/.'i.s teach me more than hell to shun', 

That more than heav'n pursue\ 
What blessings thy free bounty gives', 

L(;t me not cast away^ ,' 
For God ispaid\ whi^ii man receives*', 




jod ispaid\ wh^ n 
enjoy', is to ob^\ 

$ Yet not to earth's contracted span', 

Thy goodness let me bound\ 

C\.. ti,:^i. 4^1 T I „t-^^^ .vT .^^^^ 
II iuiwa tut:?jj_iu:n a.i>jti\r. \ji iiia.ii , 

When thousand worlds are round\ 
7 Let not this weak\ unkiiowing hand', 
Presume thy bolts to tl^row' : 

! ' 


236 The KngUsh Reader, Part 2 . 

And deal damnation round the land' 
On each I judge thy foe\ ' 

^ '^ 'c/i^ r'S'l^', thy grace impart', 
fetill m the right to stay^ ; 
If I am wrong', oh teach my heart 
x o find that better way^ ! 
9 Save ine alike from foolish pride' 
Or impious discontent', 
At aught thy wisdom has denied'. 
Or aught thy goodness lent\ 
10 Teach me to feel another's wo^ ; 
To hide the fault I see^ : 
That mercy I to others show', 
That mercy show to me\ 
n Mean tho' I am', not wholly so', 
Since quicken'd by thy breath' : 
O lead me wheresoeVr 1 go'. 
Thro' this day's life' or death\ 

12 This day', be bread^ and peace' my lot^ • 

All else beneath the sun', 
Thou knoAv'st if best bestow'd or not' 
And let thy will be done\ ' 

13 To tfiee', whose temple is all space\ 

Whose altar', earth\ sea\ skies' ! 
One chorus let all beinj^s raise' ! 
All nature's incense ri3e\— POPE. 



OTREAcn'Rous conscienceM while she seems to sleep 
On rose^ and myrtle', luU'd with syren song' ; ^ 

While she seems', nodding o'er her ciiaige', to drop 
On headlong appetite the slackened rein', 
And give us up to license', unrecall'd', 
Unmark'd' ;— see', from behind her secret stand' 
1 he sly informer minutes ev'ry fault'. 
And her dread diary with hoiror fiJls\ 
Not the gross act alone employs her pen' • 
She reconnoitres fancy's an-y Kind' ' 

A watchful foe' ! the formidable spy', 
List'nmg o'erhears the whispers of our camp^: 
Our dawiung purposes of heart evnlores' 
And steals our embryos of iniquity\ '^^ * 
As all rapacious usurers conceal' 
Thwjr doomsday-book from all-consuming heirs', 



Part 2. 

IS to sleep 

Chap. G. 

Promiscuous Piecca. 



Tims', with lnd(i]<!:encf' most severe', she treaty 

Us spt'iutllirirtsofinf'Stiuinblotiirn'.^ ; 

Unnoted', notes (^ach momoiit mis;>)>ply'd^ ; 

jrj li'avt's more diirahle than leaves of "brass", 

WriloH our \vli(»!(« iiistorv' ; whk-Ii death shall read 

In rv'ry pale delinquent s ])rivat.e ear" ; 

And jirdji;»nent publish^ ; publish to more worlds 

Tiuui tlii:;' ; and endless a^e in groans resound'. — younC 


On an infant, 
f ¥1 the dark and silent tomb", 
-i_ Soon I hasten'd from the womb^ : 
Scarce the dawn of life began', 
Ere I measur'd out my span\ 

5i I no smiling pleasures knew''; 
I no p»y delights could vicAv^ : 
JoyK>ss sojourner was I', 
(Inly born to weep' and die\— 

5 lluppy infant', early hless'd' ! 
Rest', in peaceful slumber', rest'' ; 
Early rescu'd from the cares'. 
Which increase with growing years^. 

4 No delights are worth thy stay', 
Smiling', as they seem', and gay^ ; 
Short and sickly are they all', 
Hardly tasted ere they pall\ 

5 /-vll our gaiety is vain\ 
All our laughter is but paln^, 
Jifistlng only', and divine', 
is an innocence like thuie\ 


The Cuckoo. 
AIT/, beauteous stranger pf the wood'. 
Attendant on the spring^ ! 
r^ow heav'n repairs thy rural seat', 
And woods thy welcome sing\ 
^ Soon as the daisy decks the green", 
Thy certain voice w^e hear^: 
Hast ihou a star to guide tiiY pathV 
Or mark the rolling year''^? 
3 D.'lightful visitant' ! with thee 
1 luiil the time of flow rs', 

(21 ff) 






Tfie English Reader. 

When hrav'n is fillM with n>*isic sweet 
Of birds among the bow'rs\ 
4 I'he school-hoy', wand'ring in the wood", 
To pull the flovv'rs so }i?ay', 
Starts', i\\y curious voice to hear", 
And imitates thy lay\ 

6 Soon as the pea puts on the f)Ioom', 
^ Tiiou ily'stthe vocal valt-', 

An {Jinualjajuest', in other lands', 
Ahother spring to hail\ 
C Sweet bird'! thy bow r is ever green', 
Thy sky is ever clear^ ; 
Thou hast no sorrow in thy song', ^ 
No winter in thy yearM 

7 O could I fly', I'd fly with thee^ ; 

We'd make', with social wing', 
Our annual visit o'er the globe', 

Companions of the spnng\— logaw. 


Day. . A pastoralin th^e parts, 


IN the barn the tenant cock''. 
Close to Partlet perch'd on high', . ^ 
Briskly crows' (the shepherd's clock' I ) 
JoCund that the morning's nigh'. 

5 Swiftly', from the mountain s brow', 

Shadows', nurs'd by night', retire^ ; 
And the peeping sun-beam', now'. 

Paints with gold the village spire\ 
8 Philomel forsakes the thorn'. 

Plaintive where she prates at night'. 
And &'^ lark to meet the morn', 

So; ^ beyond the shepherd's sighr. 
4 From the low-roof 'd cottage ridge', ' 

See the chatt'ring swallow sprmg\ 
Darting tnrough the one-arch'd bridge' 

Quick she dips her dappled wing\ 

6 Now the pine-tree's waving top', 

Gently greets the morning gale\ 
Kidlings', now', begin to crop 
Daisies', on the dewy dale\ 
*) From the balmy sweets', uncloyd 

(Restless till her task be done',) 

Fart 2. 



Chap. Gi Promiscuous Pieces^ 

N«ny tho busy beo'a omnloy'd', 
Sipping dew,l)eft)re the sun\ 
7 Trickliii}; tlirouj:;!! the crevic'd rock', 
^ VVIicHi tlu; limpid stream distils', 
Sweet refreHfiment waits the tlock's 
When 'tis sun-dVove IVoiii the hills'. 
Z Colin's for the promisM corn', 

(Ere the harvest liopes are ripe',) 
Anxious' ;— whilst th«; hun^man's horn', 
Holdly sounding', drowns his pipe\ 
9 Sweet' — O sweef, tlie warhling throng', 
On the white eiablossom'd spray' f 
Nature's universal nong', 
Eclioes to the rising day'. 


10 Fervid on the glittring flood', 

INoAv the noontide radiance glows': 
Drooping oVr its infant bud', 
ISot a dew-drop's left the rose'. ♦ 

11 By the brook the shepherd dines'. 

From the fierce meridian heat', 
Shelter'dby the branching pin-es', 
Pendant o'er his grassy seat'. 

12 Nowthe flock forsakes the glade', 

^ Where', uncheck'd', the sun-beams fall', 
Sure to fnid a pleasing shade' 
Fv the ivy'd abbey wall'. 

13 Echo', in her airy round'. 

O'er the river\ rock', and hill', 
Cannot eatch a single sound'. 

Save the clack ofyonder mill'. 
li Cattle court the Zephyrs bland', 

Where the streamlet wanders cool'; 
Or with languid silence stand' 

Midway in the marshy pool'. 

15 But froAi mountain', dell', or strean:', ^ 
IVot a fliitt'ring zephyr springs' ; 
Fearful lest the noontide beam'. 
Scorch its soft', its silken wing^'. 
10 Not a it^af has leave to stir' : 



CJni'it e'en the shepherd s cur', 
bleeping on the heath-clad hill' 


*40 The English Reader. 

17 Languid is the landscape round', 

Till the fresh descending showV, 
Grateful to the thirsty j^round', 
Raises ev'ry fiiinting flow'r\ 

18 JN'ow the hill^ — the hedge' — are green\ 

Now the Ayii'hlers' throats in tune^ ; 
Blithsome is the verdant scene', 
Brighten'd by the beams of Noon^ ! 


O'er the heath the heifi^r stravs 
Free' ; (the furrow'd task is'done^ ;) 

No\v the village windows Maze', 
Burnish'd by the setting suu\ 

Now he sets behind tlie hill', 

Sinking from a golden sky": 
Can the pencil's mimic skill', 

Copy the refulgent dye' ? 
Trudging as the ploughmen n;o', 

(To the smoking hamlet bound',) 
Giant-like their shadows grow', 

Lengthen'd o'er the level ground'. 
Where the rising forest spreads 

Shelter for tlic lordly dome' ! 
To t^eir h" tw'h airy beds', 

S. ' t>»» .^.„,s returning home' ! 
Asti • lar" "ith vary'dtune'. 

Cart'., o theev'ninglou(r ; 
Mark the mild resplendent moon', 

Breaking thr©U|^ a parted cloud\ 
Now the hermit owlet peeps', 

From the barn' or twisted brake^ ; 
And the biue mist slowly creeps', 

Curling on the silver lake\ 

As the trout in speckled pride', 
Playful from its bosf»m springs' ; 

To the banks a ruflled tide'. 
Verges in successive rings\ 

Tripping through the silken jrrass', 
(i er the path-divide<i dale'. 










'-1 I, 


With her well-por,'d milking pail" . 
Linnets with unnuinber'd notes', 
And th» cuckoo bird witk two^ 




Chap. 6. Promrscmus Pieces, 

Tuning sweet their melhnv throats/ 

Bid the setting sun adieu:— Cutv.mngu am. 


7Vte order of nature. 

SEE, thro' this air, this ocean, and this earth, 
Ail mattor quick, and bur^.ting into birth. 

Above, how higfr progressive life may go ! 

Around, how wide! Iiow dr p extend below ; 

Vast chain of being! which from God began, 

Nature ethereal, fiuman ; angel, man ; 
Beast, bird, fish, insect, what no eye can see, 
Jvo glass can reach ; from infinite to thee, 
From thee to nothing. — On superior poAv'ri 
"Were we to niess, inferior might on ours ; 
Or in the full creation leave a void, 
Where, one step broken, the great scale's dcstroy'd : 
I' rom nature's chain whatever link you ntrike, 
Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the chain alike. 
'1 And, if each system in gradation roll, 
Alike essential to the amazing whole, 
The least confusion but in one, not all 
That system only, but the whole must fa'l. 
Let earth, unbalanc'd from her orbit ih% 
Plantits and suns run lawless thro' the skv; 
Let ruling angels from their spheres be hurl'd, 
Bein^on benig wreck'd,m)d world on world ; 
Heav II s whole foundations to their centre nod, 
And nature trembles to the throne of Go<l. 
A! this dread ordkr break— for whom ? for thee' 
V lie worm ! Oh madness ! pride ! impiety ! 

3 Wh:it ifthe foot ordain'd the dust to tread, 
Or hand, to toil, aspir'd to be the head ? 

\V hat if the head, the eye, or ear repin'd 
I o serve mere engines to the ruling mind ? 
Jijst as absiu'd for anj part to claim 
_t o be a not her, in this gen'ral frame : 
Jiist as absunl, to mourn the tasks or pains, 
\ he great directing mind or all ordains. 

4 All are but parts of one stupendous whole. 


V I l*kf 1 lt«ik 

i Hat, Chang d tliro' all, jmd vet in all the sanip, 
Jrreat in the earth, as in th' ethrreal frame • 


rms in t!ie sun, refrefhes in the breezj 

Glows in the sti-s, and bl 


rsijoms'in the tr«ci 


242 The EnglUh Reader. Part 2. 

Livos ihro' all Wto, r'xtonds thro' all t-xtcnt, 
Spreads iindivitleil, operates juispent ; 
Breathes in our soul, inlbrms our mortal pnrt, 
A« full, as p<'riect, in a hair as heart ; 
As full, as pert'eet, in vile man that mourns, 
As the rapt seraph that adores and hurrif? : 
To him no hi!!;h, no low, no {^reat, no small ; 
He nils, he hounds, connects, and equals all. 
5 Cease then, nor order imperfection name: 
Our proper hliss depends on what we l)lame. 
Know thy own point : this kind, this due degree 
Of hlindness, weakness, Heav'n oestows on thee. 
Suhmit— In this, or any other spher*\ 
Secure to be as blest asthou canst hear : 
Safe in the hand of one disposing Pow'r, 
Or in the natal, or the mortal hour. 
All nature is hut art, unknown to thcc ; 
All chance, direction, which thou canst not see ; 
All discord, harmony not understood; 
All partial evil, universal g^»od ; 
And, spite of Fride, in errinji; lleason's 3j)ite, 
One truth is ckar— whatevkr is, is right. — Pore 


Confidence in Divine protiriinn. 

HOVV are thy r,ervants blest, O Lord I 
How 3ur(! is their defence ! 
Eternal wisdom is their guide, 
Their help Omnipotence. 
a In foreign realms, and lands remote, 
Supported by thy care, 
Tlirouji;h burninj; dimes 1 pnss'd unhurt, 
And lji*cHfh'd in tainted air. ^ 

3 Thy mercy sWeeten'd ev'ry soil, 

i\l;ide ev'ry region please ; 
The hoary A'ipiae hills it warnlM, 
Andsniootli'd the Tyrrhene seas. 

4 Think, O my soul, devoiitly think, 

How, with affrighted eyes. 
Thou s iw'st the widcj extended deep 
In all its horrors ri^'c ! 
& Confusion dwelt in ev'ry fiioe, 
And fear in ev'ry heart, 
Wh«'n wavcH on waveM, and ^ulfd in gulfij 

Q'orcantto lhcpllot'4 art. 


Chap, G. Promisctious Pieces. 

G Vet t!ien, from all my griefs, O Lord I 
1 liy m«rcy siH me free ; 
"While in the confidence of pray'r, 
My soul took hold o» thee. 

7 For iho' in dreadful w hirls we iiung 

High on the broken wave, 
1 kiiew thou w<'rt not slow to hear, 
JNor impotent to save. 

8 The Rtonn was laid, the winds retir'd. 

Obedient to thy will ; 
The sea tiiat roarM at thy command. 
At thy command was still. 

Inmidstofdangrrs, fears, and deaths, 

Ihy goodness I'll adore; ^ 

And )>rajse thee for thy mercies past. 
And humbly hope for more. ■ 

10 INIy life, if thou preserve my life. 
Thy sacrifice shall be ; 
And death, if death must be my doom, 
Shall join my soul to thee.— Addison. 
IIi/7nn on a review of the seasons. 

T"^l^i;.^/^^ ^'^ ''V?f' Almighty Father ! these, 
T r n ^'f^"t the varied God. The rolling year 
^ fid of thee. Forth in the pleasing spriuL^ 
Thy beanty walks. Thy tenderness and love. 
Wjde (lusii the fields ; the soft'ning air is balm : 
J;.cho the mountains round ; the forest smiles 
And ev ry sense, and ev'ry heart is joy. ' 

^ w-l'^r^.T^'^^uJ^ ^'"•'^^ •» ^'^^- «"m»Tidr months. 
With light and heiit refulgent. Then Thy sun 
Shoots full perfection through the swelling year ; 
And o t Th V v(»ice in dreadllil thunder spt^its : 
Ant olt at daw n, deep noon, or falling eve, 
«y brooks and groves, in hollow-whlsp'ring gales. 

3 Thy bounty shines in autumn unconfin'd, 
And spreads a common feast for all that lives. 
In winteivinful Tlum ! with clouds and storms 
Around Thee thrown, tempest o'er tempest roll'd. 
Majestic darkness ! On the wfiirUvmri'^ L;.,., * 



Hiding subiime. Thou bidst the world adore ; 
And humblest nature with Thy northern blast. 
V xMysterious round ! what skill, what forced 
D«ep felt, in the^e appe 


ar I a simple train 




The Emdish Reader 

Tart 2. 





Yet so delij^htful mix'il, with such kind art, 
Sucli heauty and beneficence comhin'd ; 
Shade, un})erc(;iv\'l, so soft'ninj^ into shade, 
And all so forming an harmonious whole, 
That as they still succeed, X\v y ravish still. 

5 But wandVing oft, with brutes unconscious gaze, 
Man marks not Thee, marks not the mighty hand, 
That, ever busy, wheels the silent spheres ; 
Works in the secret deep ; shoots, steaming, thence 
The fair profusion that o'erspreads the spring ; 
Flings from the sun direct the flaming day ; 
Feeds every creature ; liurls the tempest forth ; 
And, as on earth this grateful change revolves, 
With transport touches all the springs of life. 

6 Nature, attend ! join ev'ry living; soul. 
Beneath the spacious tenlple of the sJv^% 
In adoration join ! and, ardent raise 
One general song ! < 

Ye, chief, for whom the whole creation smiles, 
At once the head, the heart, and tongue of all, 
Crown the great iiymn ! 

7 For me, when I forget the darling theme, 
Whether the blossom blows ; the summer ray 
Russets the plain : iiisplrin"- autumn gleams ; 
Or winter rises in the black^iing east ; 

Be my ton,;ue mute, my fancy paint no more, 
And, dead to joy, forget my heart to beat ! 

S Should fate command me to the f irthest verge 
Of the green earth, to dislant barb'rous climes, 
Kivers unknown to song ; vvhert! first the sun 
(lilds Indian mouiitains. or his setting beam 
Flames on Ui' Allantie t ilea ; 'tis nought to me j 
Since tJod is ever present, ever f» It, 
In the void waste as in llie city lull ; 

• And where up: vital hroathes lh«'ie must be joy, 

9 When e'en at l.isl the solemn hour shall come, 
And wing my mystic 11i^;htto future worlds, 
1 clnerfuj will obey ; tiiere, with new pow'ra, 
Will rising wonders sing : J cannot go 
Where universal, love not ^mihs around, 

Ci. «•..:.,:«,_ ..II ^ „..!._ 1 .-II ^L,! . ' 

t -ust.Tiijiii^ iiii yun !>ri?F;, juiu an ifu:ir Huna } 

From seeiningevil still educing good, 
And luster tlu.'nce agairi, and Ixitter still, 
In infinite progression. But I lose 



Cliap. 6. Promiscuous Pieces* , : '• 24* 

MysHfinHi.M, in light inefltible ! 

Come then, expressive silenpe, muse his praise. 



On solitude, 

O SOLITUDE, romantic maid ! 
AVhether by nodding towers you tread, 
Or haunt the desert's tr;acklcss gloom, 
Or hover o'er the yawning tomb, 
Or cjimb the Andes' clifted side, 
Or by the Nile's coy source abide. 
Or, starting from your half-year's sleep, 
From Hecla view the thawing deep, 
Or, at the purple dawn of day, 
Tadn^or's marble waste survey j 

Yo\i, recluse, again I woo. 

And again your steps pursue. 
^ Plum'd conceit himself surveying, 
Folly with her shadow playing, 
Purse-proud elbowing insolence, 
l^loated Empiric, puff'd pretence. 
Noise that through a trumpet speaks. 

Sparks of fire dissension blawing. 
Ductile, court-bred flattei-y bowing, 
Restraint's stiff neck, grimace's leer, 
Squint-ey'd censure's artful sneer. 
Ambition's buskins, steep'd in blood, 
Fly thy presence. Solitude ! 

3 Sage reflection, bent with years. 
Conscious virtue, void of fears, 
IMulTled silence, wood-nymph shy, 
Meditation's piej^cing eye, 
Halcyt n peace on moss reclin'd, 
Retrospect that ^cans the mind, 
Riipt earth-«ra7Jng revery, 
Blushing artless modesty. 
Health that snuffs the morning air, 
Full-ey'd truth with bosom bare. 
Inspiration, nature'a child. 
Seek the solitary wild. 

4 When all nature's hush'd asleep. 
Nor love, nor guilt, their vigils keep, 


m 24G 








'TJie EngUsh Reader. 

Soft you leave your cavern'd den, 
And wander o'er the works of men ; 
But when Phosphor brines the dawn, 
By her duppled coursers drawn, 
Again you to your wild retreat. 
And the early huntsman meet, 
"Where, as you pensive pass along, 
Vou catch the distant slieplierd's song, 
Or brush from herbs the pearly dew, 
Or the rising primrose view, 
Devotion lends her heav'n plum'd wings. 
You mount, and nature with you sings. 

p But when tiie mid-day fervours glow, 
To upland airy shad(is you go. 
Where never sun-burnt woodman came, 
Nor sportsman ch:is'd tiie timid game : 
And there, beneath an oak rec'lin'd, 
With drowsy waterialis behind, . 
You sink to rest, 
Till the tuneful bird of night, 
From the neighb'ring poplar's height, 

Part 2, 



Wake you with her solemn strain, 
And teach plcus'd echo to complain. 

C With you roses brighter bloom. 
Sweeter ev'ry sweet perfume ; 
Purer ev'ry fountain flows. 
Stronger ev'ry wilding grows. 
liet those toil for gold who please, 
Or for fame renounce their ease. 
Vv^Jiat is fame ? An empty bubble ? 
Gold? A shining, constant trouble. 

Base, ungrateful, fickle, vain. 

Then lot me, sequester'd fair, 
To your sybil grot repair ; 
On yon lianging clilV it stands, 
Scoop'd by nature's plastic hands, 
Bosom'd in the gloomy shade 
Of cypress not with age decay'd ; 
vVhme (he owl still hootinu; siis. 

Where the bat incessant flits ; 
There in loftier strains I'll piiig 

J seasons spring : 

Whttnce the chanj 


Uiaji. G, Promiscuous Pieces. 

Tell liow storms d<'form the skies, 
\V hence the waves subside and rise. 
Trace the comet's blazing tail, 
Weigh the planets in a scale ; 

' Sf " .' ^''*^'*? ^^"^' ^'""^'^'^ tJiy shrine ; 
Ihe bournless macrocosin^s thine. 

^ a'"?^:^-" *^"^"'^ scheme of life I've fJiPd 
And disappointment Keems cntail'd • ' 
bmce all on earth I valu'd most, 
My guide my stay, my friend is lost ; 
O ^->ol!tude, now give me rest, 
And hush the tempest in my breast 

gently deign to guide my feet 
So your hermit-trodden seat; 

V\ here I may live at last my o^v^, 
Where I at last may die unhnonn. * 

1 spoke ; she tur-n'd hrr magic ray • 
And thus she said, or seem'd to " ' 

say ; 

\ o) I th you're mistaken, if you think to find 
u shadrs, a med'cine foratrouhted taind ; 
U an gnei will haunt v.mi wheresoe'er you go 
Hgh 111 the breeze, and in the streamlet flow. 
J here pale inaction pineiihis life a\N'ay • 


.A)id vel.s Oi demons in the zephyr hej'.i-s. 
J>ul jl a hermit you're resolv'd to dwell 
And bid to socinl life a farewell : ' 
1 IS impious. • — — 

10 «od never niade an independent man ; 
1 would jar the concord of his general plan. 

c: ; , ; !.'.'«-», lAt iji.ui, to seraj)n, lire 

Niould man through nature solitary roam, 
His will his sovereign, every Avt^re his home, " 
Whatforn. would guard him from the lion's ia 
vviiat swiftness wing him from fi.» »nq|| 
Or, should fate lead him to some sa (it shore. 
Where panthers never prowl, nor lions roar, 
Where lilieral nature all her charms bestows, 
feunsehme, birds sing, flowers bloom, and water flows 


i par. 

^45 ' The English Reader. Part 2. 

Fool, dost, thou think lieM revtl on the store, 

\bsolve. the cai\' ofllwiv'n, nor ask for more ? 

Thougli waters llowM, (low'rs blooni'd,arul Pha»bus shone, 

He'd sigh, he'dmurniur, thathe was alone. 

For know, the iVIakoron the human breast, 

A sense of kiiidrv"d, country, man, impress'd. 
7 f Though natare's works the rulinj; mind declare, 
• And well deserve iiMiuiry's serious care, 

TlieGod,(vvhate'er niisMrrthropy may say,) 

8hrncs, beams in man witli most uiielouded ray. 
»* What boots it tiiee to fly from pole to pole ? 

Hasg ii'ert|ie Sun, .and with tlie pl.nets roll? 

W hat boots throujrh spare's furthejst bourniJ to roam ? 

If thou, O^man, a stranger art at home. 

Tlien know.thys«^lf, the louiiar) mind survey j 

The use. the j>l<;Xsure, will the toil repay. 
in Nor study only, praetiee what yo:i krjow ; 

Your life, yoiirknbwledti^e, to mankind yon owe. 

"With Plato >. olive \yr<'atli the bays en(vv imr ; 

Those who in studf, should in praetiee siiine. 

Say, docs^the learned lord of ilaj?:'l«^y'3 shade, 
. Charm man so much i\y mossy fountains laid, 

As when arons'd, hest:;ijia eorrnption's course, 

And shakes t.he senat. with a TuUy's force? 

When fr "Huxn ^asp'd beneath a(^;esar"s feet, 

Th(Mi puwile virtue ml;^ht to shades retreat: wtiere she breathes, the least may useful be, 

And freedom, ['rltain, sVill b.e!onp.sto thee.. 
|3 Tiiou;-h nianV. ui^rateful, orthou|;h fortune frown j 

Is the reward of worth a son;;;, orerown? 

jNor yet uuree(m)i)eiis'd are virtue's pains ; 

(fOod Allen iivf s, and bounteous Brunswick reigns. 

On e;ic!i condition disappointments wait, 

Ent»T the hut, atid force the p;uarded gate. 

Nor dare ropine, though early friendship bleed, 

From love, th(^- world, and all its cares, he's freed. 

Kut know, 'adversity's tin* child of God : 

Whom lleavenapprovesof most, must feel her rod. 

When sm«Jot!i old Oc<ii;^fl3 and eaeh storm's asleep, 

I: ^ 



Then igti<n*anee may pu^^u^hthe watery deep ; 
But vviien thedemo'nso] the tempest rave, 
Skill' must conduct the ves-^^el through the wave. 
14 Sidney, what good win envies not thy blow ? 

Who would not wish Anyths 

for a fo 


lutlepidvirtuj triumphs over late 

* One 01 UiC accusers oi Socrates. 

Part 2. 
i)us shone, 

oam f 


Thr {;o().l can novv.v beurirortiuinte. 
And !)«• this maxim j^niven in thy mind ; 
llu'licij,-litof viiluH is, to servt' mankind. 
hut \\\w\ old ag(^ has silver'd o'er tliy head, 
VVhen memory fails, and aH lliy vigour's iled. 
Then mayst thon seek tliti stillness of retreat, 
J hen lie;.r aloof the human tempt^st beat ; 
t r" V'^^' 1 J?»"^'f'f thee to my woodland cave, 
Allay the pangs of age, and smooth thy grave. 






jwn J 





Sect. 1. 



Select Sentcnrcs 't.d Paragraphs. . . 
IVarrative Pia-cs, 
Xo rnnlj or possessions cnn ivnU- il.p sfuiKy mind hapDv 
Chanjuc ol rxternal comliJioii otV-n a<iverse to virlu" 
llnniai) i or the misery of pritie 
Lady Juno (iroy ...... 

ttrtogri!! ; or the vanity of riciies 


The hill of scionre •••.../... 
The journey of a day 5 a picture of human life 


Didaclic Picas. 

The importance of a gfood education .... 

On '_»".r»titude 

Oil fu;f;iv(MiK?s . . 

?.Ioiiv(s tolhepracliceof g-t^rti'ni'c»ss ...'.*. 
A .suspicious toinper the source of misery to its lios's 
(Joniforts of relifrion ' * 

Dilli'lf lice of our tibilitios a mark of wisdom' 



Moderation in o'ur wishes reromnienVh d"'. ".* ^^ *^ "^^ 
Omniscience and (nnnipresence of the l>eily" the source of 
consolation to {.'ood men . 


Wt A W»rr* r 

ti^xri cit i V, 

jlrgiimcntrti tve Fiecfs. 
fiict. 1. irnppino's is fouiui^d in rertitudo )f conduct 

Viituc and piety man's iii-rhcst interest 
The injusli.jc *f uu muliaritublo spirit 

. 17 
























4. The misfortunes of men mostly chargeable on themselves 
6. On dtsint^iTslcd frieiulshii'i ...... 


. 70 


On theiimi\onaUty of the soul ! ! ! 75 


Desci-ijttivt Pieci.r. " 



The seasons 

2. The cafaract of Niai^aia, in Canada, North America . i ! ! ! 79 

a. I he groito of AnripHros C'J 

4. The srrottn of Antiparos continued ! . . * 81 

5. earthquake at Uatanea go 

f>. Creation 










Pathetic piectj^ 

fleet. 1. Trial and execution of the Earl of Strafibnl 03 

2. An oiuinetit instance of true fortitude of mind 04 

The {rood man's comfort in alHiction <»5 

The cio,e of life n^j 

Exalteii gociety, and the renewal of virtuous connexions, 

two sources of future felicity 

The cleiueiicy and amiable character of the patriarch Joseph . ,.„ 
Altamont , • . 101 


icct. 1. I>f n^opritus and Heraciitus 

Dionysius, Pythias, and Damon _ 

Locke and Bayie , 1^7 


Public Speeches. 

Sect.. 1, Cicero npainst Verres Jl2 

2. Speecli of Adiierbal to tho Iloman Sr>n;^te, imploring 

their prtUociion against JufjotliH- . . nr, 

C. Tlie A|io<.t]e Paul's nobie dofence l,elore Festus and A'/riporj . 113 

4. Lord M;insneld's speech iji the lloufo of Lords, l7'7U,oii \hi.' bill 
for preventing- the delays of justice, bv clalmin;' the pnvi- 
letre of parliament "...,' ]20 

i. An ai.ldr<.;fes 10 younj; persons 1 '. 121 


Prurni'^ca,.)us Pieces. 
jlect. 1. Earthqjn'ce at Calabria, in the year l(i38 ' . . 127 

2. Letter from Pliny to Germinius .'.... 130 

3. Letter t'K,.n Pliny to Marcelliuus. on tl)e death of an amiable 

yonno' woman . ; . iri 

4. Ou yistretion ! 132 

5. On til'' tJ-ovornment of our thoughts 13.} 

rjtt X !iv tr 

iir Wiiira iitjw trtjiii Utirc;-;lrainru pas^iioiis 


7. On th." proper ^ti^rf! of our te>npor with respect to one another . 137 

8. Exceilenci" of the Holy Scriptures 

9. Ilefl'^ctiinis occasioned bv a review of the bl 

Ly Ciijiit on liis tiiscioleij, iu lU^ sermon on tue 


es«inig:s, pronou 






Sect. 1 

. 70 
. 7d 
. 75 











. 103 
. 105 
. 107 

. 112 

. 11". 
. 113 

. 120 
. 121 

. 127 
. 130 

, ir.i 

, 1,12 










Schemes oMife often ilhisorv, f.f 

The plensin-HS of virtuous sensibility, ... t4't 

On the true honour of naan, .... [aZ 

The influence of devotion on the happinessVlife, '. \ '.'.'.'. UH 
On til! "".Invl?,? '"''■'••^*»"«' ^:'"«-''^« comparatively considered, . MR 
The W>r, !p of cnsioni nn,i the uses to which it may be applied, IdO 

JJescnjition of raiulour, , ra 

On the itijperfectio.. of that happiness which rests solely' on ' ^ 

worldly pitasuies, . . 1,54 

Zl?^ ''f'l '^ ^'^'^^ """* *°''^ enjoyments of human life, . . . . 157 

Trnstni the care of Providence recommended,' '. * ■*. '. '. *. '. Hi\ 
I'lety and gratitude enliven pmspeniv, ... [A 

f n't.n,.*'" '^^^'^'^ '■"'"*'^'' '" "'^^ »"''J«<^1 to the iuhuence of ' 

SnPP,.|w.4' K-oK..:„: .,„.._- * . • •. • • .-. • _• • • • ^f^t 

The same subVect'co'ntrnu^vf J^J 

Sect. i 


Sect. 1 







PART ir. 


— \ 


Se'ect Senltnces and Pui'ngrnphs. 

. Short and oa«v senionci's, ,_<^ 

. Verses in which the lines are of dim-reiit Icnrtil, *. '. ItI 


Narrative Pieces. 
The hear and the boes, ... ^p_. 

Tlieni{rhtin,ji,reandthe{;l(.w-wonn, ■ .'.'.' ' ' l.,^ 

The trials of virtue, ', ' ' Ai 

The youth and the pliilosopher, ...'.' Vr.'} 

Disf^ourjehMv^een Adam and h\'e, retiring to re^t 'i / 

Jleliijioi, and death, . '. * ' ' • « ^^^^ 

ClfAPTER ni. 

Didactic Pieces. 
The vanin^ of wealth, ..... /,, 

iNothJoi.- ibrmed in vain, .... ' 1 ,.. . 

On pride, ....... '^^ 

CrueJty to brutes censured, .','.'. j?? 

A paraphrase on the hitler part of the 6th chanter 

ot Alatthew, ' .. 

The death ofa good man a strong incentive to 

virtue, ° 

Reflections on a fu«i>re cf,te Ana- a ---'"-' -• * * "* 

.. -t u — ic .-.air, Horn a icvicw ui 


Adams advice to Eve, to avoid temptation, * *. *. *. *. *. '. *. * f^ 
On piocrastmation, *'- lo* 

Th.u philosophy, which 'lops at secondar'ycau'ses, 

reproivd, \ j^ 


V - 






•ect. 1. 





Indignant sentinieilb en national prcjuilice| and hatred ; 
and ou slavery, , 


.« 190 



The morningf In snmnier, 200' 

Ilural sounds, as well as rural sights, delightful, 

The rosp, ....;:... ■ 

CareofTJirds fr'r (hfJivOitr,^; 

Xiberty and s;«i*crv ci'uf.- ifU'd, ^^ . . . 

Charity. A p-ituphrasf en the rtth chapter of the 

i'irsl Kpistie to the Uorhithiau-!, . . , 

Pictupioru- <?o()d man, .,.,.• 

Tijf pleasures of letiretiient, 207 

The pleasure and betjefit of an hiiproved and well- 
directed imagination, • ■ 

Palhttic Pieces. 

The hermit, .- 

Tlie I'.'ijt^av's potitlon^- .....' 

n-iltappvclnvcMiflife, / 

Klejjy to pity, - . .^ ........ • 

Verses supposed to be written Ijgr Alexander StikirU, 

d«r!n;^ his solilary abode in tiie Island uf Juan ^ 


A mm i»i?t Ishiiir in the' snow ; from whence reflec- 
tions are iiiist'd on the miseries of life, 

A mondiiif hymh,. •■ 


Promiscuous Pieces. 








$ect. 1. 



Ode to onntent, 

Tlu^ sliepherd and the philosopher, 

TfH' roaii to ht'.ppinesflopt'n to all men, . . . 

TIjc '^yuinoss of ProviJonce, . 

T'le r'M»-»r\s works attest his greatness, . . . 
A'!(i»v-ss lO thi:' Deity, .......... 

Til'- )inrs"nit of happiness often ill direc;ted, . . 

T!i«' fir.'-side. • < 

Pn)vi,'l{:ri.;' vitidinnteri' in the present state of ma 

.Sfifr-itiie-sr* proved, 

Ha;i»;>a fmilty, . 

(.>■;<■ to pence, 

<.V;e f(i advcMsity, 

The (;rea;i(m jeqiiired to praise its Author, . 

The universal piiO^r, 


On an infant, • • 

The cm'koo, 

I) Ay. A prtstoral in three parts, 

Thr order of nature, 

Confidence in lUvine protection, 

lIynu),onareview<»ftIie seasons, 

Ou solitude, .• 


. 213 
. 220 

. 222 

. 223 

. 22iJ 

. . 224 

. 225 

. 227 

. 229 

. 230 

. 231 

. 231 

. . 232 

. 233 

. 23.5 

. . 2.S6 

. . 2.)7 

. . 237 

. . 238 

. . 241 

. . 242 

. . 243 

. . 24- 





. . . . 19» 

.... 200' 
. . . . 2<J1 
.... 202 

. . . . 202 

*. . . . 203 

.... 201- 
.... 20-5 
.... 207 

.... 208 

.... 209 
. ... 211 
. . . . 212 
. ... 212 

. . . . 213 

. . . . 21 1 

.... 216 
.... 217 

. ... 213 
.... 220 
.... 222 

« * • • Z'^.J 

.... 22iJ 
.... 224 

.... 225 
.... 227 
.... 229 
. ... 230 

.... XrOl 

.... 231 
.... 232 
.... 233 
.... 23.5 
.... 2.S6 
.... 2.)7 
. . . .237 
.... 233 
.... 241 
.... 242 
.... 243 
.... 24;